GSE263645 Whole transcriptome sequencing for wild type and IRAIN over-expression K562 cells

Series Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensThe development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has revolutionarily increased the overall survival of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, drug resistance remains a major obstacle. Here, we demonstrated that a BCR-ABL1-independent long non-coding RNA, IRAIN, is constitutively expressed at low levels in CML, resulting in imatinib resistance. IRAIN knockdown decreased the sensitivity of CD34+ CML blasts and cell lines to imatinib, whereas IRAIN overexpression significantly increased sensitivity. Mechanistically, IRAIN downregulates CD44, a membrane receptor favorably affecting TKI resistance, by binding to the nuclear factor kappa B subunit p65 to reduce the expression of p65 and phosphorylated p65. Therefore, the demethylating drug decitabine, which upregulates IRAIN, combined with imatinib, formed a dual therapy strategy which can be applied to CML with resistance to TKIs.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research