OPINION: Tackling the Proliferation of Patents to Avoid Limitations to Competition
In this column, Carlos Correa, the South Centre's special adviser on trade and intellectual property issues, argues that the global increase in number of patents does not indicate the strength of innovation but a weakening in the standards of what can be considered patentable. He calls for an intrinsically balanced system of protection of innovation that remains neutral in its effects on competition.By Carlos M. CorreaGENEVA, Sep 29 2014 (IPS)The steady increase in patent applications and grants that is taking place in developed and some developing countries (notably in China) is sometimes hailed as evidence of the strengt...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 29, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: carlos-m-correa Tags: Economy & Trade Global Headlines Health Natural Resources TerraViva United Nations Agreement on Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Argentina China Chinese Patent Office clean energy competition developed Source Type: news

Blistering Drought Leaves the Poorest High and Dry
A villager prepare to dig a deep well by hand in the drought-stricken village of Tunukkai in Sri Lanka's northern Mullaithivu District. Credit: Amantha Perera/IPSBy Amantha PereraCOLOMBO, Sep 29 2014 (IPS)The last time there was mud on his village roads was about a year ago, says Murugesu Mohanabavan, a farmer from the village of Karachchi, situated about 300 km north of Sri Lanka’s capital, Colombo.“Since last October we have had nothing but sun, all day,” the 40-year-old father of two school-aged children told IPS. If his layman’s assessment of the rain patterns is off, it is by a mere matter of w...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 29, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amantha Perera Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Terr Source Type: news

Militarising the Ebola Crisis
This article first appeared on Foreign Policy in Focus. You can read the original version here.The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of, and should not be attributed to, IPS-Inter Press Service.Despite New Pledges, Aid to Fight Ebola Lagging U.S. Military Joins Ebola Response in West Africa Building Public Trust is a Key Factor in Fighting West Africa’s Worst Ebola Outbreak (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Joeva Rock Tags: Africa Aid Armed Conflicts Civil Society Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Global Geopolitics Global Governance Globalisation Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies North America Populatio Source Type: news

Despite New Pledges, Aid to Fight Ebola Lagging
Sierra Leone and Liberia alone could have a total of more than 20,000 new cases of Ebola within six weeks and as many as 1.4 million by Jan. 20, 2015, if the virus continues spreading at its current rate. Credit: European Commission DG ECHO/CC-BY-ND-2.0By Jim LobeWASHINGTON, Sep 26 2014 (IPS)Despite mounting pledges of assistance, the continuing spread of the deadly Ebola virus in West Africa is outpacing regional and international efforts to stop it, according to world leaders and global health experts.“We are not moving fast enough. We are not doing enough,” declared U.S. President Barack Obama at a special m...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jim Lobe Tags: Africa Aid Civil Society Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Europe Featured Global Geopolitics Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North Source Type: news

Conflict Keeps Mothers From Healthcare Services
Increasing levels of violence across India due to ethnic tensions and armed insurgencies are taking their toll on women and cutting off access to crucial reproductive health services. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Stella PaulSep 26 2014 (IPS)Twenty-five-year-old Khemwanti Pradhan is a ‘Mitanin’ – a trained and accredited community health worker – based in the Nagarbeda village of the Bastar region in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh.Since 2007, Pradhan has been informing local women about government health schemes and urging them to deliver their babies at a hospital instead of in their own home...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Stella Paul Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Asia-Pacific Democracy Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Migration & Refugees Peace Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Source Type: news

Comprehensive Sex Education: A Pending Task in Latin America
By Fabiana FrayssinetBUENOS AIRES, Sep 25 2014 (IPS)In most Latin American countries schools now provide sex education, but with a focus that is generally restricted to the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases – an approach that has not brought about significant modifications in the behaviour of adolescents, especially among the poor.The international community made the commitment to offer comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) during the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo.“Although some advances have been made in the inclusion of sexual and reproductive education in sc...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Fabiana Frayssinet Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Democracy Development & Aid Editors' Choice Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Source Type: news

‘Therapeutic Abortion’ Could Soon Be Legal in Chile
Alicia is one of the millions of Chilean women who have had an illegal, unsafe abortion because in their country terminating a pregnancy is punishable with up to five years in prison, regardless of the circumstances. Now the country is moving towards legalising therapeutic abortion. Credit: Marianela Jarroud/IPSBy Marianela JarroudSANTIAGO, Sep 24 2014 (IPS)Chile, one of the most conservative countries in Latin America, is getting ready for an unprecedented debate on the legalisation of therapeutic abortion, which is expected to be approved this year.In Chile, more than 300,000 illegal abortions are practiced annually &nda...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 24, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Marianela Jarroud Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Cate Source Type: news

Mission Midwife: The Case for Trained Birth Attendants in Senegal
Only 65 percent of Senegalese women give birth in the presence of a skilled attendant. Credit: Travis Lupick/IPSBy Doreen Akiyo YomoahDAKAR, Sep 24 2014 (IPS)Diouma Tine is a 50-year-old vegetable seller and a mother of six boys. In her native Senegal, she tells IPS, motherhood isn’t a choice. “If you’re married, then you must have children. If you don’t, then you don’t get to stay in your husband’s house, and no one will respect you.”Despite this prevailing cultural outlook, becoming a mother here is neither easy, nor safe, with only 65 percent of Senegalese women giving birth in ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 24, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Doreen Akiyo Yomoah Tags: Africa Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Health African Birth Collective ENDA Santé (Environmental Deve Source Type: news

On Sri Lanka’s Tea Estates, Maternal Health Leaves a Lot to Be Desired
A pregnant woman waits in line for a medical check-up. Health indicators for women on Sri Lanka’s tea estates are lower than the national average. Credit: Amantha Perera/IPSBy Kanya D'AlmeidaCOLOMBO, Sep 23 2014 (IPS)A mud path winds its up way uphill, offering views on either side of row after row of dense bushes and eventually giving way to a cluster of humble homes, surrounded by ragged, playful children.Their mothers either look far too young, barely adults themselves, or old beyond their years, weathered by decades of backbreaking labour on the enormous tea estates of Sri Lanka.Rani* is a 65-year-old mother of s...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Kanya DAlmeida Tags: Active Citizens Aid Asia-Pacific Civil Society Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Education Food & Agriculture Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Labour Population Poverty & MD Source Type: news

Saving the Lives of Cameroonian Mothers and their Babies with an SMS
According to an African proverb, “every woman who gives birth has one foot on her grave.” Cameroonians are attempting to make this proverb a historical fact and not a present reality through SMS technology. Credit: Mercedes Sayagues/IPSBy Ngala Killian ChimtomYAOUNDE, Sep 23 2014 (IPS)“You can’t measure the joy in my heart,” Marceline Duba, from Lagdo in Cameroon’s Far North Region, tells IPS as she holds her grandson in her arms.  “I am pretty sure we could have lost this child, and perhaps my daughter, if this medical doctor hadn’t shown up,” Duba says, a smile s...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ngala Killian Chimtom Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Cameroon Infant Mortality Rate Maternal Mortality mobil Source Type: news

OPINION: Invest in Young People to Harness Africa’s Demographic Dividend
Julitta Onabanjo is Regional Director, UNFPA East and Southern Africa. Benoit Kalasa is Regional Director, UNFPA West and Central Africa. Mohamed Abdel-Ahad is Regional Director, UNFPA North Africa and Arab States.By Julitta Onabanjo, Benoit Kalasa, and Mohamed Abdel-AhadJOHANNESBURG, Sep 21 2014 (IPS)Different issues will be competing for the attention of different African leaders attending the 69th United Nations General Assembly Special Session on International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Beyond 2014 in New York on Sep 22.But the central question for Africa’s development today is this: How...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 22, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Dr. Julitta Onabanjo, Benoit Kalasa, and Mohamed Abdel-Ahad Tags: Africa Development & Aid Education Gender Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Poverty & MDGs Projects TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Addis Ababa Declaration on Population and Developmen Source Type: news

Georgia’s Female Drug Addicts Face Double Struggle
By Pavol StracanskyTBILISI, Sep 21 2014 (IPS)Irina was 21 when she first started using drugs. More than 30 years later, having lost her husband, her home and her business to drugs, she is still battling her addiction.But, like almost all female drug addicts in this former Soviet state, she has faced a desperate struggle not only with her drug problem, but with accessing help in the face of institutionalised and systematic discrimination because of her gender.“Georgia’s society is very male-dominated,” she told IPS. “And this is reflected in the attitudes to drugs. It’s as if it’s OK for ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 21, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Pavol Stracansky Tags: Crime & Justice Europe Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Projects Women's Health addicts Amnesty International Council of Europe Discrimination Drugs Eurasian Harm Reduction Network (EHRN) Europe Source Type: news

U.N. Urged to Reaffirm Reproductive Rights in Post-2015 Agenda
Millions of women in Pakistan do not have access to family planning services. Credit: Zofeen Ebrahim/IPSBy Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, Sep 19 2014 (IPS)The U.N.’s post-2015 development agenda has been described as the most far-reaching and comprehensive development-related endeavour ever undertaken by the world body.But where does population, family planning and sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) fit into the proposed 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an integral part of that development agenda?"We must continue to fight until every individual, everywhere on this planet, is given the op...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Gender Identity Gender Violence Global Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse LGBTQ Population P Source Type: news

Geographical Divide in Maternal Health for Syrian Refugees
A young mother approaches a healthcare facility inside the Domiz refugee camp in Iraqi Kurdistan, mid-September 2014. Credit: Shelly Kittleson/IPSBy Shelly KittlesonDOHUK, Iraq, Sep 19 2014 (IPS)At the largest refugee camp in Iraqi Kurdistan, young Syrian mothers and pregnant women are considered relatively lucky.The number of registered Syrian refugees surpassed 3 million in late August, with the highest concentrations in Lebanon (over 1.1 million), Turkey (over 800,000), and Jordan (over 600,000). In all of the above, serious concerns have been expressed about the availability of healthcare services for expectant mothers...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Shelly Kittleson Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Middle East & North Africa Migration & Refugees Population Poverty & MDGs Women's Health Chi Source Type: news

Against All the Odds: Maternity and Mortality in Afghanistan
Doctors Without Borders (MSF) says Afghanistan is “one of the riskiest places to be a pregnant woman or a young child”. Credit: DVIDSHUB/CC-BY-2.0By Karlos ZurutuzaKABUL, Sep 16 2014 (IPS)Nasrin Mohamadi, a mother of four, has promised herself never to set foot in an Afghan public hospital again. After her first experience in a maternity ward, she has lost all faith in the state’s healthcare system.“The doctors said that I had not fully dilated yet so they told me to wait in the corridor. I had to sit on the floor with some others as there wasn’t a single chair,” Mohamadi tells IPS, reca...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Karlos Zurutuza Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health 'State of the World's Midwifery' Source Type: news

OPINION: Investing in Adolescent Girls for Africa’s Development
Elina Makore, 19, of Renco Mine just after delivering a healthy baby at Rutandare Clinic a remote Zimbabwean outpost supported by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Courtesy: UNFPA/Stewart MuchaperaBy Hinda Deby Itno and Julitta OnabanjoJOHANNESBURG, Sep 15 2014 (IPS)Adolescence is a time of transition from childhood to adulthood. It is also a time of change and challenge. Today’s adolescents, connected to each other like never before, can be a significant source of social progress and cultural change.But they are also facing multiple challenges that seriously impact their future. And nowhere in the wor...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Hinda Deby and Dr. Julitta Onabanjo Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Adolescents Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) United Nations Source Type: news

How Niger’s Traditional Leaders are Promoting Maternal Health
Chief Yahya Louche of Bande, a village in Niger, addresses his constituents about maternal health and the importance of involving men. Credit: Joan Erakit/IPSBy Joan ErakitBANDE, Niger, Sep 11 2014 (IPS)It is a long, 14-hour drive from Niger’s capital city Niamey to the village of Bande. And the ride is a dreary one as the roadside is bare. The occasional, lone goat herder is spotted every few kilometres and the sightings become a cause of both confusion and excitement since there aren’t any trees, or watering holes in sight.Dry, hot and often plagued with sandstorms, Niger has a population of over 17.2 mi...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Joan Erakit Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Niger School of Husbands United Nations P Source Type: news

Will You be Chief? How Niger’s Traditional Leaders are Promoting Maternal Health
Chief Yahya Louche of Bande, a village in Niger, addresses his constituents about maternal health and the importance of involving men. Credit: Joan Erakit/IPSBy Joan ErakitBANDE, Niger, Sep 11 2014 (IPS)It is a long, 14-hour drive from Niger’s capital city Niamey to the village of Bande. And the ride is a dreary one as the roadside is bare. The occasional, lone goat herder is spotted every few kilometres and the sightings become a cause of both confusion and excitement since there aren’t any trees, or watering holes in sight.Dry, hot and often plagued with sandstorms, Niger has a population of over 17.2 mi...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Joan Erakit Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Niger School of Husbands United Nations P Source Type: news

No Easy Choices for Syrians with Small Children
What remains of a street in Aleppo, August 2014. Credit: Shelly Kittleson/IPSBy Shelly KittlesonGAZIANTEP, Turkey, Sep 4 2014 (IPS)The woman who walked into the Islamic Front (IF) media office near the Turkish border was on the verge of fainting under the hot Syrian sun, but all she cared about was her infant son.With over half of the country’s population displaced, she was just one of the parents among the more than three million UN-registered Syrian refugees grappling with how to keep their children safe and healthy while dealing with the innumerable dangers inherent in war zones, refugee camps and statelessness.Wh...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 4, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Shelly Kittleson Tags: Armed Conflicts Children on the Frontline Editors' Choice Featured Gender Violence Headlines Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Middle East & North Africa Migration & Refugees Women's Health Aleppo Bab Al-Salama camp barrel bo Source Type: news

OPINION: Iraq On the Precipice
Since Aug. 3, there has been a massive dislocation of some 200,000 people from Iraq, resulting in more than 1.2 million displaced. Credit: Mustafa Khayat/CC-BY-ND-2.0By Bill MillerNEW YORK, Sep 4 2014 (IPS)The catastrophic events in Iraq that are unfolding daily are more significant than at any point in recent memory.The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), which is now calling itself the Islamic State (IS), steamrolled out of Syria into Iraq and appeared to be unstoppable in its march to Baghdad. The Iraqi military, which was far larger and better armed, was either unable or unwilling to confront this ragtag, but deter...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 4, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Bill Miller Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Democracy Development & Aid Europe Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Global Global Geopolitics Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Middle East & North Africa Migrati Source Type: news

Afghan “Torn” Women Get Another Chance
Rukia (in the foreground) recovers after a successful fistula operation at Malalai Maternity Hospital in Badakhshan, Afganistan (August 2014). Credit: Karlos Zurutuza/IPSBy Karlos ZurutuzaKABUL, Sep 2 2014 (IPS)“The smell of faeces and urine isolates them completely. Their husbands abandon them and they become stigmatised forever” – Dr Pashtoon Kohistani barely needs two lines to sum up the drama of those women affected by obstetric fistula.Alongside the health centre in Badakhshan – 290 km northeast of Kabul – Malalai Maternity Hospital is the only health centre in Afghanistan with a section ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 2, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Karlos Zurutuza Tags: Aid Development & Aid Editors' Choice Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Middle East & North Africa Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Women's Health Afghan Ministry of Public Health Afghanistan birth chil Source Type: news

Arab Region Has World’s Fastest Growing HIV Epidemic
By Mona AlamiBEIRUT, Sep 1 2014 (IPS)At a time when HIV rates have stabilised or declined elsewhere, the epidemic is still advancing in the Arab world, exacerbated by factors such as political unrest, conflict, poverty and lack of awareness due to social taboos.According to UNAIDS (the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS), an estimated 270,000 people were living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in 2012.“It is true that the Arab region has a low prevalence of infection, however it has the fastest growing epidemic in the world,“...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mona Alami Tags: Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights LGBTQ Middle East & North Africa Population Projects Women's Health Arab world awareness raising Civil Society Discrimination Djibouti drugs users Egypt healthcare HIV/AIDS Source Type: news

Nepal Landslide Leaves Women and Children Vulnerable
Relief workers and aid agencies are worried about the security, protection and psychological health of women and children in post-disaster settings. Credit: Naresh Newar/IPSBy Naresh NewarDABI, Nepal, Aug 27 2014 (IPS)Living in a makeshift tarpaulin shelter, which barely protects her family from the torrential rainfall or scorching heat of this remote village in southern Nepal, 36-year-old Kamala Pari is under immense stress, worrying about her financial security and children’s safety.The family’s only house and tiny plot of farmland were completely destroyed by the massive landslide on Jul. 2 that struck the v...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 27, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Naresh Newar Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Civil Society Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Environment Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Population Pov Source Type: news

How Midwives on Sierra Leone’s Almost Untouched Turtle Islands are Improving Women’s Health
The eight islands that comprise Turtle Islands, Sierra Leone, are remote and practically untouched by modern civilisation. Credit: Joan Erakit/IPSBy Joan ErakitMATTRU JONG, Sierra Leone, Aug 26 2014 (IPS)Emmanuel is a male midwife.At the age of 26, he lives and works on one of eight islands off the southwest peninsular of Sierra Leone, an hour by speedboat from Mattru Jong, the capital of Bonthe District.On a particularly hot Wednesday morning, IPS joins Marie Stopes, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Sierra Leone’s Ministry of Health to go and visit a population on one of the Turtle Islands that is practica...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Joan Erakit Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Marie Stopes Sierra Leone Turt Source Type: news

Bangladeshi Girls Seek Equal Opportunity
Adolescent girls in Bangladesh’s Mymensingh district meet once a week to discuss their rights. Here they talk about sanitation and personal hygiene. Credit: Naimul Haq/IPSBy Naimul HaqRANGPUR, Bangladesh, Aug 25 2014 (IPS)Until five years ago, Shima Aktar, a student in Gajaghanta village in the Rangpur district of Bangladesh, about 370 km northwest of the capital Dhaka, was leading a normal life. But when her father decided that it was time for her to conform to purdah, a religious practice of female seclusion, things changed.The young girl, now 16 years old, says her father pulled her out of school at the age of 11 ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Naimul Haq Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Civil Society Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Featured Gender Gender Identity Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Labour Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories W Source Type: news

India: Home to One in Three Child Brides
In India, 27 percent of women aged 20-49 were married before they were 15 years old. Credit: Jaideep Hardikar/IPSBy Neeta LalNEW DELHI, Aug 20 2014 (IPS)Basanti Rani*, a 33-year-old farmers’ wife from the northern Indian state of Haryana, recently withdrew her 15-year-old daughter Paru from school in order to marry her off to a 40-year-old man.“In an increasingly insecure social milieu, where rape and sexual abuse have become so common, marrying off my daughter was a wise move,” she told IPS.“Who would’ve married her had she been abused or raped? Now, at least, her husband can look after her.&...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 20, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Neeta Lal Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Education Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Source Type: news

Helping Uganda’s HIV positive Women Avoid Unplanned Pregnancies
Contraception is a smart choice but HIV positive women have to jump through the hooks to get it. Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, Aug 18 2014 (IPS) Barbara Kemigisa used to call herself an “HIV/AIDS campaigner”. These days she would rather be known as an “HIV/AIDS family planning campaigner”. “We need to reduce unplanned pregnancies and the HIV infection rate in our country,” Kemigisa told IPS during Uganda’s first national family planning conference on July 28. “It’s about dual protection.” Raped by two uncles from an early age, Kemigisa later bec...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 18, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amy Fallon Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Contraception Family Planning Uganda United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Source Type: news

East Africa Breaks the Silence on Menstruation to Keep Girls in School
Students from Great Horizon Secondary School in Uganda's rural Kyakayege village pose proudly with their re-usable menstrual pads after a reproductive health presentation at their school. Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, Aug 15 2014 (IPS) When Peninah Mamayi got her period last January, she was scared, confused and embarrassed. But like thousands of other girls in the developing world who experience menarche having no idea what menstruation is, Mamayi, who lives with her sister-in-law in a village in Tororo, eastern Uganda, kept quiet. “When I went to the toilet I had blood on my knickers,”...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amy Fallon Tags: Africa Bitter Pill: Obstacles to Affordable Medicine Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) Ne Source Type: news

One Woman’s Struggle to Find the Right Contraceptive
Because men wield power in decisions around pregnancy, family planning services should include them. Couple-centred family planning services are sorely needed in Africa. Credit: Mercedes Sayagues/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, Aug 14 2014 (IPS) Beatrice Njeri had just come home from her job as a janitor at a primary school in Nairobi. It was August 2009. Arriving home earlier than usual, the married mother of two found her husband waiting for her in their shanty at Kisumu Ndogo, in the sprawling Kibera slums. He had just discovered he was HIV positive. A week later, she too tested positive. Both were 29 years old at the tim...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Miriam Gathigah Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Contraception Family Planning HIV/AIDS Kenya Source Type: news

Egypt’s Poor Easy Victims of Quack Medicine
Many pharmacies and herbalists in Egypt prescribe their own 'wasfa' (secret drug or herbal elixir). Credit: Cam McGrath/IPSBy Cam McGrathCAIRO, Aug 10 2014 (IPS) Magda Ibrahim first learnt that she had endometrial cancer when she went to a clinic to diagnose recurring bladder pain and an abnormal menstrual discharge. Unable to afford the recommended hospital treatment, the uninsured 53-year-old widow turned to what she hoped would be a quicker and cheaper therapy. A local Muslim sheikh claimed religious incantations, and a suitable donation to his pocket, could cure the cancer. But when her symptoms persisted, Ibrahim cons...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Cam McGrath Tags: Civil Society Education Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Middle East & North Africa Poverty & MDGs Projects Women's Health AIDS avian flu blood dialysis clinics Corruption Doctors Egypt Health care Hepatitis C h Source Type: news

Stigma Still a Major Roadblock for AIDS Fight in Africa
Rwandan children orphaned by AIDS in Muhanga village. Credit: Aimable Twahirwa/IPSBy Julia HotzWASHINGTON, Aug 9 2014 (IPS) Though West Africa’s massive Ebola outbreak may be dominating the spotlight within the global health community, HIV/AIDS remains an enormous issue for Africa as a whole – a sentiment that Washington officials made clear this week in their discussions of legislative and technological setbacks plaguing progress in fighting the epidemic. Despite the World Health Organisation’s announcement Friday that Ebola is now an “international public health emergency,” doctors...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 9, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Julia Hotz Tags: Africa Development & Aid Featured Gender Gender Identity Headlines Health Human Rights LGBTQ North America Poverty & MDGs Women's Health HIV Testing HIV/AIDS International AIDS Society (IAS) PEPFAR Uganda Source Type: news

Nigeria Wakes Up to its AIDS Threat
Nigeria accounts for one third of all new infections among children in the 20 worst hit countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Credit: Sam Olukoya/IPSBy Sam OlukoyaLAGOS, Nigeria, Aug 4 2014 (IPS) Tope Tayo’s marriage broke up 11 years ago after she tested positive for HIV. Her angry and embarrassed husband took away their only child. Three months later, when the one year old boy tested positive, the husband dumped him with Tayo and absconded.  “He abandoned us as if we had committed a crime but I told him HIV is not a crime,” Tayo told IPS. She was jobless and the husband paid no maintenance. “I wal...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 4, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Sam Olukoya Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Projects Regional Categories Women's Health HIV/AIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Nigeria United Na Source Type: news

‘Zero Tolerance’ the Call for Child Marriage and Female Genital Mutilation
Fatema,15, sits on the bed at her home in Khulna, Bangladesh, in April 2014. Fatema was saved from being married a few weeks earlier. Local child protection committee members stopped the marriage with the help of law enforcement agencies. Credit: UNICEFBy A. D. McKenzieLONDON, Jul 23 2014 (IPS) Heightening their campaign to eradicate violence against women and girls, United Nations agencies and civil groups have called for increased action to end child marriage and female genital mutilation. At the first Girl Summit in London Wednesday, hosted by the U.K. government and UNICEF, delegates said they wanted to send a strong m...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: A. D. McKenzie Tags: Civil Society Conferences Editors' Choice Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Women's Health World Afrìcan Union Babatunde Osotimehin Canada child marriage Childbirth Domestic Source Type: news

Focus on Child Marriage, Genital Mutilation at All-Time High
Female genital mutilation (FGM) traditional surgeon in Kapchorwa, Uganda speaking to a reporter. The women in this area are being trained by civil society organisation REACH in how to educate people to stop the practice. Credit: Joshua Kyalimpa/IPSBy Julia HotzWASHINGTON, Jul 23 2014 (IPS) As Tuesday’s major summits here and in London focused global attention on adolescent girls, the United Nations offered new data warning that more than 130 million girls and women have experienced some form of female genital mutilation, while more than 700 million women alive today were forced into marriage as children. Noting ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 23, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Julia Hotz Tags: Active Citizens Africa Civil Society Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Middle East & North Africa Population Women's Health World child marriage Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Source Type: news

Stunting: The Cruel Curse of Malnutrition in Nepal
Sadhana Ghimire, 23, makes sure to give her 18-month-old daughter nutritious food, such as porridge containing grains and pulses, in order to prevent stunting. Credit: Mallika Aryal/IPSBy Mallika AryalRASUWA, Nepal, Jul 22 2014 (IPS) Durga Ghimire had her first child at the age of 18 and the second at 21. As a young mother, Durga didn’t really understand the importance of taking care of her own health during pregnancy. “I didn’t realise it would have an impact on my baby,” she says as she sits on the porch of her house in Laharepauwa, some 120 kilometers from Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, nursin...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 22, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mallika Aryal Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health Child Malnutrition Child Stunting Multi-Sec Source Type: news

Time to “Drop the Knife” for FMG in The Gambia
Circumcisers in the Gambia publicly declaring that they have abandoned the practice of FGM. Credit: Saikou Jammeh/IPSBy Saikou JammehBANJUL, Jul 13 2014 (IPS) Women’s rights activists in the Gambia are insisting that more than 30 years of campaigning to raise awareness should be sufficient to move the government to outlaw female genital mutilation (FMG). The practice remains widespread in this tiny West African country of 1.8 million people, but rights activists believe that their campaign has now reached the tipping point. Two years ago, GAMCOTRAP, an apolitical non-governmental organisation (NGO) committed to the p...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 13, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Saikou Jammeh Tags: Africa Editors' Choice Education Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Population Religion Women's Health Circumcision female genital mutilation FGM Gambia GAMCOTRAP Islam Ministry of Women’s Affairs Re Source Type: news

Pakistan: Where Mothers Are Also Children
Most South Asian nations struggle with the twin problems of early marriage and teenage pregnancy, making it crucial to tackle both simultaneously, experts say. Credit: Zofeen Ebrahim/IPSBy Zofeen EbrahimKARACHI, Pakistan, Jul 11 2014 (IPS) If 22-year-old Rashda Naureen could go back six years in time, she would never have agreed to get married at the tender age of 16. “Looking back, I know I was not ready for marriage,” she told IPS. “How could I have been, being merely a child myself?” With only a third-grade education, Naureen became a mother at 17 and got a divorce soon after she delivered. Accor...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Zofeen Ebrahim Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health World Motherhood in Childhood Bangladesh Child Brides India M Source Type: news

Reproductive Rights to Take Centre Stage at U.N. Special Session
A basket of condoms is passed around during International Women’s Day in Manila. Credit: Kara Santos/IPSBy Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, Jul 10 2014 (IPS) As the United Nations continues negotiations on a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for its post-2015 development agenda, population experts are hoping reproductive health will be given significant recognition in the final line-up of the goals later this year. At the same time, an upcoming Special Session of the General Assembly in mid-September may further strengthen reproductive rights and the right to universal family planning."Advocates are rall...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Poverty & MDGs TerraViva United Nations Women & Economy Source Type: news

Reproductive Rights Take Centre Stage at U.N. Special Session
A basket of condoms is passed around during International Women’s Day in Manila. Credit: Kara Santos/IPSBy Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, Jul 10 2014 (IPS) As the United Nations continues negotiations on a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for its post-2015 development agenda, population experts are hoping reproductive health will be given significant recognition in the final line-up of the goals later this year. At the same time, an upcoming Special Session of the General Assembly in mid-September may further strengthen reproductive rights and the right to universal family planning."Advocates are rall...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Population Poverty & MDGs Women & Economy Women's Health World Family Planning International Source Type: news

OPINION: Unleashing African Young People’s Potential
Girls attend school in South Africa. Healthy, educated young people can help break the cycle of poverty. Credit: UNFPABy Adebayo FayoyinJOHANNESBURG, Jul 10 2014 (IPS) An African proverb says “a child that we refuse to build today will end up selling the house that we may build tomorrow.” The moral of this is clear. Unless we invest in our children and young people today, they might become a threat or a burden in the future.As the international community commemorates World Population Day on July 11, Africa’s growing youth population should be recognised as a ‘powerful force for change’ that re...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Adebayo Fayoyin Tags: Africa Aid Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Featured Gender Global Governance Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Labour Population Poverty & MDGs Women & Economy Women's Health HIV/AIDS Source Type: news

Putting Population Management in Pacific Women’s Hands
Pacific Island nations say empowering women is the key to addressing population growth across the region. Credit: Catherine Wilson/IPSBy Catherine WilsonPORT VILA, Jul 10 2014 (IPS) Populations of many Melanesian countries in the southwest Pacific Islands region are expected to double in a generation, threatening regional and national efforts to improve low economic and human development indicators. Arnold Bani, executive director of the Vanuatu Family Health Association in the capital, Port Vila, believes that if reproductive health issues are not addressed in the next 10-15 years the result “will be a disaster for ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Catherine Wilson Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Democracy Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health Asia South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education (ASP Source Type: news

Conservatives and Nationalists At Centre Stage in Poland
Polish conservatives protesting against a reading of Golgota Picnic in Warsaw. Credit: Maciej Konieczny/Courtesy of Krytyka PolitycznaBy Claudia CiobanuWAESAW, Jul 8 2014 (IPS) A mix of conservative Catholicism and nationalism has become the predominant view in Polish public debate, with some worrying effects. These were the values around which the opposition to communism led by trade union Solidarity built itself up in the 1980s but, after the fall of communism, opinion makers in the media and politicians continued to depict them as part and parcel of being Polish. Observers note that the Polish Catholic Church has also g...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 8, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Claudia Ciobanu Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Democracy Editors' Choice Europe Featured Gender Gender Identity Headlines Human Rights LGBTQ Religion TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Abortion Agnieszka Graff Catholic Church Catholi Source Type: news

Lack of Toilets Keeps Women Out of Politics
Women village councilors in Penakota, a village in southeast India, go out into a field to relieve themselves, as there are no toilets in their workplace. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Stella PaulMALLAMPETA, India, Jul 4 2014 (IPS) Nine months after she was elected head of her village council, 36-year-old Krupa Shanti has overseen some significant changes in this rural outpost of Mallampeta, 570 km away from Hyderabad, capital of the southeastern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. “Since I took over, 300 people have got their Below the Poverty Line (BPL) ration cards and are receiving subsidised food, and another 200 people...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 4, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Stella Paul Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women in Politics Women's Health India open defecation SEWA Bharat toilets Total Sanitation Cam Source Type: news

Here Are the Real Victims of Pakistan’s War on the Taliban
An elderly displaced man carries a sack of rations on his shoulder. The Pakistan Army has distributed 30,000 ration packs of 110 kg each. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy Ashfaq YusufzaiPESHAWAR, Pakistan, Jul 1 2014 (IPS) Three days ago, Rameela Bibi was the mother of a month-old baby boy. He died in her arms on Jun. 28, of a chest infection that he contracted when the family fled their home in Pakistan’s North Waziristan Agency, where a full-scale military offensive against the Taliban has forced nearly half a million people to flee. Weeping uncontrollable, Bibi struggles to recount her story. “My son was born o...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ashfaq Yusufzai Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Migration & Refugees Population Povert Source Type: news

Looking to Africa’s LDCs to Learn How to Save the Lives of Millions of Mothers and their Babies
Bosena, 25, sits on the side of a busy road in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, with a baby in her arms. Ethiopia is among the countries listed as having made significant progress in reducing child and maternal mortality rates. Credit: Jacey Fortin/IPSBy Nqabomzi BikitshaJOHANNESBURG, Jun 30 2014 (IPS) Every year, three million newborn babies and almost 6.6 million children under five die globally, but if the rest of the world looked towards the examples of two of Africa’s least-developed countries (LDCs), Rwanda and Ethiopia, they would perhaps be able to save these children. At the 2014 Partners&rs...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 30, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Nqabomzi Bikitsha Tags: Active Citizens Africa Aid Civil Society Conferences Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Global Governance Globalisation Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health infa Source Type: news

Maternal Deaths Due to HIV a Grim Reality
According to an African proverb, “every woman who gives birth has one foot on her grave.” It is time to make this proverb a historical fact and not a present reality. Credit: Mercedes Sayagues/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, Jun 27 2014 (IPS) An African proverb says that every woman who gives birth has one foot on her grave. Sadly, this is still true today, especially within the context of the AIDS epidemic. In spite of the huge advances in the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in Africa, experts are concerned that these have not matched other pillars needed to eliminate maternal mort...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 27, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Miriam Gathigah Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Maternal and Child Health Source Type: news

Improved Access to Water May Hold the Solution to Ending FGM in Africa
Female genital mutilation (FGM) traditional surgeon in Kapchorwa, Uganda speaking to a reporter. The women in this area are being trained by civil society organisation REACH in how to educate people to stop the practice. Credit: Joshua Kyalimpa/IPSBy Joshua KyalimpaKAMPALA, Jun 20 2014 (IPS) Could it be possible that if women in Africa had access to water, it could save them from undergoing the harmful practice of female genital mutilation (FGM)? It seems that according to yet-to-be released research by Ugandan Gwada Okot Tao, FGM and other forms of circumcision in Africa could be linked to water. Gwada, who conducted rese...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 20, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Joshua Kyalimpa Tags: Africa Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Source Type: news

ARV Shortages Hit Mozambique’s HIV Treatment Programme
Chronic shortages of antiretroviral drugs endanger the lives of hundreds of thousands of HIV positive Mozambicans. Courtesy: Amos ZacariasBy Amos ZacariasMAPUTO, Jun 19 2014 (IPS) Chronic shortages of antiretrovirals across Mozambique are endangering the health and the lives of tens of thousands of HIV positive people on treatment. Some 454,000 people are on antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, or just under one-third of the 1.6 million Mozambicans living with HIV in 2013, according to government figures. “Our patients complain they are not receiving the complete dosage of medicines,” says Judite de Jesus Mutote, pr...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amos Zacarias Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Mozambique Option B United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Source Type: news

Obstetric Fistula Haunts Pakistani Women
Naz Bibi is awaiting treatment for fistula at the Koohi Goth Women’s Hospital in Pakistan. Credit: Zofeen Ebrahim/IPSBy Zofeen EbrahimKARACHI, Jun 17 2014 (IPS) The word on the street was that if there were one place on earth that could treat Mohammad Lalu’s wife, it would be the Koohi Goth Women’s Hospital in Pakistan’s port city of Karachi. The 50-year-old stone crusher hailing from the remote village of Dera Bugti in the southwest Balochistan province had spent 30 years searching for a facility that would treat his wife, Naz Bibi, who suffers from obstetric fistula. Sitting upright on a plastic s...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 17, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Zofeen Ebrahim Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Religion TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Child Marriage Restraint Act Fistula Project of Pakistan Inequality Materna Source Type: news

In Developing World, Pollution Kills More Than Disease
Air and chemical pollution are growing rapidly in the developing world with dire consequences for health, says Richard Fuller, president of the Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute. Credit: BigstockBy Stephen LeahyUXBRIDGE, Canada, Jun 13 2014 (IPS) Pollution, not disease, is the biggest killer in the developing world, taking the lives of more than 8.4 million people each year, a new analysis shows. That’s almost three times the deaths caused by malaria and fourteen times those caused by HIV/AIDs. However, pollution receives a fraction of the interest from the global community. “Toxic sites along with air and water ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Stephen Leahy Tags: Development & Aid Environment Featured Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute Sustainable Development Goals Source Type: news