Acceptability of the copper intrauterine device as a form of emergency contraception in New South Wales, Australia.
Conclusion: Low awareness among clients, and limited discussion by clinicians, highlights a need for increased education and promotion strategies for the Cu-IUD as EC. With greater knowledge, demand for this option may increase. This will require processes to ensure timely access to insertions. PMID: 32072848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 19, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Dorney E, Botfield JR, Robertson S, McGeechan K, Bateson D Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Use of prescribed contraception in Northern Ireland 2010-2016.
Conclusions: This is the first population-based assessment of contraceptive prescription in NI. It is useful for health service planning and to inform broader reproductive policy debates. The impact of practice area-based deprivation, above that of the woman's residence, on contraceptive dispensing is a new finding that deserves more exploration. PMID: 32069122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 18, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Given JE, Gray AM, Dolk H Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Endometriosis-associated pain scores and biomarkers in users of the etonogestrel-releasing subdermal implant or the 52-mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system for up to 24 months.
Abstract Objectives: The aims of the study were to correlate endometriosis-associated pain, evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, with serum levels of etonogestrel (ENG), levonorgestrel (LNG), CA-125 and soluble CD23 in users of the ENG implant or the 52-mg LNG-releasing intrauterine system (52 mg LNG-IUS) for up to 2 years after device placement.Methods: A randomised trial was conducted at the University of Campinas Medical School, Brazil. All participants (n = 103) had had endometriosis-associated chronic pelvic pain or dysmenorrhoea, or both, for more than 6 months. Participants ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 18, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Margatho D, Carvalho NM, Bahamondes L Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Relationships between women's emotional reaction to first coital experience and subsequent sexual risk-taking behaviour.
Conclusion: These results suggest that women's emotional reactions to first sexual intercourse may be associated with subsequent healthy versus risky sexual behaviours in young adulthood. PMID: 32069142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 18, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Potard C Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

After the Nairobi Summit, how can further progress in sexual and reproductive health and rights be achieved in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region?
PMID: 31990230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 28, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Rowlands S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Copper IUD increases virulence of non-albicans Candida species isolated from women with vulvovaginal candidiasis.
Abstract Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of copper-bearing intrauterine device (IUD) use on the virulence of Candida species causing vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). The in vitro ability of Candida species to produce proteinase and phospholipase enzymes was studied, together with their antifungal susceptibility.Methods: Vaginal swabs from women with VVC were cultured and Candida species were identified. Participants comprised 132 women with culture-confirmed VVC, of whom 65 were using a copper-bearing IUD and 67 were not. Candida isolates were tested for their ability to produce ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 28, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Omran EA, Youssef NES, Abdelfattah AH, Esmail SA, Fouad AM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate, weight gain and amenorrhea among obese adolescent and adult women.
Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between obesity and the use of depot medroxyprogesterone (DMPA) with regard to weight gain and changes in bleeding pattern.Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of women receiving 150 mg DMPA via intramuscular injection at inpatient and outpatient clinics at the University of Mississippi Medical Centre between 1 June 2012 and 31 December 2016. Body mass indices (BMI) were assessed at baseline and at the time of final injection. Data on race, medical history, age at first DMPA injection, number and timing of injections, re...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 13, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Sims J, Lutz E, Wallace K, Kassahun-Yimer W, Ngwudike C, Shwayder J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Surface roughness of different contraceptive vaginal rings: evaluation by scanning electron microscope (SEM).
Conclusion: The different composition of the vaginal rings' EVA membrane is not associated with different surface roughness. Ornibel is equivalent to NuvaRing in terms of surface roughness, despite the different composition of the membrane polymers. PMID: 31922428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 10, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Grandi G, Timò A, Sammarini M, Del Savio MC, Facchinetti F Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Effect of female genital mutilation on mental health: a case-control study.
Abstract Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the mental health status of women with female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) and compare it with that of a similar group of women without FGM/C.Methods: A case-control study was carried out in 2018 among 122 women with FGM/C and 125 women without FGM/C who had been referred to one of the general health service centres in Kermanshah Province, western Iran. The 28 item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) was used to collect data on participants' mental health. A multivariate logistic model with odds ratios (ORs) was used to determine the relationship of indep...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 10, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Piroozi B, Alinia C, Safari H, Kazemi-Karyani A, Moradi G, Farhadifar F, Yousefi F, Mohamadi Bolbanabad A, Azadnia A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contextualising challenges of reproduction and motherhood in Florence, Italy: a qualitative study.
Conclusion: Findings provide insight into Italian women's reproductive attitudes and behaviours and the declining fertility rate in the current economic and social environment. Practical recommendations for policy and socio-cultural interventions should address reproductive barriers such as affordable childcare, improved fertility assistance, maternal employment protection, and better utilization of existing support structures. PMID: 31922439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 10, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: DeMaria AL, Rivera S, Naoum Z, Ramos-Ortiz J, Meier S, Dykstra C Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Misoprostol administration prior to intrauterine contraceptive device insertion: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate reduced IUCD insertion failure among women with previous caesarean section and those with previous IUCD insertion failure, suggesting that misoprostol may be a reasonable choice in these groups of women. Although misoprostol premedication reduced insertion failures, it significantly increased side effects and had a heterogeneous pattern of efficacy; thus, its routine use is not supported by the evidence. PMID: 31914331 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 8, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tassi A, Parisi N, Londero AP Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Foreign-born women's lifestyle and health before and during early pregnancy in Sweden.
Conclusions: Non-European women were overall less likely to engage in harmful lifestyle habits before and during early pregnancy but were more likely to suffer from depressive symptoms in comparison with Nordic women. PMID: 31914332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 8, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Hultstrand JN, Tydén T, Målqvist M, Ragnar ME, Larsson M, Jonsson M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Ovarian reserve markers in women using various hormonal contraceptives.
sen A Abstract Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess whether the ovarian reserve markers anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) were lower among women using the progestin-only pill (POP) or levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and similar to the decrease observed in combined oral contraceptive (COC) pill users.Methods: This retrospective study comprised 565 hormonal contraceptive users (COC, POP, LNG-IUS or contraceptive vaginal ring) and 983 non-hormonal contraceptive users, who were seen in two Danish fertility assessment and counselling clinics between 2015 ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 19, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Landersoe SK, Forman JL, Birch Petersen K, Larsen EC, Nøhr B, Hvidman HW, Nielsen HS, Nyboe Andersen A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Prevalence of autoimmune disease in women with premature ovarian failure.
Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of autoimmune disease in women with premature ovarian failure. Screening for autoimmune diseases should be offered to all women with premature ovarian failure. PMID: 31852274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 18, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Grossmann B, Saur S, Rall K, Pecher AC, Hübner S, Henes J, Henes M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Real-world experience with the IUB Ballerine MIDI copper IUD: an observational, single-centre study in Israel.
Conclusion: The IUB Ballerine MIDI raised no major safety concerns and was both effective and highly accepted in a cohort of women, covering a broad age range, treated in a gynaecology clinic in Israel. PMID: 31852282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 18, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Baram I, Aharon A, Klein R, Shkolnik K Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Uterine fibroids increase time to pregnancy: a cohort study.
Conclusion: We found an association between having a uterine fibroid diagnosis code and TTP>12 months. We were not able to make a valid assessment of the effect of myomectomy on TTP. PMID: 31821047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 10, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Karlsen K, Mogensen O, Humaidana P, Kesmodel US, Ravn P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Knowledge and attitudes of Lebanese women of childbearing age towards emergency contraception.
Conclusion: Most Lebanese women of childbearing age lack knowledge about EC. There is a need to raise public awareness of EC. PMID: 31809200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 6, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Hammoud R, Saleh S, Halawani D, Mezher H, Abou El Naga A, Azakir B Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Implementation of reproductive life planning (RLP) in primary health care supported by an evidence-based website.
Conclusion: The RLP was well implemented among the respondents and the majority considered the website to be a useful tool. Long-term studies are needed to further elucidate the effects of the RLP on changes in health behaviour and pregnancy outcomes. PMID: 31778084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 28, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Koo Andersson M, Tydén T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Comparison of change in body weight between contraception containing 30- μg ethinylestradiol/2-mg chlormadinone acetate or 30-μg ethinylestradiol/3-mg drospirenone: a randomised controlled trial.
Conclusion: A COC containing 30-µg EE/3-mg DRSP tended to confer a significantly more favourable change in body weight over a 6-month period compared with a COC containing 30-µg EE/2-mg CMA, which was associated with an increase in body weight. PMID: 31756117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 22, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Wongwananuruk T, Panichyawat N, Panchalee T, Jirakittidul P, Angsuwathana S, Sirimai K, Thamkhantho M, Chiravacharadej G Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Advantages of determining the fertile window with the individualised Natural Cycles algorithm over calendar-based methods.
Conclusions: This study highlights that individualised algorithms are advantageous for accurate determination of the fertile window and that static algorithms are more likely to fail during the most fertile days. PMID: 31738859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 18, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Kleinschmidt TK, Bull JR, Lavorini V, Rowland SP, Pearson JT, Berglund Scherwitzl E, Scherwitzl R, Gemzell Danielsson K Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Differences in continuation rates and early removal between contraceptive and therapeutic use of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system 52  mg.
Conclusion: Therapeutic use, having one child and a younger age are independent risk factors of early removal of the LNG-IUS, in contrast with previous LNG-IUS use which is associated with a lower risk. In both the contraception group and the therapy group, the main reasons for LNG-IUS discontinuation are continuation with a new LNG-IUS, and no more need for an LNG-IUS (for contraception or therapy). An unacceptable bleeding pattern or adverse events are associated with the lowest continuation rates in both groups. PMID: 31696740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Re...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 7, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Teunissen AM, Merry AHH, Devies IEC, Roumen FJME Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The abstract versus the concrete: differing opinions of medical residents in obstetrics and gynaecology about abortion and punishment of abortion.
Conclusions: Judgements regarding the penalisation of women who abort are strongly influenced by how close the respondent is to the problem. Accurate information on abortion needs to be provided. Although about one third of the respondents were broadly liberal, the majority oppose punishment. PMID: 31670994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 31, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bento SF, Pacagnella RC, Faúndes A, de Pádua KS, Fernandes KG, Araújo DM, Fahl ID, Duarte Osis MJ, Duarte GA, Brazilian Abortion Study Group Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Pregnancy prevention and contraceptive preferences of online sex workers in the UK.
Conclusion: Service providers need to take account of both personal and commercial needs during contraceptive consultations and avoid making assumptions based on homogeneous understandings of sex work. Encouraging disclosure of sex work to facilitate appropriate discussions may need new approaches to combat privacy and stigma concerns. PMID: 31613150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 15, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Lowe P, Pilcher K, Pattison H, Whittaker V, Robertson C, Ross JDC Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Counselling before first trimester abortion and acceptability of the procedure: results from a Slovenian cross-sectional study.
Abstract Objectives: In Slovenia, first-trimester abortion is performed at the woman's request, either surgically under general anaesthesia or medically with mifepristone and misoprostol, in a public hospital. Our study aimed to evaluate pre-abortion counselling and to reveal differences in acceptability and satisfaction with the two abortion methods. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Ljubljana University Medical Centre between January and June 2015. Women requesting termination of a pregnancy up to 10 weeks' gestation voluntarily completed an anonymous questionnaire after the procedure and ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 4, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Vodopivec S, Bokal EV, Pinter B Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Do Swiss community pharmacists address the risk of sexually transmitted infections during a consultation on emergency contraception? A simulated patient study.
Conclusions: Community pharmacists correctly issued the EC, complied with the dispensing protocol and used their professional judgement to ensure optimal EC use. There is nevertheless room for improvement regarding pharmacists' STI counselling. Finally, the protocol's STI section could be enriched with specific information to guide counselling. PMID: 31526080 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 20, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Haag M, Gudka S, Hersberger KE, Arnet I Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Concerns with educating the public about donating and receiving gametes.
nha C PMID: 31524002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 16, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Moura A, Silva S, de Freitas C, Abreu L, Baía I, Samorinha C Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The ESC Madrid Declaration: promoting evidence-based SRHR policies with respect for human rights.
PMID: 31525076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 16, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: De Sutter P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Acceptability and performance of a nonwoven device for vaginal drug delivery among women and their male partners in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Conclusions: Data are promising for further development of this nonwoven device for vaginal drug delivery. Plain English summary Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) that protect against HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are urgently needed. A variety of vaginal gel-based products are actively being researched; however, these products can often have challenges with vaginal leakage and retention. This research investigates the acceptability and performance of a nonwoven device to deliver vaginal gel formulations. The gel used in this study was a currently available marketed personal lubricant. In South A...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 13, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Hart CW, Joanis C, Hartmann M, Milford C, Smit J, Beksinska M, Rambally-Greener L, Pienaar J, Mabude Z, Butterworth GAM, Sokal D, Jenkins D Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The effect of early vs. delayed postpartum insertion of the LNG-IUS on breastfeeding continuation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
Conclusion: Early postpartum insertion of the LNG-IUS has no negative effects on breastfeeding continuation. Early postpartum insertion may be used as an alternative to delayed postpartum insertion. PMID: 31517549 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 13, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Abdelhakim AM, Sunoqrot M, Amin AH, Nabil H, Raslan AN, Samy A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Direct vs. standard method of insertion of an intrauterine contraceptive device: insertion pain and outcomes at 6 months.
Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that the direct method of IUCD insertion is associated with less pain and does not increase the risk of adverse effects. Widespread adoption of the direct method could improve women's comfort and lead to a higher uptake of the IUCD as a form of contraception. PMID: 31509030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 11, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bastin A, Scanff A, Fraize S, Hild JC, Lous ML, Lavoue V, Ruelle Y, Chaaban S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Reproductive health education program for Mexican women.
uez A, Cossío-Torres P Abstract Objective: Improve knowledge, attitudes and reproductive behaviours through an educational intervention aimed at reproductive health in two groups of Mexican women. Materials and methods: We carried out an education program targeting two segments, indigenous women and marginalised adolescents, with a pre-test, immediate post-test and post-test six months after it was carried out. Instruments used: a reproductive health history was established (pre-test and post-test six months) and a questionnaire of knowledge, attitude and conduct related to reproductive health and condom us...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 10, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Sarahí Sanjuan-Meza X, Padrón-Salas A, Valle-Luna P, Martínez-Granada S, Ortega-Velázquez A, Cossío-Torres P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Joseph W. Goldzieher on the occasion of his 100th birtday.
PMID: 31464521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 29, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Benagiano G, Brosens I Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Abortion-related worries, fears and preparedness: a Swedish Web-based exploratory and retrospective qualitative study.
Conclusion: There is room for improvement with regard to informing, preparing and supporting women who seek an abortion. The results emphasise the importance of health professionals' giving sufficient preparatory information to enable preparedness and lessen the impact of possible unexpected events. There is a need for the development of a trustworthy Web-based service that contains honest and high-quality information. PMID: 31368829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 1, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Georgsson S, Krautmeyer S, Sundqvist E, Carlsson T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of treatment modalities for vestibulodynia in women.
Conclusions: Several existing interventions were not associated with improvements in vestibulodynia. There only was improvement of sexual function with oral desipramine with or without lidocaine. PMID: 31364893 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 31, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Pérez-López FR, Bueno-Notivol J, Hernandez AV, Vieira-Baptista P, Preti M, Bornstein J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Combined hormonal contraceptives in BRCA gene mutation carriers: why not?
PMID: 31361161 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 30, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Grandi G, Sammarini M, Chiara Del Savio M, Toss A, Facchinetti F Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Do menstrual cups increase risk of IUD expulsion? A survey of self-reported IUD and menstrual hygiene product use in the United States.
Conclusions: Menstrual cup use may be higher than previously reported, particularly in IUD users. Concurrent menstrual cup use may increase the risk of IUD expulsion. Prospective research is necessary to fully explore the relationship between menstrual hygiene product use and IUD expulsions. PMID: 31335218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 23, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Schnyer AN, Jensen JT, Edelman A, Han L Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Prevalence and risk factors for domestic violence among infertile Egyptian women: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusions: Infertile Egyptian women are at an increased risk of DV. The most common forms of DV are psychological violence and verbal abuse. PMID: 31335224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 23, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Lotfy M, Hamdy MA, Mansour AFI, Gharib WF, Ghoneim HM, Abbas AM, Sayed Ahmed WA, Ibrahim ZM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Concerns on future fertility among users and past-users of combined oral contraceptives: a questionnaire survey.
Conclusions: Health care professionals prescribing hormonal contraception should be aware of misapprehensions and concerns of fertility among users of COC. PMID: 31317795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 18, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Landersoe SK, Petersen KB, Vassard D, Larsen EC, Svarre Nielsen H, Pinborg A, Nøhr B, Nyboe Andersen A, Schmidt L Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Role of receipt of antenatal care in subsequent contraceptive use at primary health care centres serving slum areas of Cairo, Egypt.
Conclusion: Contraceptive use is widespread in Egypt, regardless of age and level of education. Antenatal care is no longer viewed with suspicion. Antenatal care visits are an opportunity for health care providers (HCPs) to encourage the use of contraception. Repeated antenatal care visits help to engender a relationship of trust between women and HCPs. Incorporation of family planning programmes into antenatal care programmes would be an opportunity to promote modern contraceptive use. PMID: 31305166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 15, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Abd El Fatah SAM, El Habashy EM, Hassan Ismail HA Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Short- and long-term effect of contraceptive methods on fecundity.
Conclusion: The results show that fertility awareness-based methods of contraception increase short-term pregnancy rates relative to HC, but have no effect on long-term pregnancy rates. PMID: 31223036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 21, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Berglund Scherwitzl E, Lundberg O, Kopp Kallner H, Rowland SP, Holte J, Trussell J, Gemzell Danielsson K, Scherwitzl R Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Bleeding patterns with the 19.5  mg LNG-IUS, with special focus on the first year of use: implications for counselling.
Conclusion: Analysis of bleeding diaries using 30-day reference periods provides detailed insight into bleeding changes in the first months following placement of the 19.5 mg LNG-IUS. This insight may prove useful when counselling women about contraceptive choice and method continuation. PMID: 31223042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 21, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Beckert V, Ahlers C, Frenz AK, Gerlinger C, Bannemerschult R, Lukkari-Lax E Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Consensus of best practice in intrauterine contraception in France.
Conclusions: This consensus paper is intended to update and standardise knowledge about IUC for health care professionals, to address any reticence about use of this contraceptive method. PMID: 31204843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 17, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Serfaty D, Bénézech JP, Heckel S, De Reilhac P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Self-assessment of success of early medical abortion using a self-performed urine pregnancy test.
Conclusion: Women are able to determine the success of early medical abortion (EMA) themselves using a combination of signs, symptoms and a urine pregnancy test. This simplifies EMA, expands the range of professionals able to provide EMA and most importantly gives women greater control over their bodies and treatment. PMID: 31204845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 17, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Cameron S, Rowlands S, Gemzell-Danielsson K Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Risk factors for recurrent ectopic pregnancy following single-dose methotrexate treatment.
Abstract Objective: Our study aimed to investigate the predisposing factors for recurrence of an ectopic pregnancy (EP) following single-dose methotrexate (MTX) treatment for a primary EP. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study performed in a tertiary care medical centre including all patients diagnosed with primary EP and treated with a single-dose regimen of intramuscular MTX. EPs with future recurrence were compared with first time only EPs, to identify risk factors for recurrent EP. Forward stepwise multivariate logistic regression analyses were subsequently carried out. Results: The study included 272...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 17, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Levin G, Dior UP, Shushan A, Gilad R, Benshushan A, Rottenstreich A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

'If I had known the fertility health facts sooner …' Knowledge gaps as a barrier to effective fertility management: findings from the understanding fertility management in contemporary Australia survey.
Conclusions: Many Australian women and men would welcome education and public health campaigns about contraceptive options and age-related fertility decline. Such interventions may enable women and men to manage their fertility and achieve their reproductive goals. PMID: 31204870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 17, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Monester J, Fisher J, Kirkman M, Rowe H, Holton S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Unintended pregnancy rates differ according to combined oral contraceptive - results from the INAS-SCORE study.
Abstract Objectives: To estimate the real-use contraceptive effectiveness of the combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing dienogest and oestradiol valerate (DNG/oEV) compared to other combined oral contraceptives (oCOC) and particularly, levonorgestrel-containing OCs (LNG). Methods: Prospective, non-interventional cohort study with two main exposure groups and one exposure subgroup: new users of DNG/oEV and oCOC, with the subgroup, LNG. In a planned secondary analysis, pregnancy outcomes were investigated, including contraceptive failure. The influence of age, parity and OC-type were assessed. Results: 30,098 ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 17, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Barnett C, Dinger J, Minh TD, Heinemann K Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Identifying determinants of Mozambican men's willingness to use a male contraceptive pill.
Conclusion: Among the Mozambican men in this study, a minority appeared to believe that the responsibility for contraception should be shared between sexual partners. Men's willingness to use a contraceptive pill was, however, more pronounced in the case of serious medical risk to their partner. Overall, only about one-fifth of participants were either reluctant or unwilling to consider using a male contraceptive pill. PMID: 31204885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 17, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Vera Cruz G, Humeau A, Moore PJ, Mullet E Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Real-world experience with the IUB Ballerine MIDI copper IUD: an observational study in the French-speaking region of Switzerland.
Conclusions: The IUB Ballerine MIDI was demonstrated to be safe and acceptable in different clinical settings and risk groups among a socioeconomically and demographically diverse study population. PMID: 31169412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 6, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Yaron M, Viviano M, Guillot C, Aharon A, Shkolnik K Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Underuse of modern contraception in sub-Saharan Africa: are there implications for sustainable development and climate change? A review of the literature.
Conclusions: The identified barriers to modern contraceptive use in SSA are preventable. It is imperative to ensure that adequate, sustainable measures are implemented to increase the uptake of modern contraception in SSA. PMID: 31165645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 5, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Adedze M, Osei-Yeboah R Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

'It's just a very personal thing': contraceptive influences and decision making among women living in Italy.
CONCLUSION: Misinformation may contribute to the underuse of effective hormonal contraception in Italy. The study findings can inform practical recommendations to improve the dissemination of contraceptive information. Improved messaging strategies could address contraceptive concerns (e.g., hormonal effects) and knowledge gaps, which may improve hormonal contraceptive uptake. PMID: 31112058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 21, 2019 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: DeMaria AL, Rivera S, Ramos-Ortiz J, Meier S, Wakefield AL, Basile K, Evans JM, Zaininger HM, Clayton A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research