Keeping Babies HIV-Free

May 26, 2017This team of health workers in northern Namibia is determined to test 100% of babies  born to HIV-positive mothers. And they're almost there.  Squinting in the hot northern Namibian sun, a man smartly dressed in a nurse ’s uniform greets us with a warm smile. Rightwell Zulu, or “Dr. Zulu,” as he is affectionately called by his colleagues, is a nurse mentor at Nyangana District Hospital in Namibia.Zulu, together with his colleagues, Veronika Shivute and Felistas Shindimba, developed a system that has helped this hospital test nearly every baby born there to HIV-positive mothers. Their work is supported byIntraHealth International andUSAID/Namibia through theU.S. President ’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.Early infant diagnosis is critical.In Namibia, HIV prevalence is highest in the northern regions, including Kavango East, which has the third-highest HIV prevalence rate in the country. The Nyangana District Hospital provides basic health services to over 38,000 Namibians in Kavango East, including HIV testing, counseling and treatment. The hospital is known for its busy maternity ward, and is the sole facility in Nyangana equipped to carry out deliveries.An important goal for hospital staff is to determine how many HIV-exposed babies are in the district and how many of them are being tested. A baby can contract HIV while a mother is still pregnant, or after birth through breastfeeding, making early infant diagnosis critical.Zulu ...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conditions:   HIV/AIDS;   Pregnancy Related;   Congenital Disorders;   Newborn Morbidity Intervention:   Other: Pharmacovigilance surveillance program Sponsor:   Indiana University Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The pressing need to expand the biomedical HIV prevention evidence base during pregnancy is now increasingly recognized. Women ’s views regarding participation in such trials and initiating PrEP while pregnant ...
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings show the importance of mNGS use to help characterize the outbreak more completely and in the management of the affected patients. PMID: 32422120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Survival and HIV-Free Survival Among Children Aged ≤3 Years - Eight Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2015-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 May 15;69(19):582-586 Authors: Jonnalagadda S, Yuengling K, Abrams E, Stupp P, Voetsch A, Patel M, Minisi Z, Eliya M, Hamunime N, Rwebembera A, Kirungi W, Mulenga L, Mushavi A, Ryan C, Ts'oeu M, Kim E, Dziuban EJ, Hageman K, Galbraith J, Mweebo K, Mwila A, Gonese E, Patel H, Modi S, Saito S Abstract Although mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is preventable through antiretroviral treatment (ART) during pregnancy and post...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Providing antiretroviral treatment to women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection before, during, and after pregnancy is critical for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and improving child survival.
Source: CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Category: American Health Tags: HIV/AIDS MMWR Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report Pregnancy Source Type: news
AbstractPoor HIV care retention impedes optimal treatment outcomes in persons living with HIV. Women trying to become pregnant may be motivated by periconception horizontal and vertical transmission concerns and thus more likely to attend HIV care visits than women not trying to conceive. We estimated the effect of fertility intentions on HIV care attendance over 12  months among non-pregnant, HIV-positive women aged 18–35 years who were on or initiating antiretroviral therapy in Johannesburg, South Africa. The percentage of women attending an HIV care visit decreased from 93.4% in the first quarter to 82.8...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CHEU in rural Zimbabwe had total child development and vocabulary scores that were approximately 0.15 standard deviations lower than CHU at two years of age. More detailed and specific studies are now needed to unravel the reasons for developmental delay in CHEU and the likelihood that these delays persist in the longer term. PMID: 32386127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
(New York University) Randomized Control Trial under an NIH grant demonstrates the efficacy of a clinic-based triadic healthcare intervention called 'Families Talking Together' to protect adolescents from sexual health risks such as unwanted pregnancy and HIV/AIDS.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Abstract Pregnant women should be advised of the significant perinatal risks associated with tobacco use, including orofacial clefts, fetal growth restriction, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, preterm prelabor rupture of membranes, low birth weight, increased perinatal mortality, ectopic pregnancy, and decreased maternal thyroid function. Children born to women who smoke during pregnancy are at an increased risk of respiratory infections, asthma, infantile colic, bone fractures, and childhood obesity. Pregnancy influences many women to stop smoking, and approximately 54% of women who smoke before pre...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
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