First ratings for youth football helmets address sport's largest pool of athletes
(Virginia Tech) With the release of youth football-helmet ratings by the Virginia Tech Helmet Lab -- already renowned for their helmet ratings for varsity football and other sports -- consumers can see which helmets best reduce concussion risk. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers analyze biodiversity patterns in Antarctic Dry Valleys
(Virginia Tech) 'Surprisingly, we found that biotic, or living, interactions are crucial in shaping biodiversity patterns even in the extreme ecosystems of the Antarctic Dry Valleys.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 20, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Honey bee gut microbiome research -- NSF grant
(Virginia Tech) 'Using the honey bee gut microbiome as a model to study host defense against parasites could have implications for understanding the human microbiome and host defense, as well.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 15, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

To slow malaria, cure mosquitoes with drug-treated bed nets
(Virginia Tech) Researchers found that they could use the same drug -- atovaquone -- used to treat the malaria parasite when a person gets sick, coat mosquito bed nets with it, and let mosquitoes ingest the anti-malarial drug. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NIH provides $23 million for statewide translational research institute
(Virginia Tech) The focus of is 'using data to improve health' and leverages the data science expertise across the state. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How well do vaccines work? Research reveals measles vaccine efficacy
(Virginia Tech) 'What we   found was a bit of a shock --   there are a very small number of studies that test whether vaccines are effective across multiple pathogen doses ...' said Langwig. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Giving a voice to society's maintainers
(Virginia Tech) 'It's about changing leadership and the way that we lead and manage organizations.' -- Lee Vinsel. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Facial recognition software to identify Civil War soldiers
(Virginia Tech) Photo Sleuth may help uncover the mysteries of nearly 4 million photographs of Civil War-era images. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How to keep stink bugs out this winter
(Virginia Tech) Every winter stink bugs infiltrate homes across the United States and two new studies published in the Journal of Economic Entomology by Virginia Tech researchers may shed some light on ways to keep the pests away. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 21, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Virginia Tech investigates how Honduran youth respond to crime and violence
(Virginia Tech) Virginia Tech will shed more light on the paths that Honduran youth face and the decisions they make. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Safe to use hands-free devices in the car? Yes, according to research
(Virginia Tech) New research suggests that drivers who use hands-free electronic devices, as opposed to handheld ones, are less likely to get into a crash. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers investigate a billion years of coexistence between plants and fungi
(Virginia Tech) What can a billion years of coexistence tell us about the evolution of plants and fungi? (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 6, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Discovery To Begin In Flint Researcher's Challenge Of Fellow Scientist's Work
LANSING, Mich. - The attorney representing the Virginia Tech researcher who led the team that exposed the lead-contaminated water crisis in Flint, Mich., on Jan. 25 said that the discovery process is beginning in the researcher's lawsuit against Wayne State University (WSU) challenging the qualifications of an academic who has led WSU's team of investigators and experts working in Flint (Marc Edwards v. Wayne State University, No. 18-110, Mich. Clms.). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)
Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News - February 5, 2019 Category: Medical Law Source Type: news

First study to find digital ads work, on millennials
(Virginia Tech) 'This is first time we found that digital ads do something and what they do is they increase voter turnout among millennials in municipal elections.' said Haenschen. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Harnessing the Power of Big Data in Biological Research
From the dawn of civilization to 2003, humankind generated five exabytes [5 billion gigabytes] of data. Now we produce five exabytes every two days ... and the pace is accelerating. —Eric Schmidt, executive chairman at Google, quoted in R. Smolan and J. Erwitt, eds. 2012. The Human Face of Big Data. Against All Odds Productions. A data revolution is changing the face of science. Scientists are confronting research challenges that require the analysis of large amounts of information on topics ranging from global climate patterns to genetic blueprints. These big data challenges are often summarized in four words: ...
Source: Washington Watch - January 24, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Eve S. McCulloch Source Type: news

Mechanical engineers develop process to 3D print piezoelectric materials
(Virginia Tech) New printing technique and materials could be used to develop intelligent materials and self-adaptive infrastructures and transducers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - January 21, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: news

NSF grant: Machine learning to decrease brain injury deaths
(Virginia Tech) " Our research is especially important because it goes beyond general possibilities to the more specific ones, " Reddy said. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Armed and academic: perceptions of college students on concealed carry on campus policies - Schildkraut J, Carr CM, Terranova V.
Following the 2007 shooting at Virginia Tech, policymakers have sought ways to improve safety on college and university campuses nationwide. Among the more recent proposals is to permit concealed handgun licensees to carry on campus. To date, eight states ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Bacteria-based drug delivery system that outperforms conventional methods
(Virginia Tech) " Its (salmonella's) job as a pathogen is to penetrate through the tissue, " Behkam said. " What we thought is if bacteria are so good at moving through the tissue, how about coupling nanomedicine with the bacterium to carry that medicine much farther than it'd passively diffuse on its own? " (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

NIH funds new study on a gene vital to circadian rhythms
(Virginia Tech) A new $1.6 million grant awarded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will help piece together how circadian rhythms operate from a genetic perspective (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - December 17, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Stress in new mothers causes lasting health risks, depending on race, ethnicity, poverty
(Virginia Tech) African-American women undergo more physical 'wear-and-tear' during the first year after giving birth than Latina and white women, a consequence that may have long-lasting health effects, according to a study of a diverse group of more than 2,400 low-income women. The study today (Friday, Dec. 14) in the week's American Journal of Perinatology involved women of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds who were interviewed and evaluated at five different clinical sites in the United States. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers developing nonopioid drug for chronic pain
(Virginia Tech) Researchers from the Virginia Tech School of Neuroscience are teaming with the University of California San Diego and the U.S. National Institutes of Health to develop a drug -- now in its earliest stages -- that can treat certain types of chronic pain without the addictive consequences of opioids. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Superhero science: Ant-Man and the Wasp
(Virginia Tech) For most of Mikel-Stites' life, he had been nit-picking at the 'science' in science-fiction movies. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 11, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

New study finds employee incentives can lead to unethical behavior in the workplace
(Virginia Tech) Findings suggest that setting compensation goals can increase dishonesty when managers are also paid a bonus for hitting certain targets. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - December 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

National concussion study to examine gender effects -- NCAA-DOD grant
(Virginia Tech) The Virginia Tech team has been awarded over $1 million for research that will expand their ongoing concussion work into new sports not previously studied heavily for concussions, and to investigate how gender affects injury response. Factors studied will include how different genders are affected by injury, if there is a way to reliably identify when someone has experienced a concussion, why some respond to the same impact differently than others, among other variables. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 30, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Predicting oil spill and wild fire damage -- NSF grant
(Virginia Tech) Two Virginia Tech professors have been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to research how computational fluid mechanics -- the use of computers to study movement of fluid -- can improve forecasts of contaminant spread in the ocean, floodwaters, and atmosphere. Complicated simulations determine best methods for oil spill containment, but often take valuable time to render. This research aspires to make this and other contamination simulations faster -- potentially saving money, lives, and the environment. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 30, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

This town is like thousands that are vulnerable to contaminated water, with no fix in sight
Virginia Tech engineering Professor Marc Edwards watched as water flowed from a garden hose in Enterprise, Louisiana. As he moved a jar to catch a sample, the color changed from clear to brown. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - November 28, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Researchers find more recently diagnosed cancer survivors likely to drink, smoke
(Virginia Tech) Recently diagnosed cancer survivors are more likely to drink alcohol, use tobacco, and frequent tanning beds than people in later stages of recovery, according to a research team from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - November 26, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

This Is the Best Way to Prevent HIV, Expert Group Says
While there is no vaccine yet to protect against HIV, doctors have an effective drug to prevent HIV infection. After impressive studies overseas and in the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration approved Truvada, a combination of anti-HIV drugs, in 2012 as the first medication that can prevent healthy people from getting infected with HIV by up to 90%. Now, for the first time, a group of independent experts convened by the government, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), is recommending that people at high risk of acquiring HIV infection be prescribed the drug, also known as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Th...
Source: TIME: Health - November 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized hiv-aids Source Type: news

Shelter dogs need weekends too -- researchers awarded $1.7M grant
(Virginia Tech) This large-scale fostering study builds on previous research showing that just one night away from a shelter decreased dogs' stress levels. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Effects of early education intervention on behavior persist for 4 decades
(Virginia Tech) Adults who had received early life, intensive childhood educational intervention display high levels of fairness in social interactions more than 40 years later, even when being fair comes at a high personal cost, according to a new study by Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Shelter dogs need weekends too -- researchers awarded $1.7 million grant
(Virginia Tech) This large-scale fostering study builds on previous research showing that just one night away from a shelter decreased dogs' stress levels. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New drug discovery could halt spread of brain cancer
(Virginia Tech) A team of researchers at Virginia Tech may have found a solution to stopping the spread of glioblastoma with a new drug and cancer treatment method. This work is part of a five-year research grant project across multiple universities, examining the role of interstitial fluid flow in spreading glioma cells through the brain. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Researchers discover how 'cryptic' connections in disease transmission influence epidemics
(Virginia Tech) A new study by researchers of disease transmission in bats has broad implications for understanding hidden connections that can spread diseases between species and lead to large-scale outbreaks. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 19, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

NSF funds research predicting gene mutations via computational algorithms
(Virginia Tech) Virginia Tech and Colorado State University researchers have been awarded a $1.52 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to develop new algorithms and mathematical models with the goal of predicting the effects of novel combinations of gene mutations in living cells. They will apply this computational framework to models of cell growth and division in budding yeast. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 16, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Scientists solve century-old neuroscience mystery; answers may lead to epilepsy treatment
(Virginia Tech) Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have solved a 125-year-old mystery of the brain, and, in the process, uncovered a potential treatment for acquired epilepsy. Perineuronal nets modulate electrical impulses in the brain, and, should the nets dissolve, brain seizures can occur. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Flood dynamics increase population vulnerability to waterborne disease and climate
(Virginia Tech) They discovered that increases in diarrheal disease cases were closely tied to periods of rainfall, flood recession, and changes in surface water quality, with a 1 meter drop in river height in the dry season associated with a staggering 16.7 percent increase in diarrheal disease in children under 5. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Water experts to study emerging threat of antibiotic resistance
(Virginia Tech) The CDC recently awarded two contracts to study antibiotic resistance in recycled water and in plumbing to Amy Pruden and Marc Edwards, both professors in the Charles Edward Via, Jr. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Can brain injuries result in epilepsy development, a new study
(Virginia Tech) Virginia Tech is heading a three-year study to identify root causes behind why a person may develop epilepsy after suffering brain trauma. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 5, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Roanoke-based Virginia Tech graduate student selected as a Society for Neuroscience fellow
(Virginia Tech) Ubadah Sabbagh, a doctoral student in Virginia Tech's Translational Biology, Medicine, and Health (TBMH) Graduate Program, was one of 15 graduate students and postdoctoral researchers named as a Society for Neuroscience fellow this year. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study buckles down on child car seat use in ride-share vehicles
(Virginia Tech) The average Uber or Lyft vehicle does not generally come equipped with a car seat, and only in certain cities is it an option to request one. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - November 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Research sheds light on conspiracy theory elements
(Virginia Tech) 'Our study also suggests that alternative media spreading conspiracy theories appear to better align with anti- and pro-globalism than with left- and right-leaning political ideologies.' (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Hurricane Katrina's linguistic transformation on New Orleanians
(Virginia Tech) In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Carmichael's research has focused on understanding the deeper linguistic changes that occurred because of the storm. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - October 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Virtual reality brings dog's anatomy to life for veterinary students
(Virginia Tech) So she walked across the room and slipped on a virtual reality (VR) headset. Suddenly, she could see a large picture of a dog's lungs and skeletal structure floating in mid-air in front of her. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 24, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Researchers study eastern hellbender salamanders parental habits
(Virginia Tech) This two-foot long salamander, found in cold, rocky, fast-moving rivers and streams in the Appalachian region, is one of the largest and most fascinating amphibians in the world. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Understanding water's role in antibiotic resistance emergence and dissemination in Africa
(Virginia Tech) Greater access to antibiotic drugs, together with their misuse and overuse, has accelerated the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria worldwide. A new study now suggests that surface water dynamics are a crucial contributor to this growing global health concern. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Veterinary college researcher awarded grant to study herpes simplex virus
(Virginia Tech) HSV1 and HSV2 are highly contagious and incurable. The viruses establish latency in sensory and autonomic neurons (nerve cells), from which they can reactivate to cause recurrent disease, affecting more than 250 million people in the U.S. alone, according to Bertke. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Virginia Tech students benefit from new US technology
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine in Roanoke has debuted ultrasound...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Butterfly Network raises $250M Handheld ultrasound + CADx helps triage breast masses Konica Minolta launches portable musculoskeletal US POCUS helps handle out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Portable US helps detect lung fluid in kidney patients (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - October 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

World's first passive anti-frosting surface fights ice with ice
(Virginia Tech) Researchers see immediate applications for the technology in the HVAC industry. Other applications include aerospace materials, like airplane wings. And with a little more development, car windshields are also an option for the anti-frosting technology, which has already been granted a full patent. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 17, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

VTCRI research team identifies a potential strategy in fight against brain cancer
(Virginia Tech) Scientists with the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute say a gene involved in the body's circadian rhythms is a potential target for therapies to help patients with a deadly form of brain cancer known as glioblastoma. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - September 11, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news