Fracture risk and correlating factors of a pediatric population with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a nationwide matched study

The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of fracture and the difference between sexes from a nationwide database of fracture risk among children aged 4–17 years with or without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, ICD-9-CD codes 314). The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID 2000) was used to analyze fracture characteristics of children from the National Health Insurance that covered 96.1% of the Taiwanese population (N=21.4 million). A total of 7200 ADHD children aged between 4 and 17 years whose diagnosis had been confirmed in at least three outpatient clinics between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2009 were included, and a cohort of 36 000 children without ADHD matched for age, sex, and urbanization was recruited for analysis. The incidence rate of fractures in ADHD children was 21.0 (95% confidence interval=19.4–22.7) per 1000 person-years, significantly (P
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Source Type: research

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Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of disability and mortality in youth across the United States and globally. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with an increased rate of unintentional injuries in multiple co...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conditions:   ADHD;   Mental Disorder;   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Other: Knowledge Improvement Program about ADHD Sponsor:   King Khalid University Active, not recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsCognitive reappraisal appears to be a beneficial ER strategy for children regardless of diagnostic status. Our findings indicate that children can learn and employ an adaptive ER strategy when instructed in the technique, even in the presence of attention problems, which is highly relevant to therapeutic approaches to dysregulated behavior.
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results highlight the importance of IPS engagement in response inhibition and suggest that IPS modulation may be driven by top-down control from the IFG. Moreover, the current findings force the point of treating ADHD as a continuum whereby brain correlates are scaled with severity of the disorder, and point to the potential use of individual differences in the modulation of IPS activation and connectivity as a neuromarker of ADHD.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: ┼×air YB, Sevinçok D, Kutlu A, Çakaloz B, Sevinçok L Abstract We investigated whether the affective temperaments of mothers and maternal depression before and during the index pregnancy are related to the development of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in their children. One hundred and twenty children were screened for the diagnosis of ADHD. After exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied for children and their mothers, we compared the mothers of children with (n = 63) and without ADHD (n = 60) in terms of affective temperament traits, de...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity, as well as executive dysfunction. Recent work underlines the importance in understanding the role of emotio...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
The relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the risk of alcohol abuse is widely studied. Even though this topic has been of interest for several years, it is heavily debated. We studied various papers and conducted a system...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Abstract Neuropsychiatric disorders (NPDs) such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) all relate to behavioural, cognitive and emotional disturbances that are ultimately rooted in disordered brain function. More specifically, these disorders are linked to various neuromodulators (i.e. serotonin and dopamine), as well as dysfunction in both cognitive and socio-affective brain networks. Increasing evidence suggests that the gut environment, and particularly the microbiome, plays a significant role in individual mental health. Alth...
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Many people suffer from an inability to focus on tasks that require a great deal of attention. Drugs such as Ritalin are available to help mitigate symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and related conditions, but these medicati...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Neurology Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 -- The effect of omega-3 fish oil supplements on cognitive symptoms in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may vary according to endogenous levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA),...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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