Clinical presentation and outcomes in women and men with advanced heart failure.
Authors: Vishram-Nielsen JKK, Deis T, Rossing K, Wolsk E, Alba AC, Gustafsson F Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine clinical characteristics and outcomes in women and men referred for advanced heart failure (HF) therapies such as left ventricular assist device (LVAD) or heart transplantation (HTx). Design: A retrospective study of 429 (23% women) consecutive adult HF patients not on inotropic or mechanical circulatory support with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤45% referred for assessment of advanced HF therapies at a single tertiary institution between 2002 and 2016. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were c...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - July 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Answer to Dr. Sabours letter about our article 'the validity of hospital discharge register data on non-ST-elevation and ST-elevation myocardial infarction in Finland'.
Authors: Okkonen M, Havulinna AS, Ukkola O, Salomaa V PMID: 32597231 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - July 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

The combination of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet correlation parameters in predicting the no-reflow phenomenon after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
Conclusions: The NLR, MPV and PDW are all associated with the no-reflow. However, there is no significant difference in the predictive value of these indicators. The combinations of NLR and platelet-associated parameters also do not show a better predictive value than NLR alone. PMID: 32597237 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - July 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Plasma insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Authors: Bouzina H, Hesselstrand R, Rådegran G Abstract Background: Beside the pulmonary vasoconstriction observed in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), severe proliferative and antiapoptotic cellular phenotypes result in vascular remodelling. Many recent findings indicate similarities between PAH and tumour pathology. For instance, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 signalling, which is known to promote tumour development, is implicated in PAH. Higher circulating IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-1 levels are associated with worse survival in PAH. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - July 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Direct angiography demonstrates equal 8-12 years patency rates of radial artery and saphenous vein grafts.
Conclusion: The high long-term patency rate of saphenous vein grafts does not support a preferential use of the radial artery as a coronary artery bypass conduit. Clinical registration number: ISRCTN23118170. PMID: 32603197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - July 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Percutaneous coronary intervention in the very elderly with NSTE-ACS: the randomized 80+ study.
Conclusion: In the very elderly with NSTE-ACS, we did not find any significant difference in MACCE between invasive and conservative treatment groups at 12-month follow-up, possibly due to small sample size. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02126202. PMID: 32586153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Risk stratification in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension predicts survival.
Conclusion. The ESC/ERS risk assessment tool identifies CTEPH patients with reduced survival. Furthermore, PEA improves survival markedly independently of risk group and age. Take home message: The ESC/ERS risk stratification for PAH predicts survival also in CTEPH patients, even when taking PEA into account. PMID: 32586166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Impact of allograft ischemic time on long-term survival in lung transplantation: a Swedish monocentric study.
Authors: Ghaidan H, Fakhro M, Lindstedt S Abstract Purpose: The influence of allograft ischemic time (IT) on short- and long-term mortality remains under debate in lung transplantation (LTx). Due to a scarcity in donors, better understanding of IT might improve the outcome after LTx. Methods: Between January 1990 and June 2016; 307 patients underwent LTx at Lund university hospital, Sweden. The end-point used was death/Re-LTx assessed by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier survival. Results: Kaplan-Meier survival for mean IT (min) between subgroups ≤120, 121-240, 241-360 and 361+ showed significant difference for pa...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Observations on changes in ventricular repolarization following four weeks of exercise training in chronic heart failure patients.
Authors: Caru M, Gravel H, Pathak A, Bousquet M, Galinier M, Jacquemet V, Curnier D Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise training on ventricular repolarization dynamicity and heart rate variability in chronic heart failure patients.Design: A total of 22 chronic heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction in sinus rhythm were included in the study. The patients were in NYHA classes II-III with an ejection fraction of 29.7 ± 7.7%. Before and after 4 weeks of aerobic exercise training, all patients performed a cardiopulmonary exercis...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Heart failure etiology and risk of right heart failure in adult left ventricular assist device support: the European Registry for Patients with Mechanical Circulatory Support (EUROMACS).
Conclusions: Patients with non-ischemic HF undergoing LVAD had an increased incidence of early RVF compared to patients with ischemic HF in a large European population. During follow-up after discharge 14% patients developed RVF. We recommend HF etiology to be considered in identifying patients who are at risk for postoperative RVF after LVAD implantation. PMID: 32552049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

The quest for a radial lounge: StatSeal ™ reduces transradial coronary angiography turn-around time and cost.
The quest for a radial lounge: StatSeal™ reduces transradial coronary angiography turn-around time and cost. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2020 Jun 11;:1-2 Authors: Galusko V, Protty M, Gilchrist W, Bharucha A, Bundhoo S, Cullen J PMID: 32525414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory effects of non-statin low-density lipoprotein cholesterol-lowering drugs: an unused potential?
Conclusion. This topic adds an interesting piece to the puzzle of atherosclerosis, indicating that PCSK9 inhibition, BAS and ezetimibe all affect thromboinflammation. PMID: 32500743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Association between lipid fractions and age of first myocardial infarction.
Conclusions. LDL-C is the lipid fraction strongest associated with younger age of presentation of first MI. These results support the importance of controlling and treating LDL-C in prevention of premature MI. PMID: 32483990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - June 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Three-dimensional versus two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography for left ventricular outflow tract measurements in severe aortic stenosis. A cross-sectional study using computer tomography and Haegar sizers as reference.
Conclusions. 2D TTE showed better feasibility and inter-observer variability in measurements of LVOT than 3D TTE. Both echocardiographic methods underestimated LVOT area compared to CT and Haegar sizers. These observations suggest that 2D TTE is still preferable to 3D TTE in the assessment of aortic stenosis. PMID: 32408833 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

SuPAR is associated with death and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with suspected coronary artery disease.
Conclusion: These results validate previous findings that demonstrate suPAR to be an independent predictor of death/MI in patients with suspected or known CAD, however suPAR was not associated with presence or extent of CAD in our cohort. Probably because suPAR reflects end organ damage rather than the degree of atherosclerosis.BRIEF SUMMARY: We demonstrate that the inflammatory biomarker soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor is an independent predictor of death/myocardial infarction in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease, but is not associated with the presence or severity of coronary arter...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - May 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Secondhand cigarette smoke induces increased expression of contractile endothelin receptors in rat coronary arteries via a MEK1/2 sensitive mechanism.
Conclusions: Taken together, our data show that SHS increases contractile ET receptors and MEK1/2 pathway inhibitor offsets SHS exposure-induced ETA and ETB receptor upregulation in rat coronary arteries. PMID: 32400208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - May 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Serum albumin, cardiometabolic and other adverse outcomes: systematic review and meta-analyses of 48 published observational cohort studies involving 1,492,237 participants.
Conclusions. Elevated levels of serum albumin are associated with reduced risk of vascular outcomes, all-cause mortality, certain cancers, and fracture. Inconsistent findings for T2D may be attributed to selective reporting by studies. Further research is needed to assess any potential causal relevance to these findings and the role of serum albumin concentrations in disease prevention.Systematic review registration: PROSPERO 2019: CRD42019125869. PMID: 32378436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - May 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Reoperation for bleeding following coronary artery bypass surgery with special focus on long-term outcomes.
Authors: Marteinsson SA, Heimisdóttir AA, Axelsson TA, Johannesdottir H, Arnadottir LO, Gardarsdottir HR, Johnsen A, Sigurdsson MI, Helgadottir S, Gudbjartsson T Abstract Objectives: We studied the incidence and risk factors of reoperation for bleeding following CABG in a nationwide cohort with focus on long-term complications and survival. Design: A retrospective study on 2060 consecutive, isolated CABG patients operated 2001-2016. Outcome of reoperated patients (n = 130) were compared to non-reoperated ones (n = 1930), including major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Grip strength is associated with markers of central hemodynamics.
Authors: Krauze T, Cebrowska K, Guzik P, Nowak A, Piskorski J, Rutkowska A, Baliński M, Dziarmaga M, Wykrętowicz A Abstract Objectives. Reduced muscular strength (measured by grip strength) has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular complications. Further research is needed to identify how muscular strength is associated with various markers of cardiovascular function to provide at least some mechanistic explanation for observed interrelations. We, therefore, addressed the question of whether handgrip (HG) strength is associated with descriptors of peripheral and central hemodynamics in the popu...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - April 22, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Heart rate increases in liraglutide treated chronic heart failure patients: association with clinical parameters and adverse events.
Authors: Tougaard RS, Jorsal A, Tarnow L, Hansson NH, Kistorp C, Schou M, Nielsen R, Flyvbjerg A, Videbaek L, Mølgaard H, Nielsen JC, Gustafsson I, Wiggers H Abstract Background. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, is used for treatment of type 2 diabetes and has beneficial cardiovascular properties. However, treatment increases heart rate (HR) and possibly the risk of cardiovascular events in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. We investigated potential associations between HR changes and clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic parameters and clinical events in liraglutide treated CHF patie...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - April 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Outcome of patients receiving a continuous flow left ventricular assist device - a retrospective single center study.
Conclusions. Survival rates were good, although one third of patients were bridged with temporary circulatory support. We report a high level of freedom from pump thrombosis, fatal stroke, and driveline infection. PMID: 32292078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - April 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Handgrip strength is not associated with risk of venous thromboembolism: a prospective cohort study.
Conclusions. Normalized handgrip strength is not associated with future VTE risk in an older Caucasian population. Large-scale studies in other populations and age-groups are warranted to generalize these findings. PMID: 32281425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - April 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Effect of medical treatment in patients with systemic right ventricle.
Conclusions: Medical treatment may be beneficial in patients with S-RV and impaired functional class and appears to be safe in the long term. The treatment group had equal survival to controls, despite worse baseline characteristics, which might be a result of slower progression of disease in this group. PMID: 32274953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - April 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

How to manage patients in whom malignancy and infective endocarditis are associated: a review.
Conclusions. Although there is an association between malignancy and IE, no treatment strategy has yet been developed for these patients. Short-term outcome of IE is unaltered by cancer. In most papers, the effect of cancer on mid-term survival is only significant in a univariate analysis, without being a predictor. The results indicate that cardiac surgery for IE should not be withheld in patients in whom a treatable malignancy has been found. PMID: 32233824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - April 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Dental management of patients with congestive heart failure before and after implantation of ventricular assist devices: linking the missing protocol.
Conclusions: It is recommended that standardized protocols should be adopted that allow the delivery of safe and effective pre- and postoperative dental care to VAD patients. Such protocols may help influence the morbidity and mortality rates and simultaneously improve the overall quality of life in vulnerable patients. PMID: 32188268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - March 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Patients with infective endocarditis referred to Division of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases at Oslo University Hospital between 2014 and 2017.
Conclusions. In this cohort, streptococci were the most common causative microorganism. Approximately, one-third of the patients had prosthetic valves. Mortality remains high, underscoring the need for continuous medical awareness. A high number of streptococcus infections in this cohort suggest dental origin. PMID: 32157906 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - March 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Incidence and impact of chronic lung allograft dysfunction after lung transplantation - single-center 14-year experience.
Conclusions. Although very favourable lung transplant patient long-term survival was achieved, CLAD significantly impaired recipient and graft survival. Identification of risk factors and therapeutic options for CLAD may further improve lung transplantation results. PMID: 32148103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - March 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Active chest tube clearance after aortic valve surgery did not influence amount residual pericardial fluid after aortic valve replacement in a randomised trial.
Conclusions. Use of active clearance chest tubes, compared to standard chest tubes after aortic valve surgery did not differ significantly regarding postoperative bleeding or degree of pericardial effusion as measured by echocardiography prior to hospital discharge. PMID: 32122153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - March 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 32090629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - February 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation in the elderly general population: a 30-year follow-up from 70 to 100 years of age.
Conclusions. Among persons surviving to age 70, the cumulative incidence of AF was over 50% during follow-up. Mortality rate was twice as high in participants with AF compared to participants without AF. Among participants with AF first recorded at a screening examination, the increased risk was only 29%. PMID: 32079431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - February 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

An echocardiographic predictor of contrast-induced nephropathy following percutaneous coronary intervention in acute coronary syndrome: aortic valve sclerosis.
Conclusion. AVS is independently associated with CIN in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. AVS may help to identify high-risk patients for CIN, who would benefit from preventive measures. PMID: 32075450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - February 22, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Cardiac implantable electrical devices in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: single center implant data extracted from the Swedish pacemaker and ICD registry.
Conclusions: This retrospective registry-based study provides a picture of CIED first implants in HCM patients in a Swedish tertiary university hospital. ICDs were the most commonly implanted devices, covering 59% of CIED implants. HCM patients receiving a pacemaker or an ICD had different epidemiological and clinical profiles. PMID: 32054352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - February 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Aspirin plus clopidogrel versus aspirin Mono-Therapy for ischemic stroke.
Authors: Kumar A, Shariff M, Doshi R PMID: 31994939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - January 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Modified Glasgow Prognostic Score is a novel predictor of clinical outcome in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
Authors: Bolat I, Biteker M Abstract Objectives. Although the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) has been reported to have prognostic value in patients with various cancers, the association between mGPS and prognosis in patients with heart diseases have not been well studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of mGPS in outcomes of patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Design. We prospectively followed consecutive adult patients with HFpEF admitted to the cardiology outpatient unit. Echocardiographic and laboratory data were recorded at enrolment. mGPS w...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - January 23, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Adherence to oral anticoagulant treatment and risk factor assessment six months after DC-conversion of atrial fibrillation.
Authors: Kjekshus VHR, Schuster P Abstract Objective. We wanted to study the adherence of oral anticoagulant treatment in patients 6 months after elective DC-cardioversion and to observe possible increases in CHA2DS2-VASc scores and new adverse outcomes. Design. Consecutive patients admitted for elective DC-cardioversion at Haukeland University Hospital during the period from June 2017 to April 2018 were screened. Only patients who had a DC-cardioversion performed were included. Baseline information was collected from hospital records and follow up information was gathered through a structured phone interview and t...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - January 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Is the aortic size index relevant as a predictor of abdominal aortic aneurysm? A population-based prospective study: the Troms ø study.
Conclusions. ASI was a significant predictor of both AAA development and aortic growth of>5 mm for both men and women, but not a better predictor of either outcomes compared to the AD. The role of ASI compared to the AD as a predictor of AAA development seems to be limited. PMID: 31909634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - January 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Comparison of questionnaire and accelerometer-based assessments of physical activity in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: clinical and prognostic implications.
Authors: Schmidt C, Santos M, Bohn L, Delgado BM, Moreira-Gonçalves D, Leite-Moreira A, Oliveira J Abstract Objective. (i) To compare daily physical activity (PA) levels evaluated by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and by triaxial accelerometry in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients; (ii) to describe daily PA patterns based in objective measurements; and (iii) to observe the association between prognostic indicators and PA measurements. Design. This is a cross-sectional study with 24 stable HFpEF patients. PA was assessed through the IPAQ short version and...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - January 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Electrocardiographic changes in the differentiation of ischemic and non-ischemic ST elevation.
Authors: Lindow T, Pahlm O, Khoshnood A, Nyman I, Manna D, Engblom H, Lassen AT, Ekelund U Abstract Objectives. Pericarditis, takotsubo cardiomyopathy and early repolarization syndrome (ERS) are well-known to mimic ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to study whether ECG findings of reciprocal ST depression, PR depression, ST-segment convexity or terminal QRS distortion can discriminate between ST elevation due to ischemia and non-ischemic conditions. Design. Eighty-five patients with STEMI and 94 patients with non-ischemic ST elevation were included. All patients had acute chest pain and at least ...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - December 31, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of troponin T measured ≥6h after symptom onset for ruling out myocardial infarction.
Diagnostic accuracy of troponin T measured ≥6h after symptom onset for ruling out myocardial infarction. Scand Cardiovasc J. 2019 Dec 09;:1-9 Authors: Khoshnood A, Erlandsson M, Isma N, Yndigegn T, Mokhtari A Abstract Objectives: Guidelines recommend a single high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) ≤14 ng/L measured ≥6 h after chest pain onset combined with a GRACE score
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - December 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Immediate and long-term need for permanent cardiac pacing following aortic valve replacement.
Conclusion: The cumulative incidence of permanent pacemaker implantation following SAVR was about 12% at 10 years, with every other patient having VPP ≥90% during follow-up. This suggests that AV node conduction disturbances extend significantly beyond the perioperative period. PMID: 31809597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - December 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

The association between charlson comorbidity index and mortality in acute coronary syndrome - the MADDEC study.
Conclusions. In conclusion, CCI or its individual components measuring the impact of comorbidities on overall mortality does not provide any significant value compared to GRACE-score during up to 2 years of follow-up. PMID: 31775530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Cough maneuver is superior to Valsalva maneuver for detecting mild-extent right-to-left shunt.
Authors: Zhang YX, Zhang XY, Zhang Q Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the different provocative maneuvers in detecting right-to-left shunt during contrast transthoracic echocardiography (cTTE). Methods: We evaluated 378 patients for right-to-left shunt detection by cTTE at the quiet respiration, during Valsalva maneuver (blowing into a face mask connected to a sphygmomanometer at 40 mmHg for 10 s), and during cough maneuver, performed in random order, and the degree of right-to-left shunt as the number of microbubbles in the left atrium per frame after each provocative mane...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - December 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Functional impairment assessed by the Barthel Index influenced outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
Authors: El Garhy M, Owais T, Abdulrahman M, Schreiber T, Schulze C, Lauer B, Kuntze T Abstract Objective. We investigated the influence of functional impairment assessed by the Barthel index (BI) on the three-month outcomes after transfemoral-transcatheter aortic valve intervention (TF-TAVI) under general anesthesia. Design. We included retrospectively analyzed 336 patients undergoing TAVI between January 2017 and January 2018 in central hospital, Bad Berka, Germany. All patients were followed up at three-month in our center's outpatient clinic. We stratified the patients according to the BI. Results. At baseline,...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Three-year outcomes related to coronary stenting; a registry-based real-life population study.
Authors: Piuhola J, Holmström LTA, Niemelä M, Kervinen K, Tulppo M, Asikainen R, Hypèn L, Junttila MJ Abstract Objectives. Developments in medication and coronary interventions have improved coronary artery disease (CAD) treatment. We studied long-term outcomes in an observational, real-life population of CAD patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) depending on the presentation and the stent type used. Design and results. Register included 789 consecutive patients undergoing PCI. Follow up period was three years with primary composite outcome (MACE) of all cause -mortality, myo...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

A novel ECG criterion to differentiate left from right ventricular outflow tract premature complex.
Authors: Nikoo MH, Taheri S, Attar A Abstract Objectives. Catheter ablation is an effective method in the treatment of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias. The mapping methods used for predicting the original site of arrhythmias are difficult to use and time-consuming. Consequently, developing methods using surface ECG for guiding the location is important. Here, we have tested a new ECG criterion to differentiate the left from the right ventricular originated complexes (PVCs) or tachycardias (VTs). Designs. Sixty patients with idiopathic PVC or VT who had undergone a successful radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA...
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Inflammatory biomarkers to predict adverse outcomes in postoperative patients with acute type A aortic dissection.
Conclusions. PCT and cytokines may be considered as predictors for adverse renal outcomes and mortality in patients with ATAAD patients after surgery. They are earlier than traditional biomarkers and combination of these biomarkers will improve the accuracy. PMID: 31738077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Response to letter by Peng-Wu and Ma on: the relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and venous thromboembolism: yes or no?
Authors: Kunutsor SK, Mäkikallio TH, Laukkanen JA PMID: 31707862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

The relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and venous thromboembolism: yes or no?
Authors: Wu Z, Ma Y PMID: 31707863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

The validity of hospital discharge register data on non-ST-elevation and ST-elevation myocardial infarction in Finland.
Conclusions. Our results show that the division of MI diagnoses to STEMI and NSTEMI is not reliable in the Finnish HDR. These diagnoses should not be used as outcomes in scientific research without additional verification from the original ECGs. PMID: 31701776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 10, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research

Intact coronary and myocardial functions after 24  hours of non-ischemic heart preservation.
Conclusions. NIHP for 24 h keeps coronary artery EDR and myocardial contractility intact and causes no edema. PMID: 31692381 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal)
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - November 9, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research