Earmarked Taxes as a Policy Strategy to Increase Funding for Behavioral Health Services.
Authors: Purtle J, Stadnick NA Abstract Earmarking taxes for behavioral health services is a policy strategy that many jurisdictions have implemented to increase funding for behavioral health systems. However, little has been written about these taxes, and limited guidance exists for policy makers who are pursing or implementing such taxes. This column summarizes approaches to designing earmarked behavioral health taxes, evidence of their impact, strategies to enhance implementation, and future directions for research. The column focuses on two jurisdictions: California, which imposes an additional 1% tax on all ho...
Source: Psychiatric Services - October 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

Spoken Word Learning Differences Among Children With Dyslexia, Concomitant Dyslexia and Developmental Language Disorder, and Typical Development.
Conclusions The dyslexia + DLD group demonstrated word learning deficits across the range of word learning tasks that tapped phonology and semantic processing, whereas the dyslexia group primarily struggled with the phonological aspects of word learning. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.9807929. PMID: 31600465 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools)
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - October 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Alt M, Gray S, Hogan TP, Schlesinger N, Cowan N Tags: Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch Source Type: research

Earmarked Taxes as a Policy Strategy to Increase Funding for Behavioral Health Services
Psychiatric Services, Ahead of Print. (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - October 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan Purtle Nicole A. Stadnick Source Type: research

[Food policies to prevent obesity and the main non-transmissible diseases in Spain: where there's a will there's a way].
Authors: Royo-Bordonada MÁ, Rodríguez-Artalejo F, Bes-Rastrollo M, Fernández-Escobar C, González CA, Rivas F, Martínez-González MÁ, Quiles J, Bueno-Cavanillas A, Navarrete-Muñoz EM, Navarro C, López-García E, Romaguera D, Morales Suárez-Varela M, Vioque J, en nombre del Grupo de Nutrición de la Sociedad Española de Epidemiología Abstract INTRODUCTION: In Spain, one third of all children and two-thirds of adults suffer from excess weight, a condition that generates a direct excess medical cost of 2000 million Euros. Obe...
Source: Gaceta Sanitaria - October 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Gac Sanit Source Type: research

Options for funding the NHS and social care in the UK
What is the publicly preferred way to raise additional funds needed to meet growing demand for health and social care. Options are taxation, insurance, or user charges. We analyse the preferences of the UK general public using a choice experiment. (Source: RAND Research Health and Health Care)
Source: RAND Research Health and Health Care - October 7, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: Jon Sussex; Peter Burge; Hui Lu; Josephine Exley; Suzanne King; Jonathan Cylus; Daniel Roland; Ellen Nolte; Jennie Corbett; Karen Jones; Julien Forder Source Type: research

FCTC implementation: the role of state or non-government organizations? An example of the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSIONS: This paper provides the first national description of organizational capacity and level of involvement in FCTC measures within the Czech Republic. PMID: 31580550 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - October 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3728: Availability, Price and Affordability of Anticancer Medicines: Evidence from Two Cross-Sectional Surveys in the Jiangsu Province, China
Conclusion: There were concerning decreases in the availability of anticancer medicines in 2016 from already low availability in 2012. Anticancer medicines were more affordable for the patients in high-income regions than the patients in low-income regions. Governments should consider using their bargaining power to reduce procurement prices and abolish taxes on anticancer medicines. Policy should focus on the special health insurance plan for low-income patients with cancer. The goal of drug policy should ensure that first-line generic drugs are available for cancer patients and preferentially prescribed. (Source: Interna...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 3, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yulei Zhu Ying Wang Xiaoluan Sun Xin Li Tags: Article Source Type: research

Associations Between State Tobacco Control Policies and Adolescent ENDS Use
Conclusions: Our findings highlight that ENDS age restrictions may not be adequate to curb ENDS use and additional local- and state-level policies governing ENDS are needed. (Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice)
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - October 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Research Full Report Source Type: research

56.1 representing for the underrepresented: how jedis, unicorns, taxes, and honeybees are interconnected
In this presentation, Eraka Bath, MD, will bring to life the realities, challenges, and necessity of addressing underrepresentation in our field. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eraka Bath Tags: Clinical Perspectives 56 Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3650: The Role of Marketing Practices and Tobacco Control Initiatives on Smokeless Tobacco Sales, 2005 –2010
Conclusions: This study observed that smokeless tobacco products were both complements and substitutes to cigarettes. Thus, smokeless tobacco may act as complements for some population segments and substitutes for others. A weight-based tax generally favors premium smokeless tobacco products. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 28, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mary Hrywna Irina B. Grafova Cristine D. Delnevo Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3622: How Raising Tobacco Prices Affects the Decision to Start and Quit Smoking: Evidence from Argentina
mat We used a two-part model for the estimation of the price elasticity of participation and consumption of cigarettes by the duration of the smoking habit and a continuous-time split-population model for the estimation of prevalence and duration of smoking onset and smoking addiction, allowing for covariates in the participation component of the model. Results: We computed the total price elasticity of consumption of cigarettes by quartiles of addiction and found that for the people located in the lowest quartile of addiction the total price elasticity is around −0.51; while for those located in the high...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Martin Gonzalez-Rozada Giselle Montamat Tags: Article Source Type: research

Corporations ’ use and misuse of evidence to influence health policy: a case study of sugar-sweetened beverage taxation
Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) are a major source of sugar in the diet. Although trends in consumption vary across regions, in many countries, particularly LMICs, their consumption continues to increase. In r... (Source: Globalization and Health)
Source: Globalization and Health - September 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gary Jonas Fooks, Simon Williams, Graham Box and Gary Sacks Tags: Research Source Type: research

Pattern and correlates of public support for public health interventions to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages.
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing perceived effectiveness and government responsibility for addressing the issue of SSB consumption could lead to increased support for SSB interventions. Increasing the belief that SSB consumption could be associated with chronic diseases would increase support, but SSB consumers and younger individuals are expected to be resistant. PMID: 31544722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Public Health Nutrition)
Source: Public Health Nutrition - September 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bélanger-Gravel A, Desroches S, Janezic I, Paquette MC, De Wals P Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research

The Minnesota SimSmoke Tobacco Control Policy Model of Smokeless Tobacco and Cigarette Use
ConclusionsAs cigarettes remain the dominant form of nicotine delivery product, cigarette-oriented policies may be an effective means of reducing the use of all nicotine delivery products. However, noncigarette-oriented policies may also play an important role. (Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - September 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Reducing the Emotionality of Auditory Hallucination Memories in Patients Suffering From Auditory Hallucinations
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy targets emotionally disturbing visual memories of traumatic life events, and may be deployed as an efficacious treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. A key element of EMDR therapy is recalling an emotionally disturbing visual memory while simultaneously performing a dual task. Previous studies have shown that auditory emotional memories may also become less emotional as a consequence of dual tasking. This is potentially beneficial for psychotic patients suffering from disturbing emotional auditory memories of auditory hallucinations. The present study exami...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Intellectual disability and autism: socioeconomic impacts of informal caring, projected to 2030.
CONCLUSIONS: Informal carers of people with intellectual disability and/or ASD experience significant loss of income, leading to increased welfare payments and reduced taxation revenue for governments; these are all projected to increase. Strategic policies supporting informal carers wishing to return to work could improve the financial and psychological impact of having a family member with intellectual disability and/or ASD. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: None. PMID: 31524109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - September 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Death, Taxes, and Global Warming.
PMID: 31525752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Internal Medicine)
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - September 17, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Bosch D Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

Money and Happiness: Income, Wealth and Subjective Well-Being
AbstractWe examine the complex relationship between money and happiness. We find that both permanent income and wealth are better predictors of life satisfaction than current income and wealth. They matter not only in absolute terms but also in comparative terms. However, their relative impacts differ. The first exerts a comparison effect —the higher the permanent income of the reference group, the lower life satisfaction—the second exerts an information effect—the higher the permanent wealth of the reference group, the higher life satisfaction. We also show that negative transitory shocks to income reduc...
Source: Social Indicators Research - September 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Composition and Magnitude of Alcohol Taxes in States: Do They Cover Alcohol-Related Costs?
CONCLUSIONS: Specific excise taxes account for one fifth of state alcohol taxes in the 32 license states; but even considering all tax types, total alcohol taxes account for only one tenth of alcohol-related costs. PMID: 31495377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

What should governments be doing to prevent diabetes throughout the life course?
AbstractHealth systems and governments are increasingly required to implement measures that target at-risk populations to prevent noncommunicable diseases. In this review we lay out what governments should be doing to prevent diabetes throughout the life course. The following four target groups were used to structure the specific recommendations: (1) pregnant women and young families, (2) children and adolescents, (3) working age population, and (4) the elderly. The evidence to date supports the effectiveness of some known government policy measures, such as sugar taxes and regulatory measures in the (pre-)school setting f...
Source: Diabetologia - September 6, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Political and public acceptability of a sugar-sweetened beverages tax: a mixed-method systematic review and meta-analysis
Taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), as a component of a comprehensive strategy, has emerged as an apparent effective intervention to counteract the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity. Insigh... (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity - September 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michelle Eykelenboom, Maartje M. van Stralen, Margreet R. Olthof, Linda J. Schoonmade, Ingrid H. M. Steenhuis and Carry M. Renders Tags: Review Source Type: research

Oil and aid revenue produce equal demands for accountability as taxes in Ghana and Uganda [Political Sciences]
Received wisdom argues that citizens more readily demand accountability from government for taxes than for nontax revenue from oil or foreign aid, giving rise to an important mechanism underlying the “resource curse,” which posits that nontax revenue causes citizen quiescence and hampers government accountability. However, in developing countries, obfuscation through... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - September 3, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Brandon de la Cuesta, Helen V. Milner, Daniel L. Nielson, Stephen F. Knack Tags: Social Sciences Source Type: research

Revenue-raising potential for universal health coverage in Benin, Mali, Mozambique and Togo.
Abstract Increasing overall fiscal space is important for the health sector due to the centrality of public financing to make progress towards universal health coverage. One strategy is to mobilize additional government revenues through new taxes or increased tax rates on goods and services. We illustrate how countries can assess the feasibility and quantitative potential of different revenue-raising mechanisms. We review and synthesize the processes and results from country assessments in Benin, Mali, Mozambique and Togo. The studies analysed new taxes or increased taxes on airplane tickets, phone calls, alcoholi...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mathauer I, Koch K, Zita S, Murray-Zmijewski A, Traore M, Bitho N, Brikci N Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

A carbon price by another name may seem sweeter: Consumers prefer upstream offsets to downstream taxes
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2019Source: Journal of Environmental PsychologyAuthor(s): David J. Hardisty, Alec T. Beall, Ruben Lubowski, Annie Petsonk, Rainer Romero-Canyas (Source: Journal of Environmental Psychology)
Source: Journal of Environmental Psychology - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Burden of smoking in Brazil and potential benefit of increasing taxes on cigarettes for the economy and for reducing morbidity and mortality.
In conclusion, the burden of disease and economic losses associated with smoking is high in Brazil, and tax increases are capable of averting deaths, illness, and costs to society. PMID: 31483047 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica)
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pinto M, Bardach A, Palacios A, Biz A, Alcaraz A, Rodriguez B, Augustovski F, Pichon-Riviere A Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research

Scenarios where increased population size can enhance cumulative cultural evolution are likely common [Social Sciences]
Fay et al. (1) suggest that larger populations do not enhance cumulative cultural evolution (CCE), as working memory becomes taxed while consciously processing additional social models. This decrease in working memory leads to a reduction in high-fidelity copying. Results from a large study (n = 543) are largely consistent with... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - August 27, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Jason P. Martens Tags: Letters, Front Matter-Letters-Set Free Source Type: research

The Impact of the Philadelphia Beverage Tax on Purchases and Consumption by Adults and Children
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): John Cawley, David Frisvold, Anna Hill, David JonesAbstractNumerous U.S. cities have recently enacted taxes on sweetened beverages. To examine the effects of the beverage tax of 1.5 cents per ounce in Philadelphia, we surveyed adults and children in Philadelphia and nearby comparison communities both before the tax and nearly one year after implementation. We find that the tax reduced purchases in Philadelphia stores and that Philadelphia residents increased purchases of taxed beverages outside of the city. The tax reduced the fr...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - August 14, 2019 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Does fiscal decentralization affect regional disparities in health? Quasi-experimental evidence from Italy
Publication date: Available online 9 August 2019Source: Regional Science and Urban EconomicsAuthor(s): Cinzia Di Novi, Massimiliano Piacenza, Silvana Robone, Gilberto TuratiAbstractRecent theories on fiscal decentralization support the view that sub-national governments who finance a larger share of their spending with taxes raised locally by themselves are more accountable towards their citizens. Whilst evidence on improvements in spending efficiency is relatively common, little is known about the effects on inequalities amongst the population. In this paper we exploit a reform aimed at increasing regional tax autonomy in...
Source: Regional Science and Urban Economics - August 10, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Indian Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines on the Fast and Junk Foods, Sugar Sweetened Beverages, and Energy Drinks.
CONCLUSIONS: The Group suggests a new acronym 'JUNCS' foods, to cover a wide variety of concepts related to unhealthy foods (Junk foods, Ultra-processed foods, Nutritionally inappropriate foods, Caffeinated/colored/carbonated foods/beverages, and Sugar-sweetened beverages). The Group concludes that consumption of these foods and beverages is associated with higher free sugar and energy intake; and is associated with higher body mass index (and possibly with adverse cardiometabolic consequences) in children and adolescents. Intake of caffeinated drinks may be associated with cardiac and sleep disturbances. The Group recomme...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - August 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gupta P, Shah D, Kumar P, Bedi N, Mittal HG, Mishra K, Khalil S, Elizabeth KE, Dalal R, Harish R, Kinjawadekar U, Indumathi K, Gandhi SS, Dadhich JP, Mohanty N, Gaur A, Rawat AK, Basu S, Singh R, Kumar RR, Parekh BJ, Soans ST, Shastri D, Sachdev HPS, Pedi Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2842: The Relation Between Tobacco Tax Structure and Corruption in European Union Member States
Conclusions: The ratio of ad valorem to specific taxes declined in most EU Member States over the study period, with no evidence that those with higher levels of perceived corruption tended to favour ad valorem taxes. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - August 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ajay Shah Katie Eminson Ilze Bogdanovica John Britton Tags: Article Source Type: research

Impact of state tobacco control policies on birth defects
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Christopher F. BaumAbstractWhile research has demonstrated the effects of tobacco control policies on birth outcomes, there is little known about their impact on birth defects. Using 2005–2015 natality data on 26,334,854 singletons from 47 US states and District of Columbia linked to state-level cigarette taxes and smoke-free restaurant legislation, we examined the impact of tobacco control policies on birth defects by maternal race/ethnicity and education. We found that among white women with less than a h...
Source: Preventive Medicine - August 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sugar-based beverage taxes and beverage prices: Evidence from South Africa's Health Promotion Levy
Publication date: Available online 31 July 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): Nicholas Stacey, Caroline Mudara, Shu Wen Ng, Corne van Walbeek, Karen Hofman, Ijeoma EdokaAbstractA growing number of jurisdictions are introducing taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in efforts to reduce sugar intake, obesity, and associated metabolic conditions. A key dimension of the impact of such taxes is how they induce changes in the prices of the taxed beverages and their un-taxed substitutes. At present these taxes have typically been based solely on volume. More recently, however, due to the potential to target t...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Making better choices about mental health investment: The case for urgent reform of Australia's Better Access Program.
CONCLUSION: There has been recent evidence suggesting the impact of the programme on key mental health indicators in Australia has been negligible, while also perpetuating social, economic and geographic inequities. While advocacy for increased mental health expenditure is easy, active reform of existing patterns of service is hard. Nonetheless, this article suggests that it is timely to reconsider the structure and scale of this AUD1.5 billion annual investment, which has the potential to grow to up to AUD10 billion per year over the next decade. In our view, it is possible to make the programme fit for purpose in the 21s...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rosenberg S, Hickie Am I Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Emotions in Tax Compliance Behavior: A Mixed-Methods Approach
Publication date: Available online 27 July 2019Source: Journal of Economic PsychologyAuthor(s): Janina Enachescu, Jerome Olsen, Christoph Kogler, Marcel Zeelenberg, Seger M. Breugelmans, Erich KirchlerAbstractTwo studies, using both qualitative and quantitative methods, showed that tax decisions elicit different emotions, which have an impact on compliance. Study 1 used focus groups with self-employed (N = 7) and employed (N = 9) taxpayers as well as tax auditors (N = 8) to identify the emotions that are relevant in the taxation context and to single out typical situations in which these emotions are elicited. Study 2 (N =...
Source: Journal of Economic Psychology - July 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Call for Action for Malnutrition Policy
The Older Americans Act is anticipated to be reauthorized in the 116th Congress. The law provides critical services, including congregate and home-delivered nutrition services to older adults who might otherwise be at risk of malnutrition. The prevention of malnutrition, a growing concern particularly in older adult populations, would save taxpayer dollars and more importantly, improve health care quality. Identifying and treating malnutrition is more than increasing access to food or addressing food insecurity that warrants the attention of health care providers and our nation ’s policymakers. (Source: Journal of th...
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - July 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jeanne Blankenship, Bob Blancato Tags: From the Academy Source Type: research

Factors influencing community participation in the management of household electronic waste in West Surabaya, Indonesia.
The objective of the study was to determine the factors that influence community participation in the management of electronic waste. A survey of community willingness to participate in the management of electronic waste was conducted using questionnaires. Survey locations covered western areas of the city of Surabaya, Indonesia, where 238 respondents were selected proportionally from high-, medium-, and low-income groups during 2014. The group was divided by land and building taxes, which represents the socio-economic conditions of the community. Processing and statistical data analysis were performed with structural equa...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - July 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pandebesie ES, Indrihastuti I, Wilujeng SA, Warmadewanthi I Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Effect of Formulation, Labelling, and Taxation Policies on the Nutritional Quality of the Food Supply
ConclusionsThe effect of nutrition policies on food (re)formulation is insufficiently studied. The impact of such policies on (re)formulation is likely greater when they are mandatory, aligned with other regulations, and thoroughly monitored and evaluated. Policies targeting (re)formulation have important limitations and broader food system policies will additionally be needed to significantly improve diets. (Source: Current Nutrition Reports)
Source: Current Nutrition Reports - July 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2439: State-Level Affordability of Factory-Made Cigarettes among Current US Smokers: Findings from the ITC US Survey, 2003 –2015
This study also estimated temporal trends in affordability from 2003–2015 at state and national levels using small area estimation methods and segmented linear mixed effects regression models. RIP increased slightly during 2003–2008. This was followed by a 30% increase during 2008–2010, indicating cigarettes were less affordable after the federal tax increase. RIP continued to increase during 2010–2013 but decreased during 2013–2015, suggesting cigarettes have recently become more affordable for US smokers. State-level trends in RIP were consistent with ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 9, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pete Driezen Nigar Nargis Mary E. Thompson K. Michael Cummings Geoffrey T. Fong Frank J. Chaloupka Ce Shang Kai-Wen Cheng Tags: Article Source Type: research

Chemical makers fight new Trump tariffs
US chemical makers worry that an additional round of taxes on Chinese goods will hurt their competitiveness (Source: Chemical and Engineering News)
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - July 5, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Alexander H. Tullo Source Type: research

Public acceptability of nudging and taxing to reduce consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and food: A population-based survey experiment
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Social Science & MedicineAuthor(s): J.P. Reynolds, S. Archer, M. Pilling, M. Kenny, G.J. Hollands, T.M. MarteauAbstractThere is growing evidence for the effectiveness of choice architecture or ‘nudge’ interventions to change a range of behaviours including the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and food. Public acceptability is key to implementing these and other interventions. However, few studies have assessed public acceptability of these interventions, including the extent to which acceptability varies with the type of intervention, the target behaviour...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Building Clean Energy Support with Young Millennials in the United States
This study analyzes awareness of local clean energy initiatives, risk perceptions, environmental messaging, and environmental orientation influence young millennial support for federal clean energy policy and taxes. (Source: RAND Research Health and Health Care)
Source: RAND Research Health and Health Care - July 3, 2019 Category: Health Management Authors: Christopher A. Craig; Elizabeth L. Petrun Sayers Source Type: research

Opinion: The National Institutes of Health needs to better balance funding distributions among US institutions [Economic Sciences]
The NIH is the federal steward of biomedical research in the United States. Taxpayers fund the NIH; the NIH supports research into the underlying biology, etiology, and treatment of diseases; and benefits of that research are returned to taxpayers. This is a large and complex enterprise, but at its core... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - July 2, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Wayne P. Wahls Tags: Opinions, Front Matter Source Type: research

P136 Discrete Choice Analysis of Factors That Affect Sugar Sweetened Beverage Consumption of Young Adults in California's Central Valley
Studies have shown sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes reduce consumption of SSBs, but also increase consumption of juice, milk and sugary sweets. Support of SSB taxes are largely determined by the amount of the tax, how the tax is used and population demographics. (Source: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior)
Source: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior - July 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Theresa M. Spezzano, Paul Brown, Denise Pay án, Linda Cameron Source Type: research

A pro-environmental behavior model for investigating the roles of social norm, risk perception, and place attachment on adaptation strategies of climate change.
Abstract Today's climate change is a major problem and challenge for the global environment and human civilization, and it can lead to dramatical floods over specific regions. As climate change intensifies, climate change adaptation strategies, such as flood insurance, energy taxes, and other risky financial strategies, have drawn worldwide attention and discussion. Risk control methods have been widely used to mitigate the impact of climate change on past flood losses, but past risk control strategies on climate change have not focused on the exploration of the relationship between environment, society, and human...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - June 29, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yu TK, Chang YJ, Chang IC, Yu TY Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

A Tax-based, Noncontributory, Health-Financing System Can Accelerate Progress toward Universal Health Coverage in Nigeria.
Authors: Aregbeshola BS Abstract A major challenge to achieve health coverage in Nigeria is expansion of health access to the poor, vulnerable and informal sectors, which constitute over 70% of the population of more than 186 million. Evidence from other countries suggests that it is difficult for contributory insurance schemes to achieve universal health coverage in such conditions, especially with such a large informal sector. In fact, Nigeria's national social health insurance program has provided coverage to less than 5% of the population since its implementation in 2005, private voluntary health insurance has ...
Source: MEDICC Review - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research

Potential impact of strong tobacco-control policies in 11 newly independent states.
CONCLUSION: The projections show that the NIS countries can expect a large number of smoking-attributable deaths just among those smokers alive today, but large reductions in smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths can be achieved if the WHO FCTC demand reduction policies are implemented. The results can be used as an advocacy tool for accelerating enforcement of tobacco control laws in NIS. PMID: 31241286 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Central European Journal of Public Health)
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research