Prognostic Significance of Short-Term Blood Pressure Variability in Acute Stroke: Systematic Review Clinical Sciences

Conclusions— This systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that greater systolic BPV, measured early from ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage onset, is associated with poor longer-term functional outcome. Future prospective studies should investigate how best to measure and define BPV in acute stroke, as well as to determine its prognostic significance.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Acute Stroke Syndromes Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

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This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Biomed Mater Res A Source Type: research
Conclusion: Pre-hospital triage algorithms for AIS patients that only take into account the nearest CSC and the nearest PSC as transport destinations may be unable to identify the optimal transport destination for a significant proportion of patients. Introduction Background International guidelines recommend early administration of intravenous thrombolysis for eligible patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS); in addition, patients with proximal large vessel occlusion (LVO) should receive mechanical thrombectomy (MT) as quickly as possible (1). As the clinical benefit of both thrombolysis (2–4) and MT (5&nda...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of severe disability and death. In clinical settings, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) for thrombolytic therapy is the only globally approved drug for the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, the proportion of patients who receive t-PA therapy is extremely limited due to its narrow therapeutic time window (TTW) and the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is also a serious problem for patients' outcomes. Hence, the development of more effective therapies has been desired to prolong the TTW of t-PA and prevent cerebral I/R...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
Conclusions—Our data suggest no excess risk of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage but increased mortality and reduced favorable outcome in patients with UKO stroke compared with patients treated within the approved time window.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
In conclusion, alteplase is the only treatment available for acute ischemic stroke that is effective in some patients. In order to improve tPA effectiveness and minimize risks, patients with symptoms suggestive of an AIS should get rapid assessment and treatment with tPA after careful review of the contraindications. Given that smaller strokes can still be associated with considerable long term neurological morbidity, treatment should still be considered in those patients after weighing the risks and benefits and in consultation with the patient and family. Advanced age should also not be a limiting factor. Although the NI...
Source: EPMonthly.com - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: -Thrombolysis started within the first 60 minutes after onset is associated with best outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke, and benefit declined more rapidly early after onset for ability to be discharged home. These findings support intensive efforts to organize stroke systems of care to improve the timeliness of thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. PMID: 27815374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
AbstractThe administration of thrombolytic therapy in elderly patients with dementia and acute ischemic stroke may be controversial, because the reported risk of rt-PA associated intracerebral hemorrhage in these patients is higher compared with that of patients without dementia and because these patients are already disabled. Moreover, there are known risk factors for hemorrhagic transformation in patients with dementia: amyloid angiopathy, leukoaraiosis and the presence of microbleeds. In this review, we describe the impact of dementia on functional outcome following thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke and dis...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSTopographic assessment of acute ischemic changes using the sASPECTS (including caudate, lentiform nucleus, insula, and M5) can predict disability/death in anterior circulation stroke as accurately as the ASPECTS; and may help predict response to treatment and risk of developing symptomatic ICH.
Source: Journal of Neuroimaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigative Study Source Type: research
With over 150,000 strokes in the United Kingdom every year, and more than 1 million living survivors, stroke is the third most common cause of death and the leading cause of severe physical disability among adults. A major challenge in administering timely treatment is determining whether the stroke is due to vascular blockage (ischaemic) or haemorrhage. For patients with ischaemic stroke, thrombolysis (i.e. pharmacological ‘clot-busting’) can improve outcomes when delivered swiftly after onset, and current National Health Service Quality Improvement Scotland guidelines are for thrombolytic therapy to be provid...
Source: Health Informatics Journal - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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