Why Polio Campaigns Must Reach Every Last Child in Kenya
Credit: ©UNICEFKENYA/2011/MODOLABy Rudi Eggers and Werner SchultinkNAIROBI, Jan 20 2017 (IPS)For a long time, no person in Kenya suffered the devastating disability that is caused by polio. In fact, the only reminder in the early 2000s was the victims in the streets of Nairobi, many of whom had been paralyzed as children and adults. Their lives were ravaged by this terrible, vaccine-preventable disease.A five-day polio campaign that started on 18 January, 2017 targets more than 2.9 million children below the age of 5 years in fifteen counties. Children in high-risk areas -- some of whom have never had access to immuni...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 20, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Rudi Eggers and Werner Schultink Tags: Development & Aid Headlines Health Kenya Polio Source Type: news

Kenya Can Lead the Way to Universal Health Care in Africa
The UN in Kenya works with the Keyan Government and partners to ensure health services are delivered where they are most needed. (Credit: UNDP Kenya/James Ochweri)By Siddharth ChatterjeeNAIROBI, Jan 16 2017 (IPS)Consider this: every year, nearly one million Kenyans are pushed below the poverty line as a result of unaffordable health care expenses.For many Kenyan families, the cost of health care is as distressing as the onset of illness and access to treatment. A majority of the population at risk can hardly afford the costs associated with basic health care and when faced with life threatening conditions, it is a double t...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 16, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Siddharth Chatterjee Tags: Development & Aid Headlines Health Kenya Universal Health Care Source Type: news

Is Cash Aid to the Poor Wasted on Tobacco and Alcohol?
Zambia’s Social Cash Transfer Programme is implemented by the Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health and has been operating since 2003. As of December 2014, it reached 150,000 households and there are concrete plans to scale it up nation-wide in the near future. Photo: FAOBy Baher KamalROME, Jan 14 2017 (IPS)Not at all. Or at least not necessarily. The fact is that cash transfer programmes –regular money payments to poor households—are meant to reduce poverty, promote sustainable livelihoods and increase production in the developing world. One in four countries on Earth are applying th...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 14, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Featured Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health Human Rights Projects TerraViva United Nations Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agriculture productivity Source Type: news

Tobacco Industry Misleads Developing Countries Over Regulations
We present some new evidence in the monograph on tobacco advertising bans that shows they have a bigger effect in low- and middle-income countries than they do in high-income countries,” said Chaloupka who is also Distinguished Professor of Economics & Public Health at the University of Illinois. "Tobacco advertising bans ... have a bigger effect in low- and middle-income countries than they do in high-income countries" -- Frank Chaloupka“I think it’s partly because of the fact that in a lot of low- and middle-income countries they haven’t been exposed to the same information abou...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 13, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Featured Headlines Health Inequity Big tobacco World Health Organization (WHO) Source Type: news

When Your Healers Become Your Killers
Since the introduction of penicillin in the middle of the 20th century, antimicrobial treatments have been used not only in human medicine but in veterinary care as well. But their excessive use in livestock (and aquaculture) contaminates the environment and contributes to a rise of resistant microorganisms, posing threats to human health, animal health, food security and people’s livelihoods. Photo: FAOBy Baher KamalROME, Jan 11 2017 (IPS)There is a major though silent global threat to human and animal health, with implications for both food safety and food security and the economic well-being of millions of farming...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 11, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Featured Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health Human Rights Projects TerraViva United Nations Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agriculture productivity Source Type: news

Threat of Famine Looms in Yemen
On 6 May 2016 in Yemen, a baby is screened for malnutrition at the UNICEF- supported Al-Jomhouri Hospital in Sa’ada. Credit: UNICEF/UN026928/Al-ZekriBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, Jan 6 2017 (IPS)Millions of Yemenis could soon face widespread famine if no action is taken to improve food access through humanitarian or trade means, an early warning system has said.Up to eight million Yemenis are severely food insecure while another 2 million are facing food insecurity at emergency levels, just one phase below famine, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) has found. The World Food Programme (WFP) ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tharanga Yakupitiyage Tags: Aid Armed Conflicts Development & Aid Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) WFP Yemen Source Type: news

Immunisation and Inequality in 2016
A child receives an oral polio vaccine in Peshawar, Pakistan. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPS.By Andy HazelUNITED NATIONS, Dec 30 2016 (IPS)Childhood immunisation is one of the safest and most cost-effective health interventions available, yet many of the world’s most vulnerable children continue to miss out.A World Health Organisation report entitled State of inequality: childhood immunisation was released last week. While the report is mostly good news, immunisation rates are up and many countries have eradicated diseases entirely, a large population of children remain unimmunised.To better reach these children th...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 30, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Andy Hazel Tags: Health Inequity immunisation Polio United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) World Health Organization (WHO) Source Type: news

How the US Government Subsidizes Obesity
By Jomo Kwame SundaramKUALA LUMPUR , Dec 29 2016 (IPS)Until the turn of the century, the United States of America (US) was the country with the highest share of overweight and obese people. Soon after the former president of Coca-Cola Mexico became the new president of his country, Mexico overtook the US. In late 2014, the McKinsey Global Institute announced that 2.1 billion of the 7.3 billion people in the world were overweight or obese. This represented a fifty per cent increase over the previous WHO estimate of 1.4 billion less than a decade earlier. The Institute also estimated that about 2.8 percent of world income is...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Editors' Choice Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Human Rights TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Family Planning in the Philippines: Stalled Again
Barry Mirkin is a former chief of the Population Policy Section of the United Nations Population Division. (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 28, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Barry Mirkin Tags: Featured Gender Headlines Health Women's Health Contraception Family Planning Philippines Source Type: news

Bio-Product Targeting Deadly Toxin Holds Hope for Africa ’s Food
Application of Aflasafe in groundnut field. Photo courtesy of Aflasafe.comBy Ini EkottABUJA, Dec 27 2016 (IPS)As food contaminants, aflatoxins are amongst the deadliest. Between 2004 and 2007, contaminated maize killed nearly 200 people in Kenya, left hundreds hospitalised and rendered millions of bags of maize unfit for consumption.On average, 25 to 60 percent of maize – a staple in many African countries – has high levels of aflatoxins in Nigeria, warns the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). And with that comes the risk of liver cancer, suppressed immune system, stunted growth in children...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ini Ekott Tags: Africa Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health AflaSafe aflatoxin International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Nigeria Source Type: news

New Ebola Vaccine Trial Results Offer Hope
Two health care workers clean their feet in a bucket of water containing bleach after they leave an Ebola isolation facility during an Ebola simulation at Biankouma Hospital in Côte d’Ivoire. Credit: Marc-André Boisvert/IPSBy Lyndal RowlandsUNITED NATIONS, Dec 23 2016 (IPS)A new Ebola vaccine may be the first to successfully protect against one of the world’s most lethal pathogens, according to a trial involving over 11,000 participants in Guinea.The results of the trial – which was led by the World Health Organization together with Guinea’s Ministry of Health, Medecins sans Frontieres ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 23, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Featured Headlines Health ebola gui Médicins San Frontiéres (MSF) WHO Source Type: news

Resilient People & Institutions: Ecuador ’s Post-Earthquake Challenge
Group of participants community emergency work for debris management, Las Gilces. Credit: UNDP EcuadorBy Carlo RuizQUITO, Ecuador, Dec 8 2016 (IPS)No one is really prepared for an emergency until they’ve had to live through one. And the 16 April earthquake in Ecuador put us to the test. With the drawdown in the humanitarian response phase that is providing relief to survivors and victims, the hustle and bustle is dying down. Remnants of the disaster can be seen everywhere, and an idea of what the near future will bring and people’s resilience – their capacity to cope – is taking shape.During tours o...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 8, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Carlo Ruiz Tags: Aid Editors' Choice Featured Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Latin America & the Caribbean Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news

Europe to Decide on Use of Mercury in Dentistry
By Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, Dec 6 2016 (IPS)Europe will soon decide the future of a common but controversial dental practice: mercury in tooth fillings.Three major European institutions, namely the European Commission, Parliament and Council, are due to meet on 6 December to discuss regulations on mercury, particularly its use in dentistry. Mercury fillings removalMercury makes up 50 percent of amalgam, which is commonly used for dental fillings. Europe is currently the world’s largest amalgam user.A coalition of over 25 international non-governmental organisations launched a global campaign in July to en...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tharanga Yakupitiyage Tags: Environment Europe Global Headlines Health Water & Sanitation Source Type: news

UN “Profoundly Sorry” for Haiti Cholera Outbreak
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addresses the General Assembly during a briefing on the United Nations’ New Approach to Cholera in Haiti. Credit: UN Photo/Eskinder DebebeBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, Dec 2 2016 (IPS)For the first time, the United Nations issued a formal apology for their role in the cholera outbreak in Haiti and announced new steps to alleviate the ongoing health crisis.Speaking to the members of the UN General Assembly, Secretary General Ban Ki-moon made an emotional statement, expressing his deep regret for the suffering and loss of life that resulted from the cholera epidemic.“On beh...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tharanga Yakupitiyage Tags: Featured Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse cholera Haiti the United Nations UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon Source Type: news

Ending AIDS Needs Both Prevention and a Cure
A poster about stigma in a HIV testing lab in Uganda. Credit: Lyndal Rowlands / IPS.By Lyndal RowlandsUNITED NATIONS, Dec 1 2016 (IPS)Eighteen million people, just slightly under half of the people living with HIV and AIDS globally, are now taking life-saving medication, but global efforts to end the disease still largely depend on prevention.While efforts to expand antiretroviral treatment have been relatively successfully, prevention efforts have been more mixed.With the help of treatment, mother to baby transmission has dropped significantly. Transmission between adults aged 30 and over has also dropped.However, transmi...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Aid Development & Aid Featured Gender Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Women's Health HIV and Aids PEPFAR World AIDS Day Source Type: news

Debate Roils India Over Family Planning Method
A family in New Delhi. Given India's high infant mortality rate, one of the highest in the world, many women are not keen on sterilisation since they feel that it shuts out their option of having children later if required. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPSBy Neeta LalNEW DELHI, Nov 29 2016 (IPS)The Indian government’s decision to make injectable contraceptives available to the public for free under the national family planning programme (FPP) has stirred debate about women’s choices in the world’s largest democracy and second most populous country.The controversial contraceptive containing the drug Depot Medroxyprog...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Neeta Lal Tags: Asia-Pacific Headlines Health Population Women's Health Contraception Family Planning India sterilization Source Type: news

Why Kenya ’ s Engagement with the UN Is a Big Deal
The President meets Mrs Jumwa Kabibu who after 50 years of misery underwent a successful UN supported fistula surgery. Photo Credit: Newton/UNICBy Siddharth ChatterjeeNAIROBI, Kenya, Nov 16 2016 (IPS)President Uhuru Kenyatta warmly welcomed dozens of U.N Agencies, development partners and senior Government officials to the State House on 02 November 2016 to discuss the joint development plan from 2014 – 2018. He is perhaps the only head of state in Africa to take on this responsibility personally and believes in the transformational power of the Government-UN partnership to address national priorities for sustainable...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Siddharth Chatterjee Tags: Africa Development & Aid Environment Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & SDGs Trade & Investment Source Type: news

Actions Needed Urgently to Tackle Air Pollution – Part 2
Panoramic view of a neighbourhood in southern Mexico City, with buildings semi-hidden by air pollution. Credit: Emilio Godoy/IPSBy Martin KhorPENANG, Nov 14 2016 (IPS)As evidence mounts on the threats posed by air pollution to both human health and the environment, action must be urgently taken to address this problem.  At the global level, the Paris Agreement that came into force on 10 November aims to get countries to significantly reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions and to better cope with climate change.In May 2016, Health Ministers approved a global “roadmap” to address air pollution at the World Hea...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 14, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Martin Khor Tags: Environment Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations air pollution Indoor air quality World Health Organization Source Type: news

Air Pollution Emerges as a Top Killer Globally – Part 1
Dark pollution clouds over Cairo. Credit: Khaled Moussa Al-Omrani/IPS.By Martin KhorPENANG, Nov 11 2016 (IPS)New research is showing that air pollution is a powerful if silent killer, causing 6.5 million worldwide deaths as well as being the major cause of climate change.   Air pollution has emerged as a leading cause of deaths and serious ailments in the world.  Emissions that cause air pollution and are Greenhouse Gases are also the main factor causing climate change.Therefore, drastically reducing air pollution should now be treated as a top priority.The seriousness of this problem was highlighted by...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Martin Khor Tags: Environment Headlines Health air pollution Indoor air quality World Health Organization Source Type: news

World to Cut Gas Emissions by 25 Percent More Than Paris Agreement
World must urgently increase action and ambition to cut another 25 per cent off 2030 emissions. Credit: UNEPBy Baher KamalROME, Nov 4 2016 (IPS)On the eve of the entry into force of the Paris Agreement today Nov. 4, the United Nations sounded new climate alarm, urging the world to ‘dramatically’ step up its efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions by some 25 per cent more. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), in its Emissions Gap report 2016, warned that the world must urgently act to cut a further 25 per cent from predicted 2030 emissions “to meet the stronger, and safer, target of 1.5 degrees...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 4, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Climate Change Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Toxic Air – The ‘Invisible Killer’ that Stifles 300 Million Children
On 24 October 2016 in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, children pass in front of a flame fed by waste and rubber materials in order to make Kanda, a type of smoked meat, at an abattoir. Photo: UNICEF/Tanya BindraBy Baher KamalROME, Nov 1 2016 (IPS)About 300 million children in the world are living in areas with outdoor air so toxic – six or more times higher than international pollution guidelines – that it can cause serious health damage, including harming their brain development. This shocking finding has just been revealed by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), in a new report — ‘C...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Climate Change Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news

Who Should Lead the WHO Next?
Margaret Chan (left), Director-General of the World Health Organization visiting Sierra Leone during the Ebola crisis in December 2014.By Lyndal RowlandsUNITED NATIONS, Oct 24 2016 (IPS)Health problems increasingly transcend the borders of the World Health Organization’s 134 member states, a challenge which the six candidates vying to lead the global body must address with care.Those 194 member states will pick the next Director-General of the world’s peak health body in May 2017, after the current six candidates are whittled down by the World Health Organization (WHO) Executive Board in January.The ninth ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Featured Globalisation Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Women's Health Margaret Chan World Health Organization (WHO) Source Type: news

Private Interests Valued over Human Lives in Flint, Michigan
Flint water tower. Credit: George Thomas / Flickr CC BY-NC-ND 2.0By Phoebe BraithwaiteNEW YORK, Oct 16 2016 (IPS)When the water in Flint, Michigan was found to be eroding the engines of cars at a General Motors’ (GM) factory, government officials agreed to change the factory’s water source, yet the same water source continued to poison the residents of Flint for another year.From 17 to 20 October governments will meet in Quito, Ecuador, for HABITAT III, the UN’s most important conference about cities, which only occurs once every 20 years. HABITAT III looks to inaugurate a new urban agenda ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Phoebe Braithwaite Tags: Editors' Choice Environment Featured Headlines Health Water & Sanitation Source Type: news

Making Policy out of Scientific Bricks, not Straw
Zakri Abdul Hamid is science advisor to the Prime Minister of Malaysia, serves on the UN Secretary-General’s Scientific Advisory Board, and on the Governing Council of a new UN Technology Bank for Least Developed Countries. He co-chairs Malaysia's Global Science and Innovation Advisory Council, and was the founding Chair of the UN's Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem ServicesBy Zakri Abdul HamidKUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, Oct 3 2016 (IPS)Given the enormity of the challenges confronting humanity, the world’s investment in science, technology and innovation is woefully inadequate. That was a key...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 3, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Zakri Abdul Hamid Tags: Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Energy Environment Food & Agriculture Global Global Governance Green Economy Headlines Health Inequity IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news

Pensions for All
Jomo Kwame Sundaram was United Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development. Rob Vos is Director of Agricultural Development Economics at FAO and was Director of Development Policy Analysis at the UN Secretariat.By Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Rob VosKUALA LUMPUR and ROME, Oct 1 2016 (IPS)October 1st is the International Day of Older Persons. Just another day? Perhaps, but it should remind us that the world’s population is ageing, brought about by the combined effects of declining mortality and fertility rates and longer longevity. By mid-century, one out of five people will be over 65 compared to over one...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Rob Vos Tags: Aid Gender Global Headlines Health Labour Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news

Take a Deep Breath? But 9 in 10 People Worldwide Live with Excessive Air Pollution!
This report provides fresh information on the region’s emerging environmental issues and it will help governments shape their future policy,” said UNECE Executive Secretary Christian Friis Bach.Other challenges discussed in the assessment include climate change, considered one of the largest threats to human and ecosystem health, and to achieving sustainable development in the pan-European region.“It is also an accelerator for most other environmental risks, with impacts affecting health through floods, heat waves, droughts, reduced agricultural productivity, exacerbated air pollution and allergies and ve...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Climate Change Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Source Type: news

Governments Band Together to Address Antibiotic Resistance
The looming threat of a world where even minor infections are deadly has led governments to commit to collective action against antibiotic resistance at the UN General Assembly earlier this week. However for many developing countries addressing this growing problem will also involve tackling much more fundamental development challenges such as access to toilets and vaccines. […] (Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health)
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 24, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health Antibiotic Resistance Source Type: news

Myths, Secrets and Inequality Surround Ugandan Women ’ s Sex Lives
A nurse demonstrates how to use a condom at Christa Medical Clinic in Jinja, Uganda. Credit: Lyndal Rowlands/IPS.By Lyndal RowlandsJinja, UGANDA, Sep 11 2016 (IPS)Mambera Hellem tells her friends and neighbours about all forms of contraception, yet despite their high HIV risk she knows many of the women she speaks to will not use condoms.When I ask Mambera and her friend Kyolaba Amina if it is a woman or a man who decides to wear a condom, Kyolaba giggles softly at my question. “It is not easy for a woman to initiate condom use because it will bring about questions of trust,” says Mambera. “The man w...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - September 11, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Africa Featured Gender Gender Violence Headlines Health HIV and Aids Uganda Source Type: news

Ships Bring Your Coffee, Snack and TV Set, But Also Pests and Diseases
Containers pile up in the Italian port of Salerno. Photo: FAOBy Baher KamalROME, Aug 23 2016 (IPS)“Every evening, millions of people all over the world will settle into their armchairs to watch some TV after a hard day at work. Many will have a snack or something to drink…… That TV probably arrived in a containership; the grain that made the bread in that sandwich came in a bulk carrier; the coffee probably came by sea, too. Even the electricity powering the TV set and lighting up the room was probably generated using fuel that came in a giant oil tanker.”This is what the International Maritime Or...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 23, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Africa Asia-Pacific Biodiversity Climate Change Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Environment Europe Food & Agriculture Global Green Economy Headlines Health Labour Latin America & the Caribbean Middle East & North Africa Nat Source Type: news

Smart Technologies Key to Youth Involvement in Agriculture
A cow being milked by a milking robot. Photo courtesy of Cornelia Flatten.By Friday PhiriBONN, Germany, Aug 23 2016 (IPS)She is only 24 and already running her father’s farm with 110 milking cows. Cornelia Flatten sees herself as a farmer for the rest of her life.“It’s my passion,” says the young German. “It is not just about the money but a way of life. My dream is to grow this farm and transform it to improve efficiency by acquiring at least two milking robots.”A graduate with a degree in dairy farming, Cornelia believes agriculture is an important profession to humanity, because &ldqu...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 23, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Friday Phiri Tags: Aid Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Environment Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health Labour Natural Resources Population Poverty & SDGs Farming GFAR IFAJ Innovation Youth YPARD Source Type: news

Uruguay ’s Victory over Philip Morris: a Win for Tobacco Control and Public Health
Credit: BigstockBy Germán VelásquezGENEVA, Aug 22 2016 (IPS)In a landmark decision that has been hailed as a victory of public health measures against narrow commercial interests, an international tribunal has dismissed a claim by tobacco giant company Philip Morris that the Uruguay government violated its rights by instituting tobacco control measures.The ruling had been much anticipated as it was the first international case brought against a government for taking measures to curb the marketing of tobacco products.Philip Morris had started proceedings in February 2010 against Uruguay at the International Ce...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: German Velasquez Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Trade & Investment Philip Morris Tobacco Uruguay Source Type: news

India ’ s New Maternity Benefits Act Criticised as Elitist
The new law will benefit only a miniscule percentage of women employed in the organised sector while ignoring a large demographic toiling in the country's unorganised sector such as contractual labour, farmers, casual workers, self-employed women and housewives. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPSBy Neeta LalNEW DELHI, Aug 19 2016 (IPS)The passage of the landmark Maternity Benefits Act 1961 by the Indian Parliament, which mandates 26 weeks of paid leave for mothers as against the existing 12, has generated more heartburn than hurrahs due to its skewed nature.The law will also facilitate ‘work from home’ options for nursing m...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Neeta Lal Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Gender Headlines Health Inequity Labour Population Poverty & SDGs Women & Economy Women's Health India maternity benefits maternity leave women’s equality Source Type: news

Deadly Yellow Fever Spreading, Amid Global Vaccine Shortages
A WHO Yellow Vaccination book. Credit: IPS.By Lyndal RowlandsUNITED NATIONS, Aug 19 2016 (IPS)As deadly yellow fever spreads to seven provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), new measures have been introduced to ensure that as many people as possible are immunised, despite global shortages of the yellow fever vaccine.Global emergency stocks of just 6 million yellow fever vaccines have been strained by the current outbreak, which began in Angola and has now spread to neighbouring DRC.To reach as many people as possible with the limited supply of vaccines, the World Health Organization (WHO) has started...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lyndal Rowlands Tags: Aid Development & Aid Featured Global Governance Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Yellow Fever Source Type: news

Dhaka Could Be Underwater in a Decade
Dhaka is home to about 140 million people and is the centre of Bangladesh's growth, but it has practically zero capacity to cope with moderate to heavy rains. Credit: Fahad Kaiser/IPSBy Rafiqul IslamDHAKA, Aug 16 2016 (IPS)Like many other fast-growing megacities, the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka faces severe water and sanitation problems, chiefly the annual flooding during monsoon season due to unplanned urbanisation, destruction of wetlands and poor city governance.But experts are warning that if the authorities here don’t take serious measures to address these issues soon, within a decade, every major thoroughfare ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 17, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Rafiqul Islam Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Climate Change Development & Aid Environment Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Migration & Refugees Natural Resources Population Poverty & SDGs Water & Sanitation Bangladesh Dhaka flooding humanitar Source Type: news

Ethiopian Food Aid Jammed Up in Djibouti Port
Workers in Djibouti Port offloading wheat from a docked ship. Credit: James Jeffrey/IPSBy James JeffreyDJIBOUTI CITY, Aug 15 2016 (IPS)Bags of wheat speed down multiple conveyor belts to be heaved onto trucks lined up during the middle of a blisteringly hot afternoon beside the busy docks of Djibouti Port.Once loaded, the trucks set off westward toward Ethiopia carrying food aid to help with its worst drought for decades.“The bottleneck is not because of the port but the inland transportation—there aren’t enough trucks for the aid, the fertilizer and the usual commercial cargo.” -- Aboubaker Omar, C...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 16, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: James Jeffrey Tags: Advancing Deserts Africa Aid Climate Change Development & Aid Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Labour Natural Resources Poverty & SDGs Water & San Source Type: news

False Promises: Avoid ‘Miracle’ Rice and Just Eat a Carrot
Vandana Shiva. (Photo: The Seeds of Vandana Shiva film)By Dr Vandana ShivaNEW DELHI, Aug 10 2016 (IPS)Norman Borlaug, father of the Green Revolution, died on September 9, 2009. Alfred G. Gilman died on December 23, 2015.Both were Nobel laureates and now both dead. Gilman was a signatory to a recent letter condemning Greenpeace and its opposition to genetic engineering. How many Nobel laureates does it take to write a letter? Easily ascertained — the dead Gilman and 106 others were enlisted in “supporting GMOs and golden rice”. Correct answer — 107, dead or alive.The laureates were rounded up by Val ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Vandana Shiva 2 Tags: Biodiversity Crime & Justice Development & Aid Economy & Trade Food & Agriculture Gender Global Green Economy Headlines Health Women's Health Source Type: news

Kenya ’s Health Sector Challenges Present the Ideal Setting for Creating Shared Value
UNFPA and private sector representatives in Mandera county in Northern Kenya to develop solutions with the community and the county government. Credit: © Ilija Gudnitz WeberBy Siddharth Chatterjee and Dr. Amit ThakkerMandera County, Kenya, Aug 10 2016 (IPS)The increased budgetary allocations to the health sector by county governments point to an acknowledgement not only of the enormous challenges facing the sector, but also of good health as a prerequisite to overall development. There has never been a better time for partnerships that harness the power of business to drive prosperity by tackling health challenges. Th...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 10, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Siddharth Chatterjee and Amit Thakker Tags: Africa Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Featured Food & Agriculture Gender Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & SDGs Trade & Investment Women's Health Source Type: news

Food Safety Issues Rise in Colombo
By Editor, Sunday Times, Sri LankaAug 8 2016 (The Sunday Times - Sri Lanka)This newspaper’s News Desk has been following up on Public Health issues for some time, and their ongoing reports should raise concerns among Colombo residents, both the affluent, and the not-so, because of the declining standards in the monitoring of food establishments, from the humble ‘buth kades’ to the restaurants of five-star hotels. There is a lot of debate about the delay in holding Local Government elections and whether the representatives of the country’s Municipalities, Urban Councils and Praadeshiya Sabhas should ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 8, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Editor sunday Tags: Asia-Pacific Global Governance Headlines Health Water & Sanitation Source Type: news

Sustainable Development in Africa Will Not Be Achieved Without Women ’s Full Participation
Gina Din visits a UNFPA supported maternal and child health facility in Migori County, Kenya. Photo Credit: Gina Din GroupBy Gina DinMIGORI COUNTY, Kenya, Aug 8 2016 (IPS)In some parts of the world, the proverbial “glass ceiling” is shattering. As Theresa May and, most likely, Hillary Clinton join Angela Merkel at the leadership of three major world powers, women’s leadership in politics is on the ascent. Unfortunately, improvements in political representation has not been accompanied by improvements in the material conditions of ordinary women’s lives.As the National Honorary Ambassador for the Uni...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 8, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Gina Din Tags: Africa Democracy Development & Aid Economy & Trade Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Inequity opinion Poverty & SDGs Women & Economy Women in Politics Women's Health Source Type: news

Climate-Smart Agriculture for Drought-Stricken Madagascar
As a result of farmers embracing Climate Smart Agriculture, some fields are still green and alive even as drought rages in the south of Madagascar. Credit: Miriam Gathigah/IPSBy Miriam GathigahAMBOASARY, Madagascar, Aug 4 2016 (IPS)Mirantsoa Faniry Rakotomalala is different from most farmers in the Greater South of Madagascar, who are devastated after losing an estimated 80 percent of their crops during the recent May/June harvesting season to the ongoing drought here, said to be the most severe in 35 years.She lives in Tsarampioke village in Berenty, Amboasary district in the Anosy region, which is one of the three most a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Miriam Gathigah Tags: Advancing Deserts Africa Aid Climate Change Cooperatives Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Labour Natural Resources Population Po Source Type: news

New Alliance to Shore Up Food Security Launched in Africa
PAP officials attend the workshop for members of the Pan African Parliament and FAO to advance the Food and Nutrition Security Agenda. Credit: Desmond Latham/IPSBy Desmond LathamCAPE TOWN, Aug 2 2016 (IPS)As over 20 million sub-Saharan Africans face a shortage of food because of drought and development issues, representatives of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the Pan African Parliament (PAP) met in Johannesburg to forge a new parliamentary alliance focusing on food and nutritional security.Monday’s meeting here came after years of planning that began on the sidelines of the Second Inte...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 2, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Desmond Latham Tags: Advancing Deserts Africa Aid Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Energy Environment Food & Agriculture Global Governance Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Labour L Source Type: news

There Is No Substitute
By Sadrul Hasan MazumderAug 1 2016 (The Daily Star, Bangladesh)To observe the World Breastfeeding Week, which is marked around the world from August 1-7 since 1992, the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA) has declared this year’s theme to be “Breastfeeding: a key to sustainable development” August 1-7. Breastfeeding is in many ways linked with nutrition and food security, health, development, survival, and the achievement of full educational potential and economic productivity. Breastfeeding is an environmentally sustainable method of feeding compared to other substitutes. Linking breastfeeding...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - August 1, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Sadrul Hasan Mazumder Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Gender Headlines Health Source Type: news

Newly Empowered Black Farmers Ruined by South Africa ’s Drought
A programme supporting emerging women small-scale farmers has been hit hard by the drought. Here a crop of peppers and tomatoes at a school farming scheme at Risenga Primary School, in Giyani, Limpopo province, wilts in the sun. Credit: Desmond Latham/IPSBy Desmond LathamCAPE TOWN, Jul 30 2016 (IPS)Almost half a decade of drought across most of South Africa has led to small towns in crisis and food imports for the first time in over 20 years, as well as severely hampering the government’s planned land redistribution programme.It’s the cost of food in an economic downturn that has been the immediate effect. But ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 30, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Desmond Latham Tags: Advancing Deserts Africa Aid Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Energy Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Labour Natural Resources Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Tra Source Type: news

Feed the Children
By MA. Isabel OngpinJul 29 2016 (Manila Times)Hunger still stalks many of our countrymen. It is particularly destructive with our children who, because of poverty, do not get enough to eat, become vulnerable to disease and exploitation and end up unhealthy, uneducated and unhappy. Uneducated because the need to eat superimposes itself over everything, so that all their waking hours are spent looking to satisfy hunger, eschewing going to school. Unhappy because in the long run, without education, there will be a long, hard climb to get a job; most of all, a job that will provide a decent livelihood. MA. Isabel OngpinThank g...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Isabel Ongpin Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Education Headlines Health Human Rights Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news

Chronic Hunger Lingers in the Midst of Plenty
Despite being one of the biggest grain producers of the world, India lags behind on food security with nearly 25 percent of its population going to bed hungry. Credit: Neeta Lal/IPSBy Neeta LalNEW DELHI, Jul 28 2016 (IPS)In a fraught global economic environment, exacerbated by climate change and shrinking resources, ensuring food and nutrition security is a daunting challenge for many nations. India, Asia’s third largest economy and the world’s second most populous nation after China with 1.3 billion people, is no exception.The World Health Organization defines food security as a situation when all people at al...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 29, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Neeta Lal Tags: Advancing Deserts Aid Asia-Pacific Climate Change Development & Aid Economy & Trade Energy Environment Food & Agriculture Gender Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity Labour Natural Resources Population Pover Source Type: news

List of Acts President Must Do for Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
By Editor, The Manila Times, PhilippinesJul 27 2016 (Manila Times)President Rody Dutuerte’s SONA could not possibly give details about every important program of his administration. But a SONA does mark for the people which activities a president thinks should be given top priority. Disaster response together with disaster risk reduction should be treated as a high priority by any president. The people, specially the poorest among us, suffer a lot because of natural and recurring disasters brought about by heavy rains and typhoons. May God will the predicted earthquakes to never come. Our entire country suffers becau...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 27, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Editor Manila Times Tags: Asia-Pacific Climate Change Development & Aid Environment Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Labour Natural Resources Source Type: news

400 Million People Live with Hepatitis But They Do Not Know
Peru is carrying out a strategy to eliminate mother-to-child-transmission of hepatitis B. The most important preventative intervention is the universal vaccination, which can prevent infection in 95 per cent of cases. Photo credit: PAHOBy Baher KamalROME, Jul 26 2016 (IPS)With some 400 million people around the world infected with hepatitis B or C, mostly without being aware, the United Nations top health agency encourages countries to boost testing and access to services and medicines for people in need to combat the ‘ignored perils’ of this disease. A staggering 95 per cent of people infected with hepatitis B...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Baher Kamal Tags: Africa Asia-Pacific Editors' Choice Europe Featured Headlines Health Latin America & the Caribbean Middle East & North Africa North America Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Fertilizer Access Grows Farmers, Food and Finance
Smallholder farmers prosper if they have access to knowledge and use of inputs such as fertilizers and credit. Credit: Busani Bafana/IPSBy Busani BafanaLOUIS TRICHARDT, South Africa, Jul 26 2016 (IPS)Brightly coloured cans, bags of fertilizer and packets containing all types of seeds catch the eye upon entering Nancy Khorommbi’s agro dealer shop tucked at the corner of a roadside service station.But her seeds and fertilizers have not exactly been flying off the shelves since Khorommbi opened the fledging shop six years ago. Her customers: smallholder farmers in the laid back town of Sibasa, 72 kilometers northeast of...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 26, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Busani Bafana Tags: Advancing Deserts Africa Aid Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Farming Crisis: Filling An Empty Plate Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Labour Natural Resources Poverty & SDGs Projects TerraViva United Source Type: news

Uganda Ill-Equipped for Growing Cancer Burden
Jovia, who died on Apr. 29, 2016, suffered from both HIV/AIDS and cervical cancer, a deadly combination affecting thousands of women in Uganda. Credit: Amy Fallon/IPSBy Amy FallonKAMPALA, Uganda, Jul 25 2016 (IPS)Lying on a dirty bed in a crowded, squalid hostel in Kampala, emaciated Jovia, 29, managed a weak smile as a doctor delivered her a small green bottle containing a liquid.“I’m so happy they’ve brought the morphine,” the mother told IPS, just about the only words she could get out during what would be the last weeks of her life. “It controls my pain and makes my life more bearable.&rdq...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 25, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amy Fallon Tags: Africa Aid Development & Aid Featured Headlines Health Inequity Population Poverty & SDGs Women's Health Cancer HIV/AIDS Hospice Africa Uganda Source Type: news

Kashmir on Fire
By Taimur Zulfiqar, second secretary embassy of Pakistan ManilaJul 19 2016 (Manila Times)Kashmir is bleeding once again. Many innocent civilians have been brutally killed and many more injured by the Indian security forces. Surprisingly, there is a deafening silence in the local media. No views, no comments whatsoever have appeared. Strangely, the media, which is otherwise very active and springs into action on the slightest violation of human rights, kept mum as if Kashmiris are not human, their blood carries no importance and is cheaper than water. Many nowadays are voicing serious concerns about the rights of drug addic...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: TAIMUR ZULFIQAR Tags: Asia-Pacific Crime & Justice Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Press Freedom Source Type: news