ARV Shortages Hit Mozambique’s HIV Treatment Programme
Chronic shortages of antiretroviral drugs endanger the lives of hundreds of thousands of HIV positive Mozambicans. Courtesy: Amos ZacariasBy Amos ZacariasMAPUTO, Jun 19 2014 (IPS) Chronic shortages of antiretrovirals across Mozambique are endangering the health and the lives of tens of thousands of HIV positive people on treatment. Some 454,000 people are on antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, or just under one-third of the 1.6 million Mozambicans living with HIV in 2013, according to government figures. “Our patients complain they are not receiving the complete dosage of medicines,” says Judite de Jesus Mutote, pr...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amos Zacarias Tags: Africa Aid Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Projects Regional Categories Women's Health Mozambique Option B United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Source Type: news

Obstetric Fistula Haunts Pakistani Women
Naz Bibi is awaiting treatment for fistula at the Koohi Goth Women’s Hospital in Pakistan. Credit: Zofeen Ebrahim/IPSBy Zofeen EbrahimKARACHI, Jun 17 2014 (IPS) The word on the street was that if there were one place on earth that could treat Mohammad Lalu’s wife, it would be the Koohi Goth Women’s Hospital in Pakistan’s port city of Karachi. The 50-year-old stone crusher hailing from the remote village of Dera Bugti in the southwest Balochistan province had spent 30 years searching for a facility that would treat his wife, Naz Bibi, who suffers from obstetric fistula. Sitting upright on a plastic s...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 17, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Zofeen Ebrahim Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Religion TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Child Marriage Restraint Act Fistula Project of Pakistan Inequality Materna Source Type: news

In Developing World, Pollution Kills More Than Disease
Air and chemical pollution are growing rapidly in the developing world with dire consequences for health, says Richard Fuller, president of the Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute. Credit: BigstockBy Stephen LeahyUXBRIDGE, Canada, Jun 13 2014 (IPS) Pollution, not disease, is the biggest killer in the developing world, taking the lives of more than 8.4 million people each year, a new analysis shows. That’s almost three times the deaths caused by malaria and fourteen times those caused by HIV/AIDs. However, pollution receives a fraction of the interest from the global community. “Toxic sites along with air and water ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Stephen Leahy Tags: Development & Aid Environment Featured Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) Pure Earth/Blacksmith Institute Sustainable Development Goals Source Type: news

Op-Ed: Not Only Hunger, but Malnutrition Too
Children in northern Pakistan line up for food rations. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy José Graziano da SilvaROME, Jun 13 2014 (IPS) Continued growth in developing countries, along with poverty-reduction policies, have helped to improve both income and food security globally. Still, eradicating hunger remains an enormous challenge that has an impact on every other attempt to improve lives. An estimated 842 million people were found to be chronically hungry between 2011 and 2013. Globally, one in eight people are unable to gain regular access to enough food to be able to study, work, ward off disease, and otherwise li...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 13, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jose Graziano da Silva Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Food & Agriculture Global Governance Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Child Stunting Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Hunger Source Type: news

U.N. Releases Guidelines on Reparations for Victims of Sexual Violence
The village of rape survivor Angeline Mwarusena continues to be threatened by militia. Credit: Einberger/argum/EED/IPSBy Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, Jun 12 2014 (IPS) When sexual violence – whether against men, women or children – takes place in United Nations peacekeeping missions worldwide, the world body has been quick to single out the perpetrators and expel them back to their home countries. But the U.N. has little or no authority to prosecute offenders, mete out justice or ensure adequate compensation to victims. The 193 member states, which provide thousands of troops for peacekeeping missions largely in ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 12, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Africa Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Peace Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health World Centre for Source Type: news

Op-Ed: First Decolonisation, Now ‘Depatriarchilisation’
Young Bangladeshi women raise their fists at a protest in Shahbagh. Credit: Kajal Hazra/IPS By Lakshmi PuriUNITED NATIONS, Jun 9 2014 (IPS) At the end of this week leaders of the Group of 77 and China will meet in Bolivia to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the group. From the original 77, this group now brings together 133 countries, making it the largest coalition of governments on the international stage. Promoting an agenda of equity among nations and among people, sustainable and inclusive development and global solidarity have been at the heart of the G77’s priorities since its inception. But none of i...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lakshmi Puri Tags: Civil Society Conferences Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Featured G77 Gender Gender Violence Global Geopolitics Global Governance Headlines Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Labour Population Source Type: news

First Decolonisation, Now ‘Depatriarchilisation’
Young Bangladeshi women raise their fists at a protest in Shahbagh. Credit: Kajal Hazra/IPS By Lakshmi PuriUNITED NATIONS, Jun 9 2014 (IPS) At the end of this week leaders of the Group of 77 and China will meet in Bolivia to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the group. From the original 77, this group now brings together 133 countries, making it the largest coalition of governments on the international stage. Promoting an agenda of equity among nations and among people, sustainable and inclusive development and global solidarity have been at the heart of the G77’s priorities since its inception. But none of i...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lakshmi Puri Tags: Civil Society Conferences Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Featured G77 Gender Gender Violence Global Geopolitics Global Governance Headlines Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Labour Population Source Type: news

International Cooperation on Key Issues Fell in 2013
By Jim LobeWASHINGTON, Jun 6 2014 (IPS) International cooperation on key global challenges declined in 2013, according to a new “report card” released here Friday by the influential Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Particularly disappointing were international efforts in dealing with terrorism, nuclear non-proliferation and global finance, according to the report which, however, found some gains in two areas – dealing with or preventing armed conflict and improving global health. The report also found that cooperation on climate change, which last year’s report card found to be worth the lowest g...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jim Lobe Tags: Aid Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Global Governance Globalisation Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Brookings Institution Source Type: news

Marriage a Barrier to ARV treatment for Swazi Women
This study has helped us understand why women are either dropping out or initiating ART late,” said Okello. The 2013 Global Report of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) shows that nine out of ten Swazis remain on ART after a year. But Okello said one dropout is one too many. “We need to understand the barriers they encounter at social level so that we help them stay on treatment,” said Okello. Dlamini recommends empowering married women with skills to negotiate access to ART, and researching how some women successfully navigate this tricky situation. One such woman is Msibi, now 24, w...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 5, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mantoe Phakathi Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women's Health ARVs Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) Option B Swaziland Source Type: news

Triple Summit in Singapore Puts Urban Planning on the Map
Slum populations in the developing world have increased from 650 million in 1990 to 863 million in 2012. Credit: Naimul Haq/IPSBy Kalinga SeneviratneSINGAPORE, Jun 5 2014 (IPS) With over 20,000 international participants, a triple summit wrapping up today in Singapore is generating an abundance of ideas on sustainable cities. Combining the World City Summit, Singapore Water Week and the CleanEnviro Summit into one mega-event (at one venue), the country has brought together urban policy-makers, environmentalists, water experts and business people to discuss the future of urban planning, even as U.N.-Habitat w...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 5, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Kalinga Seneviratne Tags: Asia-Pacific Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Featured Global Governance Green Economy Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Trade & Inv Source Type: news

The South African Water Utility That Uses Shipping Containers and Sewer Water to Provide Water for All
The Umgeni River system supplies drinking water to about five million people in the city of Durban, South Africa. But demand for water has outstripped supply for the past seven years. Pictured here is Howick Falls, which lies on the Umgeni River. Credit: Brendon Bosworth/IPSBy Brendon BosworthCAPE TOWN, South Africa, Jun 3 2014 (IPS) South Africa’s eThekwini municipality may have come under fire from residents from proposing to purify wastewater so it can be used for drinking, but this municipality’s pragmatic approach to water management has made it one of the most progressive in Africa.  Neil Macleod, he...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 3, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Brendon Bosworth Tags: Africa Development & Aid Environment Featured Headlines Health Population Projects Regional Categories The Southern Africa Water Wire Water & Sanitation Desalination eThekwini municipality Recycling Waste Water South Africa Source Type: news

Working Cambodian Women ‘Too Poor’ to Have Children
Women in Cambodia’s garments sector work 10-12 hours a day. Credit: Michelle Tolson/IPSBy Michelle TolsonPHNOM PENH, May 31 2014 (IPS) The movement for reproductive justice sees women’s decision to have – or not have – children as a fundamental right. Should they choose to bear a child, women should have the right to care and provide for them; if they opt not to give birth, family planning services should be made available to enable women to space or prevent pregnancies. In Cambodia, where women make up 60 percent of the population of 14 million people, this fundamental right is being trampled by in...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 31, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Michelle Tolson Tags: Asia-Pacific Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Featured Gender Gender Identity Headlines Human Rights Labour Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Ca Source Type: news

Nearly One-Third of World’s Population Is Overweight
Schools around the world, like this one in Melilla, Uruguay, are trying to introduce healthy eating habits to bring down rates of obesity and overweight. Credit: Victoria Rodríguez/IPSBy Farangis AbdurazokzodaWASHINGTON , May 31 2014 (IPS) Over two billion people – or 30 percent of the world’s population – are either obese or overweight, and no country has successfully reduced obesity rates to date, according to a new study published this week by the British medical journal, The Lancet. The number of overweight and obese people increased from 857 million in 1980 to 2.1 billion in 2013, according to...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 31, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Farangis Abdurazokzoda Tags: Development & Aid Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Body Mass Index Michelle Obama obesity Overweight The Source Type: news

U.N. Vows to Eliminate Open Defecation by 2025
In Nepal, 38 percent of the population still defecates in the open. Credit: Naresh Newar/IPSBy Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, May 28 2014 (IPS) At the height of his election campaign last October, Narendra Modi, India’s Hindu nationalist leader, briefly set aside his spiritual aspirations when he told a surprised audience that economic development should take precedence over religion. “Toilets before temples,” pleaded Modi, the newly-elected prime minister of India, a country which has been in the throes of a perpetual sanitation crisis, and where open defecation is an all-too-common sight in villages and urb...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Africa Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Environment Featured Global Governance Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Water & Sanitation World Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) India Nigeria o Source Type: news

OP-ED: Why Ending Child Marriage in Africa Can No Longer Wait
Seven month pregnant Debritu, 14, escaped from her husband after months of abuse. She is now homeless and is uncertain of the future for her and her baby. Several social, cultural, religious and traditional beliefs and norms are known to fuel the continuation of child marriage in Africa. Courtesy: Stephanie Sinclair/United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) By Julitta Onabanjo, Benoit Kalasa, and Mohamed Abdel-AhadJOHANNESBURG, May 28 2014 (IPS) Just 17 years old, Clarisse is already a mother of two, who lives with her husband and his four other wives in rural southern Chad. Three years earlier, she had watched her mom and si...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Dr. Julitta Onabanjo, Benoit Kalasa, and Mohamed Abdel-Ahad Tags: Africa Children on the Frontline Development & Aid Editors' Choice Education Featured Gender Headlines Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health child marriage Source Type: news

Indian Girls Break Taboos on Menstrual Hygiene
Nasreen Jehan, a high school student in eastern India, studies a leaflet on menstrual hygiene. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Stella PaulBETTIAH, India, May 28 2014 (IPS) Fifteen-year-old Nasreen Jehan, a student in the eastern Indian state of Bihar, proudly flaunts a yellow and red beaded bracelet encircling her wrist. This humble accessory, she tells IPS, is her most treasured possession. “It helps me keep track of my menstrual calendar,” says the 9th-grader, who attends a government-run, all-girls school in a town called Bettiah. “Also, it helps me talk about menstruation with my friends.” Of the 24 s...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Stella Paul Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) Millennium Developm Source Type: news

Divided Opinions on Feasibility of Kenya’s Option B+ Roll Out
With Option B+, pregnant women are started on lifelong antiretroviral therapy regardless of their CD4 count. Credit: Miriam Gathigah/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, May 26 2014 (IPS) Kenya’s health sector has been facing significant challenges, ranging from a shortage of health care providers to a series of labour strikes. The problems have not only disrupted health services, but have HIV experts divided on whether to roll out Option B+ nationwide or just to pilot it in high volume facilities such as major referral hospitals.  Option B+ is the latest treatment option recommended by the World Health Organisation fo...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Miriam Gathigah Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women's Health ARVs Kenya Option B UNAIDS Source Type: news

U.S. Pledges to Reduce Child Stunting by Two Million Globally
The U.S. government has pledged to reduce the number of chronically malnourished children around the world by at least two million over the next half decade, receiving an initial positive response from the development community. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) launched the new programme Thursday at a major food security summit here. Government […] (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 24, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Michelle Tullo Tags: Active Citizens Aid Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Global Governance Globalisation Headlines Health North America Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraV Source Type: news

Russia: Critics Continue To Attack “Hypocrisy” Over HIV/AIDS
By Pavol StracanskyMOSCOW, May 21 2014 (IPS) International bodies and local campaign groups have repeatedly criticised Russia for not doing anywhere near enough in terms of providing prevention services or access to medical treatment for HIV/AIDS sufferers. The fourth Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA) HIV/AIDS Conference, which finished in Moscow last week, has not put a stop to that criticism. Boycotted by many domestic and international organisations working with HIV/AIDS sufferers and those most at risk of contracting the disease, the conference – and the Russian authorities’ overall approach to HI...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 21, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Pavol Stracansky Tags: Europe Featured Health TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Drug Addiction HIV/AIDS Russia Source Type: news

Pushing Newborn Deaths and Stillbirths Up Global Health Agenda
By Jim LobeWASHINGTON , May 20 2014 (IPS) Delegates to this week’s annual meeting of the World Health Assembly (WHA) in Geneva should agree on an ambitious agenda to sharply cut the rate of newborn deaths and stillbirths over the next two decades, according to maternal and infant health experts. Reducing the rates of newborn deaths and stillbirths has lagged significantly behind the remarkable progress achieved in cutting mortality among children between the ages of one month and five years, according to a new study in the “Every Newborn” Series published by the British medical publication, ‘The Lan...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 20, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jim Lobe Tags: Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations World Aga Khan University London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Maternal and Child Health Newborns Stillbir Source Type: news

OP-ED: Violence Leaves Women, Girls, and Young People on the Edge in South Sudan
Emily Deng hopes she will deliver her baby safely at Juba 3 POC camp, South Sudan. Dr. Julitta Onabanjo, regional director of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) East and Southern Africa Region, says humanitarian crises are reproductive health disasters, especially because pregnancy-related deaths tend to soar during this period. Courtesy: United Nations Population FundBy Julitta OnabanjoJUBA, May 19 2014 (IPS) As with many conflicts and other humanitarian emergencies around the world, those who suffer the most are women, young girls and children. The current terrible crisis in South Sudan is no exception.  When I ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Dr. Julitta Onabanjo Tags: Africa Armed Conflicts Civil Society Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Peace Poverty & MDGs Projects Source Type: news

U.N. Decries Water as Weapon of War in Military Conflicts
Gaza is running out of drinking water. Credit: Eva Bartlett/IPS By Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, May 19 2014 (IPS) The United Nations, which is trying to help resolve the widespread shortage of water in the developing world, is faced with a growing new problem: the use of water as a weapon of war in ongoing conflicts. The most recent examples are largely in the Middle East and Africa, including Iraq, Egypt, Israel (where supplies to the occupied territories have been shut off) and Botswana. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon last week expressed concern over reports that water supplies in the besieged Syrian city of Aleppo wer...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Africa Armed Conflicts Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Global Governance Globalisation Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Middle East & North Africa Nat Source Type: news

Syrian Doctors Grapple With Medical Emergency and Ethics
IDPs in Jabal Al-Akrad, in Syria's Latakia region. Credit: Shelly Kittleson/IPSBy Shelly KittlesonREYHANLI (TURKEY), May 19 2014 (IPS) As once-eliminated diseases resurface and barrel bombs and alleged chlorine attacks target civilians, doctors in rebel-held areas and across the border struggle with issues of how best to serve their profession. Up to 70 percent of Syria’s health workers had fled the country as June last year, according to the World Health Organization, and many of the country’s medical facilities have been destroyed or heavily damaged by regime air strikes. ‘’Even blood bags are con...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Shelly Kittleson Tags: Armed Conflicts Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Middle East & North Africa Migration & Refugees Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Doctors Doctors Without Source Type: news

OP-ED: Empowering Women, Empowering Humanity: Picture It!
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka. Photo Courtesy of UN WomenBy Phumzile Mlambo-NgcukaUNITED NATIONS, May 19 2014 (IPS) Nearly 20 years ago, the world came together in Beijing for the Fourth World Conference on Women. There, 189 governments adopted a visionary roadmap for gender equality: the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. More than 17,000 delegates and 30,000 activists pictured a world where women and girls had equal rights, freedom and opportunity in every sphere of life.We must seize this once-in-a-generation opportunity to position gender equality, women’s rights and women’s empowerment firmly at the cen...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka Tags: Active Citizens Africa Civil Society Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Lab Source Type: news

Viral Load Testing Dismally Absent in Africa
A CD4 testing machine. Research by the University of Zimbabwe shows that female patients with high CD4 counts have developed a nevirapine toxicity. Credit: Jennifer Mckellar/IPSBy Miriam GathigahNAIROBI, May 19 2014 (IPS) As Africa scales up lifesaving antiretroviral therapy for HIV positive people, concerns are rife that the absence of mass routine viral load testing will hamper extending treatment to the millions who need it. “Routine viral load testing helps catch people who are failing on treatment before they generate resistance to antiretrovirals and helps keep them less infectious,” explains Teri Roberts...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 19, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Miriam Gathigah Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Global Fund to Fight AIDS Kenya PEPFAR Source Type: news

Moving LGBT Rights Beyond Marriage Equality
Seventeen states currently grant gay couples the right to marry. Credit: BigstockBy Farangis AbdurazokzodaWASHINGTON, May 16 2014 (IPS) Honouring the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Friday emphasised progress in advancing the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons, but a new report on criminalisation of LBGT people suggests that there is still a long way to go. “Today of all days, we are reminded that the cause of justice can and must triumph over hatred and prejudice,” said Kerry said in a statement.“The United States arre...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 17, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Farangis Abdurazokzoda Tags: Civil Society Crime & Justice Featured Gender Identity Headlines Health Human Rights LGBTQ North America TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Center for American Progress Gays and Lesbians HIV/AIDS Source Type: news

Uganda Passes Another Repressive Law — This Time Criminalising HIV Transmission
Uganda’s parliament has passed controversial legislation that criminalises the “wilful and intentional” transmission of HIV. Activists have called the HIV Prevention and Management Bill “giant leap backwards in the global struggle against HIV/AIDS.” Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, May 15 2014 (IPS) Ugandan AIDS bodies and campaigners have warned that the “ugly clauses” of an HIV bill passed by Parliament late Tuesday, which includes the criminalisation of the “wilful and intentional” transmission of the disease, will see many in this East Afri...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amy Fallon Tags: Active Citizens Africa Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Population Regional Categories TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations HIV Prevention and Management Bill HIV/AIDS Source Type: news

Nigeria’s Nightmare Gives New Momentum to IVAWA
A moment of silence in held in Washington, DC May 6th for the 234 missing Nigerian school girls who were abducted by Boko Haram on Apr. 14. Credit: Senate Democrats/cc by 2.0By Michelle TulloWASHINGTON, May 15 2014 (IPS) Amidst intensifying concern over the fate of more than 200 girls abducted by a radical Islamist group in northern Nigeria, at least 100 representatives of various activist groups Tuesday pressed the U.S. Senate to approve legislation designed to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls and discourage child marriages around the world. Introduced by a bipartisan group of senators last week, th...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Michelle Tullo Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Crime & Justice Development & Aid Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Poverty & MDGs TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

World Bank Finds Huge Hole in Social Safety Nets
Manes Feston, flanked by her children, holds her four-month-old son Fedson. He was one of triplets but his siblings died because of a lack of welfare support. The family lives in a remote rural community in southern Malawi. Credit: Travis Lupick/IPSBy Farangis AbdurazokzodaWASHINGTON, May 13 2014 (IPS) Social safety net programmes have expanded, yet 870 million of the world’s poorest people remain uncovered, says a new World Bank report released Tuesday. Although over one billion people in 146 countries now participate in at least one of roughly 475 social safety net programmes, most of the extreme poor – those...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Farangis Abdurazokzoda Tags: Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs TerraViva United Nations World social protection World Bank Source Type: news

Zimbabwe’s Emerging Tobacco Queens
Madeline Murambwi's tobacco crops on her 32-hectare farm in Zimbabwe's Mashonaland East province. She is one of this southern African nation's emerging female tobacco tycoons. Credit: Jeffrey Moyo/IPSBy Jeffrey MoyoHARARE, May 11 2014 (IPS) Madeline Murambwi sits behind the wheel of her brand new Toyota Land Cruiser, threading her way through the traffic in Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare. She’s on her way back from the tobacco auction floors where she just pocketed thousands of dollars. “Tobacco farming is a brisk business here. Before joining it, I didn’t realise men were making lots of money out ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jeffrey Moyo Tags: Africa Africa's Young Farmers Seeding the Future Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Tobacco Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Associ Source Type: news

Divisions over Gender Complicate Development Agenda
A Kopal gender sensitisation meeting in Uttarkashi district, India, ranked the fourth most dangerous country in the world for women. Credit: Nitin Jugran Bahuguna/IPSBy Jonathan RozenUNITED NATIONS, May 7 2014 (IPS) As the U.N. focuses on refining its Post-2015 Development Agenda, divisions surrounding issues of population and development continue to plague consensus on a universal way forward. “People have to be at the centre of development,” Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the U.N. Population Fund (UNFPA), told IPS. “I think we are beginning to see a greater commitment [of governments] t...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jonathan Rozen Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Editors' Choice Education Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Poverty & MDGs TerraViva Europe TerraV Source Type: news

HIV/AIDS Highlights Gender Inequalities in Cuba
Pamphlets and condoms handed out by Cuba’s National Centre for Sex Education as part of its awareness-raising efforts. Credit: Jorge Luis Baños/IPS By Ivet GonzálezHAVANA, May 7 2014 (IPS) All illusions of love, trust and dedication to a relationship flew out the window for Mayda Torres in 1992, when she found out she was HIV-positive while undergoing routine exams to start a new job. “I had a stable relationship. I wasn’t unfaithful. And I hadn’t ever had a sexually transmitted infection [STI],” the 49-year-old resident of the Cuban capital told IPS. “When I got to the hos...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ivet Gonzalez Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Latin America & the Caribbean Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women's Source Type: news

Vaccinating Against Their Will
A poster to promote rotavirus vaccination. Credit: Monde Kingsley Nfor/IPS.By Monde Kingsley NforYAOUNDÉ, May 7 2014 (IPS) The growing number of child deaths from diarrhoea in Cameroon has necessitated the introduction of a new vaccine (RotaTeq) designed to protect babies under five against common types of rotaviruses that cause diarrhoea. But growing skepticism over new vaccines, and lack of potable water and proper hygiene could thwart such public health efforts, experts say. “Diarrhoea is one of the top killers of children under five in Cameroon, responsible for more than 5,800 deaths in children under five...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Monde Kingsley Nfor Tags: Active Citizens Africa Civil Society Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Regional Categories Religion TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Cameroon Children Vaccination Source Type: news

Displaced and Disturbed in Pakistan
People displaced by militancy and the military operation wait to get registered in Jalozai refugee camp near Peshawar. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPS.By Ashfaq YusufzaiPESHAWAR, Pakistan, May 2 2014 (IPS) Every night in his sleep, Rizwan Ahmed sees his sons being killed. “When he wakes up, he starts crying. He realises they are dead and it was the nightmare he has been having,” says Dr. Mian Iftikhar Hussain, the psychiatrist treating him. Ahmed, 51, used to be a school employee in Bara Khyber Agency in Pakistan’s militancy-hit Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) before tragedy struck almost a year ag...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 2, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ashfaq Yusufzai Tags: Active Citizens Aid Armed Conflicts Asia-Pacific Civil Society Crime & Justice Democracy Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Global Geopolitics Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Peace Regional Source Type: news

Egyptian Quacks Mutilate Millions
Poor families in Egypt consider circumcision a way to preserve the chastity of girls. Credit: Amr Diab/IPS.By Hisham AllamCAIRO, Apr 27 2014 (IPS) Saber Abd El-Mawgoud began his career castrating sheep and goats before moving on to humans. His first human experiment was a young boy he attempted to circumcise back in 1999 at the insistence of the boy’s father. The boy died a few days later of infection from the operation, Mawgoud, 67, from the Al-Monofiya governorate 60 km north of Cairo, tells IPS.The practice continues even after female genital mutilation was outlawed in 2007 after an 11-year-old girl died in a priv...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 27, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Hisham Allam Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Crime & Justice Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Gender Gender Identity Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Middle East & North Africa Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Relig Source Type: news

Reproductive Rights Have a Rocky Ride
By A. D. McKenzieSTOCKHOLM, Apr 25 2014 (IPS) For policy makers and activists working for sexual and reproductive health and rights, it’s been a long road since the landmark International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo in 1994. Back then, the abortion issue pitted groups against one another, even as frustrated activists tried to keep the spotlight on human rights and development. Still, the conference prepared the groundwork for international development goals, and 179 governments adopted an ambitious “programme of action”."It’s the other way around. Countries bec...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: A. D. McKenzie Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Europe Featured Gender Gender Identity Headlines Health Human Rights Regional Categories TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Reproductive Stoc Source Type: news

One More Pill to Take: Pregnancy, Malaria and HIV
Malaria has dreadful health consequences for HIV positive pregnant women and their babies. Sleeping under a net and taking antimalarial pills help HIV positive pregnant women have healthier babies. Credit: Mercedes Sayagues/IPSBy Zarina GelooLUSAKA, Apr 25 2014 (IPS) Zambian Martha Nalishupe is torn between taking one more pill with her daily regimen of antiretrovirals, or run the risk of a miscarriage. Struggling to adhere to her antiretroviral (ARVs) therapy, she now has to add a tablet to prevent malaria. Though she only has to take the malaria pills three times, every four weeks, till she gives birth, Nalishupe is wear...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - April 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Zarina Geloo Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Malaria United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Zambia Source Type: news

Ugandans Fight for the Right to Access Their Own Medical Records
Michael Mubangizi (l) and his wife Jennifer Musimenta (r) with their daughter Babirye. They do not know what happened to Babirye’s twin whose body disappeared after Musimenta gave birth in Uganda’s national referral hospital. Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, Mar 27 2014 (IPS) Dressed in a white dress with black polka dots and pink and red carnations, white knee-high socks and matching patent shoes, Babirye recently celebrated her second birthday.  “She’s doing well, eating well,” Jennifer Musimenta told IPS in Uganda’s local Luganda language as her husband, Michael Mubang...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 27, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amy Fallon Tags: Africa Crime & Justice Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Women's Health Centre for Health Centre for Human Rights and Development (CEHURD) Inequal Source Type: news

A Call for Universal Access to Safe, Legal Abortion
Women march against the Dominican Republic's anti-abortion law in 2009. Credit: Elizabeth Eames Roebling/IPSBy Michelle TulloWASHINGTON, Mar 26 2014 (IPS) Lawmakers and civil society leaders from over 30 countries are calling for universal access to safe, legal abortion. The declaration, released in Washington on Wednesday, comes in the context of a 20-year review by the United Nations of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo. That landmark conference called for safe access to abortions in countries where the procedure was legal, while Wednesday’s declaration calls for t...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 26, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Michelle Tullo Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Poverty & MDGs TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women's Health World Abortion International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Reprod Source Type: news

Women Seek Stand-Alone Goal for Gender in Post-2015 Agenda
Conclusions’ were on ensuring women’s participation and leadership at all levels and strengthening accountability,” Mavic Cabrera-Balleza, international coordinator at the Global Network of Women Peacebuilders (GNWP), told IPS. She said that in pre-CSW conversations, she heard the names of two possible candidates from Europe – whose turn it is to field candidates on the basis of geographical rotation – but both were men. “The question is: Is the United Nations ready for a woman SG?” she asked. Dr. Abigail E. Ruane, PeaceWomen Programme Manager at the Women’s International Lea...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 25, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Conferences Development & Aid Gender Gender Violence Global Governance Headlines Human Rights Labour Poverty & MDGs TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women & Economy Women in Politics Wom Source Type: news

Teen Pregnancy Rising in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has seen a significant increase in the number of teen mothers in recent years. Credit: Jeffrey Moyo/IPSBy Thandeka MoyoBULAWAYO, Mar 14 2014 (IPS) She is only 17, but each morning is a reminder of her losses in life. As Pretty Nyathi* forces herself out of bed, feeds her baby, bundles him on her back and rushes to the market to buy vegetables to sell on the streets of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe she wishes her life were different. “There is nothing fancy about being a teen mother,” she told IPS. “I wish I could reverse the hands of time and go back to school and be like any other girl.” Five years a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thandeka Moyo Tags: Africa Children on the Frontline Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & MDGs Projects Regional Categories Women's Health HIV Testing HIV/AIDS Teen Pregnancy United Nation Source Type: news

Legislators Seek Rightful Place at U.N. Talkfests
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (centre) arrives with Babatunde Osotimehin (left), Executive Director of the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), for the opening of the 46th session of the Commission on Population and Development, Apr. 22-26, 2013. Credit: UN Photo/Eskinder DebebeBy Thalif DeenUNITED NATIONS, Mar 12 2014 (IPS) When the United Nations hosts one of its mega conferences – whether on population, human rights, food security or sustainable development – there is always a demand for full and active participation of often-marginalised groups, including women, civil society, indigenous peoples and youth. But some ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 12, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Thalif Deen Tags: Active Citizens Asia-Pacific Civil Society Development & Aid Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs United Nations Women in Politics Women's Health World AFPPD International Conference on Populati Source Type: news

Pakistani Women Hit Hurdles in Medical Profession
Many women in Pakistan qualify to become doctors, and then do not practice. Credit: Fahim Siddiqi/IPS.By Beena SarwarBOSTON, United States, Mar 8 2014 (IPS) On one of her many visits to Pakistan recently, Sarah Peck, director of the US-Pakistan Women’s Council, spent some time talking to young women medical students in Pakistan. She was struck by their passion and commitment — and by the hurdles they face. Left to right, medical student Saima Firdous, Dr Jamila Khalil, Sarah Peck, Dr Khalil Khatri Credit: Beena Sarwar The US-Pakistan Women’s Council is working with expatriate Pakistani doctors to find way...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 8, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Beena Sarwar Tags: Active Citizens Asia-Pacific Civil Society Featured Gender Headlines Health Labour North America Women & Economy Women's Health Pakistan United States US-Pakistan Women's Council women doctors Source Type: news

Dangerous Combo: Violence in Pregnancy and HIV in South Africa
By Alisa HatfieldJOHANNESBURG, Mar 7 2014 (IPS) When Phumzile Khoza* came to the central Johannesburg antenatal clinic on a chilly day in August 2013, she was feeling on edge. Not about the medical procedures – she already had two children – but about talking to the nurse. One in four South African women experience intimate partner violence during pregnancy. Credit: Alisa Hatfield This was her third pregnancy living with HIV, but the first with a new partner from whom she had been hiding her status for the past two years. This pregnancy had been rocky from the start. Khoza had been trying to convince her partne...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 7, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Alisa Hatfield Tags: Africa Countdown to ZERO Crime & Justice Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health Population Poverty & MDGs Women's Health Domestic Violence HIV/AIDS Pregnancy South Africa Source Type: news

India Fights a Tougher TB
A MDR-TB patient at a Médecins Sans Frontières clinic in Manipur in north-eastern India. Credit: Bijoyeta Das/IPS.By Bijoyeta DasNEW DELHI, Mar 5 2014 (IPS) For years Joba Hemron, 50, prayed that her cough would go away. She was diagnosed with Tuberculosis (TB) in 2011. She was put on a Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS), provided free at a public health clinic in Bongaigaon district in Assam. But soon she began missing too many doses. “My sons work in the fields, I was too weak to go on my own to get the pills,” she says. She went to a private clinic, hoping to collect all the medici...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - March 5, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Bijoyeta Das Tags: Active Citizens Asia-Pacific Civil Society Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Regional Categories Women's Health drugs India Resistance TB Source Type: news

Q&A: The Face of the Future is an Adolescent Girl
Kate Gilmore, deputy executive director of the United Nations Population Fund, says we have failed to protect our girls from early marriage, from gender-based violence and from early pregnancies. Courtesy: Livia Maurizi/UNFPABy Nqabomzi BikitshaJOHANNESBURG, Feb 28 2014 (IPS) “The future is today aged 10 and it’s an adolescent girl,” Kate Gilmore, deputy executive director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), said in an interview with IPS in Johannesburg. Gilmore discussed the impact on African youth of the last two decades of action on sexual and reproductive health and equal access to educatio...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 28, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Nqabomzi Bikitsha Tags: Countdown to ZERO Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health Projects Women's Health HIV/AI Kate Gilmore United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Source Type: news

Russian Health Going Down With Vodka
In Russia, vodka is a killer. Credit: Pavol Stracansky/IPS.By Pavol StracanskyMOSCOW, Feb 15 2014 (IPS) Sitting in the dining room of a Moscow hotel, manager Yulia Golovanova explains why she always likes to see Russians, rather than foreigners, bring guests in. “Just watch them,” she says as eight well-dressed men sit down at a table and immediately order vodka. “They come in, order round after round of vodka and keep on drinking. When there’s a big group of them they can spend huge amounts on alcohol alone,” she tells IPS.A quarter of Russian men die before they are 55, with most deaths down...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 15, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Pavol Stracansky Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Editors' Choice Europe Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations alcohol Russia Source Type: news

Growing Inequality Mars 20 Years of Women’s Progress
This report gives us the leverage to take things to the next level, where women, girls and young people will be central to the next development agenda.” -- Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin “We must work with governments to address issues of inequality, which is I think the greatest determinate in terms of the MDGs,” Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), told IPS. “We expect that as we move into the post-2015 conversation, the evidence we have today will ensure that member states will see that if they are going to make progress…we must put people a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 14, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jonathan Rozen Tags: Development & Aid Education Featured Gender Gender Identity Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Labour Population Poverty & MDGs United Nations Women & Economy Women's Health World Inequality International Centr Source Type: news

OP-ED: We Need Everyone to Build a More Sustainable World
By Tarja HalonenUNITED NATIONS, Feb 13 2014 (IPS) Last week, I had the privilege of attending the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit, an annual event that deals with a subject that is very close to my heart.  The summit gathered together amazing people: Nobel Prize winners, thought leaders, heads of state, corporate innovators, and academicians to deal with the paramount challenges of the 21st Century all focused on three pressing dimensions of sustainability:  food, water and energy. Credit: Todd France Photography, 2012 Clearly these will are critical to the future of humanity. Right now, about one in eight o...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 13, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tarja Halonen Tags: Development & Aid Education Energy Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Labour Population Poverty & MDGs TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Women & Economy World International Conference o Source Type: news

Vieques Goes from Bombs to Beets
A group of visitors tours Jorge Cora's farm on Jan. 25, 2014. Credit: Elisa SanchezBy Carmelo Ruiz-MarreroVIEQUES, Puerto Rico, Feb 10 2014 (IPS) A decade after the United States Navy’s departure, the Puerto Rican island town of Vieques faces new challenges, and the rebirth of its agriculture sector is hampered by a legacy of toxic military trash that has uncertain consequences. From 1999 to 2003, Vieques, which is just over twice the size of New York City’s Manhattan Island, was the site of a massive civil disobedience campaign to put an end to the presence of the Navy, which had used the island for bombing pr...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 10, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Carmelo Ruiz-Marrero Tags: Active Citizens Civil Society Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Food & Agriculture Green Economy Headlines Health Latin America & the Caribbean TerraViva Europe TerraViva United Nations Casa Pueblo Organic farming P Source Type: news