Influence of information sources on vaccine hesitancy and practices.
This study aimed to identify vaccine information sources used by parents of children aged 1-15 years to get a better understanding of the relation between vaccine information sources, practices for two vaccines (MMR, HBV), vaccine acceptance, and vaccine hesitancy. METHODS: A total of 3938 parents, drawn by random sampling, were interviewed by telephone as part of the "2016 health barometer" survey. Vaccine information sources were described and analyzed according to socio-demographic variables. Multivariate logistic regression models were then built to explain vaccine information sources usage, vaccination p...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Health students' knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and risky behaviors before participation to the health promotion program.
CONCLUSION: French HS had a poor knowledge of STIs and STI prevention, and risky behaviors. It is necessary to provide good training on STIs to HS. PMID: 32067796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 20, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Staphylococcus aureus native arthritis over 10 years.
CONCLUSIONS: Beyond methicillin resistance, we did not find phenotypic or genotypic factors associated with the poor outcome of S. aureus native arthritis. CC5 was the major CC, showing the higher genetic variability of MSSA versus MRSA. PMID: 32057526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 16, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Bacteremia caused by Elizabethkingia miricola in a patient with acute pancreatitis and peritoneal dialysis.
Authors: Penven M, Lalieu A, Boruchowicz A, Paluch M, Diedrich T, Dewulf G, Cattoen C PMID: 32046885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

[Management in a dedicated ward of patients colonized with highly resistant bacteria: Is it worth it?]
Authors: Tackin A, Lawrence C, Godin E, Verheye JC, Davido B PMID: 32046886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Factors affecting physicians' perception of the overuse of antibiotics.
Authors: Camcioglu Y, Sener Okur D, Aksaray N, Darendeliler F, Hasanoglu E Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the reasons for irrational antibiotic use, to evaluate knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of physicians regarding such use, to find factors affecting knowledge of physicians, and to explore precautions that need to be taken to stop irrational antibiotic use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed the study between January 2014 and June 2014. We included 202 physicians who answered a questionnaire with 22 multiple-choice questions about knowledge (eight questions), behavior and attitudes of physician...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Comparative review of imipenem/cilastatin versus meropenem.
CONCLUSION: Meropenem is preferred for daily use in healthcare services when carbapenems are to be used. PMID: 32035719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 10, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance in N'Djamena (Chad): Four-year experience of the French Forward Medical and Surgical Team engaged in the "Barkhane Operation".
Antimicrobial resistance in N'Djamena (Chad): Four-year experience of the French Forward Medical and Surgical Team engaged in the "Barkhane Operation". Med Mal Infect. 2020 Feb 05;: Authors: Cardinale M, Bourbotte-Salmon F, Scheiwe C, Boulezaz S, Ridet M, Laitselart P Abstract OBJECTIVES: Knowledge of local antimicrobial resistance (AMR) patterns is required for effective empirical treatment of bacterial diseases. Very little is known about current resistance patterns of common pathogenic bacteria in the African region and particularly in the Sahel region. We aimed to describe the local bacte...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 10, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

[Ignatzschineria larvae bacteremia and osteitis on a chronic wound infested by maggots].
Authors: Grasland O, Donnio PY, Jego P, Tattevin P, Alix L PMID: 32035721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 10, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Infections due to carbapenemase-producing bacteria, clinical burden, and impact of screening strategies on outcome.
Authors: Abramowicz L, Gerard M, Martiny D, Delforge M, De Wit S, Konopnicki D Abstract OBJECTIVES: To characterize the risk factors, impact of screening, and clinical burden of colonization and/or infection by carbapenemase-producing bacteria (CPB) in hospitalized patients. METHOD: Retrospective study in a tertiary care hospital between 2008 and 2016. RESULTS: Among 88 included patients, 41% were colonized, 59% developed an infection, and 69% of all cases were hospital-acquired. Risk factors for CPB contamination included recent invasive medical device (94% of patients), antibiotic therapy (82%), travel ab...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 10, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia susceptibility to ceftazidime-avibactam combination versus ceftazidime alone.
Authors: Moriceau C, Eveillard M, Lemarié C, Chenouard R, Pailhoriès H, Kempf M Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA) combination versus ceftazidime alone (TZ) for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MIC comparison was performed by E-tests. We assumed that CZA was more effective in vitro than TZ alone when CZA led to a category change from "Resistant" with TZ alone to "Susceptible" or "Intermediate" with CZA, or if the MIC of CZA was at least 4-fold lower than the MIC of TZ for TZ-...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Successful conservative treatment of necrotizing fasciitis associated with Aeromonas veronii in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia.
Authors: Valéry M, Bourrel AS, Grignano E, Kernéis S, Contejean A PMID: 32014292 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Lumbar spondylodiscitis due to Neisseria meningitidis Y.
Authors: Vidal F, Diffre C, Carlier R, Dinh A, Noussair L PMID: 32001040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

[Rheinheimera bacteremia].
Authors: Kuchly B, Aucher P, Violette J, Bourdiol MC PMID: 32001041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - February 2, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Management and prevention of imported malaria. 2018 update of the 2007 French clinical guidelines.
Authors: Bouchaud O, Bruneel F, Caumes E, Houzé S, Imbert P, Pradines B, Rapp C, Strady C PMID: 31964565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - January 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of cystic echinococcosis in the provinces of Ifrane and El Hajeb in Morocco.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicated a high prevalence and continuous transmission of hydatidosis in the provinces of Ifrane and El Hajeb of the Middle Atlas in Morocco. Mass screening campaigns are useful for evaluating the baseline prevalence, evolution of transmission, and risk factors for hydatidosis in endemic areas. PMID: 31928912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - January 14, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Clinical evaluation of subcutaneous administration of cefepime.
CONCLUSION: Subcutaneous use of cefepime seems to have the same clinical and microbiological effectiveness as parenteral administration. PMID: 31924455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - January 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

[Erratum to "Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: An update". [Med. Mal. Infect. 49 (2019) 574-585]].
[Erratum to "Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: An update". [Med. Mal. Infect. 49 (2019) 574-585]]. Med Mal Infect. 2020 Jan 07;: Authors: Fillâtre P, Revest M, Tattevin P PMID: 31924456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - January 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Carba NP test for the detection of carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
CONCLUSION: The Carba NP test allows for fast screening and easy handling as well as optimal performance to detect carbapenemase-producing P. aeruginosa. These findings should be confirmed by further studies including a larger cohort of isolates and various types of carbapenemases, mainly non-metallo-beta-lactamases. PMID: 31899068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - January 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Flu vaccine coverage for recommended populations in France.
CONCLUSIONS: Immunization coverage against influenza in France remains well below the target of 75% set by the World Health Organization. Multiple strategies combining communication, education, access program, and professional engagement could be implemented to improve this situation. PMID: 31899069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - January 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

PK/PD targets of amikacin and gentamicin in ICU patients.
Authors: Coste A, Deslandes G, Jalin L, Corvec S, Caillon J, Boutoille D, Grégoire M, Bretonnière C Abstract OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the probability to achieve PK-PD targets in patients with sepsis hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) after a single dose of 30mg/kg of amikacin or 8mg/kg of gentamicin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This single-center prospective study included 138 ICU patients with severe sepsis or septic shock with an indication for intravenous amikacin (N=89) or gentamicin (N=49). Maximum concentration (Cmax) was measured 30 minutes after infusion completion. PK/PD obje...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 31, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Ebola virus disease in children in Conakry and Coyah Ebola treatment centers and risk factors associated with death.
CONCLUSION: EVD remains serious especially in children, with high case fatality. Risk factors independently associated with death were young age, diarrhea, hemorrhage, and fever. Particular attention to these risk factors and vaccination will contribute to improving the prognosis of EVD in children. PMID: 31874716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Implant retention and high rate of treatment failure in hematogenous acute knee and hip prosthetic joint infections.
Authors: Pansu N, Hamoui M, Manna F, Makinson A, Dufour S, Morquin D, Canovas F, Reynes J, Le Moing V Abstract OBJECTIVES: Only few studies evaluated hematogenous prosthetic joint infections. We aimed to describe the characteristics of these infections and factors associated with management failure. METHODS: We selected hematogenously-acquired infections, defined by the occurrence of infectious symptoms more than a year after implantation among records of patients treated for hip and knee prosthetic joint infections at Montpellier University Hospital between January 2004 and May 2015. Failure was defined by dea...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 20, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Observational study of vaccination in cancer patients: How can vaccine coverage be improved?
CONCLUSION: Despite specific recommendations regarding immunocompromised patients, anti-pneumococcal and flu vaccinations were rarely conducted, even in elderly patients. Targeted information campaigns to family physicians, oncologists, and patients should be implemented to improve vaccine coverage in patients with underlying malignancies. PMID: 31848105 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 20, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Example of antimicrobial stewardship program in a community hospital in Italy.
We reported 305 inappropriate prescriptions, with the most frequent errors being absence of an infectious process (33.3%), inadequate combination therapy (12.8%), and absence of microbiological investigations (8.5%). A reduced incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus (MRSA) was also observed (p
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 20, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Infant mandatory vaccinations: Confirmation of a positive impact.
CONCLUSION: These results confirmed the positive impact of this new law on infant VCRs and mothers' favorable opinion regarding vaccination. PMID: 31843343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Factors associated with treatment failure after advice from infectious disease specialists.
CONCLUSION: Reassessing IDS recommendations could be interesting for specific patients to further adapt and improve them. PMID: 31812296 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Community-acquired granulomatous mastitis superinfected with Mycobacterium bolletii.
Authors: Joseph C, Petit C, Schmit JL, Drancourt M, Pluquet E, Lanoix JP PMID: 31806269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - December 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Biphasic evolution of varicella-zoster virus meningoencephalitis  : Diagnostic challenges.
Biphasic evolution of varicella-zoster virus meningoencephalitis : Diagnostic challenges. Med Mal Infect. 2019 Nov 22;: Authors: Reizine F, Pronier C, Lepart C, Grolhier C, Revest M, Thibault V, Tattevin P PMID: 31767157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 28, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Incidence of acute respiratory tract infections (2006-2015) and influenza (2006-2013) among French armed forces.
CONCLUSION: Acute respiratory tract infections are at the forefront of infectious episodes in the French armies. Although not necessarily severe, current prevention measures are not enough to reduce the incidence threshold of these infections and need to be improved. PMID: 31759689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 25, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Pubic osteomyelitis: Epidemiology and factors associated with treatment failure.
CONCLUSION: PO is most often a chronic postoperative polymicrobial infection in patients with comorbidities at high risk of relapse. Studies in larger cohorts could assess the efficacy of more aggressive surgical strategies in patients at high risk of failure. PMID: 31753589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 24, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Immune profile at HIV infection diagnosis: Evolution in the French Alps area over the last 20 years.
Authors: Gueneau R, Dufresne S, Valran A, Janssen C, Leclercq P, Epaulard O Abstract OBJECTIVES: Health of HIV-infected people relies on early antiretroviral therapy, i.e. early diagnosis. We aimed to determine whether the characteristics at HIV diagnosis in two French medical centres changed over the last 20 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All individuals diagnosed with HIV infection in Grenoble University Hospital (N=814) and Annecy Hospital (N=246) between 1997 and 2015 were included. We collected age, country of birth, mode of transmission, CD4T cell count, CD4/CD8 ratio, and HIV viral load. RESULTS: Among...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 24, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Trichinella britovi outbreak: Epidemiological, clinical, and biological features.
CONCLUSIONS: This outbreak highlighted communication failures, from hunters to consumers. Awareness should be raised on the relation between trichinellosis and game meat. Trichinella species detection is important for adequate outbreak recording and could contribute to better understanding the clinical and serological signs of T. britovi infection. PMID: 31732242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

[New prescription modalities for nominative premarket access: Tailored for infectiology].
Authors: Vignot S, Blaise T, Martin M PMID: 31733934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Focus on Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
Authors: Bleibtreu A, Bertine M, Bertin C, Houhou-Fidouh N, Visseaux B Abstract Since the first case of human infection by the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia in June 2012, more than 2260 cases of confirmed MERS-CoV infection and 803 related deaths have been reported since the 16th of October 2018. The vast majority of these cases (71%) were reported in Saudi Arabia but the epidemic has now spread to 27 countries and has not ceased 6 years later, unlike SARS-CoV that disappeared a little less than 2 years after emerging. Due to the high fatality rate ...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Human cystic echinococcosis: Serological diagnosis by indirect hemagglutination test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoelectrophoresis, and immunoblotting in surgically confirmed patients versus cases diagnosed by imaging techniques.
Authors: Zait H, Hamrioui B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) diagnosis is based on imaging findings and serology. Serology is the first-line test followed by imaging tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 268 serum samples from CE patients were included in this study. The serodiagnosis was made simultaneously by indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunoblotting test (IB), and immunoelectrophoresis (IEP). RESULTS: In serum samples belonging to surgically confirmed CE patients, we observed a percentage of positivity of 83.7% [77.2%-89.0%]...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Functional signs in patients consulting for presumed Lyme borreliosis.
Authors: Voitey M, Bouiller K, Chirouze C, Fournier D, Bozon F, Klopfenstein T Abstract INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the functional symptoms associated with Lyme borreliosis (LB) in Europe. We aimed to assess functional symptoms associated with presumed LB and to compare patients with and without confirmed LB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective monocenter study. Patients consulting for presumed LB were included. RESULTS: Between November 2015 and June 2018, 355patients were included (mean age: 51years, 52% of women) of which 48had LB: erythema migrans (42%), early disseminated LB (50...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

High rates of antiretroviral coverage and virological suppression in HIV-1-infected children and adolescents.
Authors: Soumah A, Avettand-Fenoel V, Veber F, Moshous D, Mahlaoui N, Blanche S, Frange P Abstract OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of HIV-infected individuals attending one of the largest French pediatric HIV centers in 2016-2017 and to compare the rates of antiretroviral coverage and virological suppression with the UNAIDS targets. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical and immuno-virological status of 163 HIV-1-infected children and adolescents attending Necker Hospital in Paris, France, were investigated. Virological suppression was defined as an HIV-1 viral load
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

[Aspergillus spondylodiscitis in a patient treated with ibrutinib].
Authors: Petitdemange A, Martin A, Ruch Y, Chatron E, Karol A, Hansmann Y PMID: 31722863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Management of oral antiretroviral administration in patients with swallowing disorders or with an enteral feeding tube.
Authors: San C, Lê MP, Matheron S, Mourvillier B, Caseris M, Timsit JF, Wolff M, Yazdanpanah Y, Descamps D, Peytavin G Abstract HIV infection has evolved into a chronic disease with comorbidities since the combination antiretroviral therapy era. Complications still occur and patients may need to be admitted to an intensive care unit. Acute respiratory failure is the first cause of these admissions, questioning the administration of solid oral dosage formulations. This issue is also observed in geriatric units where the prevalence of dysphagia is high and underestimated. The problem of antiretroviral administr...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 15, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Subcutaneous teicoplanin in staphylococcal bone and joint infections.
Authors: Destrem AL, Valour F, Ronde-Ousteau C, Gaudias J, Rogeaux O, Ferry T, Forestier E Abstract OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the use of subcutaneous teicoplanin as an alternative for the treatment of staphylococcal bone and joint infections. METHODS: A retrospective multicentric cohort (2002-2015) was conducted with patients receiving subcutaneous teicoplanin for a staphylococcal bone and joint infection. RESULTS: Forty patients were assessed. A median loading dose of 9.4 mg/kg/12h (IQR, 6.1-13.1) was administered to 35 patients, subcutaneously for 18 of them. Thirteen of these patients received...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 8, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Cluster of serogroup W invasive meningococcal disease in a university campus.
CONCLUSION: Timely notification of cases to health authorities was essential for the detection of the cluster and the rapid implementation of the vaccination campaign. No further cases occurred in the campus in the year following the vaccination campaign. This episode is the second cluster of MenW caused by the "UK-2013 strain" in a university since 2016. PMID: 31676065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 6, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Cerebral empyema and abscesses due to Cutibacterium acnes.
CONCLUSION: Cutibacterium acnes can be responsible for postoperative empyema and cerebral abscesses, with particular indolent forms, which make their diagnosis difficult. They are often polymicrobial and associated with bone flap osteomyelitis. Their outcome is favorable after drainage and adapted antibiotic therapy. PMID: 31668987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 3, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Medical evacuations of members of the French armed forces for infectious diseases in foreign operations.
CONCLUSIONS: Infectious diseases during missions and medical repatriations carried out for infectious reasons are important epidemiological indicators to monitor. They make it possible to adapt preventive measures, training, and diagnostic and therapeutic tools which can be made available to front-line military physicians. PMID: 31672468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - November 3, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Lack of effect of a poster-based intervention to reduce the number of blood culture samples collected.
CONCLUSION: The intervention did not show the expected effect, possibly due to the choice of blood cultures as a target of good practice, but also to confounding factors such as the stringent policy of decreasing unnecessary costly testing. PMID: 31640881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - October 25, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Risks of non-vaccination.
Authors: Launay O PMID: 31640882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - October 25, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Carbapenems versus beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitors to treat ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae infections.
Authors: Bru JP, Alfandari S, Bleibtreu A, Chavanet P, Gauzit R, Lescure X, Lesprit P, Tattevin P PMID: 31623961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - October 19, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Aluminum and vaccines: Current state of knowledge.
Authors: Goullé JP, Grangeot-Keros L Abstract French people have never been so wary about vaccines. The use of aluminum salts in vaccine adjuvants to enhance effectiveness is one of the major reasons for this lack of confidence. The direct toxicity of aluminum is often put forward. Direct toxicity of aluminum has long been known-especially with occupational exposure-to be associated with characteristic clinical manifestations and increased blood aluminum level. Intoxication related to the excessive amount of an element in the body, whether be it lead poisoning following exposure to lead or mercury poisoning ...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - October 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Increasing procoagulant activity of circulating microparticles in patients living with HIV.
Authors: Snopkova S, Matyskova M, Havlickova K, Jarkovsky J, Svoboda M, Zavrelova J, Svacinka R, Penka M, Husa P Abstract OBJECTIVES: HIV-infected individuals are at higher risk of non-AIDS diseases associated with procoagulant status. Microparticles are elevated in disorders associated with thrombosis (e.g., cardiovascular diseases). We investigated the association between microparticle levels in untreated and treated HIV-infected subjects, and determined the association with immune status, viral replication, and duration of antiretroviral therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 144 HIV-infected subjects, i...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - October 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

16S rRNA PCR on clinical specimens: Impact on diagnosis and therapeutic management.
CONCLUSION: Physicians should be aware of performances of 16S PCR. Dialogue between physicians and bacteriologists is essential for appropriate selection of indications and correct interpretation of results. PMID: 31611135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - October 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research