Mechanisms Through Which a Family Caregiver Coaching Intervention Might Reduce Anxiety Among Children in Military Households
ConclusionFamily caregiver-focused interventions that decrease caregiver stress may positively affect children in the household. Few resources are directed at military children; therefore, practitioners should consider ways to leverage caregiver interventions to address child well-being, such as incorporating information on parenting strategies and addressing issues faced by military children. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Determinants of Women ’s Drug Use During Pregnancy: Perspectives from a Qualitative Study
ConclusionOur paper reports women ’s drug use during pregnancy and the factors influencing this phenomenon. To safeguard the health and well-being of pregnant women and their unborn children, there is a need for education and awareness raising, implementing couple-based harm reduction approaches to leverage on positive male influe nces, improving availability of drug treatment, and provision of family planning interventions for women who use drugs. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity, and Socioeconomic Associations in a Midwestern Cohort of Healthy Reproductive-Age Women
Conclusions for PracticeThis study highlights dietary and physical activity patterns associated with obesity in reproductive-age women. Lifestyle interventions focused on minimizing consumption of the Western diet and increasing physical activity may provide an opportunity to reduce obesity among reproductive-age women. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Implementing Case Management with Positive Youth Development to Empower Young Mothers in California
Conclusions for PracticeIntegrating the PYD framework into case management systems may foster youth self-sufficiency and resiliency. However, the rigid structure of the program was often challenging to implement in practice. Organizations interested in implementing prescribed case management approaches should consider allowing opportunities for flexibility in implementation and providing more detailed preservice training to prepare staff for real-world implementation. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Mobilizing a Public Health Response: Supporting the Perinatal Needs of New Yorkers During the COVID-19 Pandemic
(Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Is the Intrauterine INTERGROWTH-21 Growth Curve Better Than Fenton ’s for the Classification at Birth and Prediction of Postnatal Growth in Preterm Infants?
Conclusions for PracticeThis study showed that IG-21 and Fenton were similar for the classification of birth weight for gestational age in preterm infants. IG-21 was slightly better than Fenton to predict overweight and short stature in preterm infants at 12  months corrected age. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - August 1, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Roadmap for Effective School-Based Practices to Support Expectant and Parenting Youth: Lessons from the New Heights Program in Washington, DC
This study explores the program elements and practices that, when used together, improved academic outcomes for New Heights participants and define a possible roadmap for service providers interested in replicating the program ’s success.MethodsThe study team collected data through site visits, key informant interviews, staff surveys, program observations, case files, and program materials.ResultsThe core design and implementation elements of the New Heights program are (1) placing a trained staff member in the school to provide advocacy, case management, education, and in-kind incentives; (2) bringing community-base...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 31, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Syndemic Perspectives to Guide Black Maternal Health Research and Prevention During the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractThe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and related policies have led to an unequal distribution of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. For Black women and birthing people, endemic vulnerabilities and disparities may exacerbate deleterious COVID-19 impacts. Historical and ongoing macro-level policies and forces over time have induced disproportionately higher rates of maternal morbidity and mortality among Black women and birthing people, and contemporary macroeconomic and healthcare policies and factors continue to hold particular consequence. These factors induce detrimental psychological, health, and behavioral...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 21, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Statewide Implementation of Virtual Perinatal Home Visiting During COVID-19
ConclusionThis evaluation helped in understanding the impact of the pandemic on this maternal and child health program and fundamentals of transition to virtual home visiting services. Virtual home visiting appears to be feasible and provides an essential connection to supports for families who may not otherwise have the means or knowledge to access them. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Assessing Stress in Pregnancy and Postpartum: Comparing Measures
DiscussionSLE-based methods capture an aspect of perinatal stress not adequately assessed by EPDS. Combination of psychological distress measures and SLE-based measures is optimal in predicting EBD of the child. Stress measures based on SLE are suitable for  early pregnancy, while self-reports of depressive symptoms may perform better in postpartum. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Framing Sign Language as a Health Need in Canadian and International Policy
AbstractAlthough in Canada, hearing screening and early intervention are presented as a health need, we question whether young deaf and hard of hearing children ’s access to language is adequately supported by public health and children’s services. The Ontario Infant Hearing Program has the stated mandate of supporting the language development of deaf and hard of hearing infants and young children. However, this program presents parents with early inter vention service options involving either spoken or signed language, but not both together. This policy effectively restricts access to sign language learning fo...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Using Prenatal Blood Samples to Evaluate COVID-19 Rapid Serologic Tests Specificity
DiscussionCOVID-19 serologic rapid tests are of variable specificity. Blood specimens from sentinel prenatal clinics provide an opportunity to validate serologic tests with population-based samples. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

American Sign Language Interpreters in Public Schools: An Illusion of Inclusion that Perpetuates Language Deprivation
ConclusionUsing interpreters instead of appropriate educational supports may exacerbate symptoms of language deprivation by prolonging the period of time a child goes with limited access to language. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of an Interconception Intervention Provided by Public Health Nurses
Conclusions for PracticeResults demonstrate the potential feasibility and acceptability of an interconception intervention delivered in a public health setting. The short- and long-term impacts of the intervention on knowledge, behavior, and health should be tested in a larger sample. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 12, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Evaluating the Health Outcomes of the Healthy Women Healthy Babies Program in Delaware
AbstractObjectivesThe Delaware Healthy Women Healthy Babies Program (HWHB) was developed in response to increasing rates of infant mortality (IMR) and widening racial disparity. The primary aim of this study was to examine birth outcomes of enrolled and non-enrolled black and Hispanic women in the program whose payer was Medicaid.MethodsWe utilized a retrospective cohort of linked birth certificate and HWHB program participant data during 2011 –2015. Our primary outcome variables (dependent variables) of interest included cigarette use, low birth weight, preterm birth and neonatal mortality. We utilized inverse proba...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 11, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Women ’s Health During the COVID-19 Surge in the Bronx: Reflections from Two OBGYNs on the Flatter Side of the Curve
(Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Impacts of a Home Visiting Program Enhanced with Content on Healthy Birth Spacing
This study sought to determine the impact of Healthy Families Healthy Futures (HFHF) enhanced with Steps to Success (STS). HFHF is a structured home visiting program for teen parents in Houston that focuses on improving parenting skills and preventing child abuse. HFHF enhanced with STS includes content and activities aimed to reduce repeat pregnancies within 24  months after the first child’s birth.MethodsThe study team recruited 248 young mothers for the study, primarily through local health clinics and schools, and then randomly assigned  them to either a treatment group that was eligible to participate ...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 7, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Language Disparities Related to Maternal Education Emerge by Two Years in a Low-Income Sample
Conclusions for PracticeAmong young low-income children, disparities emerge in early language trajectories that differentiate children with less- versus more-educated mothers. Given that these disparities are apparent near the child ’s first birthday, it is necessary that pediatric care providers monitor children’s early language trajectories and guide families to resources when lags are apparent. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Comparison of Early Life Obesity-Related Risk and Protective Factors in Non-Hispanic Black Subgroups
AbstractObjectivesPrevious obesity prevention studies in preschool-age children have included non-Hispanic Black (NHB) children, but few have investigated between-subgroup differences even though there may be cultural risk and protective practice differences, challenging the generalizability of findings. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in early childhood obesity-related factors in NHB subgroups (Haitian, other Caribbean Islander and African-American [AA]) children.MethodsBaseline data from two randomized controlled trials in 52 childcare centers of which 35 had data to test a preschool-based obesity pr...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

How Bilingualism Contributes to Healthy Development in Deaf Children: A Public Health Perspective
AbstractThe aim of this article is to increase awareness of language practices in the deaf community that affect communication needs and health outcomes, focusing particularly on the prevalence of bilingualism among deaf adults. Language deprivation and poor health outcomes in the deaf population are risks that cannot be addressed solely by hearing intervention. We propose that bilingualism acts as a protective measure to minimize the health risks faced by deaf individuals. Provision of culturally and linguistically appropriate services to deaf stakeholders, and particularly hearing families of deaf children, requires fami...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Variation in Postpartum Use of Most and Moderately Effective Contraceptive Methods Among Louisiana Women
DiscussionResults showed variation in effective contraceptive method use by race/ethnicity, insurance and education. These findings highlight the need for state-level research into  the individual, provider, and policy-level factors that influence women’s contraceptive choices. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

An Overlooked and More Complicated Association of Social Support with Infant Birth Size: Commentary on Appleton and Colleagues (2019)
(Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - July 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Breastfeeding Practices and Overweight/Obesity Among Children Under 5  Years of Age: A Multistage Random Sampling Survey in Central and Western China
AbstractObjectivesTo describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children under 5  years old, assess the indicators of breastfeeding practices, and explore the associations between breastfeeding practices and early childhood overweight/obesity.MethodsThe survey was conducted in 20 counties in central and western China in 2016. All children under 5  years old were physically measured for anthropometric data and their breastfeeding practices were obtained through a face-to-face questionnaire interview. We performed logistic regressions to assess the associations of different breastfeeding practices with...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 28, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Florida ’s Zika Response Using the WHO Health Systems Framework: Can We Apply These Lessons to COVID-19?
ConclusionsThe WHO Framework encapsulated important infrastructure and process factors relevant to the Florida Zika response as well as future epidemics. In this context, similarities, differences, and implications for the Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic response are discussed. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Lessons Learned on Recruiting and Retaining Young Fathers in a Parenting and Repeat Pregnancy Prevention Program
DiscussionDespite the small sample size, the results of this study nevertheless contribute to debates in the field regarding appropriate strategies for engaging young fathers by informing professional practice. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Implementation of Obstetric Telehealth During COVID-19 and Beyond
ConclusionDue to the COVID-19 pandemic, implementation of telehealth and telehealth have become crucial to ensure the safe and effective delivery of obstetric care. This implementation is one that will continue to require attention to planning, procedures and processes, and thoughtful evaluation to ensure the sustainability of telehealth and telehealth post COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 20, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Antenatal Admissions Among Women with Opioid-Affected and Non-Opioid-Affected Deliveries
Conclusions for PracticeThese results highlight the importance of addressing the large burden of behavioral health conditions among pregnant women, especially those with opioid dependence and abuse. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Gestational Weight Gain by Maternal Pre-pregnancy BMI and Childhood Problem Behaviours in School-Age Years: A Pooled Analysis of Two European Birth Cohorts
Conclusions for PracticeExcessive gestational weight gain in women with pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity might increase problem behaviours in school-age children. Particular attention should be granted to avoid excessive weight gain in women with a pre-pregnancy overweight or obesity. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 17, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Maternal Decision-Making Input and Health-Seeking Behaviors Between Pregnancy and the Child ’s Second Birthday: A Cross-Sectional Study in Nepal
Conclusions for PracticeOur findings indicated that empowering women and mothers in household decision-making might warrant greater attention when developing future policies and programs in Nepal. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Persistent Barriers to Smoking Cessation Among Urban, Underserved Women: A Feasibility Study of Tailored Barriers Text Messages
AbstractObjectivesDespite health risks for themselves and their children, urban underserved women smoke at high rates postpartum. The postpartum period is a stressful transition time that presents unique barriers to sustained cessation. There is limited extant evidence of efficacious psychosocial programs to maintain postpartum smoking cessation.MethodsGuided by the Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing model, we explored the feasibility of TxT2Commit, a text-messaging intervention designed to prevent postpartum smoking relapse. Participants (n  = 43) received supportive cessation-focused text messag...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A Prematurity Collaborative Birth Equity Consensus Statement for Mothers and Babies
ConclusionThe birth equity consensus statement provides a mandate, guiding the work of March of Dimes and the broader MCH community, for equity-based research, practice, and policy advocacy at local, state, and federal levels.SignificanceThis field report adds to the current knowledge base on racial and ethnic disparities in birth and maternal health outcomes. Research has documented the science behind eliminating health disparities. Scientists and practitioners should continue to explore in practice how the social determinants of birth and maternal health, which manifest historically and contemporarily, can be addressed. ...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Building Community Partnership to Sustain the Minnesota Student Parent Support Initiative
ConclusionImplementing the MSPSI sustainability plan developed from OPA ’s sustainability framework was effective in sustaining the SPCs after federal funding ended. The sustainability planning, the ability to secure funds, the attempt at passing legislation, and the lessons shared in this article provide valuable guidance to organizations seeking strategies to sustai n adolescent health programs. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Maternal Anaemia in Pregnancy: A Significantly Greater Risk Factor for Anaemia in Australian Aboriginal Children than Low Birth Weight or Prematurity
AbstractObjectivesTo identify maternal and perinatal risk factors associated with childhood anaemia.MethodsA retrospective cohort study  was conducted in three remote Katherine East Aboriginal communities in Northern Territory, Australia. Children born 2004–2014 in Community A and 2010–2014 in Community B and C, and their respective mothers were recruited into the study. Maternal and child data were linked to provide a long itudinal view of each child for the first 1000 days from conception to 2-years of age. Descriptive analyses were used to calculate mean maternal age, and proportions...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Travel Time to Title X Facilities and Teenage Birth Rates in North Carolina
ConclusionsOur findings show that geographic accessibility of Title X facilities is lower in NC than in other states. However, our results suggest that geographic accessibility is not related to teenage birth rates. Overall, these findings may indicate that publicly funded family planning facilities are underutilized by proximal populations or factors other than proximity act as a barrier to utilization. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Correction to: Is There an Association Between Diet, Physical Activity and Depressive Symptoms in the Perinatal Period? An Analysis of the UPBEAT Cohort of Obese Pregnant Women
The original version of this article contained an error in one of the author name. The co-author name was published as “Angela Flynn”, instead it should be “Angela C. Flynn”. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - June 3, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Child and Parent Perspectives on the Acceptability of Virtual Reality to Mitigate Medical Trauma in an Infusion Center
ConclusionsPatients and parents found VR to be an acceptable option for helping to manage medical trauma during infusions but highlighted that the VR experience must be carefully crafted to avoid unintended consequences, including lost opportunities to build resilience. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 25, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Parental Views on Newborn Next Generation Sequencing: Implications for Decision Support
ConclusionInterviews elucidated what is important in deciding to have NGS-NBS.Understanding parental perspectives, values, and beliefs and integrating evidence-based findings into a parent-centric decision aid provides value and support in making decisions related to NGS-NBS, where there is no clear course of action. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 18, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Using Technology to Support Expectant and Parenting Youth through Case Management: Lessons Learned in the Field
DiscussionFindings suggest that programs should understand the nuances of client contact preferences. To maximize the benefits of ICT, programs must develop or adapt protocols based on preference and purpose of communication. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Interpregnancy Interval in a Rural Guatemalan Population: Results from a Quality Improvement Database
AbstractObjectiveThis analysis describes the interpregnancy interval (time from livebirth to subsequent conception) in a convenience sample of women living in Southwest Guatemala and the association of antepartum characteristics and postpartum outcomes with a short interpregnancy interval (
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Exploring Opportunities for Household-Level Chronic Care Management Using Linked Electronic Health Records of Adults and Children: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusions for PracticeWe found a positive association between the chronic diseases of adult and child household members. Given the clustering of child and adult chronic disease within households, using EHR data to support the care management needs of multiple members of households may be a promising approach to improving child and adult health in safety-net settings. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 9, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Are Social Status and Migration Background Associated with Utilization of Non-medical Antenatal Care? Analyses from Two German Studies
Conclusions for PracticeOur study suggests that non-medical ANC remains in some part the prerogative of non-migrant, well-educated and economically privileged women. Since differences in non-medical ANC have the potential to create inequalities in terms of birth outcomes and maternal health during pregnancy and post-partum, more efforts are needed to promote the use of non-medical ANC by all population groups. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 9, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Meeting the Multifaceted Needs of Expectant and Parenting Young Families Through the Pregnancy Assistance Fund
ConclusionsExpectant and parenting teens and young adults in the PAF program demonstrated success in meeting their educational goals and preventing repeat unintended pregnancies. In addition, the staff who implemented the PAF programs learned many lessons for how to enhance programs and services to have the best outcomes for expectant and parenting young families, including creating partnerships to meet the multifaceted needs of teen parents and using evidence-based programs to promote program sustainability. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 8, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A Multi-Methods Qualitative Study of the Delivery Care Experiences of Congolese Refugees in Uganda
ConclusionEfforts to increase trained healthcare staff, improve supply-chain management, and maintain infrastructure and equipment are imperative. Ensuring compliance with anti-bribery and anti-corruption policies and supporting respectful maternity care is also important. Creating approaches to overcome language barriers is crucial to minimizing miscommunication and building patient-provider trust. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Using Supervised Learning Methods to Develop a List of Prescription Medications of Greatest Concern during Pregnancy
DiscussionThis evidence-based list could be a useful tool for healthcare providers counseling reproductive-aged and pregnant women about medication use during pregnancy. However, providers and patients may find it helpful to weigh the risks and benefits of any pharmacologic treatment for both pregnant women and the fetus when managing medical conditions before and during pregnancy. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Contraceptive Counseling in the Postpartum Period: Could Pediatricians Have a Role?
This study highlights a gap between contraceptive need and provision in postpartum women. However, the findings suggest women ’s willingness to engage in conversations with their child’s pediatrician about family planning. Future research should assess the feasibility and impact of integrating postpartum counseling into pediatric visits. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 5, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

A Comparison of Breastfeeding Exposure, Attitude, and Knowledge Between Collegiate African American and White Males with no Biological Children
Conclusions for PracticeBreastfeeding exposure influences males ’ attitudes toward breastfeeding. Future research should consider types of exposure to identify the sources most influential. Furthermore, tailoring breastfeeding interventions to increase exposure and knowledge in core wellness courses may improve attitudes and social acceptance among collegiate males. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 5, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Maternal Postpartum Diet and Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsThis review provides evidence that the postnatal diet could have an effect on PPD symptoms, although further longitudinal and intervention research is warranted. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 4, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

High Protein Intake Among Preschoolers in Childcare in a Region at Elevated Risk for Obesity
AbstractObjectivesTo compare diet quality of convenience samples of children 2 –3 and 4–5 years attending 11 of 75 childcare centers in Hays County, Texas to a nationally representative sample, as part of a needs assessment to inform a childcare center-based intervention.MethodsParents completed 24-h recalls of their child ’s diet in 2014. Usual dietary intake of the regional and age-matched sample from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011–2014) was estimated using the National Cancer Institute method. Diet quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index. Quantile regr...
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Is There an Association Between Diet, Physical Activity and Depressive Symptoms in the Perinatal Period? An Analysis of the UPBEAT Cohort of Obese Pregnant Women
ConclusionsGlycaemic load may be a useful focus for interventions aiming to optimise the mental health of obese women in the perinatal period. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - April 30, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Acceptability and Feasibility of Hair and Salivary Biomarker Collection Among Multiethnic School-Age Children
ConclusionsHair and salivary biomarker collection was largely acceptable and feasible in this sample. Strategies for promoting ethical and sensitive biomarker collection include respectful explanations and parental involvement, creating a comfortable and safe environment for the child, flexible collection strategies, and attention to development, cultural preferences and perspectives. (Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal)
Source: Maternal and Child Health Journal - April 30, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research