A comparison of the Truview PCD and the GlideScope Cobalt AVL video‐laryngoscopes to the Miller blade for successfully intubating manikins simulating normal and difficult pediatric airways

ConclusionHigher success rates and shorter intubation times with the Miller blade compared to either video‐laryngoscope may reflect greater experience with direct laryngoscopy, need for more video‐laryngoscopy training, or result from the manikin design. Individual practitioners may differ in their preference of device for intubating a child with anticipated difficult airway based on their previous experiences, self‐assessment of their skills, and evaluation of the child's airway anatomy.
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Research Report Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine IV in an infusion dose of 0.5 μg/kg/hr is effective in providing postoperative analgesia in terms of significant reduction in analgesic consumption in 24 hours and in addition to the effective obtundation of the pneumoperitoneum-induced hemodynamic changes.
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine in a dose of 1 μg/kg is more effective than 0.5 μg/kg for attenuation of hemodynamic stress response to intubation in cardiac surgery. A more graded increase in the dose of dexmedetomidine may lead to an optimum dose in attenuating the hemodynamic response to intubation.
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): Ulrich Braun, Karl Günther Wiese, Hans-Albert Merten, Arnd TimmermannAbstractNoma (Cancrum oris) is an infectious acute disease that is prevalent in Africa, Asia and the American continent. This condition develops as a consequence of deficient nutrition. It is acquired by children between the ages of 1 and 7, and the children who contract it can die from sepsis within 2 weeks. The estimated mortality rate is in the range of 85%. The survivors have disfigurements of the face, massive scarring, open access to the...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
We describe a novel and safe use of existing instrumentation in the removal of select foreign bodies in the upper aerodigestive tract to minimize health-care costs. A retrospective review of 4 cases involving visualized upper aerodigestive tract foreign bodies were identified via flexible laryngoscopy and extracted under local anesthesia from 2016 to 2018. All 4 patients were not in any airway distress and underwent successful removal of the foreign body, which included 2 fishbones, a sewing pin, and a wire bristle with a maxillary Heuwieser or giraffe instrument under flexible laryngoscopy visualizing using local anesthes...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The level of training in airway management especially for non-anesthetists is inhomogeneous. The recently published German S1 guidelines for prehospital airway management recommend education and training as well as the primary use of the video laryngoscope with Macintosh blade. The implementation could lower the incidence of subjective difficult airways. PMID: 32055885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur instrument is more effective when is playful and competitive, introducing something more than just a sound feedback, and allowing training by increasing levels. It is more effective if the users can adapt their own technique to the instrument by themselves, without any external help.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Injection laryngoplasty proved to be both successful and safe in improving glottic closure with immediate results in those who had failed to show a positive response after long-term swallowing rehabilitation. The positive and dramatic clinical outcomes were observed through changes in the coughing force. Our case series support the use of injection larygnoplasty as a powerful adjunctive treatment method to prevent aspiration pneumonia in post-stroke patients with vocal fold insufficiency. Pre- and post-injection peak cough flow changes may reflect improvement in glottic closure and indicate the safety of swal...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): Patrick Schoettker, Ana Pérez Arias, Etienne Pralong, John Michael Duff, Nicolas Fournier, Istvan BathoryAbstractBackgroundFibreoptic intubation is described as the preferred technique for the non-urgent airway control in patients with an unstable cervical spine injury. Indirect laryngoscopes offer promising advantages, but their safety and impact on cervical spine movement is still discussed.AimWe compared the incidence of significant neurophysiologic modifications associated with tracheal intubation performe...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Source: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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