Single-dose pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics assessment of oestriol and trimegestone containing vaginal rings in healthy women with childbearing potential
CONCLUSIONS: The Test 3 formulation presented the best dose combination of E3/TMG for contraception. Moreover, all vaginal rings were well tolerated.PMID:33645377 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2021.1884219 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - March 1, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Natal ícia de Jesus Antunes Raimundo Vieira de Oliveira Filho Jaime de Oliveira Ilha Ronilson A Moreno Andr é Felipe Nahoum Ralph-Steven Wedemeyer Andr é Warnke Gilberto De Nucci Source Type: research

Unintended pregnancy-related factors and the occurrence of offspring congenital heart disease: a multi-site case-control study in China
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended pregnancy increased the risk of CHDs in infants. This risk may be related to some known and unknown factors.SYNOPSIS: Some unintended pregnancy related factors may increase the risk for foetal CHDs. The duration of planning pregnancy may not be associated with the risk of CHDs.PMID:33624567 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2020.1862081 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 24, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zhen Liu Meixian Wang Qin Tang Fang He Nana Li Ying Deng Ping Yu Jun Zhu Xiaohong Li Source Type: research

Unintended pregnancy-related factors and the occurrence of offspring congenital heart disease: a multi-site case-control study in China
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended pregnancy increased the risk of CHDs in infants. This risk may be related to some known and unknown factors.SYNOPSIS: Some unintended pregnancy related factors may increase the risk for foetal CHDs. The duration of planning pregnancy may not be associated with the risk of CHDs.PMID:33624567 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2020.1862081 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 24, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zhen Liu Meixian Wang Qin Tang Fang He Nana Li Ying Deng Ping Yu Jun Zhu Xiaohong Li Source Type: research

Unintended pregnancy-related factors and the occurrence of offspring congenital heart disease: a multi-site case-control study in China
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended pregnancy increased the risk of CHDs in infants. This risk may be related to some known and unknown factors.SYNOPSIS: Some unintended pregnancy related factors may increase the risk for foetal CHDs. The duration of planning pregnancy may not be associated with the risk of CHDs.PMID:33624567 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2020.1862081 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 24, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zhen Liu Meixian Wang Qin Tang Fang He Nana Li Ying Deng Ping Yu Jun Zhu Xiaohong Li Source Type: research

Unintended pregnancy-related factors and the occurrence of offspring congenital heart disease: a multi-site case-control study in China
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended pregnancy increased the risk of CHDs in infants. This risk may be related to some known and unknown factors.SYNOPSIS: Some unintended pregnancy related factors may increase the risk for foetal CHDs. The duration of planning pregnancy may not be associated with the risk of CHDs.PMID:33624567 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2020.1862081 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 24, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zhen Liu Meixian Wang Qin Tang Fang He Nana Li Ying Deng Ping Yu Jun Zhu Xiaohong Li Source Type: research

Unintended pregnancy-related factors and the occurrence of offspring congenital heart disease: a multi-site case-control study in China
CONCLUSIONS: Unintended pregnancy increased the risk of CHDs in infants. This risk may be related to some known and unknown factors.SYNOPSIS: Some unintended pregnancy related factors may increase the risk for foetal CHDs. The duration of planning pregnancy may not be associated with the risk of CHDs.PMID:33624567 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2020.1862081 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 24, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zhen Liu Meixian Wang Qin Tang Fang He Nana Li Ying Deng Ping Yu Jun Zhu Xiaohong Li Source Type: research

Frequency and experience in the use of menstrual cycle monitoring applications by Brazilian women
CONCLUSION: The use of menstrual cycle monitoring apps was quite widespread in the studied group. Satisfaction with app use was considered adequate. The use of menstrual cycle apps was associated with the use of behavioural contraceptive and barrier methods as well as IUDs.PMID:33615939 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2021.1884222 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Amanda Silvestre Santos Gon çalves Daniela Siqueira Prado Lucas Menezes Silva Source Type: research

Second trimester medical abortion in a primigravida with lupus nephritis and rapidly progressive renal failure: challenges and outcome
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2021 Feb 22:1-5. doi: 10.1080/13625187.2021.1879782. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn the second trimester, medical abortion is preferred as it is less invasive, and the surgical method carries more risk. There is a paucity of published literature on medical abortion in women with renal failure requiring haemodialysis. We came across a woman who presented with rapidly progressive renal failure at 18 weeks of gestation and required therapeutic abortion. We are reporting the challenges, outcomes, and precautions to be taken while performing a medical abortion in such a case.PMID:33615941 ...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Rashmi Bagga Bharti Sharma Neelam Choudhary Rimpi Singla Pradip Kumar Saha Joyita Bharati Chirag Rajkumar Kopp Sanjay Jain Source Type: research

Menstrual pattern and contraceptive choices of Portuguese athletes
CONCLUSION: Most athletes had the perception that performance varies throughout the month. The majority of participants do not report amenorrhoea and have monthly menses. The use of contraceptive methods is reportedly high, benefit cycle control and apparently without any physical inconvenience.PMID:33615943 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2021.1879780 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Filipa Mendes Coutinho Alexandre Rebelo-Marques Renato Andrade Jo ão Espregueira-Mendes Teresa Bombas Paulo Moura Source Type: research

Determinants of induced abortion in Tehran, Iran: the role of contraceptive failure
CONCLUSION: The high risk of abortion among women experiencing failure of a modern contraceptive method indicates an unmet need for family planning counselling and education rather than a shortage of contraceptive methods.PMID:33615944 | DOI:10.1080/13625187.2021.1876846 (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Amir Erfani Source Type: research

Contraceptive use and pregnancy plans among women of reproductive age during the first Australian COVID-19 lockdown: findings from an online survey
We report on the experiences of 518 female participants aged
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Jacqueline Coombe Fabian Kong Helen Bittleston Hennie Williams Jane Tomnay Alaina Vaisey Sue Malta Jane Goller Meredith Temple-Smith Louise Bourchier Andrew Lau Jane S Hocking Source Type: research

Frequency and experience in the use of menstrual cycle monitoring applications by Brazilian women.
CONCLUSION: The use of menstrual cycle monitoring apps was quite widespread in the studied group. Satisfaction with app use was considered adequate. The use of menstrual cycle apps was associated with the use of behavioural contraceptive and barrier methods as well as IUDs. PMID: 33615939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Gonçalves ASS, Prado DS, Silva LM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Second trimester medical abortion in a primigravida with lupus nephritis and rapidly progressive renal failure: challenges and outcome.
Abstract In the second trimester, medical abortion is preferred as it is less invasive, and the surgical method carries more risk. There is a paucity of published literature on medical abortion in women with renal failure requiring haemodialysis. We came across a woman who presented with rapidly progressive renal failure at 18 weeks of gestation and required therapeutic abortion. We are reporting the challenges, outcomes, and precautions to be taken while performing a medical abortion in such a case. PMID: 33615941 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and R...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bagga R, Sharma B, Choudhary N, Singla R, Saha PK, Bharati J, Rajkumar Kopp C, Jain S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Menstrual pattern and contraceptive choices of Portuguese athletes.
CONCLUSION: Most athletes had the perception that performance varies throughout the month. The majority of participants do not report amenorrhoea and have monthly menses. The use of contraceptive methods is reportedly high, benefit cycle control and apparently without any physical inconvenience. PMID: 33615943 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Coutinho FM, Rebelo-Marques A, Andrade R, Espregueira-Mendes J, Bombas T, Moura P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Determinants of induced abortion in Tehran, Iran: the role of contraceptive failure.
CONCLUSION: The high risk of abortion among women experiencing failure of a modern contraceptive method indicates an unmet need for family planning counselling and education rather than a shortage of contraceptive methods. PMID: 33615944 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Erfani A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraceptive use and pregnancy plans among women of reproductive age during the first Australian COVID-19 lockdown: findings from an online survey.
We report on the experiences of 518 female participants aged
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 22, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Coombe J, Kong F, Bittleston H, Williams H, Tomnay J, Vaisey A, Malta S, Goller J, Temple-Smith M, Bourchier L, Lau A, Hocking JS Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Barriers and enablers of contraceptive use among adolescent girls and women under 30 years of age in Cambodia: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Cambodian women aged 16-27 years are a vulnerable group who have low autonomy and sexual and reproductive health literacy and also face gender inequality. PMID: 33605841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 19, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Rizvi F, Hoban E, Williams J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Unintended conceptions leading to wanted pregnancies - an integral perspective on pregnancy acceptance from a mixed-methods study in Germany.
CONCLUSION: Unintended pregnancies form a continuum ranging from readily accepted 'happy' pregnancies to pregnancies hard to accept. A new measure should also include postconception acceptance, besides preconception desire. PMID: 33596147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 17, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Helfferich C, Gerstner D, Knittel T, Pflügler C, Schmidt F Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

An exploratory study on the association of lifestyle factors with serum etonogestrel concentrations among contraceptive implant users.
CONCLUSION: This exploratory study found no significant effect of diet or exercise habits on steady-state pharmacokinetics among contraceptive implant users. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03092037. PMID: 33596152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 17, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Lazorwitz A, Sheeder J, Teal S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Family planning perspectives and practices of married adolescent girls in rural Upper Egypt.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to explore the contraceptive practices of married adolescent girls in rural Upper Egypt and identify the determinants of their ever use of modern contraception. METHODS: The study was a household survey of 729 married adolescent girls in 23 villages of two governorates in Upper Egypt. Listing and enumeration of all households in the selected villages were performed prior to data collection, to recruit married adolescent girls below 20 years of age. The girls were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Only 6% of married adolescent gir...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 12, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Aziz MM, Elgibaly O, Mohammed HM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Women's perspectives on smartphone apps for fertility tracking and predicting conception: a mixed methods study.
CONCLUSION: This research elaborates on women's uses of and interest in FTAs. Stakeholders should use this research to reflect on current conception experiences and possibilities for improvement through development of an NCPA. Future research should seek opinions from a more diverse sample of women to inform the development of an inclusive NCPA. PMID: 33576699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 12, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Blair DL, Morgan HM, McLernon DJ Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Pandemics and populations.
on; J PMID: 33559508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 9, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Greguš J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual behaviour and risk compensation among single women of reproductive age using hormonal contraception in Zambia.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Developing countries have seen an increase in the use of hormonal contraception due to its high efficacy in preventing pregnancy. Our study assessed risk compensation among single women of reproductive age using hormonal contraception. METHODS: The study used data from a nationally representative, cross-sectional sample of the 2018 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Study participants (N = 2151) were single, sexually active women aged 15-49 years, of whom 595 were using hormonal contraception. RESULTS: Hormonal contraception was used by 26% of participant...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 8, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Nyirenda HT, Mukanga B, Choka N, Jegede AI, Mulenga D, Nyirenda HBC, Nyirenda T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Dislocated intrauterine devices: clinical presentations, diagnosis and management.
CONCLUSION: Uterine perforation and IUD migration to the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity are serious complications of IUD insertion and can be successfully managed by laparoscopy, or by laparotomy in the presence of severe pelvic adhesions or unexpected complications. PMID: 33555216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 8, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tabatabaei F, Masoumzadeh M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

The performance of a fertility tracking device.
CONCLUSION: Overall, these results showed that the fertility tracker algorithm was able to distinguish biphasic cycles and provide personalised fertility statuses for users based on daily basal body temperature readings and menstruation data. We identified a direct linear relationship between the number of measurements and output of the fertility tracker. PMID: 33555223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 8, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: van de Roemer N, Haile L, Koch MC Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Natural Cycles app: contraceptive outcomes and demographic analysis of UK users.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study which describes the use of a digital contraceptive by women in the UK. It describes the demographics of users and how they correlate with the apps effectiveness at preventing pregnancy. PMID: 33539252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 4, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Pearson JT, Chelstowska M, Rowland SP, Mcilwaine E, Benhar E, Berglund Scherwitzl E, Walker S, Gemzell Danielsson K, Scherwitzl R Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunction in Chinese women at different reproductive stages and the positive effect of hormone replacement therapy in the early postmenopause.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to investigate female sexual dysfunction (FSD) at different reproductive stages and the effect on FSD of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). METHODS: Participants (N = 524) were divided into six groups according to the Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW + 10): reproductive age (R), early (ET)/late (LT) menopausal transition, early (EP)/late (LP) postmenopause and early postmenopause in women using HRT (EP-HRT; oestradiol sequentially combined with dydrogesterone). The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used to assess FSD. Univariate a...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 4, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Ju R, Ruan X, Xu X, Yang Y, Cheng J, Zhang L, Wang B, Qin S, Dou Z, Mueck AO Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Self-administrated vaginal 2% lidocaine in-situ gel for pain relief during copper intrauterine device insertion in women with previous caesarean delivery only: a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Self-administered vaginal lidocaine in-situ gel 10 min before copper IUD insertion is effective in pain reduction in women with previous caesarean delivery only. PMID: 33539256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - February 4, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Abbas AM, Abd Ellah NH, Hosny MA, Abdellah MS, Ali MK Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraceptive use and fertility behaviour among Syrian migrant women.
CONCLUSION: Although Syrian migrant women were aware of contraceptive methods, the rate of method use was low. PMID: 33475428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 21, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Özşahin A, Emre N, Edirne T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Combined hormonal contraception and COVID-19.
Conclusions: We can continue to prescribe and use hormonal methods with EE. PMID: 33475429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 21, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Lete I Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Intrauterine device extraction through laparoscopic hysterotomy.
DISCUSSION: Hysteroscopy with or without sonographic intraoperative control to avoid uterine perforation, remains the recommended treatment in case of retained IUD. Difficult cases with a fibrotic cervix can be dilated with a scalpel under general anaesthesia before hysteroscopy to retrieve the coil. Laparoscopic approach is usually being used as a minimally invasive procedure for the extraction of IUD that are misplaced or migrate to the peritoneal cavity. In very seleted cases, laparoscopy can be a useful tool in case other approaches are ineffective or rejected by the patient. PMID: 33460339 [PubMed - as supplied b...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 18, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Simó Alari F, Gutierrez I Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Women's reproductive behaviour and perspectives on fertility, and their modifying factors, in a Turkish province with a high fertility rate.
CONCLUSION: The results showed that cultural norms and values significantly affected fertility rates. PMID: 33403875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - January 6, 2021 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Eroğlu K, Koruk F, Koruk İ, Çelik K, Güner P, Kiliçli A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Barriers to post-placental intrauterine device receipt among expectant minority women.
CONCLUSIONS: Expectant minority women's perceived barriers to post-placental IUDs are not related to prenatal feeding intentions. We identified two clinically relevant factors that appear to measure barriers to post-placental IUD acceptance. PMID: 33295807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 9, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Furman L, Pettit S, Balthazar MS, Williams K, O'Riordan MA Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Predicting menstrual bleeding patterns with levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems.
CONCLUSIONS: A fixed-cluster model predicted bleeding patterns better than a regression-tree model in women using LNG-IUS, yielding understandable, informative output. PMID: 33269954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 3, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Frenz AK, Ahlers C, Beckert V, Gerlinger C, Friede T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Characteristics of women who use hormonal contraceptives and their population-level impacts on HIV infection in a cohort of South African women (2002-2016).
CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis presented evidence for the overlapping characteristics of the women who used hormonal injectables and those at high-risk of HIV infection. These findings reinforce the importance of comprehensive contraceptive counselling to women about the importance of dual protection, such as male condoms and hormonal contraceptives use. PMID: 33140988 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Wand H, Morris N, Reddy T Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Non-pharmacological anxiety reduction with immersive virtual reality for first-trimester dilation and curettage: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Women undergoing dilation and curettage in the first trimester were able to use a VR device during the procedure. VR-induced distraction and relaxation helped to reduce anxiety in some participants both during and after the procedure. PMID: 33140989 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Sridhar A, Shiliang Z, Woodson R, Kwan L Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Current evidence of contraceptive uptake, pregnancy and continuation rates in young women: a systematic review and Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: LARC methods are the most efficacious in preventing pregnancy, and women should be informed of this if pregnancy prevention is their priority. The evidence, however, is of low quality. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42017055452. PMID: 33140990 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - November 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Farah D, Andrade TRM, Di Bella ZIKJ, Girão MJBC, Fonseca MCM Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Post-reproductive aged women: a lost generation in the cervical cancer screening programme.
CONCLUSION: Post-reproductive aged women in Latvia often do not attend cervical cancer screening. Analysis of personal and organisational barriers confirmed that the involvement of GPs would encourage older women to participate in the organised screening programme. PMID: 33124491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 30, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zodzika J, Krumina K, Jermakova I, Kojalo U, Plisko O, Santare D, Rezeberga D, Lazdane G Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Doctors and overpopulation 48 years later: a second notice.
aud J Abstract Overpopulation exacerbates environmental and health problems, from climate change to biodiversity loss and pandemics. It is the 'upstream' driver of numerous existential threats. Addressing this compassionately - always - should be axiomatic for doctors. Our profession, by dramatically reducing death-rates since the 1800s while birth-rates remained high, sadly bears - unintendedly - some responsibility for the increase: one billion then, eight billion looming. Therefore, as doctors, we must surely be uniquely motivated to: be involved in rights-based policies and services with unbroken supply chains...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Greguš J, Guillebaud J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Comparison of the efficacy and safety of two combined misoprostol regimens for second trimester medical abortion.
CONCLUSION: The administration of vaginal-sublingual misoprostol, when compared with the vaginal-oral regimen, was associated with a shorter induction-to-abortion interval but a higher incidence of severe pain and shivering. PMID: 33044101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Kalogiannidis I, Tsakiridis I, Dagklis T, Kapetanios G, Mamopoulos A, Athanasiadis A Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual activity and contraceptive use during social distancing and self-isolation in the COVID-19 pandemic.
CONCLUSION: Several non-cohabiting women using SARC had discontinued their contraceptive method during the pandemic but had continued to engage in sexual activity and had had an unplanned pregnancy. Clinicians should counsel women about what they should do in regard to contraception in the event of new, future social distancing measures. PMID: 33044107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 12, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Caruso S, Rapisarda AMC, Minona P Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Harmful traditional health practices used by Syrian refugee women in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: Some of the reported known and used methods are harmless or beneficial to women's health. Some, however, can negatively affect women's health in terms of infection, bleeding and toxicity. In order to eliminate potentially harmful traditional health practices, it is recommended that Syrian refugee women receive health education. PMID: 33025816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 7, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Yaman Sözbir Ş, Erenoğlu R Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Use of haemostatic gel in the management of cervical pregnancy: a case report.
CONCLUSION: Haemostatic agents can be regarded as an effective option for vaginal bleeding due to cervical pregnancy. PMID: 33021850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 5, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Han JY, Kim H, Kim SW, Ku SY, Suh CS, Kim SH Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Contraception and abortion among migrant women in Changzhou, China.
CONCLUSION: The results of the study provide evidence that migrant women in China are relying more than ever on less effective methods of contraception. Unintended pregnancy and abortion are common. China's current informed choice model needs to be improved with the provision of better health education before and after migration and easy access to health and reproductive health care services. PMID: 33006490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Zong Z, Sun X, Mao J, Shu X, Hearst N Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Comparative pharmacokinetic analysis of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems and levonorgestrel-containing contraceptives with oral or subdermal administration route.
CONCLUSIONS: Among the contraceptives examined, COC had the highest and LNG-IUSs the lowest systemic exposure to LNG. Systemic LNG concentration was inversely correlated to body weight. PMID: 33006493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Hofmann BM, Apter D, Bitzer J, Reinecke I, Serrani M, Höchel J, Merz M Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Post-placental intrauterine device insertion vs puerperal insertion in women undergoing caesarean delivery in Egypt: a 1 year randomised controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Participants in the post-placental group had a higher expulsion rate at 6 months, but more IUDs were placed in this group and fewer pregnancies had occurred at 12 months compared with the puerperal group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02679820. PMID: 33006501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Bayoumi YA, Dakhly DMR, Bassiouny YA, Gouda HM, Hassan MA, Hassan AA Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Sexual risk-taking among young Swedish men testing for STI.
CONCLUSIONS: There are important differences in sexual risk-taking within the group of young men testing for sexually transmitted infections which need to be taken into account in developing effective counselling and promotion strategies in sexual and reproductive health care. Further research on young men's sexual risk-taking is needed to broaden understanding of factors associated with young men's sexual health. PMID: 33006520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Helsing B, Frisén A, Hwang CP Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

ESC educational tools on contraception and sexual and reproductive health.
PMID: 33006522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care)
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - October 1, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Roumen FJME Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Women's experiences of accessing postpartum intrauterine contraception in a public maternity setting: a qualitative service evaluation.
CONCLUSION: Women typically reported satisfaction with their decision to have PPIUC. For maternity services considering introducing PPIUC, our findings reinforce the importance of anticipating and addressing implementation challenges in order to enhance women's experience of the service. These include ensuring that: clear and appropriate PPIUC information and support are provided antenatally; women are able to access PPIUC immediately after delivery; robust clinical pathways are in place to support post-insertion IUC care; and both staff and women are familiar with the clinical pathways. PMID: 32990066 [PubMed - as su...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 28, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Boydell N, Cooper M, Cameron ST, Glasier A, Coutts S, McGuire F, Harden J Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research

Induced abortion and associated factors among female sex workers in Iran.
This study aimed to examine the prevalence and factors associated with induced abortion among FSWs in Iran. METHODS: 1337 FSWs aged ≥18 years who reported selling sex to more than one male client in the past 12 months were recruited in 13 major cities in Iran between January and August 2015. Bivariable and multivariable modified Poisson regression models were constructed to examine the correlates of induced abortion. Adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. RESULTS: Lifetime induced abortion was reported by 621 of 1335 participants (46.5%; 95% CI 43.8, 49.2). Older a...
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - September 16, 2020 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Khezri M, Shokoohi M, Karamouzian M, Mirzazadeh A, Ghalekhani N, Gholamypour Z, Valipour A, Haghdoost AA, Sharifi H Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research