Does Parenthood Change Attitudes to Fathering? Evidence from Australia and Britain

AbstractA wealth of research has established that the transition to parenthood can shift men ’s and women’s attitudes to motherhood. We add to this knowledge base by examining how attitudes to fatherhood change across the transition to parenthood. This is important within a historical period in which definitions of what it means to be a good father are changing to emphasise hands-on inv olvement in childcare, yet there has been little institutional change to support this. Our empirical analyses rely on long-running, panel data from Britain and Australia, and fixed-effect panel regression models. We find that attitudes to fatherhood change significantly after the birth of a first ch ild. For most of the measures considered, parenthood results in men’s attitudes to fatherhood becoming comparatively more egalitarian than women’s. While both Australian and British men become more enthusiastic towards being involved in the care and upbringing of their children after experiencin g parenthood, Australian women become less likely to agree that fathers should do so. These findings provide a partial explanation for why couples engage in more traditional gender divisions of labour after parenthood. They suggest that men’s involvement in childcare is not only constrained at the institutional and employment levels, but also by their female partners becoming more reluctant to support an active fathering role. More broadly, our research adds to growing evidence...
Source: Sex Roles - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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Abstract When a student explains a biological phenomenon, does the answer reflect only the product of retrieving knowledge or does it also reflect a dynamic process of constructing knowledge? To gain insight into students' dynamic knowledge, we leveraged three analytic frameworks-structures-behaviors-functions (SBF), mental models (MM), and conceptual dynamics (CD). To assess the stability of student knowledge, we asked undergraduate students to explain the same physiological phenomenon three times-once verbally, once after drawing, and once after interpreting a diagram. The SBF analysis illustrated fine-grained d...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research
Abstract As an instructional tool, models can transform the student experience from the static to the dynamic, the flat to the 3D, and the siloed to the integrated. Few practical resources exist to help instructors transition toward model-based classroom practices. The Modeling in the Classroom evidence-based teaching guide provides instructors with a tool kit for incorporating models and modeling into their classrooms (https://lse.ascb.org/evidence-based-teaching-guides/modeling-in-the-classroom). The guide discusses the underpinnings of modeling as a core scientific practice, one that can enable student developm...
Source: CBE Life Sciences Education - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: CBE Life Sci Educ Source Type: research
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Source: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: MethodsAuthor(s): Prithwijit Sarkar, Noushin Akhavantabib, Sheena D'ArcyAbstractInteractions between histones and their binding partners are an important aspect of chromatin biology. Determining the stoichiometry of histone-containing complexes is an important pre-requisite for performing in vitro biochemical, biophysical and structural analyses. In this article, we detail how Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) coupled to Multi-Angle Light Scattering (MALS) can be used to study histone chaperones and their complexes. Our protocol details system setup, sample prepar...
Source: Methods - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: MethodsAuthor(s): Alan P. Benson, Harley J. Stevenson-Cocks, Dominic G. Whittaker, Ed White, Michael A. ColmanAbstractComputational models of the heart, from cell-level models, through one-, two- and three-dimensional tissue-level simplifications, to biophysically-detailed three-dimensional models of the ventricles, atria or whole heart, allow the simulation of excitation and propagation of this excitation, and have provided remarkable insight into the normal and pathological functioning of the heart. In this article we present equations for modelling cellular excit...
Source: Methods - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Molecular LiquidsAuthor(s): Tibor Liptaj, Ján Marták, Štefan SchlosserAbstractIonic liquids (ILs) have received substantial attention in basic and applied research in the last two decades. This work is focused on deeper understanding of carboxylic acids extraction by ILs with potential in recovery of platform chemicals from diluted streams in biorefineries. Results of an NMR study of structural changes of a system composed of trihexyl-(tetradecyl)-phosphonium decanoate, butyric acid (BA) and water are presented. 1H, 13C and 31P NMR we...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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