Pan- and isoform-specific inhibition of Hsp90: Design strategy and recent advances

Eur J Med Chem. 2022 Jun 7;238:114516. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114516. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn the past few decades, the development of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitors for cancer treatment has not stopped. About twenty compounds have been evaluated in the clinical trials, but the FDA approved none of them because of toxic effects and/or not enough efficacies. Insufficient isoform selectivity has been considered as one of the reasons for these failures recently. Therefore, developing isoform-selective Hsp90 inhibitors could probably make great progress in searching for therapeutic agents for cancer as well as many other diseases. Here, we summarized classic pan-inhibitors of Hsp90 based on the classification of binding sites and illustrated design strategies applied in the drug discovery. We summed up current isoform-specific Hsp90 inhibitors including their discovery processes and potential indications.PMID:35691175 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114516
Source: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research