Opportunity Zones: Big Win for Landowners
The Republican Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 created 8,700 “opportunity zones” across the country, which receive special capital gains tax breaks. O Zones have divided our cities and towns into winner and loser zones, while encouraging political corruption.O Zones are supposed to alleviate poverty, but the main beneficiaries are likely to be certain landowners within the politically chosen zones. When governments alter the profitability of parcels of land through taxes and regulations, changes in expected future returns are capitalized into current land prices. Markets are forward looking.News articles have hig...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 18, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Market-Based Visas: Problems, Criticisms, and Solutions
Steven Kopits of Princeton Energy Advisors wrote a fewcriticisms of our proposal to sell Gold Cards through a market-based program that I ’ve called animmigration tariff. An immigration tariff is an attempt, based largely on Nobel Prize-winningeconomist Gary Becker ’s idea to sell visas, to create a market-based visa that accounts for many of the most trenchant criticisms of liberalized immigration   The idea is simply to create a new visa called a Gold Card without numerical quotas or caps.  The Gold Card would supply permanent legal residency and work permission, but cannot be used to naturaliz...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 13, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Elizabeth Warren Should Give Up Her Stake In A Bad Idea
Senator Elizabeth Warren ’s“Plan For Economic Patriotism” is causing ideological convulsions on right and left. Yet one part of her controversial plan has so far largely gone uncommented upon: she wants taxpayers (read: government) to have stakes in companies utilizing government research and development.Far from seeing knowledge and government R&D as some form of public good that can be freely commercialized by profit-making businesses, she wants government to benefit from its investments by being an equity investor in firms – being given shares in companies who utilize public research, retaini...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ryan Bourne Source Type: blogs

B. Hussein Obama saved you a bundle
There seems to have been some question about whether the ACA actually reduced health care costs. The answer,from the Office of the Actuary of the Department of Health and Human Services, is that it cumulatively from 2010 to 2017 the ACA reduced health care spending a total of $2.3 trillion. Savings in 2017 alone were $650 billion.No doubt this will be a headline story at Fox News.Update: A reader has drawn my attention to certain mendacious comments by industrial shills on Dr. Emanuel's article. So let me make a couple of things clear:In some of the state exchanges, premiums increased after the first year of the ACA. This ...
Source: Stayin' Alive - June 6, 2019 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Celebrate, Don't Mourn, the Decline of Public Transit
Anarticle in last week ’sNew York Times joinsothers in asking us to sympathize with the beleaguered transit industry, whose ridership has dropped every year since Uber and Lyft arrived on the scene. The article notes that Uber and Lyft subsidized the 5.6 billion rides they carried last year to the tune of $2.7 billion, or almost 50 cents a ride.“The risks of [transit] privatization are grave,” theTimes article warns. Uber and Lyft are taking “a privileged subset of passengers away from public transit systems” which “undermines support for public transportation.”What the article doe...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

You get what you pay for
And if you are obscenely wealthy, what you pay for is Republican politicians.Michael Hiltzik of the LA Times summarizes the Congressional Research Service analysis of the effects of the December 2017 tax cut legislation. Bullets:The tax cuts had a negligible effect on economic growth, 0.3% at most.Far from paying for themselves as Republican proponents claimed, they produced less than 1/20th of the growth that would have been neededIn fact, they caused federal revenue to fall. Overall revenue fell in 2018, largely because of a $40-billion decline in corporate tax revenue.But working individuals didn't get a tax cut at all....
Source: Stayin' Alive - June 1, 2019 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Fight Aging! Newsletter, May 27th 2019
In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
Source: Fight Aging! - May 26, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

The Pension Industry Will Change Radically, Willingly or Otherwise
Promises to pay at a future date are a dangerous tool in the hands of politicians and state employees, those who suffer little to no personal consequences when past promises are revealed to be based on faulty assumptions and thin air. Either someone ends up paying, usually the taxpayers, or the promises are broken. Pensions are, of course, just such a promise. The pensions industry in the US is a good example of the way in which entitlement schemes run awry even without any sort of external shock to the system, such as large numbers of pension recipients suddenly living 5-10 years longer than the models predict. This seems...
Source: Fight Aging! - May 23, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs

Philadelphia Soda Tax
A recentNew York Timesarticle reports that today ’s Democratic primary in Philadelphia partially represents a referendum on the city’s soda tax, even though it is not on the ballot. Incumbent Mayor Jim Kenney, the engineer of the 1.5 cents per ounce tax on sugary and artificially sweetened beverages which took effect in 2017, is facing two Dem ocratic challengers who both support repealing the controversial tax.Since its inception, the tax has faced vigorous opposition from a coalition of the beverage industry, grocery store owners, and Teamsters, as well as citizens and politicians who worried that it would un...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 21, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Peter Van Doren Source Type: blogs

Chinese Ships on the Mississippi River: Just Another Jones Act Tall Tale
Did you know that the Jones Act prevents Chinese ships from sailing on the Mississippi River? That, at least, is what Rep. Brian Babin (R-TX) claimed in a  recent speech on the House floor. For dramatic effect the congressmanused a picture of a ship flying an oversized Chinese flag with St. Louis ’s Gateway Arch prominently displayed in the background:“This is a hypothetical picture, thank goodness,” said the Texas congressman. “A Chinese-built vessel, subsidized by their communist regime, operated by the Chinese and delivering Chinese goods all in the very heartland of the United States of Ame...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 21, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Colin Grabow Source Type: blogs

Trump ’s Latest Plan Shows That the Pro-Immigrant Side Is Winning
In conclusion, this proposal does nothing to address other important immigration reforms, includingthe 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States,the “dreamer” population, or theinadequate lesser-skilled guest worker programs. While it leaves out a lot and makes some big mistakes, the president is giving up an important talking point with his latest plan: that there are just too many immigrants coming to this country. That ’s a win for the pro-immigrant side. (Source: Cato-at-liberty)
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 17, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Healthcare In Estonia: Where Grandmas Go For Genetic Data
Imagine a country where citizens will have their genetic profiles integrated into the digital health system with individual risk scores and pharmacogenomic information, so when they go to the doctor, they will get fully personalized, genetic risk-based diagnosis, medication, and preventive measures. That’s where healthcare in Estonia will arrive soon. They started to build their digital health system 20 years ago, and within the next years, the Baltic country will start to reap the benefits of a transparent, blockchain-based, digital health system hooked on genetic data. The first fully digitized republic certainly s...
Source: The Medical Futurist - May 16, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: nora Tags: Future of Medicine Healthcare Policy analysis digital digital democracy digital health digital health strategy digital health system digital healthcare Estonia genetics genomics personalized Personalized medicine pharmacogenomi Source Type: blogs

Does Bureaucracy Count as Economic Development?
The Economic Development Administration (EDA) is a small agency within the Department of Commerce. Its purpose is to give money to governments and businesses to fund local activities, such as $2 million to “repurpose the West Frankfort Mall” in Illinois and $150,000 for the Brick River Cider company in St. Louis to make “authentic hard cider. ”The EDA has never made sense, as Tad DeHaven and I discusshere, and the Trump administration is right topropose eliminating it.Funding local activities from the federal level creates unneeded bureaucratic costs, which are a loss to the overall economy. Accordi...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Nice Limits of Modern Monetary Theory
In my Twitter feed the other day, I came across a link toa website “dedicated to explaining and promoting awareness of Modern Monetary Theory.” The site is called “We CAN Have Nice Things,” and its summary of MMT seems to me to represent reasonably well how MMT is understood by many of its fans, if not by MMT experts themselves. That summary also “nicely” shows just how cavalier MMT enthusiasts can be when it comes to describing MMT’s practical poli cy implications — and particularly the quantity of “nice things” we can have by heeding its advice. Whether MMT expe...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: George Selgin Source Type: blogs

Yes, Tariffs on Imports from China Are Taxes (Even When Absorbed by Business!)
Instead of entering what many anticipated would be the home stretch of negotiations to end the nearly yearlong trade war, U.S. tariffs on about $200 billion of imports from China are set to increase from 10 percent to 25 percent tomorrow morning. There is plenty of speculation as to what happened, who ’s to blame, whether President Trump is engaging in negotiating tactics described in “The Art of the Deal,” and which economy is better situated to withstand a wider, longer trade war (as if a 10 percent economic contraction means victory if the other economy shrinks by 15 percent).The most prominent explana...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 9, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Daniel J. Ikenson Source Type: blogs

Highways: Devolution Revolution Needed
Former Ohio Governor John Kasich paves the way for sound thinking on highways in hisnewWall Street Journal op-ed. Eliminate most of the federal gas tax, ditch unneeded federal regulations, and let the states fund their own highways.Unfortunately, it appears that Congress and the White House are heading toward a $2 trillion federal spending plan. That ’s getting it wrong. Getting it right would require returning money and control back to the states.… Any new plan should shift control of infrastructure funding to states and municipalities, letting them directly manage their needs and establish their own prioriti...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 9, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

A Tale of Two Train Disasters
In 2004, Denver-area voters approved a sale tax increase to pay for “FasTracks,” a plan to build 119 miles of rail transit lines in the metropolitan area. In 2008, California voters approved the sale of bonds to pay for the construction of a 520-mile high-speed rail line between Los Angeles/Anaheim and San Francisco/San Jose. FasTracks is within a metropolitan a rea and high-speed rail is supposed to connect several metropolitan areas, yet there are a lot of similarities between these two projects.Both rely on technologies that were rendered obsolete years before they received voter approval. The agencies spons...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 6, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

Statistical Ambiguity Should Never Be Glossed Over
This study was conducted, as noted, by HHS researchers. This is certainly not disqualifying  per se, but it should cause us to readjust our priors. While peer-review has many, many problems as a vetting mechanism for quality, at least it ’s a  vetting mechanism. Moreover, generally speaking, more prestigious journals do tend to demand more scrupulous econometric work.It ’s worth noting that before we even dive into the methodology, the study itself admits that whatever causal effect is at play here, the likely mechanism is that newly eligible Medicaid enrollees in states that expanded Medicaid ar...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 2, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Derek Bonett Source Type: blogs

Infrastructure Lovefest Bad for Taxpayers
Amidst the constant animosity between the Trump administration and Democratic congressional leaders there appears to be a rare glimmer of bipartisanship. In arecent meeting, President Trump, Senator Schumer, and Speaker Pelosi agreed to a $2 trillion infrastructure plan. While the specifics are not yet hashed out and it ’s anyone’s guess whether the plan comes to fruition, the initial details of the agreement seem to spell bad news for taxpayers.At the core of the plan is a mutual rejection of public-private partnerships (P3s), arrangements between state and local governments and private companies where the com...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 2, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Peter Van Doren Source Type: blogs

Transit's Growing Costs Drive Away Low-Income Commuters
 The Census Bureau ’s 2017 American Community Survey revealed that, for the first time since the Census Bureau began keeping track of such data in 1960, the median income of transit commuters has risen above the median income of all American workers. One reason transit commuter incomes have risen is that low-income transit riders are giving up on transit. Thanks to a growing economy, the number of people who earn less than $15,000 a year has declined, but the number of transit commuters who are in that income bracket has declined even faster, so that low-income commuters are 8 percent less likely to use tra...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 30, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Randal O ' Toole Source Type: blogs

California's High-Speed Train Has Done a Lot More Good for Big Consultants than for Taxpayers or Riders
The ongoing saga of California ’s high-speed bullet train may end up being as classic a story of Democratic politicians’ hubris as theSolyndra debacle. The difference is that the bullet train is still going – well, not the train itself, but the taxpayer spending on the planning – despite some optimism earlier this year that Gov. Gavin Newsom was going toput the project out of its misery. ALos Angeles Times story last week by Ralph Vartabedian is a deep dive on the consulting companies that have been intimately involved in the whole process. Here ’s the most revealing nugget:The rail authority ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 29, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Boaz Source Type: blogs

No Quick Fix for the Culture of Prescribing that Drives Medication Overload
By THERESA BROWN, RN In my mid-twenties, I was twice prescribed the common antihistamine Benadryl for allergies. However, my body’s reaction to the drug was anything but common. Instead of my hives fading, they erupted all over my body and my arms filled with extra fluid until they were almost twice normal size. I subsequently described my experience to a new allergist, who dismissed it as “coincidence.” When I later became a nurse, I learned that seemingly “harmless” medications often cause harm, and older adults are particularly vulnerable. Every year, Americans over age 65 have preve...
Source: The Health Care Blog - April 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Christina Liu Tags: Medical Practice Patients Physicians overprescribing prescription medication Theresa Brown Source Type: blogs

The True Winners and Losers of Financial Regulation: Remarks at the New York League of Independent Bankers
Earlier this month, I had the pleasure of delivering some remarks to the New York League of Independent Bankers. I spoke about how and why financial regulation often has consequences that are very different from the ones that policymakers intend. What follows are my written remarks — I hope you enjoy reading them.Finding myself in New York before a group of community bankers, I cannot help but think of George Bailey, the lead character in the 1946 movieIt ’s A Wonderful Life.Bailey is of course the manager of Bailey Bros. ’ Building and Loan, the local bank in Bedford Falls, New York. He’s also the ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 25, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Diego Zuluaga Source Type: blogs

Congress Can ’t Delegate Power It Doesn’t Already Have
The Framers of the Constitution, fearful of establishing a tyrannical government, were cautious about placing too much power in the hands of one person or assembly. They thus split federal power between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. This separation of powers also prevents the government from ridding itself of responsibility by granting too much power to other branches or entities.When Congress gives significant power to another body —whether an executive agency or an interstate compact—it is delegating authority. But congressional authority is limited to the powers listed in Article I of th...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 24, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ilya Shapiro, Patrick Moran Source Type: blogs

Embracing technology in health and social care
TaxPayers' Alliance -This paper examines the potential impact of the increased use of automation in health and social care. It considers how embracing existing and developing technology can enable the health and social care system to increase productivity, reduce costs, and result in better health and social care.ReportTaxPayers' Alliance - publications (Source: Health Management Specialist Library)
Source: Health Management Specialist Library - April 24, 2019 Category: UK Health Authors: The King ' s Fund Information & Knowledge Service Tags: New technologies NHS finances and productivity Source Type: blogs

Leaving High-Tax Connecticut for Low-Tax Florida
The exodus of the wealthy from high-tax Connecticut continues,according to theWall Street Journal:After four years on the market, and three price cuts, a stately Colonial-style home on Greenwich, Conn. ’s tony Round Hill Road is being sold in a way that was once unthinkable in one of the country’s most affluent communities: It is getting auctioned off. Once asking $3.795 million, the four-bedroom property will be sold May 18 with Paramount Realty USA for a reserve price of just $1.8 million.Seller Isaac Hakim, a real-estate investor, said it is time to move on …. Many wealthy New Yorkers are opting to li...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 19, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Now More Than Ever, the Case for Medicaid Expansion
Sam Aptekar Phuoc Le By PHUOC LE, MD and SAM APTEKAR A friend of mine told me the other day, “We’ve seen our insured patient population go from 15% to 70% in the few years since Obamacare.” As a primary care physician in the Midwest, he’s worked for years in an inner-city clinic that serves a poor community, many of whom also suffer from mental illness. Before the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the clinic constantly struggled to stay afloat financially. Too often patients would be sent to an emergency room because the clinic couldn’t afford to provide some of the simplest medical tests, ...
Source: The Health Care Blog - April 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Christina Liu Tags: Health Policy Medicaid ACA insurance coverage Medicaid Expansion Obamacare Phuoc Le Sam Aptekar Source Type: blogs

National Health Care Decisions Day: Narrative Directives – Part II
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D. Now that you have submitted your taxes, it’s time to consider your death. April 16th is National Health Care Decisions Day, an annual effort to encourage people to think about their end of life care choices and to engage in conversation with others. In August, I wrote about my attempts in revising and rewriting my end-of-life planning documents including my last will and testament, but mostly focusing on my dissatisfaction with current advance directive forms that require you to make broad choices and really do not speak to who the person is.… (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - April 16, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Craig Klugman Tags: Decision making End of Life Care Featured Posts Informed Consent #NHCDD19 advance directives Source Type: blogs

Percentage of income that goest to taxes in first world countries
Click on image to enlarge (Source: Markham's Behavioral Health)
Source: Markham's Behavioral Health - April 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David G. Markham Source Type: blogs

Tax Rates Rise as Income Rises
Tax Day is here. In a column about this unhappy day, Christine Emba of theWashington Postprovides her views regarding income tax filing and tax simplification.But then she says:Meanwhile, the wealthier among us (remember: corporations are people, too!) are able to hire tax lawyers, consultants and accountants to clue them in on lightly advertised but heavily lobbied for loopholes that allow them to pay a lower tax rate or even no taxes at all.Emba ’s language is imprecise, but generally the wealthier among us do not “pay a lower tax rate.” There are exceptions. Agriculture has good lobbyists andmany farme...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 15, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Sunday Funnies: Diabetes and Taxes?
Our weekly DiabetesMine series of cartoons and memes for the diabetes community features a cartoon by Jerry King. (Source: Diabetes Mine)
Source: Diabetes Mine - April 15, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Authors: DiabetesMine Team Source Type: blogs

Why Is U.S. Government Infrastructure So Costly?
Tracy Gordon of the Urban-Brookings Tax Policy Center writes interesting columns on taxes, fiscal federalism, and other economic issues. Before Congress and the administration enact another costly infrastructure bill, they should consider whatGordon wrote in a 2015 article:… it is an opportune time to reexamine the so-called consensus on infrastructure funding—that we need more of it and now. Focusing on how much we spend leaves out a more important question: how much infrastructure we get for our money.Put bluntly:  the costs of US infrastructure are too damn high.How high? It ’s not easy to find c...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

These are the only 3 reasons to file a tax extension
There are only three valid reasons to file an extension on your taxes, which changes your required filing date from April 15th  to October 15th. Unfortunately, I see many people who have filed an extension incorrectly or for the wrong reason that end up getting billed by the IRS for interest and penalties. There is no […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more. (Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog)
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - April 12, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: < span itemprop="author" > < a href="https://www.kevinmd.com/blog/post-author/cory-fawcett" rel="tag" > Cory Fawcett, MD < /a > < /span > Tags: Finance Practice Management Source Type: blogs

Republican Tax Law: Across the Board Cuts
Americans are scrambling to file their 2018 federal income tax returns. The good news is that most folks should be left with more cash this year after Uncle Sam ’s greedy grab than in past years.The 2017 Republican Tax Cuts and Jobs Act slashed taxes across the board, withabout 90 percent of tax-paying households receiving a cut. The individual tax cuts will be in place from 2018 to 2025, at which point Congress will decide whether to extend them. If Americans want to retain their tax cuts, they need to pressure Congress to restrain spending.The Joint Tax Committee —the tax scorekeeper of Congress—release...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 12, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Should Meat Be Excluded From the UK ’s Value Added Tax?
The idea of using a meat tax to improve human health and protect the environment has been getting a fair amount of attention from prominent scientists in the media. Professor Mike Rayner was quoted last year as saying, “I would like to see a tax on red meat and meat products. We need incentives to […] (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - April 12, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Adam Shriver Tags: Environmental Ethics Health Care Politics Adam Shriver's Posts animal welfare Current Affairs Food and Drink meat meat tax progressive taxation syndicated Source Type: blogs

Application and Funding Trends in Fiscal Year 2018
On September 28, 2018, the Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019  was signed into law. The law includes an NIGMS budget of $2,872,780,000 for Fiscal Year (FY) 2019—a 3.1% increase from FY 2018. This budget increase follows a 5.1% rise in funding in FY 2018. NIGMS is committed to ensuring that taxpayers get the best possible returns on their investments in fundamental biomedical research [PDF, 702KB] . As part of this commitment to stewardship [PDF, 7.89MB], we regularly monitor trends in our funding portfolio...
Source: NIGMS Feedback Loop Blog - National Institute of General Medical Sciences - April 11, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Chrissa Chverchko Tags: Director’s Messages Funding Trends Funding Outcomes Funding Policies MIRA NIGMS Strategic Plan R01 Source Type: blogs

Six Health-Focused Fixes for SNAP
By CHRISTINA BADARACCO The $867 billion Farm Bill squeaked through our polarized Congress at the end of last year, though it was nearly derailed by arguments over work requirements for SNAP recipients. That debate was tabled after the USDA crafted a compromise, but it is sure to continue at the state level and in the next round of debates. While Republicans tend to favor work requirements and Democrats tend to oppose them, here’s something both sides can agree on: SNAP should help Americans eat healthy food. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)—formerly known as food stamps—provides ...
Source: The Health Care Blog - April 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Christina Liu Tags: Health Policy Politics Christina Badaracco farm bill healthy eating Population Health SNAP Source Type: blogs

Medicare: Ripe for Rip-Offs
The $768 billion Medicare program is in deep trouble as America ages and elderly health care soars in cost. Medicare is a giant central planning scheme that imposes more than 100,000 pages of regulations and related rules on more than 600,000 health care providers.   The inefficiency is vast, and the structure of the program makes it a perfect target for fraud and abuse. The system processes more than a billion provider claims a year. Auditorsestimate that more than $50 billion of taxpayer money goes down the drain every year from improper payments. TheNew York Timeshighlights some alleged scams today stemming fr...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Did You Get a Tax Cut?
Federal tax returns for 2018 are due April 15 in most states. With your filing, you can see how your taxes changed after the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of December 2017.You can compare your total taxes paid in 2018 to the amount paid in 2017. But your income may have changed, so instead you can compare your ratio of taxes to income in the two years. Middle-income filers received an estimated average tax cut of $780, and the ratio of their individual income, payroll, and excise taxes to income fell 9 percent (seetop of table 1).Polls show that the GOP tax cuts arenot particularly popular. But that might be because of continued d...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 9, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

The Pentagon's Accounting Problem
The Pentagon ’s inability to pass an audit, after years of outright stonewalling, followed by many more years of foot-dragging, is suddenly a hot topic. A few weeks ago,Rolling Stone featured a scathing expos é highlighting the Pentagon ’s inability to count.Writer Matt Taibbi explainsAhead of misappropriation, fraud, theft, overruns, contracting corruption and other abuses that are almost certainly still going on, the Pentagon ’s first problem is its books. It’s the world’s largest producer of wrong numbers, an ingenious bureaucratic defense system that hides all the other rats’ ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 8, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

People Who View Their Britishness or Englishness As “Causally Central” To Their Self-Concept Are More Likely to Have Voted For Brexit, Study Finds
By Matthew Warren Political partisanship can be a major driving force behind many thoughts and behaviours, affecting obvious things like who to vote for, but also more tangential outcomes, such as how you interpret scientific evidence (liberals and conservatives alike tend to see evidence as more credible when it supports their ideological viewpoint). But the situation is more complicated than that, as people’s actions are not always consistent with their political identity. What determines why about 8 per cent of Republicans voted for Hillary Clinton in the 2016 US presidential election, for example, rather than Don...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - April 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: BPS Research Digest Tags: Political The self Source Type: blogs

Are ethicists more or less ethical: New Studies Can ’t Answer The Question
by Craig Klugman, Ph.D. In my critical studies of bioethics undergraduate capstone class, the very last lecture examines the question of whether a person must be ethical to be an ethicist. Can a person who is personally abhorrent (say a murderer, someone who cheats on their taxes, etc.) professionally practice as a bioethicist? In general, the students end up believing that to be a professional ethicist, one must be a person of ethical character, which would be reflected in their personal life.… (Source: blog.bioethics.net)
Source: blog.bioethics.net - April 6, 2019 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Blog Editor Tags: Decision making Featured Posts Philosophy & Ethics professional ethics Science empirical bioethics empirical philosophy Source Type: blogs

The FAMILY Act Costs More than Expected
Anew report suggests that the Democrats ’ FAMILY Act paid leave proposal is substantially more costly than previously estimated. The difference is meaningful: using more realistic assumptions, the cost of national paid leave is 7-fold greater than previous estimates, and taxpayers would be picking up the tab.The American Action Forum analysis uses data fromCato ’s paid family leave poll to estimate the cost of the FAMILY Act. Previously, assumptions used to model the cost of the program relied on the use of nationalunpaid leave benefit take-up rates (FMLA), or lesser-known, less generous, state p...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 4, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Vanessa Brown Calder Source Type: blogs

Podcast: From Homeless to Prisoner to Olympian
 In his teens, Tony Hoffman was a BMX Amateur being featured on magazine covers. But soon after, he was a drug addict living in the streets and ultimately ending in prison. After his parole, a now clean Tony returned to the BMX world in a big way: by taking the silver medal in the 2016 Olympics. Since then, Tony has dedicated his life to helping others with addiction issues with his motivational speaking and special projects. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest After paroling prison on December 13, 2008, Tony Hoffman started living out his dream, with his addiction behind...
Source: World of Psychology - April 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: The Psych Central Show Tags: General Recovery Sports The Psych Central Show Addiction BMX Gabe Howard Olympics prison Tony Hoffman Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs

Podcast: From Homeless to Prisoner to Olympic Coach
 In his teens, Tony Hoffman was a BMX Amateur being featured on magazine covers. But soon after, he was a drug addict living in the streets and ultimately ending in prison. After his parole, a now clean Tony returned to the BMX world in a big way: by taking the silver medal in the 2016 UCI BMX World Championships. Since then, Tony has dedicated his life to helping others with addiction issues with his motivational speaking and special projects. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest After paroling prison on December 13, 2008, Tony Hoffman started living out his dream, with h...
Source: World of Psychology - April 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: The Psych Central Show Tags: General Recovery Sports The Psych Central Show Addiction BMX Gabe Howard Olympics prison Tony Hoffman Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs

Americans Love the Military -- but They Don't Think It Needs More Money
Those who call for the United States to pursue an ambitious grand strategy of global dominance (akaprimacy) also believe the American people will willingly tolerate much higher Pentagon spending. Some even spell out where the additional money will be found. The members of theNational Defense Strategy Commission, for example, declare that policymakers must arrest the rise of non-defense spending, and increase tax revenues, in order to “fully fund America’s defense strategy.” Such claims do not square with political reality. AsGallup ’s Frank Newport points out “Americans clearly respe...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

Administrative announcements
I would prefer that commenters adopt a consistent handle -- could be their real name or a pseudonym, but it would be best if we keep personae straight.In general, I publish comments if they constitute a substantive contribution to a discussion or to general knowledge. Occasionally, I allow a comment through in order to use it as an illustration of logical fallacy or inappropriate behavior. Obviously commenters won't like it when that happens, but they probably wouldn't like it either if I didn't publish it at all. Best solution: don't offer fallacious or offensive comments.I also may decline to publish something just becau...
Source: Stayin' Alive - April 2, 2019 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Reporters Accept Illogical Gas Tax Narrative
Here is the framing of countless news articles on infrastructure: the streets have potholes; the federal gas tax has not been increased since 1993; experts are quite sure we need a federal hike; the states have increased their own gas taxes; only misguided fears of a public backlash stand in the way.Reporters should be more skeptical about this lobbyist-driven narrative. Here is my unpublished letter to theWall Street Journal in response totheir latest story following the pro-tax script.   Gerald Seib is right that there is some bipartisan support for a federal gas tax increase and that the tax was last raised in...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 1, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Chris Edwards Source Type: blogs

Snatching Defeat from the Jaws of Victory
Sadly,All the elements for swiftly legalizing marijuana in New Jersey seemed to be in place: A proposed bill was enthusiastically backed by Gov. Philip D. Murphy and had been endorsed by leaders of the Democratic-controlled State Legislature. Also, statewide polls showed support for the issue.Then the plans unraveled.Why?Some lawmakers were unsure about how to tax marijuana sales. Others feared legalization would flood the state ’s congested streets and highways with impaired drivers. Some would not be deterred from believing that marijuana was a dangerous menace to public health.A disagreement existed among lawmaker...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - March 28, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Jeffrey Miron Source Type: blogs