Perseverance : filmy style!
I am on a mission to create Bollywood as well as Hollywood playlists for all the 24 VIA strengths and also make a list of Hindi and English movies related to that strength theme. I recently started working on Gratitude and one my dear friends Vivek Mohile asked if I can share whatever I have [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: films psychology grit movies songs strengths Source Type: podcasts

The Algorithm of The Brain
I know that the computer metaphor does not do justice to the brain, but can we conceivably come up with a universal algorithm in how the brain processes stimuli and reacts/responds to them? Further, can we then tie up those algorithmic sub-modules to actual neural subsystems/structures and [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: behaviorism neuroscience neurotransmitters Brain personality Source Type: podcasts

Parenting Styles: an SDT Informed Perspective
In my previous posts I have elaborated on SDT and how it provides insights as to the relation between motivation and personality and to the supportive contexts that satisfy basic needs and thus lead to well-being. To recap, SDT, as extended by me, posits that there are four basic [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: development motivation Parenting SDT Source Type: podcasts

Supportive Contexts for Growth and Development: an SDT Perspective
Self Determination Theory(SDT) posits that all humans require some nutriments to grow and develop; just like plants need nutriments like sunlight, water, nutrients etc to flourish, so do humans have some basic human needs for autonomy, competence, relatedness and meaningfulness (my addition) to [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: development motivation stages needs SDT Source Type: podcasts

Emotions and Motivations: an SDT perspective
I have blogged previously about personality and emotions and also personality and motivations, but haven’t made an explicit linkage between emotions and motivations; today I wish to rectify that and talk about how emotions and motivations are interconnected. I will be using the Self-Determination [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: emotion motivation basic emotions Source Type: podcasts

The Four Educative Drives
I have recently come across the blog and work of Peter Gray, and am finding it very useful to see things from his perspective– which at times is very much aligned with my own. In one of his posts he talks about self-directed education and the four basic drives in all children around which [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: education ABCD curiosity planfulness playfulness sociability Source Type: podcasts

4 Life Goals, 4 Selves
I have blogged previously about the 4 major goals of life: Happiness (H), Success (S), Meaning (M) and Morality/Virtue (V). Each goal is important in itself and a healthy human being constantly balances all four goals for optimal outcome. Some people group all of these major goals of life [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness Morality selves Source Type: podcasts

The Evolution of Cooperation: Thankfulness and Inspiration as Two Routes
Cooperation or Altruism or Prosociality is the tendency to help others, even at a cost to oneself. Naive conceptions of evolution, make us think that cooperation or altruism cannot evolve because the genes are selfish and only care about perpetuating themselves. However, the selfish gene view of [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: altruism emotion elevation evolution gratitude Source Type: podcasts

The Formula for Success and Happiness
Successful people are not necessarily happy and happy people are not necessarily successful.   There are always trade-offs involved in life and depending on our priorities, we may want to become better at being more successful or happier, or lead lives that are more moral or more meaningful. I’m not [...]Rating: 10.0/10 (1 vote cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: psychology Source Type: podcasts

Love- in All its Glorious Forms
Love for a child, is not the same as love for a friend, which is not the same as love for a partner- we all instinctively realize this fact– yet we also admit that there must be something common in our interactions with these people that enables us to label that experience as love, and that [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: love Positive psychology Source Type: podcasts

Depression : Symptoms and Subtypes
Depression is one of the most common mental illness; as a matter of fact it has been said to be the common cold of mental disorders- almost everyone gets it one time or the other. ~57 million people, in India itself, are estimated to suffer from depression. However, depression thought currently [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: depression ABCD model Source Type: podcasts

Psychological Haikus (#Psyckus)
5 months back, in a poetic mood, I had penned a few Psychological Haikus that explain or comment on the major research themes of some researchers in positive psychology and allied fields. I had hoped that the #Psycku trend would have picked up, with others pitching in, or at least I myself would [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: positive psychology #Psycku researchers Source Type: podcasts

The Four Needs Theory: Building on McClelland
McClelland had formulated a theory of three basic needs: Need for achievement, need for affiliation and need for power. He had related this to work context, though these needs are generally applicable. While the need for achievement is all about accomplishments, be it in comparison to other [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: motivation personality motives needs Source Type: podcasts

Personality and Goals
Goals, that people strive for, make an important part of a person’s personality- be it the daily strivings or the personal projects. However, this post is not about goals at that level of personality. Goals can be classified as approach goals or avoidance goals based on whether one wants to achieve [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: motivation personality goals Source Type: podcasts

Basic Needs: The Maslow-Erikson Mashup
There is some evidence that ontogeny parallels phylogeny as far as cognitive development is concerned. What this means is that the same stages or steps that a species has evolved through also recur when the embryo develops into a fully functioning adult. In other words, developmental stages and states follow the same sequence as evolutionary stages. This may be because the environment is structured in such a way that some stages can only make sense when preceding stages have been already encountered. To illustrate, if pain was the first sensation that animals could first sense and feel; then probably it will be the first e...
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality erikson Maslow's hierarchy of needs Source Type: podcasts

Academic Excellence Due to Efforts or Intelligence: Curious? Read on
There has been a long standing debate in intellectual circles: what leads to superior performance? Is it due to talent or intelligence or is it due to efforts and hard work? Reams of books have been written on the subject including some of my favorites:  ‘Talent is overrated’, ‘Outliers’ etc. Applied to the classroom the question becomes why did Tom get an A or aced the JEE/GRE , was it because he is smarter that Harry or was it because he studied more and better? Answers to questions like these have profound implications for how children learn and grow-  believing that effort matters more...
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: education #PosEd character strengths curiosity deliberate practice efforts grit Intelligence Positive Education talent Source Type: podcasts

What Good (and Bad) are Positive Emotions?
There is a seminal article by Barbara Fredrickson titled ‘What good are positive emotions?’ which introduces the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. As per this theory, while negative emotions are associated with specific action tendencies, positive emotions broaden the thought-action repertoire available at that moment and help build physical, social and intellectual resources over the long run. To take an example, joy is associated with creativity, and more loose associations, etc, all involving a move away from rigidity and fixedness to flexibility and fluency in thinking ;  joy is also assoc...
Source: The Mouse Trap - June 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: emotion adaptations emotions evolution play Source Type: podcasts

The Neural Substrates of Personality
Personality is the study of individual differences, mostly in humans, though some work in animal personality too has happened. While evolution has designed for some universal adaptations, that lead to say human universals, evolution has also maintained some variations which leads to individual differences. Personality traits are stable and consistent patterns of responding in terms of emotions, behavior, cognition and motivation across different situations. Various methods, both theoretical and empirical, have been used to arrive at the most parsimonious collection of traits; some of these methods include lexical studies t...
Source: The Mouse Trap - June 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality Big Five Big Five personality traits HEXACO neural substrates Source Type: podcasts

The Pursuit of Happiness
Would we be more happy if we pursued happiness vigorously? Or would we be more happier if we let life flow as it happens and enjoy the journey rather than focusing on a destination where we would be happy? From an abundance of positive psychology research we know that instead of thinking about and planning for being happy in the future, say when we get that coveted promotion, its better to enjoy the process and journey and be present in the moment. However, many positive psychologists, including myself, do place a high premium on doing things or making choices according to the principle of whether that will lead to more h...
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness time scarcity Source Type: podcasts

The Pursuit of Happiness
Would we be more happy if we pursued happiness vigorously? Or would we be more happier if we let life flow as it happens and enjoy the journey rather than focusing on a destination where we would be happy? From an abundance of positive psychology research we know that instead of thinking about and planning for being happy in the future, say when we get that coveted promotion, its better to enjoy the process and journey and be present in the moment. However, many positive psychologists, including myself, do place a high premium on doing things or making choices according to the principle of whether that will lead to more h...
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness time scarcity Source Type: podcasts

Worldwide Happiness: Causes and Correlates
The World Happiness Report 2018 has been published today (but no e-copy is available yet), so I will wait for the e-copy to became available. Meanwhile, as I was anticipating the report and was in an analytical mood, I reread the World Happiness Report 2017 and want to share some of my thoughts and observation based around that while we get ready for the new report to take the conversation forward.   GDP (PPP) Per Capita based on 2008 estimates http://www.imf.org/ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)   The World Happiness reports are  based around measuring life satisfaction using a Cantril ladder and this is used as a...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness world happiness report Source Type: podcasts

Worldwide Happiness: Causes and Correlates
The World Happiness Report 2018 has been published today (but no e-copy is available yet), so I will wait for the e-copy to became available. Meanwhile, as I was anticipating the report and was in an analytical mood, I reread the World Happiness Report 2017 and want to share some of my thoughts and observation based around that while we get ready for the new report to take the conversation forward.   GDP (PPP) Per Capita based on 2008 estimates http://www.imf.org/ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)   The World Happiness reports are  based around measuring life satisfaction using a Cantril ladder and this is used as a...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness world happiness report Source Type: podcasts

The ABCD ’s of CB5T
Today’s post is about the Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) theory of personality structure [pdf and pdf] as proposed  by Colin DeYoung et al. Colin and colleagues have proposed a structure of personality that is hierarchical and is build around the popular Big Five traits of Neuroticism, [...]Rating: 10.0/10 (1 vote cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality ABCD model Big Five personality traits CB5T Source Type: podcasts

The ABCD ’s of CB5T
Today’s post is about the Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) theory of personality structure [pdf and pdf] as proposed by Colin DeYoung et al. Colin and colleagues have proposed a structure of personality that is hierarchical and is build around the popular Big Five traits of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness/Intellect, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness. English: A diagram to illustrate the layout of a hierarchical organisation. (Photo credit: Wikipedia) The top level of the hierarchy consists of metatraits of Stability and Plasticity also called Alpha and Beta. Stability is related to the shared variance bet...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality ABCD model Big Five personality traits CB5T Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Role of test motivation in intelligence testing
IQ is used synonymous and interchangeably with intelligence; however in this paper [pdf] Angela Duckworth et al argue that non-cognitive factors like test motivation also affect the IQ scores and have differential predictive validity.  Intelligence, which is the ability to flexibly adapt to [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Intelligence Intelligence quotient Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Role of test motivation in intelligence testing
IQ is used synonymous and interchangeably with intelligence; however in this paper [pdf] Angela Duckworth et al argue that non-cognitive factors like test motivation also affect the IQ scores and have differential predictive validity. Raven’s Progressive Matrices Example (Photo credit: Wikipedia)  Intelligence, which is the ability to flexibly adapt to complex situations, is usually measured using IQ scores on intelligence tests. IQ scores however do not measure juts the raw intelligence; they also measure how motivated someone is to take the test and  achieve a high score. Intelligence tests, that lead to...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Intelligence Intelligence quotient Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Mental contrasting facilitates academic performance in school children
Today’s research summary builds on the work of Gabrielle Oettingen on WOOP/mental contrasting with implementation intentions. The paper [pdf] is co-authored by Angela Duckworth et al and successfully demonstrates the utility and incremental benefit of mental contrasting over mere positive thinking [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth WOOP Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Mental contrasting facilitates academic performance in school children
Today’s research summary builds on the work of Gabrielle Oettingen on WOOP/mental contrasting with implementation intentions. The paper [pdf] is co-authored by Angela Duckworth et al and successfully demonstrates the utility and incremental benefit of mental contrasting over mere positive thinking in achieving desired outcomes. The Power of Positive Thinking (EP) (Photo credit: Wikipedia) When one wants to achieve goals, then the first step is to clearly articulate the desired goal. It has been shown that merely having a goal vs not having a clear goal is instrumental in goal achievement.   Another process that...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth WOOP Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: The Effect of Self-Distancing on Adaptive Versus Maladaptive Self-Reflection in Children
Today’s research summary is based on a shortish paper [pdf] by Angela Duckworth et al (Walter Mischel of Marshmallow effect fame is a co-author!) which focuses on how viewing oneself from a distance, or from a third person perspective, a previous emotional experience, can lead to better and more [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth expressive writing Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: The Effect of Self-Distancing on Adaptive Versus Maladaptive Self-Reflection in Children
Today’s research summary is based on a shortish paper [pdf] by Angela Duckworth et al (Walter Mischel of Marshmallow effect fame is a co-author!) which focuses on how viewing oneself from a distance, or from a third person perspective, a previous emotional experience, can lead to better and more adaptive outcomes. Out of body experience (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Bad stuff happens. And we make it worse by brooding about it. There is some research that shows that thinking or ruminating about negative experiences can lead to bad outcomes in the present like compromised health or impeded cardiovascular recovery followin...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth expressive writing Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Personality Measurement and Assessment in Large Panel Surveys
Today’s research summary looks at another paper [pdf] by Angela Duckworth et al this time focusing on whether it makes sense to include personality variables in long national longitudinal surveys/studies like the MIDUS/ Dunedin/ HRS. Nonconcordant traits (Photo credit: Wikipedia)  Personality differences can be conceptualized to be either differences in ability (like cognitive ability), traits (stable patterns of thinking, feeling, acting) , motives or narratives and this paper focuses on traits to the exclusion of other measures of personality. Even in traits, the traits of concern are the Big Five traits of N...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Big Five personality traits Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Establishing Causality Using Longitudinal Hierarchical Linear Modeling: An Illustration Predicting Achievement From Self- Control
In this study, self control was measured using self-report, parents and teachers ratings of students for four consecutive academic years (as they moved from fifth grade to eighth grade) using the Brief Self-Control Scale  ; CGPA was measured each year as the outcome variable. Self-esteem and IQ was also measured and so was gender, ethnicity etc. They found that  self control measured 6 months earlier predicted CGPA six months later; average self-control predicted the baseline CGPA as well as the slope of CGPA changes (how fast the CGPA increased or decreased over time). Howsoever, the reverse analysis whereby sho...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth reserach summaries self-control Source Type: podcasts

Anxiety, Depression and the Internalizing Spectrum
Pathological mental health problems in children and young adults have been classified into externalizing (substance abuse, conduct disorder etc) and internalizing disorders (depression , anxiety etc). Today’s post will try to  work out the structure of this internalizing spectrum. English: An anxious person (Photo credit: Wikipedia) The first major difference, that is made in say DSM, is between Mood disorders (disturbance in mood) and Anxiety disorders (characterized by anxiety and avoidance behaviors) . However, Watson in this article (pdf) emphasizes that this classification is not proper and in many cases th...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: depression mental illness anxiety Mental disorder Mood disorder Source Type: podcasts

What type of Self-control/Grit is More Useful?
I recently came across an article titled “More than Resisting Temptation: Beneficial Habits Mediate the Relationship between Self-Control and Positive Life Outcomes” by Brian Galla and Angela Duckworth, which argues that the positive outcomes associated with self-control have more to do with habits for self-regulation, than with in-the-moment exercise of willpower. Self Control (film) (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Self-control is defined by APA as the ability to delay gratification and resist short-term temptations for long-term gains.  Thus the main challenge while exercising self-control is how to take care ...
Source: The Mouse Trap - January 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: addiction positive psychology strengths grit habits self-control Source Type: podcasts

The Making of a Genius: Required Ingredients
What goes into the making of a genius? More mundanely, what factors are required for success in any field? Your answer will differ based on what factors you consider to be the most important for success. Photo of the obverse of a Fields Medal made by Stefan Zachow for the International Mathematical Union (IMU), showing a bas relief of Archimedes (as identified by the Greek text) (Photo credit: Wikipedia) No one can deny the large role that intelligence and talent play in the making of a genius, or to achieve moderate levels of success compared to peers. We can probably club these two factors together as ability, that is mo...
Source: The Mouse Trap - January 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: intelligence curiosity deliberate practice efforts flow Genius grit self-control talent Source Type: podcasts

Openness/ Intellect and the MBTI
As per the Big Five/FFM or the HEXACO model, Openness/Intellect appears to be an important personality dimension on which humans differ from each other. People high on this dimension are variously described as creative, imaginative, intellectual etc. We will be only focusing on this trait of the big five/HEXACO/FFM for the purpose of this post. fancy logo/writing for use in MBTI articles (Photo credit: Wikipedia) MBTI is based on Jung’s theory: People may be Extroverted or Introverted, based on whether they find stimulation in the outer world preferable or find the inner world more a focus of their attention; and are...
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality Big Five personality traits MBTI Source Type: podcasts

Welcoming the One Millionth Reader
I know its a bit premature (the blog visit count on my blog is only about 99,8000 yet and it will take another 2-3 days to hit that milestone) but I wanted to take this opportunity to thank all the ~1 million readers who have thought it worthwhile to visit my blog at least once. You know who who you are: thanks to the Moms and the Grandmoms (those readers who were the only ones to visit it in the early days) and thanks also to the Siblings and Cousins (those blogs which encouraged, accepted and sometimes generated a healthy sibling competition of sorts in the early days?). Maker Faire 2008, San Mateo – a life size ve...
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Blog blogs personal blogging Source Type: podcasts

Big Love: Loving from a Place of Authenticity and Courage
When I was offered a chance to review ‘Big Love’ I was skeptical- The title seemed too touchy feely.  My specialty is reading, and sometimes reviewing, psychology books so I was not even sure it would make  good match. Also I had never heard of Scott Stabile and the PR blurb seemed too good to be true. However, as they say don’t judge a book by its cover. The book is a memoir cum advice from hard learned life lessons, and though its not a psychology based book, I could not find any contradictions with what psychology tells us about life and love. The need for vulnerability, courage and authentic...
Source: The Mouse Trap - November 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Book review authenticity Love Source Type: podcasts

The Four Kinds of Happiness
I have written previously about four major goals that one pursues in life: to recap they are Happiness, Success, Meaning and Morality. I have increasingly come to regard them as forming a stage wise progression- one moves from Happiness to Success to Meaning to Morality. Aristotle (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Its important to clarify here that by Happiness I mean here pleasure or the Pleasant life, as contrasted with the Successful life, the Meaningful life or the Virtuous life. Refer the Life Orientation Profile by Paul TP Wong. One can even say that initially as a child/ adolescent, one is primarily driven by pleasant life;...
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness Life goals meaning Morality success Source Type: podcasts

The ABCD of Human Conundrum
The Human existence is fraught with many conundrums and dilemmas, the chief among them being how to live a good life and how to resolve the various contradictions in the service of that goal. Conundrum novel cover (Photo credit: Wikipedia) To start with, I noted in an earlier post that even infants are able to reason about the world and themselves and others using four cognitive frameworks:  they see self and others as animals (biological reasoning system), as agents (psychological reasoning system) , as separated individuals (sociomoral reasoning system) and finally as impartial observers obeying physical laws(physic...
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: positive psychology existentialism Source Type: podcasts

The Four Needs for Meaning
Roy Baumiester, has written about the four needs for meaning that all humans have and I find that a useful framework. He believes, and I concur, that all four needs need to be satisfied to a reasonable degree, if a person has to live well. Even if one need is thwarted, one would be forced to search for meaning in that part of his or her life. Embed from Getty Images These four needs are as follows: Need for purpose (self-concordance?): We need to interpret events that happen to us and around us as leading to some goals or fulfillment. We cannot be doing random stuff, nor random stuff can happen to us; everything has...
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 9, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: meaning existentialism needs Source Type: podcasts

Infants Reasoning About the World
The world may appear to be a ‘blooming, buzzing, confusion’ to infants, but within a few months infants are able to indulge in sophisticated cognition. They develop folk physical/astronomical theory, folk psychological theory,  folk moral theory and folk biological theory, pretty rapidly. This post is about those cognitive frameworks that infants develop and which more or less persist in adulthood. An infant (Photo credit: Wikipedia) It had been my contention, that Autistic children are predominantly governed by physicalist explanations and frameworks, while those prone to psychosis indulged more in mental...
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 7, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: cognition infants reasoning Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Can Adolescents Learn Self-control? Delay of Gratification in the Development of Control over Risk Taking
Today’s research summary is based on a paper by Angela Duckworth and colleagues, and examines the nature of self-control as assessed by risk-taking, sensation-seeking, future time perspective and delay of gratification in US adolescents. Embed from Getty Images Adolescents are known to indulge in risk taking activities like recreational drug use and various theories abound as to why adolescence is a particularly sensitive time. As per one theory, there is a dopamine surge in reward centers of the brain during adolescence which leads to impulsive sensation seeking behavior. Traditionally, it is believed that th...
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth self-control Source Type: podcasts

Book Review: The Grit Guide for Teens
Every once in a while you stumble across a book that is very much relevant to your present circumstances and as if written with you in mind; The Girt Guide for Teens happens to be such a book that is proving really valuable to me in my current endeavor of championing positive education. Some of you might know, that I am currently executing a long term positive education intervention in a school in Pune, which is structured around VIA character strengths. One of the strengths we are focusing on is Grit, the target audience is teenagers and this book has been God-send! Along side Angela Duckowrth’s book, which I rev...
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 8, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Book review grit Source Type: podcasts

Emotions as a Result of Approach and Avoidance
There is a powerful theory in psychology, proposed by Carver and Scheier, about how emotions arise as an indication of how we are progressing towards our goals. Today’s post will be elaborating and extending on that model. Embed from Getty Images Basically this cybernetic theory of emotions, is based on that fact that most of our actions are goal directed, we are either trying to archive a desired end state / goal; or we are trying to avoid an undesirable end-state or anti-goal. The same action or overt behavior may be motivated by different goal related orientation. For e.g., a student studying for a test may ...
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 6, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: emotion movement approach system avoidance system basic emotions Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Domain-specific temporal discounting and temptation
Today’s paper co-authored by Angela Duckworth again straddles the two worlds of psychology and economics. English: A comparison of the discount factor of hyperbolic discounting with that of exponential discounting. (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Temporal discounting or time preference is the preference people show towards immediate short-term rewards over higher but later long-term gains. People are willing to accept much lower sums (of say money) now, than they would, for sure, receive at some time in the future. This preference is for sure sums and is distinct and different form uncertainty/risk avoidance. Different pe...
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth liking wanting Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Self-controlled children stay leaner in the transition to adolescence
This study was a prospective longitudinal study that looked at over 100 children in a school setting, and measured their self control and BMI while in grade 5 (mean age 10.5) and correlated it with their BMI when in grade 8. Self-control was measured using a variety of methods. Students filled 2 self-report measures of self-control: The Impulsivity subscale of the Eysenck I6 Junior Questionnaire and The Brief Self-Control Scale. Parents as well as teachers also filled the informant version of Brief self-control scale. Apart from this Kirby Delay-Discounting Rate Monetary Choice Questionnaire was used to present hypothetica...
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: obesity Research Summaries Angela Duckworth self-control Source Type: podcasts