Optimal Living: Insights From Flow Theory
What does it mean to live optimally? Is there any difference between self actualization and self-transcendence? Do peak performances and peak experiences differ? The last question was asked yesterday by Scott Barry Kaufman on twitter and it got me thinking. I've been thinking a lot lately [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: positive psychology flow peak experiences peak performance Self-actualization self-transcedence Source Type: podcasts

Resilience: More Than Preventing Negative Outcomes
Resilience is typically studied as either a recovery/ bouncing back factor where you return to baseline levels of functioning before an acute stressor had occurred, or as a sustainability factor where you continue performing/ adapting well despite the presence of a chronic stressor. How [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: resilience flourishing psychopathology Source Type: podcasts

Attention Networks: The role of NE
Attention has been studied heavily and as per a popular model of attention by Posner et al, we have 3 systems for attention: alerting, orienting and an executive control network. Now let me propose a radical fourth network for the same, but before I do that I want to clear some misconceptions [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: attention neurotransmitters Source Type: podcasts

Dualistic model of Passion, Perseverance, Purpose and Persona
Some of you may be already familiar with the Dualistic Model of Passion as advocated by Robert Vallerand et al. To recap, passion is of two types: harmonious and obsessive. Both of them have different antecedents (autonomous vs controlled integration) and different consequents ( well-being vs [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: positive psychology DMP grit passion SDT Source Type: podcasts

Transcend: Standing on the shoulders of Maslow
This post is a book review of‘Transcend: The new science of self-actualization‘ by Scott Barry Kaufman. He, and his publishers, were kind enough to send an advance copy and I think the review is just in time, as the book is formally published, and the virtual book tour gets kick-started. I [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - April 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Book review positive psychology Maslow Maslow's hierarchy of needs Self-actualization Source Type: podcasts

Emotions and Motivations
I have written a series of posts about emotions and personality and regular readers will know my fascination and commitment to the eight basic emotions perspective. I have also written about the four fundamental drives/ motivations; as a matter of fact my Psychology Today blog was titled The [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: emotion motivation eight basic emotions motvations panksepp Source Type: podcasts

Introducing GLEO: SandyG ’s Positive Tetrad
Most of you would be familiar with Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Triad also known as the Negative Triad. To recap, a depressed person is characterized by negative views about the self, negative views about the world and negative views about the future. Guilt, shame, worthlessness, not accepting [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: depression positive psychology aaron beck Source Type: podcasts

How Do I Matter to Thee, Let Me Count The Ways!
I recently came across an article by Andrew Reece, Martin Seligman, Roy Baumeister, Barry Schwartz et al on Mattering which argued that in work/organizational contexts, action-based mattering is the way to go and it is more associated with feelings of self-efficacy rather than self-esteem. That [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: positive psychology mattering self Source Type: podcasts

Extending Ikigai: The 6P framework
Most people are familiar with the Japanese concept of Ikigai or what makes you jump out of your bed in the morning and enables you to look forward with joy to the work activities of the day. In a nutshell, its finding the sweet spot between what you are good at, what you love doing, what [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - November 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness career ikigai Source Type: podcasts

Self at the Intersection of Drives and Norms
Self is the apparently unified entity that has conscious awareness of one’s actions and experiences- it is both an agent who is acting in the world willfully and an entity that is absorbing experiences passively. By some accounts self is socially constructed- it is to be found in the web of [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: psychology SDT Source Type: podcasts

Perseverance : filmy style!
I am on a mission to create Bollywood as well as Hollywood playlists for all the 24 VIA strengths and also make a list of Hindi and English movies related to that strength theme. I recently started working on Gratitude and one my dear friends Vivek Mohile asked if I can share whatever I have [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: films psychology grit movies songs strengths Source Type: podcasts

The Algorithm of The Brain
I know that the computer metaphor does not do justice to the brain, but can we conceivably come up with a universal algorithm in how the brain processes stimuli and reacts/responds to them? Further, can we then tie up those algorithmic sub-modules to actual neural subsystems/structures and [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: behaviorism neuroscience neurotransmitters Brain personality Source Type: podcasts

Parenting Styles: an SDT Informed Perspective
In my previous posts I have elaborated on SDT and how it provides insights as to the relation between motivation and personality and to the supportive contexts that satisfy basic needs and thus lead to well-being. To recap, SDT, as extended by me, posits that there are four basic [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: development motivation Parenting SDT Source Type: podcasts

Supportive Contexts for Growth and Development: an SDT Perspective
Self Determination Theory(SDT) posits that all humans require some nutriments to grow and develop; just like plants need nutriments like sunlight, water, nutrients etc to flourish, so do humans have some basic human needs for autonomy, competence, relatedness and meaningfulness (my addition) to [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: development motivation stages needs SDT Source Type: podcasts

Emotions and Motivations: an SDT perspective
I have blogged previously about personality and emotions and also personality and motivations, but haven’t made an explicit linkage between emotions and motivations; today I wish to rectify that and talk about how emotions and motivations are interconnected. I will be using the Self-Determination [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: emotion motivation basic emotions Source Type: podcasts

The Four Educative Drives
I have recently come across the blog and work of Peter Gray, and am finding it very useful to see things from his perspective– which at times is very much aligned with my own. In one of his posts he talks about self-directed education and the four basic drives in all children around which [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: education ABCD curiosity planfulness playfulness sociability Source Type: podcasts

4 Life Goals, 4 Selves
I have blogged previously about the 4 major goals of life: Happiness (H), Success (S), Meaning (M) and Morality/Virtue (V). Each goal is important in itself and a healthy human being constantly balances all four goals for optimal outcome. Some people group all of these major goals of life [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness Morality selves Source Type: podcasts

The Evolution of Cooperation: Thankfulness and Inspiration as Two Routes
Cooperation or Altruism or Prosociality is the tendency to help others, even at a cost to oneself. Naive conceptions of evolution, make us think that cooperation or altruism cannot evolve because the genes are selfish and only care about perpetuating themselves. However, the selfish gene view of [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: altruism emotion elevation evolution gratitude Source Type: podcasts

The Formula for Success and Happiness
Successful people are not necessarily happy and happy people are not necessarily successful.   There are always trade-offs involved in life and depending on our priorities, we may want to become better at being more successful or happier, or lead lives that are more moral or more meaningful. I’m not [...]Rating: 10.0/10 (1 vote cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - September 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: psychology Source Type: podcasts

Love- in All its Glorious Forms
Love for a child, is not the same as love for a friend, which is not the same as love for a partner- we all instinctively realize this fact– yet we also admit that there must be something common in our interactions with these people that enables us to label that experience as love, and that [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: love Positive psychology Source Type: podcasts

Depression : Symptoms and Subtypes
Depression is one of the most common mental illness; as a matter of fact it has been said to be the common cold of mental disorders- almost everyone gets it one time or the other. ~57 million people, in India itself, are estimated to suffer from depression. However, depression thought currently [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: depression ABCD model Source Type: podcasts

Psychological Haikus (#Psyckus)
5 months back, in a poetic mood, I had penned a few Psychological Haikus that explain or comment on the major research themes of some researchers in positive psychology and allied fields. I had hoped that the #Psycku trend would have picked up, with others pitching in, or at least I myself would [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: positive psychology #Psycku researchers Source Type: podcasts

The Four Needs Theory: Building on McClelland
McClelland had formulated a theory of three basic needs: Need for achievement, need for affiliation and need for power. He had related this to work context, though these needs are generally applicable. While the need for achievement is all about accomplishments, be it in comparison to other [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: motivation personality motives needs Source Type: podcasts

Personality and Goals
Goals, that people strive for, make an important part of a person’s personality- be it the daily strivings or the personal projects. However, this post is not about goals at that level of personality. Goals can be classified as approach goals or avoidance goals based on whether one wants to achieve [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: motivation personality goals Source Type: podcasts

Basic Needs: The Maslow-Erikson Mashup
There is some evidence that ontogeny parallels phylogeny as far as cognitive development is concerned. What this means is that the same stages or steps that a species has evolved through also recur when the embryo develops into a fully functioning adult. In other words, developmental stages and states follow the same sequence as evolutionary stages. This may be because the environment is structured in such a way that some stages can only make sense when preceding stages have been already encountered. To illustrate, if pain was the first sensation that animals could first sense and feel; then probably it will be the first e...
Source: The Mouse Trap - August 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality erikson Maslow's hierarchy of needs Source Type: podcasts

Academic Excellence Due to Efforts or Intelligence: Curious? Read on
There has been a long standing debate in intellectual circles: what leads to superior performance? Is it due to talent or intelligence or is it due to efforts and hard work? Reams of books have been written on the subject including some of my favorites:  ‘Talent is overrated’, ‘Outliers’ etc. Applied to the classroom the question becomes why did Tom get an A or aced the JEE/GRE , was it because he is smarter that Harry or was it because he studied more and better? Answers to questions like these have profound implications for how children learn and grow-  believing that effort matters more...
Source: The Mouse Trap - July 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: education #PosEd character strengths curiosity deliberate practice efforts grit Intelligence Positive Education talent Source Type: podcasts

What Good (and Bad) are Positive Emotions?
There is a seminal article by Barbara Fredrickson titled ‘What good are positive emotions?’ which introduces the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. As per this theory, while negative emotions are associated with specific action tendencies, positive emotions broaden the thought-action repertoire available at that moment and help build physical, social and intellectual resources over the long run. To take an example, joy is associated with creativity, and more loose associations, etc, all involving a move away from rigidity and fixedness to flexibility and fluency in thinking ;  joy is also assoc...
Source: The Mouse Trap - June 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: emotion adaptations emotions evolution play Source Type: podcasts

The Neural Substrates of Personality
Personality is the study of individual differences, mostly in humans, though some work in animal personality too has happened. While evolution has designed for some universal adaptations, that lead to say human universals, evolution has also maintained some variations which leads to individual differences. Personality traits are stable and consistent patterns of responding in terms of emotions, behavior, cognition and motivation across different situations. Various methods, both theoretical and empirical, have been used to arrive at the most parsimonious collection of traits; some of these methods include lexical studies t...
Source: The Mouse Trap - June 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality Big Five Big Five personality traits HEXACO neural substrates Source Type: podcasts

The Pursuit of Happiness
Would we be more happy if we pursued happiness vigorously? Or would we be more happier if we let life flow as it happens and enjoy the journey rather than focusing on a destination where we would be happy? From an abundance of positive psychology research we know that instead of thinking about and planning for being happy in the future, say when we get that coveted promotion, its better to enjoy the process and journey and be present in the moment. However, many positive psychologists, including myself, do place a high premium on doing things or making choices according to the principle of whether that will lead to more h...
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness time scarcity Source Type: podcasts

The Pursuit of Happiness
Would we be more happy if we pursued happiness vigorously? Or would we be more happier if we let life flow as it happens and enjoy the journey rather than focusing on a destination where we would be happy? From an abundance of positive psychology research we know that instead of thinking about and planning for being happy in the future, say when we get that coveted promotion, its better to enjoy the process and journey and be present in the moment. However, many positive psychologists, including myself, do place a high premium on doing things or making choices according to the principle of whether that will lead to more h...
Source: The Mouse Trap - May 31, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness time scarcity Source Type: podcasts

Worldwide Happiness: Causes and Correlates
The World Happiness Report 2018 has been published today (but no e-copy is available yet), so I will wait for the e-copy to became available. Meanwhile, as I was anticipating the report and was in an analytical mood, I reread the World Happiness Report 2017 and want to share some of my thoughts and observation based around that while we get ready for the new report to take the conversation forward.   GDP (PPP) Per Capita based on 2008 estimates http://www.imf.org/ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)   The World Happiness reports are  based around measuring life satisfaction using a Cantril ladder and this is used as a...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness world happiness report Source Type: podcasts

Worldwide Happiness: Causes and Correlates
The World Happiness Report 2018 has been published today (but no e-copy is available yet), so I will wait for the e-copy to became available. Meanwhile, as I was anticipating the report and was in an analytical mood, I reread the World Happiness Report 2017 and want to share some of my thoughts and observation based around that while we get ready for the new report to take the conversation forward.   GDP (PPP) Per Capita based on 2008 estimates http://www.imf.org/ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)   The World Happiness reports are  based around measuring life satisfaction using a Cantril ladder and this is used as a...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: happiness world happiness report Source Type: podcasts

The ABCD ’s of CB5T
Today’s post is about the Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) theory of personality structure [pdf and pdf] as proposed  by Colin DeYoung et al. Colin and colleagues have proposed a structure of personality that is hierarchical and is build around the popular Big Five traits of Neuroticism, [...]Rating: 10.0/10 (1 vote cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality ABCD model Big Five personality traits CB5T Source Type: podcasts

The ABCD ’s of CB5T
Today’s post is about the Cybernetic Big Five Theory (CB5T) theory of personality structure [pdf and pdf] as proposed by Colin DeYoung et al. Colin and colleagues have proposed a structure of personality that is hierarchical and is build around the popular Big Five traits of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness/Intellect, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness. English: A diagram to illustrate the layout of a hierarchical organisation. (Photo credit: Wikipedia) The top level of the hierarchy consists of metatraits of Stability and Plasticity also called Alpha and Beta. Stability is related to the shared variance bet...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality ABCD model Big Five personality traits CB5T Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Role of test motivation in intelligence testing
IQ is used synonymous and interchangeably with intelligence; however in this paper [pdf] Angela Duckworth et al argue that non-cognitive factors like test motivation also affect the IQ scores and have differential predictive validity.  Intelligence, which is the ability to flexibly adapt to [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Intelligence Intelligence quotient Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Role of test motivation in intelligence testing
IQ is used synonymous and interchangeably with intelligence; however in this paper [pdf] Angela Duckworth et al argue that non-cognitive factors like test motivation also affect the IQ scores and have differential predictive validity. Raven’s Progressive Matrices Example (Photo credit: Wikipedia)  Intelligence, which is the ability to flexibly adapt to complex situations, is usually measured using IQ scores on intelligence tests. IQ scores however do not measure juts the raw intelligence; they also measure how motivated someone is to take the test and  achieve a high score. Intelligence tests, that lead to...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Intelligence Intelligence quotient Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Mental contrasting facilitates academic performance in school children
Today’s research summary builds on the work of Gabrielle Oettingen on WOOP/mental contrasting with implementation intentions. The paper [pdf] is co-authored by Angela Duckworth et al and successfully demonstrates the utility and incremental benefit of mental contrasting over mere positive thinking [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth WOOP Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Mental contrasting facilitates academic performance in school children
Today’s research summary builds on the work of Gabrielle Oettingen on WOOP/mental contrasting with implementation intentions. The paper [pdf] is co-authored by Angela Duckworth et al and successfully demonstrates the utility and incremental benefit of mental contrasting over mere positive thinking in achieving desired outcomes. The Power of Positive Thinking (EP) (Photo credit: Wikipedia) When one wants to achieve goals, then the first step is to clearly articulate the desired goal. It has been shown that merely having a goal vs not having a clear goal is instrumental in goal achievement.   Another process that...
Source: The Mouse Trap - March 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth WOOP Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: The Effect of Self-Distancing on Adaptive Versus Maladaptive Self-Reflection in Children
Today’s research summary is based on a shortish paper [pdf] by Angela Duckworth et al (Walter Mischel of Marshmallow effect fame is a co-author!) which focuses on how viewing oneself from a distance, or from a third person perspective, a previous emotional experience, can lead to better and more [...]Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast) (Source: The Mouse Trap)
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth expressive writing Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: The Effect of Self-Distancing on Adaptive Versus Maladaptive Self-Reflection in Children
Today’s research summary is based on a shortish paper [pdf] by Angela Duckworth et al (Walter Mischel of Marshmallow effect fame is a co-author!) which focuses on how viewing oneself from a distance, or from a third person perspective, a previous emotional experience, can lead to better and more adaptive outcomes. Out of body experience (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Bad stuff happens. And we make it worse by brooding about it. There is some research that shows that thinking or ruminating about negative experiences can lead to bad outcomes in the present like compromised health or impeded cardiovascular recovery followin...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth expressive writing Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Personality Measurement and Assessment in Large Panel Surveys
Today’s research summary looks at another paper [pdf] by Angela Duckworth et al this time focusing on whether it makes sense to include personality variables in long national longitudinal surveys/studies like the MIDUS/ Dunedin/ HRS. Nonconcordant traits (Photo credit: Wikipedia)  Personality differences can be conceptualized to be either differences in ability (like cognitive ability), traits (stable patterns of thinking, feeling, acting) , motives or narratives and this paper focuses on traits to the exclusion of other measures of personality. Even in traits, the traits of concern are the Big Five traits of N...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality Research Summaries Angela Duckworth Big Five personality traits Source Type: podcasts

Research Summaries: Establishing Causality Using Longitudinal Hierarchical Linear Modeling: An Illustration Predicting Achievement From Self- Control
In this study, self control was measured using self-report, parents and teachers ratings of students for four consecutive academic years (as they moved from fifth grade to eighth grade) using the Brief Self-Control Scale  ; CGPA was measured each year as the outcome variable. Self-esteem and IQ was also measured and so was gender, ethnicity etc. They found that  self control measured 6 months earlier predicted CGPA six months later; average self-control predicted the baseline CGPA as well as the slope of CGPA changes (how fast the CGPA increased or decreased over time). Howsoever, the reverse analysis whereby sho...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Research Summaries Angela Duckworth reserach summaries self-control Source Type: podcasts

Anxiety, Depression and the Internalizing Spectrum
Pathological mental health problems in children and young adults have been classified into externalizing (substance abuse, conduct disorder etc) and internalizing disorders (depression , anxiety etc). Today’s post will try to  work out the structure of this internalizing spectrum. English: An anxious person (Photo credit: Wikipedia) The first major difference, that is made in say DSM, is between Mood disorders (disturbance in mood) and Anxiety disorders (characterized by anxiety and avoidance behaviors) . However, Watson in this article (pdf) emphasizes that this classification is not proper and in many cases th...
Source: The Mouse Trap - February 12, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: depression mental illness anxiety Mental disorder Mood disorder Source Type: podcasts

What type of Self-control/Grit is More Useful?
I recently came across an article titled “More than Resisting Temptation: Beneficial Habits Mediate the Relationship between Self-Control and Positive Life Outcomes” by Brian Galla and Angela Duckworth, which argues that the positive outcomes associated with self-control have more to do with habits for self-regulation, than with in-the-moment exercise of willpower. Self Control (film) (Photo credit: Wikipedia) Self-control is defined by APA as the ability to delay gratification and resist short-term temptations for long-term gains.  Thus the main challenge while exercising self-control is how to take care ...
Source: The Mouse Trap - January 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: addiction positive psychology strengths grit habits self-control Source Type: podcasts

The Making of a Genius: Required Ingredients
What goes into the making of a genius? More mundanely, what factors are required for success in any field? Your answer will differ based on what factors you consider to be the most important for success. Photo of the obverse of a Fields Medal made by Stefan Zachow for the International Mathematical Union (IMU), showing a bas relief of Archimedes (as identified by the Greek text) (Photo credit: Wikipedia) No one can deny the large role that intelligence and talent play in the making of a genius, or to achieve moderate levels of success compared to peers. We can probably club these two factors together as ability, that is mo...
Source: The Mouse Trap - January 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: intelligence curiosity deliberate practice efforts flow Genius grit self-control talent Source Type: podcasts

Openness/ Intellect and the MBTI
As per the Big Five/FFM or the HEXACO model, Openness/Intellect appears to be an important personality dimension on which humans differ from each other. People high on this dimension are variously described as creative, imaginative, intellectual etc. We will be only focusing on this trait of the big five/HEXACO/FFM for the purpose of this post. fancy logo/writing for use in MBTI articles (Photo credit: Wikipedia) MBTI is based on Jung’s theory: People may be Extroverted or Introverted, based on whether they find stimulation in the outer world preferable or find the inner world more a focus of their attention; and are...
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: personality Big Five personality traits MBTI Source Type: podcasts

Welcoming the One Millionth Reader
I know its a bit premature (the blog visit count on my blog is only about 99,8000 yet and it will take another 2-3 days to hit that milestone) but I wanted to take this opportunity to thank all the ~1 million readers who have thought it worthwhile to visit my blog at least once. You know who who you are: thanks to the Moms and the Grandmoms (those readers who were the only ones to visit it in the early days) and thanks also to the Siblings and Cousins (those blogs which encouraged, accepted and sometimes generated a healthy sibling competition of sorts in the early days?). Maker Faire 2008, San Mateo – a life size ve...
Source: The Mouse Trap - December 11, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: sandygautam Tags: Blog blogs personal blogging Source Type: podcasts