Utility of coronal oblique slices in cervical spine MRI : Improved detection of the neuroforamina.

CONCLUSIONS: Adding coronal oblique planes in cervical spine MRI increases sensitivity and confidence in attributing the cause of neuroforaminal pathology. They are regarded as useful by all the readers. PMID: 26311439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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A Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) examination is often described by patients as frightening and uncomfortable. To prepare patients for an MRI examination, this study explored the use of virtual reality (VR) simulation compared to a mock MRI scan (full-scale MRI machine replica, without internal magnets).
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
This article discusses the initial experience over a few studies in progress at an orthopaedic center. The custom design of total ankle replacements, the patellofemoral alignment after medial ligament reconstruction, the overall architecture of the foot bones in the diabetic foot, and the radiographic assessment of the rearfoot after subtalar fusion for correction of severe flat foot have all taken advantage of the 3D and weight-bearing feature of relevant CT scans. To further support these novel assessments, techniques have been developed to obtain 3D models of the bones from the scans and to merge these with state-of-the...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019; 23: 594-602 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697940Clinical management of several pathologies of the lower extremity joint relies on instrumental imaging evaluation. The assessment of joint changes with physiologic load requires studies using positions with the patient standing. Weight-bearing radiographs are the mainstay for the evaluation of several conditions such as knee osteoarthritis, pes planus, and hallux valgus, in particular to obtain measurements of articular parameters, especially for presurgical studies. In the last few years, dedicated magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography sc...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsFixation for cervical instability is a critical component of the management of DS. A minority of patients receiving surgery were identified through asymptomatic screening. There was a high complication risk associated with surgery in our study; however, the addition of rigid fixation has lessened the complication rate compared with previous studies.Level of EvidenceLevel IV.
Source: Spine Deformity - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We describe a previously healthy 11-month-old female infant with nondepressed skull fracture who developed increased ICP in the absence of intracranial changes on imaging. Funduscopic examination revealed unilateral papilledema, and opening pressure on lumbar puncture was elevated at 35 cm of H2O. Computed tomography scan demonstrated a nondepressed occipital bone fracture. However, further imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging with angiogram/venogram, did not reveal any intracranial abnormalities. In particular, there was no evidence of sinus venous thrombosis. Given her presentation and signs of increased ICP, sh...
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Illustrative Cases Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The clinical utility of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has not been assessed prospectively in patients with glioblastoma (GBM). We aimed to determine the prognostic impact of plasma cfDNA in GBM, as well as its role as a surrogate of tumor burden and substrate for next-generation sequencing (NGS). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 42 patients with newly diagnosed GBM. Plasma cfDNA was quantified at baseline prior to initial tumor resection and longitudinally during chemoradiotherapy. Plasma cfDNA was assessed for its association with progression-free survival (PFS...
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
ConclusionBimeniscal replacement by an allograft and/or substitute provides good short-term functional and anatomical outcomes. Nevertheless, this procedure is warranted only in highly selected patients.Level of evidenceIV, retrospective study.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Magnetic resonance imaging in closed-bore scanners sometimes provokes anxiety but closed-bore designs have gradually become wider and shorter. Open scanners may be easier to tolerate. The aim was to compare patient anxiety during MRI between bore diameters of 60 cm and 70 cm, and to determine the current level of patient anxiety and experience in open scanners in a clinical setrting.
Source: Radiography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion Foreign bodies are common problems for young children particularly ages 2-4 years who will mouth many objects and aspirate or swallow them. Children will also place foreign objects in other body orifices such as ears or noses. It is also not uncommon that young girls will inadvertently have toilet paper caught in the vaginal area during hygiene. Many of these foreign bodies may work their way out naturally not causing any problems, or may come to attention later because of chronic problems such as a foul-smell or discharge. Older children may tell adults that they have placed a foreign body in an orifice and thu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: Arthroscopy TechniquesAuthor(s): Ravi Vaswani, Sean J. Meredith, Jayson Lian, Ryan Li, Michael Nickoli, Freddie H. Fu, Volker MusahlAbstractSmall intercondylar notch size is associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and increased difficulty of ACL reconstruction. When encountering a small notch during surgery, some surgeons may resort to a notchplasty, which has been shown to have associated morbidity. The ability to predict notch size on preoperative imaging could allow the orthopaedic surgeon to anticipate surgical difficulty su...
Source: Arthroscopy Techniques - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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