Newsdesk Infectious disease surveillance update
As of June 2, 2017, more than 73 700 suspected cases of cholera have been reported in Yemen since the epidemic began in late April, 2017. 605 deaths have also been reported. Cases have been reported in 19 governorates. Only 45% of hospitals are operational with shortages of staff and supplies due to the ongoing conflict.
(University of Maryland School of Medicine) Each year there are more than three million cases of cholera worldwide. Research at the University of Maryland School of Medicine now shows that giving a stronger single-dose of a live oral vaccine could be an effective tool in controlling outbreaks more quickly.
[Citizen] 2017dodoma -The government is annually losing at least Sh340 billion in treating diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid as a result of poor sanitation throughout the country.
Up until the first half of the twentieth century, large-scale health disasters were mostly due to natural causes (earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, etc.) or infections (e.g., smallpox, influenza epidemics, cholera). But something peculiar happened as we entered the second half of the century: Health disasters due to natural causes became dwarfed by large-scale health disasters that are man-made. Here’s a list of the Six Worst U.S. Health Disasters of the Last 50 Years, mostly man-made phenomena that have exacted huge tolls: widespread disease, premature death, poorly managed (though nonetheless highly profitable fo...
[Radio Dabanga] Port Sudan -Despite reports of the cholera epidemic abating in Sudan, medical sources continue to note the emergence of new cases of cholera in Port Sudan.
Discussion Cholera is caused by more than 200 serogroups of Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative rod that is waterborne. Only two (serogroup O1 which causes about 99% of the cases, and O139) cause disease. There are biotypes of each of these serotypes. The only known hosts are humans. The organism colonizes the epithelial lining of the gut. Cholera toxin is produced by some species and if produced binds to specific receptors on host cells, activating a series of steps which cases massive loss of sodium, potassium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and fluids in vomitus and feces. A review of causes of diarrhea can be found here. ...
Conclusions/SignificanceSpatially targeted cholera interventions, such as reactive vaccination or sanitation/hygiene campaigns in hotspot neighborhoods, would likely have been more effective in this epidemic than control measures aimed at interrupting long-cycle transmission, such as improving municipal water quality. We recommend public health planners consider programs aimed at interrupting short-cycle transmission as essential tools in the cholera control arsenal.
[Radio Dabanga] Singa -One person died and 15 others reportedly infected with cholera in Singa in Sudan's Sennar state last week, however the area is seeing a general decrease in cases. A medical source told Radio Dabanga that by Sunday, the isolation centre at Singa Hospital received about 15 cases from in and around Senga.
Field newsChad: Preventing the Spread of a Cholera EpidemicNovember 17, 2017Since September, a cholera epidemic inChad has followed the meandering path of the Bahr-Azoum river —used by many for washing, bathing, and even drinking—southward from the eastern Sila region to the more heavily populated district of Am Timan, in Salamat region, near the border with Central African Republic.
[CAJ News] Kinshasa -MORE than 800 people have been killed as a result of a cholera epidemic linked to escalating conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The deaths of the 882 victims have been recorded from over 44 000 outbreaks since the beginning of the year. Authorities said while the cholera epidemic has been on a downward trend, however, a relatively large increase in the number of cases has been observed in the Kasai and Lomani provinces. The provinces of are the last to be affected by the epidemic and had n
Fatima Shooie sits between her 85-year-old mother and 22-year-old daughter who are both receiving treatment for cholera at a crowded hospital in Sana’a. Credit: WHO/S. HasanBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, Nov 10 2017 (IPS)If aid deliveries are not resumed, Yemen will experience the worst famine the world has seen in recent decades.Earlier this week, Saudi Arabia closed all land, air, and sea ports in Yemen after Houthi rebels fired a missile at Riyadh.Though the Saudi-led coalition reopened the southern port Aden, humanitarian officials have warned of a famine and health crisis if other entry points remain sh...