Preventive psychiatry: Concept appraisal and future directions.
Abstract Preventive psychiatry is a branch of psychiatry that aims at health promotion, protection from specific mental illnesses, early diagnosis, effective treatment, disability limitation and rehabilitation. Prevention of neuropsychiatric illnesses as compared to other illnesses is particularly important as they run a chronic course and cause substantial disability. Preventive measures have been found to be effective in reducing incidence and disability in a wide range of mental illnesses such as depression, psychosis, anxiety and conduct disorders. The need of the hour is to translate advances in our understan...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 19, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Trivedi JK, Tripathi A, Dhanasekaran S, Moussaoui D Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

The role of the psychologist in social change.
Abstract On 1 September 1967, the Nobel Prize-winning civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. delivered a speech entitled 'The role of the behavioral scientist in the civil rights movement' to the American Psychological Association (APA, 1999; King, 1968). With eloquence and passion, Martin Luther King championed the civil rights struggle and spoke to the interests of his audience. He stressed how behavioural scientists could and should support the civil rights movement. King's eloquent and passionate speech is still relevant today - explaining how psychologists and other mental health professionals could help ...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 19, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kinderman P Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Stigma and discrimination against people with schizophrenia related to medical services.
CONCLUSIONS: Mental health service providers have a key role in decreasing stigma in their provision of health care, and by doing more against stigmatizing and discriminating practices on the therapeutic and organizational level. This will require a change of attitudes and practices among mental and physical health care staff. PMID: 23788438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 19, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Harangozo J, Reneses B, Brohan E, Sebes J, Csukly G, López-Ibor J, Sartorius N, Rose D, Thornicroft G Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinicians' versus caregivers' ratings of burden in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: There were many areas of agreement as well as some significant discrepancies between clinicians' and caregivers' assessment of burden in this population of patients. This suggests that a comprehensive evaluation of burden should include assessments by both clinicians and caregivers of patients. PMID: 23788439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 19, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Grover S, Chakrabarti S, Ghormode D, Dutt A, Kate N, Kulhara P Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social and functional capacity of schizophrenia patients: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The PSP values of stable schizophrenia outpatients indicated a moderate degree of impairment. Improvement of functional capacity remains one of the unmet needs of schizophrenia patients. PMID: 23775144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 17, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mohr P, Rodriguez M, Bravermanová A, Melicher T, Ceplová Z, Cermák J, Pecenák J Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Towards a treatment model for family therapy for schizophrenia in an urban African setting: Results from a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Multi-family groups with a psycho-educational and behaviour modification frame are acceptable. Negative symptoms are seen as protective in areas of community violence. Modification of traditional models of family therapy to include factors related to poverty, violence, caregiver burden, stigma and limited health care access should be considered in this setting. PMID: 23757325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 11, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Asmal L, Mall S, Emsley R, Chiliza B, Swartz L Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Language proficiency among hospitalized immigrant psychiatric patients in Italy.
CONCLUSION: Findings support an expected importance of LP among immigrant psychiatric inpatients, and encourage language assessment and training as part of the comprehensive support of such patients, especially men. PMID: 23741004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 5, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ventriglio A, Baldessarini RJ, Iuso S, La Torre A, D'Onghia A, La Salandra M, Mazza M, Bellomo A Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

How perceived social support relates to suicidal ideation: A Japanese social resident survey.
CONCLUSION: Our study identified a strong relationship between the severity of suicidal ideation and perceived social support. PMID: 23741005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 5, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Endo G, Tachikawa H, Fukuoka Y, Aiba M, Nemoto K, Shiratori Y, Matsui Y, Doi M, Asada T Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Understanding psychopathology in migrants: A mixed categorical-dimensional approach.
CONCLUSIONS: A mixed categorical-dimensional approach seems to improve the description of the psychopathology among migrants, as it adds relevant information regarding psychopathological dimensions useful to the understanding of the peculiar clinical expressivity of our patients. PMID: 23733828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - June 2, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Braca M, Berardi D, Mencacci E, Murri MB, Mimmi S, Allegri F, Mazzi F, Menchetti M, Tarricone I Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Rasch analysis of the SAMHSA Recovery Inventory for Chinese (SAMHSA-RIC).
CONCLUSIONS: SAMHSA-RIC (short version) has strong potential to become a general tool for evaluating rehabilitative services for persons with persistent and severe mental illness. A validation study of the short version with clinical samples is warranted. PMID: 23704112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - May 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chiu MY, Wong FH, Ho WW Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pathways to psychiatric care of patients from rural regions: A general-hospital-based study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Pathway studies highlight the help-seeking behaviours of patients with physical and mental illness. A number of these studies have been completed in other countries, but there have been few reports from China. Therefore, this study was planned to explore the characteristics of the help-seeking pathways of patients with mental illness from rural regions of China through the mental health professionals and treatment at the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army (PLAGH). METHODS: The pathway diagrams were documented for 203 subjects with various mental disorders using the translated ver...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - May 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Li X, Zhang W, Lin Y, Zhang X, Qu Z, Wang X, Zhang Y, Xu H, Zhao S, Li Y, Tian D Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

The availability and quality across Europe of outpatient care for difficult-to-engage patients with severe mental illness: A survey among experts.
CONCLUSIONS: Outpatient mental health services for difficult-to-engage SMI patients varied widely among European countries; experts judged their overall quality to be poor. It is now important to achieve consensus on a minimum European standard for the quality of care for such patients. PMID: 23680763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - May 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mulder CL, Ruud T, Bahler M, Kroon H, Priebe S Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Causal attribution of mental illness in south-eastern Nigeria.
CONCLUSIONS: It is hoped that the findings would enlighten, augment literature and enhance mental health care service delivery. PMID: 23680764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - May 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ikwuka U, Galbraith N, Nyatanga L Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

A recovery journey for people with personality disorder.
CONCLUSION: The findings offer contributions to knowledge in terms of the service design and propose a new model of recovery in personality disorder. This is defined as a journey of small steps highlighting recovery as a process rather than a goal, leading to the emergence of the new concept of transitional recovery. PMID: 23481142 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - May 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Castillo H, Ramon S, Morant N Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depressive symptoms and culture in Chinese patients.
PMID: 23632735 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - May 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wang J, Zhao X Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Art promoting mental health literacy and a positive attitude towards people with experience of mental illness.
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that exhibitions can successfully promote mental health literacy and contribute to positive attitudes towards people with experience of mental illness. This paper explores these findings and raises questions about how the presentation of artworks in an exhibition influences their effectiveness in mental health promotion. PMID: 23632271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - April 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Koh E, Shrimpton B Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of a question prompt sheet on active patient behaviour: A randomized controlled trial with depressed outpatients.
CONCLUSIONS: A QPS did not change depressed patients' behaviour in the consultation. More complex interventions might be needed to change depressed patients' behaviour within an established doctor-patient dyad. Patient seminars addressing behavioural aspects have been shown to be effective in other settings and may also be feasible for outpatients with affective disorders. PMID: 23632272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - April 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hamann J, Maris N, Iosifidou P, Mendel R, Cohen R, Wolf P, Kissling W Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does training practice nurses to carry out physical health checks for people with severe mental illness increase the level of screening for cardiovascular risk?
CONCLUSION: Training practice nurses about CVD prevention in people with SMI may be effective in increasing the proportion of patients in this group who receive a comprehensive health check. PMID: 23608954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - April 22, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hardy S, Hinks P, Gray R Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Income inequality and schizophrenia: Increased schizophrenia incidence in countries with high levels of income inequality.
CONCLUSIONS: Countries characterized by a large rich-poor gap may be at increased risk of schizophrenia. We suggest that income inequality impacts negatively on social cohesion, eroding social capital, and that chronic stress associated with living in highly disparate societies places individuals at risk of schizophrenia. PMID: 23594564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - April 16, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Burns JK, Tomita A, Kapadia AS Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Standardization of the MARISTAN scale to measure needs in people with schizophrenia and related psychoses.
CONCLUSIONS: The MARISTÁN Scale of Needs evaluates needs from the patient perspective and it is a valid instrument to measure the needs of people with severe mental illness across cultures. PMID: 23576195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - April 10, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Saldivia S, Torres-González F, Runte-Geidel A, Grandon P, Xavier M, Killaspy H, Ballester D, Antonioli C, Melipillan R, Galende E, Caldas JM, King M Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatry, homeless patients and welfare reforms: Historical links and chains.
Abstract The birthplace of the specialty of psychiatry was in the asylum, which was created to divert patients from workhouses where the most disadvantaged and destitute people with mental illness were to be found. The current welfare reforms are endangering the welfare and livelihood of the most disadvantaged of our patients. These reforms in the authors' opinion are related more to the historical cycle of societal attitude to homeless people than to seeing them as the undeserving poor. This is particularly true since the current economic crisis was not caused by the poor, so it is very unfair that our poorest pa...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - April 5, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Abdul-Hamid WK, Bhui K Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Training of mental health peer support workers in a non-western high-income city: Preliminary evaluation and experience.
CONCLUSION: The programme shows potential benefits for both Warmline service users and trainees. Future studies should compare different training methods and examine the implementation of peer support services in a non-western cultural context. PMID: 23539546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - March 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tse S, Tsoi EW, Wong S, Kan A, Kwok CF Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patients' and carers' perception of needs in a Polish sample.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant association between the inpatients' and their carers' perception of needs. Patients' perspective should serve as a high priority in developing treatment plans. PMID: 23520358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - March 20, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cialkowska-Kuzminska M, Misiak B, Kiejna A Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Explaining the 'immigration advantage' and the 'biculturalism paradox': An application of the theory of demoralization.
CONCLUSION: : The findings are consistent with the theory of demoralization. PMID: 23463802 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - March 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Figueiredo JM Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Public mental health is about social psychiatry.
PMID: 23418192 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bhugra D, Till A Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gender differences in referral pathways and admissions to a psychiatric intensive care unit in a county psychiatric hospital in the UK.
PMID: 23418193 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mustafa FA, Bayatti Z, Faruqui RA Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Bully victims and borderline personality symptomatology.
PMID: 23418194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sansone RA, Chang J, Sellbom M, Jewell B Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric evaluation of the Dutch version of the Mental Health Recovery Measure (MHRM).
CONCLUSIONS: This study offers evidence to suggest that the Dutch version of the MHRM is a reliable measure (in terms of internal consistency) with a generally acceptable convergent and divergent validity. Further research is needed to clarify the extent to which the MHRM is sensitive enough to capture the individual recovery process of patients. PMID: 23396286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 10, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Nieuwenhuizen C, Wilrycx G, Moradi M, Brouwers E Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Personality disorders in a community sample in Turkey: Prevalence, associated risk factors, temperament and character dimensions.
CONCLUSION: : New versions of the diagnostic systems should include schizotypal, obsessive-compulsive and cluster B PDs as separate diagnostic categories, and impaired self-directedness as well as cooperativeness as a general diagnostic criterion for the sake of backward and forward compatibility of the research in this field. PMID: 23396288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 10, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dereboy C, Güzel HS, Dereboy F, Okyay P, Eskin M Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Integrating community mental health within primary care in southern Malawi: A pilot educational intervention to enhance the role of health surveillance assistants.
CONCLUSION: The HSAs' focus on the psychosocial concerns of individuals' 'distress' and 'risk' prepared the way for a practical set of culturally sensitive and therapeutic interventions and offers a potential path towards increasing the capacity of primary care mental health provision that is responsive to local understandings and experiences of distress. PMID: 23399989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 10, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wright J, Common S, Kauye F, Chiwandira C Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of psychosis on social inclusion and associated factors.
CONCLUSIONS: A greater focus on interventions that can facilitate the occupation and the social networks of people with psychosis is required. Interventions that tackle 'self-stigma' may also prove useful in mitigating the social exclusion experienced by people with psychosis. PMID: 23399990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 10, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Killaspy H, White S, Lalvani N, Berg R, Thachil A, Kallumpuram S, Nasiruddin O, Wright C, Mezey G Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

The enduring mental health impact of mass violence: A community comparison study of Cambodian civilians living in Cambodia and Thailand.
Abstract BACKGROUND: No population-based studies have directly compared the long-term health and mental health outcomes of conflict- versus non-conflict-affected communities from the same ethnic background. AIMS: To identify and compare levels of psychiatric morbidity between a traumatized and non-traumatized civilian community; to investigate the long-term impact of mass violence. METHODS: Double-stratified community surveys in Siem Reap and Surin provinces were conducted by highly qualified Cambodian interviewers using culturally validated survey instruments with known psychometric properties. These included Cam...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - February 7, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mollica RF, Brooks R, Tor S, Lopes-Cardozo B, Silove D Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

What is mental health?
PMID: 23349505 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bhugra D, Till A, Sartorius N Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alert for suicide prevention in Greece: Remember lessons from Eastern Europe!
;rnik A PMID: 23349506 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yur'yev A, Värnik P, Yur'yeva L, Värnik A Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Patient perspectives and the risk of compulsory admission: The Amsterdam Study of Acute Psychiatry V.
CONCLUSION: More satisfaction with prior treatment seems to reduce the risk of civil detention remarkably. Low levels of satisfaction seem to be mainly dependent on a history of previous involuntary admission. These findings seem to open up a new perspective for diminishing the risk of (new) civil detention by trying to enhance satisfaction with treatment, especially for patients under detention. PMID: 23333906 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 17, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van der Post LF, Peen J, Visch I, Mulder CL, Beekman AT, Dekker JJ Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development of metaphors to explain cognitive behavioural principles for patients with medically unexplained symptoms in Sri Lanka.
DISCUSSION: Metaphor is an effective clinical tool. The author's clinical experience and patients' feedback suggest that these metaphors are helpful in conveying the CBT principles to patients. To develop metaphors appealing to the client and effective clinically, carrying out qualitative research among patients' explanatory model is an important prerequisite. The generic and MUS-specific metaphors reported here should be tried in other cultural and clinical settings and evaluated. Further systematic work including qualitative work for consensus evaluation among CBT experts as well as opinion on user-friendliness of these ...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sumathipala A Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Safely cared for or empowered in mental health care? Yes, please.
CONCLUSIONS: High-quality services are flexible enough to adjust to users' varying symptoms and needs. PMID: 23321388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rise MB, Westerlund H, Bjørgen D, Steinsbekk A Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Relationship of quality of life with coping and burden in primary caregivers of patients with schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the present study suggest that there is a positive correlation between WHOQOL-BREF domains and WHOQOL-SRPB facets, which indicates that SRPB forms an integral component of the concept of QOL. Further, the QOL of caregivers is influenced by the coping skills used to deal with stress arising due to a patient's illness. PMID: 23292614 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 3, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kate N, Grover S, Kulhara P, Nehra R Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Positive attitudes towards psychiatry among Chinese medical students.
CONCLUSIONS: Chinese medical students reported positive attitudes towards psychiatry, openness with regard to psychiatric services, and respect for psychiatric patients. Learning about a broad spectrum of psychiatric diagnoses and greater clinical contact with patients may improve overall attitudes of Chinese medical students towards psychiatry and their ability to make accurate diagnoses. PMID: 23283749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Williams JA, Liu N, Afzal K, Cooper B, Sherer R, Morgan I, Dong H Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Violent deaths among Russian and EU male older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The European region is characterized by great inequalities in rates of violent deaths among the elderly. PMID: 23283750 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Innamorati M, Serafini G, Lester D, Amore M, Girardi P, Pompili M Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of the Two-Way Communication Checklist (2-COM): A one-year cluster randomized study in a group of severely mentally ill persons.
CONCLUSIONS: The methodological problems were substantial, and the study may be considered as a pilot study. In a main study the researchers ought to take control over the selection of patients on the basis of the experiences from this study. PMID: 23266575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry)
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - December 24, 2012 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arvidsson H, Olin E, Strand J, Tidefors I Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research