Doctors and overpopulation 48 years later: a second notice.
aud J Abstract Overpopulation exacerbates environmental and health problems, from climate change to biodiversity loss and pandemics. It is the 'upstream' driver of numerous existential threats. Addressing this compassionately - always - should be axiomatic for doctors. Our profession, by dramatically reducing death-rates since the 1800s while birth-rates remained high, sadly bears - unintendedly - some responsibility for the increase: one billion then, eight billion looming. Therefore, as doctors, we must surely be uniquely motivated to: be involved in rights-based policies and services with unbroken supply chains...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Greguš J, Guillebaud J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Comparison of the efficacy and safety of two combined misoprostol regimens for second trimester medical abortion.
CONCLUSION: The administration of vaginal-sublingual misoprostol, when compared with the vaginal-oral regimen, was associated with a shorter induction-to-abortion interval but a higher incidence of severe pain and shivering. PMID: 33044101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Kalogiannidis I, Tsakiridis I, Dagklis T, Kapetanios G, Mamopoulos A, Athanasiadis A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual activity and contraceptive use during social distancing and self-isolation in the COVID-19 pandemic.
CONCLUSION: Several non-cohabiting women using SARC had discontinued their contraceptive method during the pandemic but had continued to engage in sexual activity and had had an unplanned pregnancy. Clinicians should counsel women about what they should do in regard to contraception in the event of new, future social distancing measures. PMID: 33044107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Caruso S, Rapisarda AMC, Minona P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Harmful traditional health practices used by Syrian refugee women in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: Some of the reported known and used methods are harmless or beneficial to women's health. Some, however, can negatively affect women's health in terms of infection, bleeding and toxicity. In order to eliminate potentially harmful traditional health practices, it is recommended that Syrian refugee women receive health education. PMID: 33025816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 7, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Yaman Sözbir Ş, Erenoğlu R Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Use of haemostatic gel in the management of cervical pregnancy: a case report.
CONCLUSION: Haemostatic agents can be regarded as an effective option for vaginal bleeding due to cervical pregnancy. PMID: 33021850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Han JY, Kim H, Kim SW, Ku SY, Suh CS, Kim SH Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraception and abortion among migrant women in Changzhou, China.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study provide evidence that migrant women in China are relying more than ever on less effective methods of contraception. Unintended pregnancy and abortion are common. China's current informed choice model needs to be improved with the provision of better health education before and after migration and easy access to health and reproductive health care services. PMID: 33006490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zong Z, Sun X, Mao J, Shu X, Hearst N Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Comparative pharmacokinetic analysis of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems and levonorgestrel-containing contraceptives with oral or subdermal administration route.
CONCLUSIONS: Among the contraceptives examined, COC had the highest and LNG-IUSs the lowest systemic exposure to LNG. Systemic LNG concentration was inversely correlated to body weight. PMID: 33006493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Hofmann BM, Apter D, Bitzer J, Reinecke I, Serrani M, Höchel J, Merz M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Post-placental intrauterine device insertion vs puerperal insertion in women undergoing caesarean delivery in Egypt: a 1 year randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Participants in the post-placental group had a higher expulsion rate at 6 months, but more IUDs were placed in this group and fewer pregnancies had occurred at 12 months compared with the puerperal group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02679820. PMID: 33006501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bayoumi YA, Dakhly DMR, Bassiouny YA, Gouda HM, Hassan MA, Hassan AA Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual risk-taking among young Swedish men testing for STI.
CONCLUSIONS: There are important differences in sexual risk-taking within the group of young men testing for sexually transmitted infections which need to be taken into account in developing effective counselling and promotion strategies in sexual and reproductive health care. Further research on young men's sexual risk-taking is needed to broaden understanding of factors associated with young men's sexual health. PMID: 33006520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Helsing B, Frisén A, Hwang CP Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

ESC educational tools on contraception and sexual and reproductive health.
PMID: 33006522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Roumen FJME Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Women's experiences of accessing postpartum intrauterine contraception in a public maternity setting: a qualitative service evaluation.
CONCLUSION: Women typically reported satisfaction with their decision to have PPIUC. For maternity services considering introducing PPIUC, our findings reinforce the importance of anticipating and addressing implementation challenges in order to enhance women's experience of the service. These include ensuring that: clear and appropriate PPIUC information and support are provided antenatally; women are able to access PPIUC immediately after delivery; robust clinical pathways are in place to support post-insertion IUC care; and both staff and women are familiar with the clinical pathways. PMID: 32990066 [PubMed - as su...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 28, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Boydell N, Cooper M, Cameron ST, Glasier A, Coutts S, McGuire F, Harden J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Induced abortion and associated factors among female sex workers in Iran.
This study aimed to examine the prevalence and factors associated with induced abortion among FSWs in Iran. METHODS: 1337 FSWs aged ≥18 years who reported selling sex to more than one male client in the past 12 months were recruited in 13 major cities in Iran between January and August 2015. Bivariable and multivariable modified Poisson regression models were constructed to examine the correlates of induced abortion. Adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. RESULTS: Lifetime induced abortion was reported by 621 of 1335 participants (46.5%; 95% CI 43.8, 49.2). Older a...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 16, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Khezri M, Shokoohi M, Karamouzian M, Mirzazadeh A, Ghalekhani N, Gholamypour Z, Valipour A, Haghdoost AA, Sharifi H Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Acceptability of the menstrual cup among students in further education institutions in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
CONCLUSION: The menstrual cup was well accepted among this student population and should be considered as a cost-effective and environmentally sustainable option in menstrual health management initiatives in South Africa. PMID: 32938248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 16, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Beksinska M, Nkosi P, Zulu B, Smit J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of menstrual hygiene practices among young currently married women aged 15-24 years: an analysis from a nationally representative survey of India.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest increasing opportunities for female education, providing economic incentives, enhancing women's autonomy could help to increase hygienic practices of women during menstruation period. Furthermore, interventions should target socio-economically disadvantaged women to raise the use of sanitary napkins. PMID: 32938257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 16, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Roy A, Paul P, Saha J, Barman B, Kapasia N, Chouhan P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Repeat induced abortion and adverse childhood experiences in Aquitaine, France: a cross-sectional survey.
CONCLUSION: We found a strong graded link between the extent of ACE exposure and the occurrence of repeat induced abortion. PMID: 32914679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 10, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Haddad S, Martin-Marchand L, Lafaysse M, Saurel-Cubizolles MJ Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The availability of contraceptive methods in Turkish pharmacies and the status of pharmacies and pharmacists as providers of contraception.
CONCLUSION: The results showed that pharmacists providing contraceptive counselling services need continuing in-service training. The current regulations on the duties and responsibilities of pharmacists in Turkey involve the provision of counselling about medication use. Effective training is suggested to provide better quality services in family planning/reproductive health care. PMID: 32915090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 10, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Ozaydin AN, Bozdogan B, Kici N, Ozaydin FN Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Condom-vending machines in Italy: a qualitative exploration of gender differences to improve promotion and use.
CONCLUSION: Findings offer practical recommendations to guide CVM messaging to increase access to and use of condoms and other personal care items. Men were cited as primary CVM users, expressing practical concerns surrounding CVMs, while, for women, CVM visibility was as much an advantage as a drawback. Reflecting consumer needs via diversified product offerings should be considered a priority for increased CVM use. Working to promote CVMs requires clear messaging that attends to gender norm limitations, details product safety and establishes CVMs as a reliable condom purchase outlet. PMID: 32886016 [PubMed - as supp...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 3, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Ramos-Ortiz J, Strube OL, Kinman N, Meier S, DeMaria AL Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Outcome of using vaginal misoprostol for treatment of retained products of conception after first trimester miscarriage: a retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Of 1743 unique pregnancies, 189 women were diagnosed with RPOC. 34% (65/178) chose misoprostol for management of RPOC. Baseline demographics between the three treatment modalities (expectant, medical, surgical) were comparable. 65% (42/65) of patients who took misoprostol avoided D&C. Misoprostol is most effective (76%) in the setting of RPOC if the primary treatment for miscarriage was expectant management, with less success with primary medical management (44%) and primary surgical management (40%). PMID: 32869658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 31, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Stewart KT, Lee JS, Pan K, Albert AY, Fisher S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Is there inadequate awareness amongst patients and medical students of the risks of concurrent menstrual cup and IUD/IUS usage?
PMID: 32852236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 26, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Ruddock-Ward K, Lane S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection among women of reproductive age in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of N. gonorrhoeae infection was higher than that found in other studies carried out in the region. The results suggest that greater attention should be paid to the primary prevention of N. gonorrhoeae. We recommend the implementation of STI education for reproductive-aged women and the use of specific and rapid diagnostic testing for N. gonorrhoeae infection in STI clinics. N. gonorrhoeae screening and treatment should be integrated into in- and outpatient clinics to reduce infection among reproductive-aged women. PMID: 32845194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 25, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Kassa ZY, Hussen S, Hadra N, Moges Y, Bonja F Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Qualitative findings about stigma as a barrier to contraception use: the case of Emergency Hormonal Contraception in Britain and implications for future contraceptive interventions.
CONCLUSION: Stigma is a powerful barrier to EHC use due to the social significance of responsibility and expectations pertaining to the behaviour of 'good women.' Understandings about stigmatisation in the case of EHC should be translated to other aspects of contraceptive service delivery and future innovations, to ensure effective provision of methods and safeguard their uptake. PMID: 32840425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 24, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Eastham R, Milligan C, Limmer M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Can a mother's polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)-related symptoms be used to predict the future clinical profile of PCOS in her adolescent daughter? A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Our study population had several markers of poor metabolic health (increased BMI and waist-hip ratio) that were passed down from mother to daughter. No direct link was found between a mother's PCOS symptoms and those of her adolescent daughter. In order to establish definitive links between the symptoms of a mother and those of her daughter, a more comprehensive study should be conducted using a larger study sample. Additionally, a follow-up assessment of our studied adolescents would be appropriate to evaluate the progress of their symptoms. PMID: 32757787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Lidaka L, Grasmane A, Lazdane G, Dzivite-Krisane I, Gailite L, Viberga I Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Femiject, a once-a-month combined injectable contraceptive: experience from Pakistan.
CONCLUSION: As the continuation rate, level of satisfaction and bleeding profile of CIC users was promising, increased uptake should be encouraged. Our study shows that CIC is a good option for women requesting contraception. PMID: 32757796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Izhar R, Husain S, Tahir MA, Husain S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

What is the best drug treatment for premenopausal women with bleeding irregularities using the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system? A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Evidence for the medical treatment of (ongoing) bleeding irregularities during use of the LNG-IUS is lacking and more research is needed on the topic. PMID: 32757842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - August 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: van der Heijden PAHH, Tibosch RMG, Geomini PMAJ, Veersema S, Bullens LM, Delvaux EJLG, Bui BN, Bongers MY Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

What are the social correlates of subsequent abortions in Flanders, Belgium?
CONCLUSION: Using discrete-time hazard models, we unpack individual abortion experiences across women's reproductive life courses. By studying the transitions into different orders of subsequent abortions separately, we provide a more detailed understanding of risk factors compared to other European studies. The social correlates vary by the order considered: A certain profile emerges for women who have a second or third abortion, but disintegrates when considering higher-order abortions. This knowledge enables clinicians and policymakers to better understand women who experience subsequent abortions and to tailor services...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 19, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: De Kort L, Wood J, Van de Velde S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraceptive use among women with a history of induced abortion: findings from a national sample of sexually active, non-pregnant women in Ghana.
CONCLUSION: Overall, the use of contraception among sexually active women in Ghana was found to be low. Our findings showed that women's experience of induced abortion was unlikely to influence their current use of modern contraception. PMID: 32684009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 19, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Adampah T, Angwa LM, Demuyakor A, Achinkok D, Boah M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Access to primary health care family planning services and contraceptive use in disadvantaged women: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: For disadvantaged women living in conservative areas, family planning is a fragile exercise. Gender-sensitive primary care services are essential to ensure access to everyone in the community. PMID: 32687422 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 19, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Yücel U, Çiçeklioğlu M, Öcek ZA, Varol ZS Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Factors associated with long-acting and short-acting reversible contraceptive use in Ethiopia: an analysis of the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey.
CONCLUSION: This study outlines crucial differences between long- and short-acting contraceptive users. Further family planning policy efforts taking into account regional, religious and other personal and socio-economic factors would effectively augment ongoing efforts. Additionally, the role played by discussion with health professionals in supporting long-term contraceptive use reflects the success of the ongoing effort to drive use in Ethiopia. KEY MESSAGE Global and national health actors are focused on improving access to long-acting contraceptives, however there is little evidence on factors that facilitate their up...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 16, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Stonehill A, Bishu SG, Taddese HB Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Managing an obstetrics and gynaecology department in time of COVID pandemic: safety and efficacy first at Foch hospital.
Abstract Obstetrics and Gynecology department in France were not ready for the outbreak of the COVID pandemic, but ingenuity and dedication of personnel allowed to perform safely and avoid nocomial transmission of COVID. PMID: 32658598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Murtada R, Carbonnel M, Revaux A, de Ziegler D, Ayoubi JM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Does SARS-CoV-2 infection cause sperm DNA fragmentation? Possible link with oxidative stress.
PMID: 32643968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 8, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Sengupta P, Dutta S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Religiosity among women undergoing pregnancy termination for medical reasons: the experiences and views of Polish women.
CONCLUSION: The study detected a considerable discrepancy between declared religiosity and individual interpretations of the commandments and teachings of the Catholic Church. Despite stating they were Catholics, most women did not perceive abortion as sinful and did not follow the teachings of the Catholic Church regarding the sacraments for deceased children. PMID: 32643985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 8, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zaręba K, Commodari E, La Rosa VL, Makara-Studzińska M, Ciebiera M, Gierus J, Caruso S, Jakiel G Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Living with the new coronavirus: How can a society cope with uncertainty.
PMID: 32627600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bitzer J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Reproductive health challenges of male and female street beggars and use of reproductive health services by female street beggars in Ife-Ijesa, Nigeria.
Conclusion: Street beggars are a poor and vulnerable group with reproductive health challenges. They have difficulty accessing reproductive health services because of physical disabilities and related low socioeconomic status. PMID: 32619125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 2, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Ijadunola MY, Olotu EA, Makhele MI, Audu JA, Longe MG, Lawal SA Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraceptive use among young women in northern Ghana: a community-based study.
Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to assess factors influencing contraceptive uptake among young women aged 15-24 years in Bolgatanga Municipal District, northern Ghana.Methods: An analytical cross-sectional community-based study was conducted between December 2015 and April 2016. Participants (N = 580) were selected through multistage sampling and interviewed using a pretested structured questionnaire.Results: The mean age of the participants was 20.5 years (standard deviation 2.8 years). About a third were less than 20 years old. Contraceptive knowledge was nearly universal (99.7%). Abou...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - July 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Apambila RN, Owusu-Asubonteng G, Dassah ET Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

What can be learned from the Chinese experience in response to infertility.
Conclusion: It is necessary to integrate the reproductive health care of infertile people into the national public health service. In addition to relieving their economic burden, national policies should guide and support enterprises to guarantee employee medical leave for infertility. Growing numbers of bereaved older women who have lost their only child make it imperative to reconsider liberalizing the regulation of oocyte donation in China. PMID: 32567960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 21, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zhang P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

COVID 19 era: a beginning of upsurge in unwanted pregnancies, unmet need for contraception and other women related issues.
Abstract The Novel Coronavirus disease that started in Wuhan city of China in December 2019 has emerged as one of the fastest spreading pandemics all over the world affecting millions of people and causing millions of deaths worldwide. In an attempt to control its spread, countries have imposed local and national lockdowns, affecting many healthcare services, especially sexual and reproductive health services which are actually essential and lifesaving. In near future this will result in a large number of grave consequences including increased unmet need for modern contraceptives, unintended pregnancies, increased...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 21, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Kumar N Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Patterns of contraceptive use among Thai women aged ≥40 and at risk of pregnancy.
Conclusion: Although the use of contraception was common, some participants displayed a lack of knowledge and/or did not practise family planning. Our findings address the importance of improving knowledge about the risks of pregnancy and the need for effective contraception in this population. PMID: 32567985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 21, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Sothornwit J, Wattanakamolchai P, Werawatakul Y, Eamudomkarn N, Somboonporn W Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Perceived barriers and facilitators to female condoms among UK based healthcare professionals.
Conclusions: HCPs are reluctant to promote FCs, often due to the perceived social stigma surrounding FCs. Further education and promotion are needed to increase acceptability and correct usage. Future research needs to explore strategies to increase the acceptability of FCs among women, men who have sex with men and HCPs. PMID: 32567987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 21, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Burton J, Bedford R, Graham C, Nadarzynski T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual health of French adolescents with sickle cell disease.
Conclusion: Young people with SCD need more information on contraception. Clinicians caring for them should be aware of the need for sexual health information in order to propose prevention actions adapted to these young people with chronic disease. PMID: 32496830 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 3, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Gros M, Jung C, Fourmaux C, Kamdem A, Arnaud C, Hau I, Pondarre C, Carlier-Gonod A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Translating policy to practice: theory-based formative research to improve messaging and over-the-counter access to emergency contraception in Florence, Italy.
Conclusion: The findings offer practical recommendations to guide EC messaging in Italy to increase women's access to EC. Recommendations include using theory- and audience-based methods to overcome gaps in policy knowledge and real and perceived barriers to EC access. Incorporating DOI as a theoretical framework with women's voices presents a novel opportunity to enhance policy and EC dissemination. PMID: 32496887 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 3, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Meier S, Ball E, Jamieson KL, Sunkel SL, DeMaria AL Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Knowledge, attitude and practice towards abortion and post abortion care among Egyptian private obstetricians and gynaecologists.
Conclusions: The majority of private obstetricians/gynaecologists in Ismailia, Egypt, do not perform abortions for unwanted pregnancies because of their religious beliefs. Post-abortion screening for STDs and family planning services are not sufficiently integrated into post-abortion care. PMID: 32484369 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - June 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Ibrahim ZM, Mohamed ML, Taha OT, Ghoneim HM, Mohamed HS, Abdellah AM, Aboelroose AA, Fiala LA, Nassr AA, Abbas AM, Atwa KA Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The gendered impact of coronavirus disease (COVID-19): do estrogens play a role?
Abstract Objective: Although sex-disaggregated data for COVID-19 show equal numbers of cases between men and women, there seem to be sex differences in mortality rate and vulnerability to the disease: more men than women are dying. Methods: We have explored the potential role of estrogens in this COVID-19 gendered impact. Results: Estrogens stimulate the humoral response to viral infections, while testosterone and progesterone give an immune suppression of both innate and cell-mediated immune responses. We hypothesise that estrogens, in particular estradiol but also synthetic estrogen such as ethinylestradiol, cou...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 28, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Grandi G, Facchinetti F, Bitzer J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Association between contraceptive method chosen after induced abortion and incidence of repeat abortion in Northern Portugal.
The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of repeat abortion, taking into account the contraceptive method chosen after the index abortion event, and characterise the risk factors for repeat abortion.Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of 988 women who requested termination of pregnancy during 2015 in a Portuguese tertiary care public hospital. Contraception was given free of charge after the index event. The occurrence of a repeat induced abortion was evaluated during a 24 month follow-up period.Results: Forty-nine (5.0%) of the 988 women had a repeat abortion. Users of long-acting reversible...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 27, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Rodrigues-Martins D, Lebre A, Santos J, Braga J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Chance of live birth in the first pregnancy after referral among patients with recurrent pregnancy loss is not influenced by their relatives' reproductive history.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that pregnancy losses among first-degree family members is not an important risk factor for outcome of the first pregnancy after referral among women with RPL. PMID: 32436443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Kolte AM, Blom C, Shabdar A, Christiansen OB, Nielsen HS Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Quality of life of women using the etonogestrel long-acting reversible contraceptive implant after abortion for unplanned pregnancy.
Abstract Objectives: The aims of the study were to investigate the effect of a subcutaneous etonogestrel-containing contraceptive implant on the quality of life (QoL) and sexual function of women who had undergone termination of an unplanned pregnancy.Methods: At pregnancy termination 140 women received contraceptive counselling on the etonogestrel implant. The Short Form-36 questionnaire, the Female Sexual Function Index and the Female Sexual Distress Scale were used to investigate, respectively, the QoL, sexual function and sexual distress of the women at baseline and at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months of follow-up.Resu...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Caruso S, Vitale SG, Fava V, Pasqua SD, Rapisarda AMC, Cianci S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraception during Coronavirus-Covid 19 pandemia. Recommendations of the Board of the Italian Society of Contraception.
Conclusion: At the present time, during the Coronavirus-Covid 19 pandemia, no data contraindicate the use of intrauterine or hormonal contraceptives. Conversely the use of an appropriate contraception is advocate to prevent unintended pregnancies. PMID: 32436739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Fruzzetti F, Cagnacci A, Primiero F, De Leo V, Bastianelli C, Bruni V, Caruso S, Di Carlo C, Farris M, Grandi G, Grasso A, Guida M, Meriggiola M, Paoletti AM, Cianci A, Nappi C, Volpe A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The effects of soy isoflavones on total testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract Objectives: The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to evaluate the effectiveness of soy isoflavones on serum levels of total testosterone (TT) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).Methods: A meta-analysis was performed by searching for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in several databases. Of the four trials found, the eligibility criteria to evaluate the efficacy of soy isoflavones on serum levels of FSH were met by three trials and of TT by four trials. The Cochrane scale was used to evaluate the risk of bias. Fixed-effects ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zilaee M, Mansoori A, Ahmad HS, Mohaghegh SM, Asadi M, Hormoznejad R Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Family planning: an essential health activity in the pandemic of SARS-CoV-2.
PMID: 32436743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bahamondes L, Makuch MY Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on reproductive health and maternity services in low resource countries.
Conclusion: Pregnant women residing in low resource countries represent a uniquely vulnerable group in epidemics due to several factors. Maternity services in low resource countries are adapting to provide antenatal and postnatal care amidst a rapidly shifting health system environment due to the COVID-19 pandemic. PMID: 32436744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Abdelbadee AY, Abbas AM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Patterns of condom use in a university student population residing in a high-risk area for HIV infection.
Conclusion: Condom use among students in northern Kosovo was low. Strategies for HIV prevention should be focussed on promoting healthy behaviours, especially among female students and students who live alone while at university. Moreover, sexuality education should be carried out in schools and primary health care centres to provide support and enable young people to negotiate safe sex. PMID: 32436747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - May 20, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Milic M, Gazibara T, Stevanovic J, Parlic M, Nicholson D, Mitic K, Lazic D, Dotlic J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research