Clinical Tests Predicting On-Road Performance in Older Drivers with Cognitive Impairment
Can J Occup Ther. 2022 Aug 10:84174221117708. doi: 10.1177/00084174221117708. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground. The Trail Making Test Part B (Trails B) and Useful Field of View® (UFOV) can predict on-road outcomes in drivers with cognitive impairment (CI); however, studies have not included drivers referred for comprehensive driving evaluations (CDEs), who typically have more severe CI. Purpose. We determined the predictive ability of Trails B and UFOV on pass/fail on-road outcomes in drivers with CI (Montreal Cognitive Assessment <26) referred for CDEs. Method. Retrospective data collection from two driving as...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 11, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sarah Krasniuk Alexander M Crizzle Ryan Toxopeus Diane Mychael Natasha Prince Source Type: research

Clinical Tests Predicting On-Road Performance in Older Drivers with Cognitive Impairment
Can J Occup Ther. 2022 Aug 10:84174221117708. doi: 10.1177/00084174221117708. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground. The Trail Making Test Part B (Trails B) and Useful Field of View® (UFOV) can predict on-road outcomes in drivers with cognitive impairment (CI); however, studies have not included drivers referred for comprehensive driving evaluations (CDEs), who typically have more severe CI. Purpose. We determined the predictive ability of Trails B and UFOV on pass/fail on-road outcomes in drivers with CI (Montreal Cognitive Assessment <26) referred for CDEs. Method. Retrospective data collection from two driving as...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 11, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sarah Krasniuk Alexander M Crizzle Ryan Toxopeus Diane Mychael Natasha Prince Source Type: research

Clinical Tests Predicting On-Road Performance in Older Drivers with Cognitive Impairment
Can J Occup Ther. 2022 Aug 10:84174221117708. doi: 10.1177/00084174221117708. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground. The Trail Making Test Part B (Trails B) and Useful Field of View® (UFOV) can predict on-road outcomes in drivers with cognitive impairment (CI); however, studies have not included drivers referred for comprehensive driving evaluations (CDEs), who typically have more severe CI. Purpose. We determined the predictive ability of Trails B and UFOV on pass/fail on-road outcomes in drivers with CI (Montreal Cognitive Assessment <26) referred for CDEs. Method. Retrospective data collection from two driving as...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 11, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Sarah Krasniuk Alexander M Crizzle Ryan Toxopeus Diane Mychael Natasha Prince Source Type: research

Promoting Metacognition in an Allied Health Anatomy Course
AbstractMetacognition, the ability to self-regulate one ’s learning and performance, has been shown to improve student outcomes. Anatomy is recognized as one of the toughest courses in allied health curricula, and students could benefit from metacognitive activities. The purpose of this study was to explore the changes in metacognition of allied health students in an anatomy course and identify which groups need support with this skill. First-year physician assistant (MPAS), physical therapy (DPT), and occupational therapy (OTD) students (n=129) were invited to participate. At the beginning and end of the course, student...
Source: Anatomical Sciences Education - August 11, 2022 Category: Anatomy Authors: Andrew S. Cale, Leslie A. Hoffman, Margaret A. McNulty Tags: RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research

Telehealth: Moving It Forward as an Option to Enhance Family-Centered Pediatric Rehabilitation Services. A Commentary on “‘Another Tool in Your Toolkit’: Pediatric Occupational and Physical Therapists’ Perspectives of Initiating Telehealth during the COVID-19 Pandemic”
. (Source: Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics)
Source: Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics - August 11, 2022 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karen Hurtubise Source Type: research

Knowledge Gaps Regarding Indigenous Health in Occupational Therapy: A Delphi Process
Can J Occup Ther. 2022 Aug 9:84174221116638. doi: 10.1177/00084174221116638. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground. The occupational therapy profession needs to respond to the calls to action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to engage in the process of reconciliation with Indigenous populations. Purpose. To inform development of a survey intended to determine the knowledge gaps of occupational therapists in relation to Indigenous health. Method. A Delphi process engaging 18 occupational therapists with membership in an Indigenous health network was used to prioritize and refine potential themes identif...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Claire C Jacek Kassandra M Fritz Monique E Lizon Tara L Packham Source Type: research

Cognition Mediates Playfulness Development in Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study of Typically Developing Children
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Children's playfulness is evident as early as age 6 mo and continues to develop through toddlerhood, depending on their cognitive growth. Occupational therapists play a key role in working with families with young children, promoting cognitive development to further the development of playfulness behaviors. What This Article Adds: Understanding the development of playfulness and exploring its relationship with cognitive functioning in typically developing children fills important gaps in occupational therapy knowledge and contributes to delivery of early intervention, especially when cognition or...
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amiya Waldman-Levi Anita Bundy Dana Shai Source Type: research

Knowledge Gaps Regarding Indigenous Health in Occupational Therapy: A Delphi Process
Can J Occup Ther. 2022 Aug 9:84174221116638. doi: 10.1177/00084174221116638. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBackground. The occupational therapy profession needs to respond to the calls to action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to engage in the process of reconciliation with Indigenous populations. Purpose. To inform development of a survey intended to determine the knowledge gaps of occupational therapists in relation to Indigenous health. Method. A Delphi process engaging 18 occupational therapists with membership in an Indigenous health network was used to prioritize and refine potential themes identif...
Source: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Claire C Jacek Kassandra M Fritz Monique E Lizon Tara L Packham Source Type: research

Cognition Mediates Playfulness Development in Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study of Typically Developing Children
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Children's playfulness is evident as early as age 6 mo and continues to develop through toddlerhood, depending on their cognitive growth. Occupational therapists play a key role in working with families with young children, promoting cognitive development to further the development of playfulness behaviors. What This Article Adds: Understanding the development of playfulness and exploring its relationship with cognitive functioning in typically developing children fills important gaps in occupational therapy knowledge and contributes to delivery of early intervention, especially when cognition or...
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amiya Waldman-Levi Anita Bundy Dana Shai Source Type: research

Cognition Mediates Playfulness Development in Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study of Typically Developing Children
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Children's playfulness is evident as early as age 6 mo and continues to develop through toddlerhood, depending on their cognitive growth. Occupational therapists play a key role in working with families with young children, promoting cognitive development to further the development of playfulness behaviors. What This Article Adds: Understanding the development of playfulness and exploring its relationship with cognitive functioning in typically developing children fills important gaps in occupational therapy knowledge and contributes to delivery of early intervention, especially when cognition or...
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amiya Waldman-Levi Anita Bundy Dana Shai Source Type: research

Cognition Mediates Playfulness Development in Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study of Typically Developing Children
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Children's playfulness is evident as early as age 6 mo and continues to develop through toddlerhood, depending on their cognitive growth. Occupational therapists play a key role in working with families with young children, promoting cognitive development to further the development of playfulness behaviors. What This Article Adds: Understanding the development of playfulness and exploring its relationship with cognitive functioning in typically developing children fills important gaps in occupational therapy knowledge and contributes to delivery of early intervention, especially when cognition or...
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amiya Waldman-Levi Anita Bundy Dana Shai Source Type: research

Cognition Mediates Playfulness Development in Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study of Typically Developing Children
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Children's playfulness is evident as early as age 6 mo and continues to develop through toddlerhood, depending on their cognitive growth. Occupational therapists play a key role in working with families with young children, promoting cognitive development to further the development of playfulness behaviors. What This Article Adds: Understanding the development of playfulness and exploring its relationship with cognitive functioning in typically developing children fills important gaps in occupational therapy knowledge and contributes to delivery of early intervention, especially when cognition or...
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 10, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amiya Waldman-Levi Anita Bundy Dana Shai Source Type: research

The Effects of Zentangle ® on Affective Well-Being Among Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Our results shed light on the effects of Zentangle on improving affective well-being in the general population. With sufficient practice, Zentangle can also help improve self-compassion and reduce anxiety. What This Article Adds: The results of this study could provide information to determine whether Zentangle can be used as a tool in occupational therapy intervention to improve affective well-being.PMID:35943847 | DOI:10.5014/ajot.2022.049113 (Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 9, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Siu-Ki Chung Fiona Yan-Yee Ho Henri Chun-Yiu Chan Source Type: research

Understanding Father-Child Joint Play Experience Using a Convergent Mixed-Methods Design
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The current findings help fill the gap in research linking fathers' own playfulness and supportiveness during joint play and their child's playfulness with fathers' perceptions of this experience. What This Article Adds: Understanding fathers' perceptions and behaviors can further enhance service delivery to children and families through interprofessional work to benefit parent-child relationships as well as child development.PMID:35943846 | DOI:10.5014/ajot.2022.046573 (Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy)
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 9, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amiya Waldman-Levi Amber Cope Laurette Olson Source Type: research

Interventions to Improve Social Participation, Work, and Leisure Among Adults Poststroke: A Systematic Review
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Occupational therapy interventions may improve work, leisure, and social participation outcomes poststroke, with the strongest evidence existing for client education, upper extremity training, and cognitive training for improving social participation. What This Article Adds: Occupational therapy practitioners may use the available literature along with clinical reasoning to improve work, leisure, and social participation outcomes among clients poststroke. Additional research is required to build stronger evidence to support clinical decision making in stroke rehabilitation in these areas.PMID:359...
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - August 9, 2022 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Rachel Proffitt Anna Boone Elizabeth G Hunter Olivia Schaffer Madison Strickland Lea Wood Timothy J Wolf Source Type: research