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Newsdesk Incarceration and infection: drug policy in the USA

The USA is in the midst of an opiate addiction crisis. Resurrecting the war on drugs will only serve to harm public health and risks spreading infections. Talha Burki reports.
Source: The Lancet Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Newsdesk Source Type: research

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Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Brazilian scientists found that addicts who began using cocaine before and after the age of 18 showed differences in sustained attention and working memory, among other brain functions. The research, made under controlled drug abstinence condition, measured cocaine's impact on more than a hundred drug users' cognition, and recommended multidisciplinary treatment for patients with an accentuated cognitive deficit.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2018 Source:Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 78 Author(s): Daniel L. King, Madeleine C.E. Herd, Paul H. Delfabbro Tolerance in DSM-5 Internet gaming disorder (IGD) refers to a need for increasing time spent in gaming activities. However, the focus on ‘time’ has been criticized for being a superficial imitation of tolerance in substance-based addiction. Gaming tolerance may require a broader conceptualization of its motivational and cognitive features. The present study aimed to investigate tolerance-like processes in gaming and their association with IGD symptoms. An online survey ...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAcetaminophen (paracetamol, APAP) is the most commonly prescribed analgesic for the treatment of acute pain. It is also the most commonly prescribed analgesic and antipyretic for children. There has been extensive clinical use of acetaminophen in nonparenteral forms (e.g., oral or rectal) for over six decades and over 20  years of clinical experience outside the USA with the intravenous (IV) use of acetaminophen.Recent FindingsIn the USA, IV acetaminophen was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in November 2010. Studies indicate that IV acetaminophen is as effective for acute pain rel...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Neuroinflammation has been reported to follow chronic ethanol intake and may perpetuate alcohol consumption. Present studies determined the effect of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), known for their anti‐inflammatory action, on chronic ethanol intake and relapse‐like ethanol intake in a post‐deprivation condition. Rats were allowed 12–17 weeks of chronic voluntary ethanol (10% and 20% v/v) intake, after which a single dose of activated hMSCs (5 × 105) was injected into a brain lateral ventricle. Control animals were administered vehicle. After assessing the effect of hMSCs on ...
Source: Addiction Biology - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 January 2018 Source:NeuroImage, Volume 165 Author(s): Katharina Zwosta, Hannes Ruge, Thomas Goschke, Uta Wolfensteller Previous neuroscientific research revealed insights into the brain networks supporting goal-directed and habitual behavior, respectively. However, it remains unclear how these contribute to inter-individual differences in habit strength which is relevant for understanding not only normal behavior but also more severe dysregulations between these types of action control, such as in addiction. In the present fMRI study, we trained subjects on approach and avoidance behavior for an exten...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
National experts and AHN addiction medicine specialists are gathering today at Allegheny General Hospital for a one-day conference, “Drug User Health: Promoting Health and Reducing Harm in Medical...(PRWeb October 18, 2017)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/10/prweb14812521.htm
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
A coalition of 41 states' attorneys general have served five major opioid manufacturers with subpoenas seeking information about how these companies marketed and sold prescription opioids. The coalition is also demanding documents and information related to distribution practices from three drug distributors. The investigative subpoenas and document requests were sent to pharmaceutical manufacturers Endo International, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd./Cephalon Inc. and Allergan. The group also served a supplemental investigative subpoena to Purdue Pharma. Documents were also requested of three ...
Source: Policy and Medicine - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
FALMOUTH (CBS) – Many families caring for a loved one with an opioid addiction will tell you that one stay in a rehab facility rarely solves the problem. Relapses are common and heartbreaking. Related: Opioid Addiction Recovery Resources But a new approach is helping some addicts stay sober once they leave the safety and security of an inpatient facility. Mike Riordan of Falmouth is one of those success stories. He has been clean for three years. “I was just using drugs and was a shell of a person. I would have died on the street,” he said, recalling his life addicted to opioids. Riordan credits his ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Local News Syndicated Local Chris McKinnon Confronting The Crisis opioid crisis Recovery Coaches Source Type: news
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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