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Music Therapy May Reduce Depression in Dementia Music Therapy May Reduce Depression in Dementia

New review shows that participating in group or individual music therapy sessions reduces depressive symptoms but not aggression or agitation in patients with dementia.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week nursing intervention consisting of 2 weekly sessions of music and reminiscence therapy together with the application of reality orientation techniques. Our expectation at the onset of the study was that listening to music that was familiar and connected with the memory of past events would, due to the music's emotional impact, stimulate memory associations, leading, in turn, to a positive effect on depression and anxiety in people living with dementia. We carried out a pre-/posttest intervention design with a sample of 19 patients divided into 2 groups&md...
Source: Holistic Nursing Practice - Category: Nursing Tags: Features Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Because of an improved evidence base, the latest version of the German S3 guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of dementia places greater emphasis on non-pharmacological treatments for behavioral disorders in dementia than it did in the past. The global efficacy of such treatments against behavioral disorders is well documented. Nonetheless, because of the heterogeneity of interventions and varying standards of assessment, the evidence for the utility of certain specific methods in the treatment of specific behavioral disorders is still limited. More research is needed in this area. PMID: 28705297 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Conclusions Although there are reports of the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia, the area still needs randomized studies aimed at the solution of important methodological problems like the lack of standardized approaches.RESUMO Objetivo Muitas interven ções psicossociais na demência estão baseadas em atividades musicais e intervenções de musicoterapia. Nosso objetivo consiste em avaliar a eficácia das intervenções de musicoterapia nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos de pessoas com demência. Métodos ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions Although there are reports of the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia, the area still needs randomized studies aimed at the solution of important methodological problems like the lack of standardized approaches.RESUMO Objetivo Muitas interven ções psicossociais na demência estão baseadas em atividades musicais e intervenções de musicoterapia. Nosso objetivo consiste em avaliar a eficácia das intervenções de musicoterapia nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos de pessoas com demência. Métodos ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Providing people with dementia with at least five sessions of a music-based therapeutic intervention probably reduces depressive symptoms but has little or no effect on agitation or aggression. There may also be little or no effect on emotional well-being or quality of life, overall behavioural problems and cognition. We are uncertain about effects on anxiety or social behaviour, and about any long-term effects. Future studies should employ larger sample sizes, and include all important outcomes, in particular 'positive' outcomes such as emotional well-being and social outcomes. Future studies should also exam...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusions In the sample studied, music therapy improved some cognitive, psychological, and behavioural alterations in patients with AD. Combining music therapy with dance therapy to improve motor and functional impairment would be an interesting line of research.
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42016036153. PMID: 28025173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ageing Research Reviews - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Ageing Res Rev Source Type: research
This study utilised the rapid evidence assessment (REA) approach to collect and assess the current data pertaining to music as a therapy for complex needs and offending behaviour. Within the REA this study used a thematic analysis as the analytical framework to manage and explore the wealth of data collected during the REA. Findings The results of this study are presented in two parts – first, the application of music as a therapy for complex needs and second, music as a therapy for offending behaviour. These two sections explore music therapy as an effective intervention method for offending behaviour and/or complex...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - Category: Criminology Source Type: research
Reposted with permission from Cochrane AustraliaA trio of music therapy reviews featured in last year ’s Australian top 100 Cochrane Library downloads, withMusic Therapy for depression coming in at number 7,Music Therapy for people with spectrum disorder at number 40 andMusic Therapy for people with dementia at 76. Recently a new update ofMusic interventions for cancer patientstook centre stage and madeheadlines around the world, finding that music may have beneficial effects on anxiety, pain, fatigue, depression and quality of life for people with cancer.‘It’s great to see these reviews are the subject o...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusions There is insufficient evidence of the effect of music therapy on anxiety, depression and agitation in this population. Future studies should consider how specific musical interventions can improve anxiety, depression and agitation in older adults with dementia in residential facilities and specialist care units.
Source: European Geriatric Medicine - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
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