Studying Tauopathies in Drosophila: A Fruitful Model.

Studying Tauopathies in Drosophila: A Fruitful Model. Exp Neurol. 2015 Apr 7; Authors: Sun M, Chen L Abstract Tauopathies are a group of neurodegenerative disorders that include hereditary frontotemporal dementias (FTDs) such as FTD with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), as well as sporadic variants of FTDs like progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), and Pick's disease. These diverse diseases all have in common the presence of abnormally phosphorylated tau aggregates. In this review, I will summarize key features of transgenic Drosophila models of tauopathies and a number of insights into disease mechanisms as well as therapeutic implications gained from the fruit fly models. PMID: 25862286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the consensus that the R47H variant is significantly associated with AD. However, we did not find evidence for association of the R47H variant with other neurodegenerative diseases. PMID: 31513029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research
ConclusionQSM could be used for iron quantification of nigral and extranigral structures in all degenerative parkinsonisms and should be tested longitudinally in order to identify early microscopical changes.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
To determine whether the susceptibility value in the deep gray matter obtained by quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) provides additive value to the morphometric index for differentiating Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) from Parkinson's disease (PD).
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: WPNs are extremely vulnerable to AD but not to 4 repeat tauopathies. Considering that WPNs are involved early in AD, such degeneration should be included in the models explaining sleep-wake disturbances in AD and considered when designing a clinical intervention. Sparing of WPNs in PSP, a condition featuring hyperinsomnia, suggest that interventions to suppress the arousal system may benefit patients with PSP. PMID: 31416793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
DiscussionWPNs are extremely vulnerable to AD but not to 4 repeat tauopathies. Considering that WPNs are involved early in AD, such degeneration should be included in the models explaining sleep-wake disturbances in AD and considered when designing a clinical intervention. Sparing of WPNs in PSP, a condition featuring hyperinsomnia, suggest that interventions to suppress the arousal system may benefit patients with PSP.
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
AbstractThe soluble amyloid protein procurer α (sAPPα) and β (sAPPβ) have been postulated as promising new cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and multiple other neurodegenerative diseases, but have failed to meet expectations with their often discordant and even contradictory findings to date. The aim of th e study was to systematically explore this issue. Cochrane Library, PubMed, and CNKI were systematically searched without language or date restrictions. This network meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (P...
Source: NeuroMolecular Medicine - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Misfolding of the microtubule-binding protein tau into filamentous aggregates is characteristic of many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and progressive supranuclear palsy. Determining the structures and dynamics of these tau fibrils is important for designing inhibitors against tau aggregation. Tau fibrils obtained from patient brains have been found by...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: PNAS Plus Source Type: research
This article purposed to detect the diagnostic performance of Magnetic resonance parkinsonism index (MRPI).
Source: Parkinsonism and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Cognitive impairment commonly co-occurs in parkinsonian disorders with convergence insufficiency and is associated with significantly greater NPC distances. Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for cognitive impairment in patients with objective findings of convergence insufficiency, whether symptomatic or not. Further investigation of convergence insufficiency in relationship to cognitive impairment in parkinsonian disorders is warranted, as there may be a shared mechanism of dysfunction.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted and peer-reviewed literature was searched to determine the prevalence and types of pain in four atypical parkinsonism syndromes: MSA, PSP, CBD and LBD. The results show that pain was prevalent mainly in MSA patients in comparison to PSP and CBD patients. Pain was reported at an early stage and was found in females, with limb pain being the most common, followed by neck and back pain. In comparison to PSP, pain locations were similar to MSA patients. CBD patients experienced pain the least in comparison to MSA, PSP and LBD patients.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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