Abuse, self-harm and suicidal ideation in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This study explored patterns of abuse, self-harm and thoughts of suicide/self-harm in the UK during the first month of the COVID-19 pandemic using data from the COVID-19 Social Study (n=44 775), a non-probability sample weighted to population proportions. The reported frequency of abuse, self-harm and thoughts of suicide/self-harm was higher among women, Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, unemployment, disability, chronic physical illnesses, mental disorders and COVID-19 diagnosis. Psychiatric medications were the most common type of support being used, but fe...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Co-occurring trajectories of anxiety and insistence on sameness behaviour in autism spectrum disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The concurrent assessment of insistence on sameness behaviour and anxiety in ASD may help in understanding current symptom profiles and anticipating future trajectories. High preschool insistence on sameness in particular may be associated with elevated current or future anxiety symptoms. PMID: 32641181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Comparison of clinical outcomes following 2 years of treatment of first-episode psychosis in urban early intervention services in Canada and India.
Authors: Malla A, Iyer SN, Rangaswamy T, Ramachandran P, Mohan G, Taksal A, Margolese HC, Schmitz N, Joober R Abstract BACKGROUND: Purported superior outcomes for treatment of psychosis in low- and middle-income (LMICs) compared with high-income (HICs) countries have not been examined in the context of early intervention services (EIS). AIMS: To compare 2-year clinical outcomes in first-episode psychosis (FEP) treated in EIS in Chennai (LMIC) and Montreal (HIC) using a similar EIS treatment protocol and to identify factors associated with any outcome differences. METHOD: Patients with FEP treated in EIS in ...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental disorder in people convicted of homicide: long-term national trends in rates and court outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: The proportional increase in homicide by people with schizophrenia suggests more complex factors may be driving rates, such as substance misuse. Addressing substance misuse comorbidity and maintaining engagement with services may help prevent patient homicide. Despite their complex needs, people with serious mental illness continue to be imprisoned. Improvements in assessment and the timely transfer of prisoners to health services are required. PMID: 32624025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between alcohol-related hospital admission and specialist alcohol treatment provision across local authorities in England since passage of the Health and Social Care Act 2012.
Authors: Roberts E, Hotopf M, Drummond C Abstract To our knowledge no previous studies have been conducted at the local authority level assessing relationships between alcohol-related hospital admission, specialist alcohol treatment provision and socioeconomic deprivation since the UK government passed the Health and Social Care Act in 2012. Our results, using publicly available national data-sets, suggest that the local authority areas in England most in need of adequately funded specialist alcohol treatment, because of high prevalence of alcohol dependence and deprivation, are not receiving targeted increased fun...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A retrospective study of intramuscular clozapine prescription for treatment initiation and maintenance in treatment-resistant psychosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Intramuscular clozapine prescription allowed transition to oral maintenance in an initially non-adherent cohort. Discontinuation rates were similar to patients only prescribed oral clozapine and comparable to existing literature. PMID: 32605667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Lowering dementia risk and slowing progression of disease: the role of cognitive reserve and cognitive training.
Authors: Scherrer JF, Morley JE Abstract Almeida-Meza et al found an inverse correlation between cognitive reserve (associated with educational level, complexity of occupations and leisure activities) and dementia incidence. We suggest clarifying studies using their data-set and consider what can be done to modify socioeconomic inequalities that affect cognitive reserve or to slow early dementia. PMID: 32605685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Kaleidoscope.
Authors: Tracy DK, Joyce DW, Albertson DN, Shergill SS PMID: 32594957 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Continuity of care: under attack.
Authors: Menon A PMID: 32594958 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Author's reply.
Authors: Macdonald A, Adamis D, Craig T, Murray R PMID: 32594959 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Healthcare utilisation prior to suicide in persons with alcohol use disorder: national cohort and nested case-control study.
Authors: Crump C, Edwards AC, Kendler KS, Sundquist J, Sundquist K Abstract BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is common and associated with increased risk of suicide. AIMS: To examine healthcare utilisation prior to suicide in persons with AUD in a large population-based cohort, which may reveal opportunities for prevention. METHOD: A national cohort study was conducted of 6 947 191 adults in Sweden in 2002, including 256 647 (3.7%) with AUD, with follow-up for suicide through 2015. A nested case-control design examined healthcare utilisation among people with AUD who died by suicide and 10:1 age- and ...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Envisioning a future for transgender and gender-diverse people beyond the DSM.
Authors: Perlson JE, Walters OC, Keuroghlian AS Abstract This editorial describes current considerations regarding psychiatric diagnoses for transgender and gender-diverse (TGD) people. In addition to offering an assessment of the limitations in current diagnostic standards, the authors articulate a vision for psychiatric practice marked by renewed commitment to an affirmative framework that reduces stigma. PMID: 32583756 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cigarette smoking and schizophrenia: Mendelian randomisation study.
CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking is a complex behaviour in people with schizophrenia. Understanding factors underlying the observed association remains important; however, our findings do not support a causal role of smoking in influencing risk of schizophrenia. PMID: 32552923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Services for self-harm: progress and promise?
Authors: Kapur N Abstract This editorial considers whether the quality of care for people who present to clinical services in the UK following self-harm has improved or stagnated. Some real progress has been made in the areas of service provision and research, and self-harm has never had a higher priority in policy terms. However, major gaps remain. We need to enhance people's experience of services and improve access to high-quality assessment and aftercare. PMID: 32539894 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Assessing the relationship between psychosocial stressors and psychiatric resilience among Chilean disaster survivors.
CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to the stress inoculation hypothesis, results indicated that experiencing multiple stressors increased the vulnerability to developing PTSD and/or MDD after a natural disaster. Increased knowledge regarding the individual variations of these disorders is essential to inform targeted mental health interventions after a natural disaster, especially in under-studied populations. PMID: 32522300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The scope of mental health research in the COVID-19 Pandemic and its aftermath.
Authors: Hotopf M, Bullmore E, O'Connor RC, Holmes EA PMID: 32493516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychological distress after the Great East Japan Earthquake: two multilevel 6-year prospective analyses - CORRIGENDUM.
Authors: Goodwin R, Sugiyama K, Sun S, Aida J, Ben-Ezra M PMID: 32450929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Unjustified conclusions.
Authors: Bschor T, Baethge C PMID: 32452340 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Köhler-Forsberg O, Mors O PMID: 32452341 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Are we repeating mistakes of the past? A review of the evidence for esketamine.
Authors: Horowitz MA, Moncrieff J Abstract Esketamine has been licensed for 'treatment-resistant depression' in the USA, UK and Europe. Licensing trials did not establish efficacy: two trials were negative, one showed a statistically significant but clinically uncertain effect, and a flawed discontinuation trial was included, against Food and Drug Administration precedent. Safety signals - deaths, including suicides, and bladder damage - were minimised. PMID: 32456714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

What should be done to support the mental health of healthcare staff treating covid-19 patients?
Authors: Tracy DK, Tarn M, Eldridge R, Cooke J, Calder JDF, Greenberg N PMID: 32423523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Three Challenges That the COVID-19 Pandemic Represents for Psychiatry.
Authors: Kesner L, Horáček J PMID: 32412401 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

General hospital services in the UK for adults presenting after self-harm: little evidence of progress in the past 25 years.
Authors: House A, Owens D Abstract Self-harm remains a serious public health concern, not least because of its strong link with suicide. Twenty-five years ago we lamented the deficits in UK services, research and policy. Since then, there has not been nearly enough effective action in any of these three domains. It is time for action. PMID: 32368993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health & COVID-19: is the virus racist?
Mental Health & COVID-19: is the virus racist? Br J Psychiatry. 2020 May 05;:1-6 Authors: Kapilashrami A, Bhui K PMID: 32368995 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychiatry and Coronavirus: Putting our best foot forward.
Authors: Strous RD, Gold A PMID: 32362295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Safe and informed prescribing of psychotropic medication during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Luykx JJ, van Veen SMP, Risselada A, Naarding P, Tijdink JK, Vinkers C PMID: 32362299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Achieving Good Mental Health during COVID-19 Social Isolation.
Authors: Diamond R, Willan J PMID: 32362300 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between particulate matter air pollution and risk of depression and suicide: systematic review and meta-analysis - RETRACTION.
Authors: Gu X, Liu Q, Deng F, Wang X, Lin H, Guo X, Wu S PMID: 32349797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Challenges to welcoming people with mental illnesses into faith communities.
Authors: Corrigan PW Abstract Faith communities are important to the psychiatric care of people with mental illness. I distinguish the effects of two principles of becoming welcoming communities: compassion, in which the community accommodates members with mental illnesses so they are fully included, and dignity, which rests on the essential worth of everyone. PMID: 32349817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Kaleidoscope.
Authors: Tracy DK, Joyce DW, Albertson DN, Shergill SS PMID: 32345397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Author's reply.
Authors: Tracy D PMID: 32345398 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Electroconvulsive therapy effectiveness and harm.
Authors: Chiesa M PMID: 32345399 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Kaleidoscope.
Authors: Tracy DK, Joyce DW, Shergill SS, Albertson DN PMID: 32345402 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Deighton J, Lereya ST, Patalay P, Humphrey N, Wolpert M PMID: 32345403 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence: are two-fifths of young people really 'abnormal'?
Authors: Ford T, McManus S PMID: 32345404 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A contextual approach to routinely elicit a trauma-oriented history.
Authors: Jaworowski S, Gropp C PMID: 32345405 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychosocial care of immigrants in the Czech Republic as a country in transition.
Authors: Duchonova K Abstract The Czech Republic is a country in transition, and its historical sociopolitical isolationism lingers to this day, with restrictive attitudes towards immigrants. International collaborations among transcultural psychiatrists and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) could help increase awareness of the service needs of immigrants and improve access to mental healthcare. A lack of state and academic interest persists despite the increasing importance of the issue. These neglected problems burden NGOs that have limited financial and staffing resources. Legislation on the humanitarian nee...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Evidence-based prescribing for post-traumatic stress disorder.
Authors: Bisson JI, Baker A, Dekker W, Hoskins MD Abstract There is strong research evidence to support the pharmacological treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a second line to trauma-focused psychological interventions. Fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline and venlafaxine are the best-evidenced drugs, with lower-level evidence for other medications. It is important that prescribing for PTSD is evidence-based. PMID: 32345407 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Shame, dissociative seizures and their correlation among traumatised female Yazidi with experience of sexual violence.
CONCLUSIONS: Shame in connection with sexual violence seems to play an important role in negative self-perception after rape. Dissociation not only plays an important role in unprocessed childhood trauma with feelings of shame, but also in more recent trauma experiences with shame. PMID: 32345408 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Avoiding hard capacity assessments will not help.
Authors: Kane N, Ruck Keene A, Owen G PMID: 32345409 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Response letter to the article by Killackey et al (2019) 'Individual placement and support for vocational recovery in first-episode psychosis: randomised controlled trial'.
Authors: Janaway BM, Kripalani M PMID: 32345410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Kaleidoscope.
Authors: Tracy DK, Joyce DW, Albertson D, Shergill SS PMID: 32345411 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Zhong R, Sisti DA, Karlawish JH PMID: 32345412 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

A validation study of the International Trauma Questionnaire to assess post-traumatic stress disorder in treatment-seeking veterans.
CONCLUSIONS: The International Trauma Questionnaire can adequately distinguish between PTSD and CPTSD within clinical samples of veterans. There is a need to explore the effectiveness of existing and new treatments for CPTSD in military personnel. PMID: 32345413 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Moral injury in a context of trauma.
Authors: Jones E Abstract Moral injury, characterised by guilt, shame and self-condemnation, is conceptualised either as an adjunct to post-traumatic stress disorder or as a new syndrome. Studies of symptoms and potentially morally injurious events have produced a possible definition and informed the design of rating scales. The current challenge remains the design of effective interventions. Because moral injury relates to ethical behaviour, the meaning attached to events and perceptions of the self, moral philosophy and spirituality could contribute to the design of treatments. PMID: 32345414 [PubMed - in pro...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Conclusions in Gryglewski et al may not be warranted.
Authors: Chiesa M PMID: 32345415 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

ICD-11 complex post-traumatic stress disorder: simplifying diagnosis in trauma populations.
Authors: Cloitre M Abstract ICD-11 complex post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a new disorder that describes the more complex reactions that are typical of individuals exposed to chronic trauma. The addition of this disorder as distinct from PTSD is expected to provide greater precision in the diagnosis of trauma populations and more personalised and effective treatment. PMID: 32345416 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gang membership and sexual violence: associations with childhood maltreatment and psychiatric morbidity.
CONCLUSIONS: Gang members show inordinately high levels of childhood trauma and disadvantage, sexual and non-sexual violence, and psychiatric disorders, which are interrelated. The public health problem of sexual victimisation of affiliated women is explained by these findings. Healthcare professionals may have difficulties promoting desistance from adverse health-related behaviours among gang members whose multiple high-risk and violent sexual behaviours are associated with psychiatric morbidity, particularly addictions. PMID: 32338230 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - April 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Using #newpower in social media for better health.
Authors: Johansson CF PMID: 32338246 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - April 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Harrison JR, Hayes JF, Woollard J, Tracy D PMID: 32338247 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - April 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research