Honokiol exerts protective effects on neural myelin sheaths after compressed spinal cord injury by inhibiting oligodendrocyte apoptosis through regulation of ER-mitochondrial interactions
CONCLUSIONS: Honokiol may improve locomotor function and protect neural myelin sheat from demyelination via prevention oligodendrocytes (OLs) apoptosis through mediate endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria pathway after CSCI.PMID:33830903 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890878 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yong Tan Haijun Yu Shanquan Sun Shengwei Gan Rui Gong Ke-Jie Mou Jun Xue Shiye Xu Jiangfeng Wu Lan Ma Source Type: research

Significance of the neurological level of injury as a prognostic predictor for motor complete cervical spinal cord injury patients
CONCLUSION: The presence of differences between the presumptive primary injured segment and the NLI might be a poor improving prognostic predictor for motor complete CSCI. The NLI may be useful for predicting the recovery potential of patients with motor complete CSCI when combined with the MRI findings.PMID:33830904 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1903139 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Osamu Kawano Takeshi Maeda Hiroaki Sakai Muneaki Masuda Yuichiro Morishita Tetsuo Hayashi Kensuke Kubota Kazu Kobayakawa Kazuya Yokota Hironari Kaneyama Source Type: research

Lower extremity fracture prevention and management in persons with spinal cord injuries and disorders: The patient perspective
CONCLUSION(S): Our results indicate that persons with SCI/D report lacking substantive knowledge about bone health and/or fracture prevention, and following fracture, feel unable and/or hesitant to resume pre-fracture participation. In addition, our findings indicate that individuals with SCI/D may not feel as engaged as they would like to be in establishing fracture treatment plans. As such, persons with SCI/D may benefit from ongoing discussions with providers about risks and benefits of fracture treatment options and consideration of subsequent function and participation, to ensure patients preferences are considered.PM...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Bella Etingen Laura D Carbone Marylou Guihan Cara Ray Hamad Aslam Rachel Elam Frances M Weaver Source Type: research

The state of aquatic therapy use for clients with spinal cord injury or disorder: Knowledge and current practice
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Apr 8:1-9. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1896274. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCONTEXT/OBJECTIVES: Aquatic therapy (AT) has been reported to be beneficial for individuals with spinal cord injury or disorder (SCI/D); however, AT has also been reported to be underutilized in SCI/D rehabilitation. We aimed to understand the knowledge and current practice of AT for clients with SCI/D by physiotherapists, physiotherapy assistants and kinesiologists across Canada.DESIGN/METHOD: A survey with closed- and open-ended questions was distributed (July-October 2019) to professionals through letters sent by profess...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli Cindy Gauthier Katherine Chan Alison M Bonnyman Avril Mansfield Kristin E Musselman Source Type: research

A pilot study to evaluate micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of refractory rotator cuff disease in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury
CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant adverse events throughout the study period. WUSPI, NRS, and BPI-I7 scores were significantly lower 6 and 12 months post-procedure (P
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nathan Hogaboom Gerard Malanga Chris Cherian Trevor Dyson-Hudson Source Type: research

Synergistic neuroprotective effects of hyperbaric oxygen and methylprednisolone following contusive spinal cord injury in rat
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that combined therapy with MP and HBO has synergistic effects on SCI treatment.PMID:33830902 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1896275 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Fahimeh Ahmadi Mehryar Zargari Davood Nasiry Ali Reza Khalatbary Source Type: research

Honokiol exerts protective effects on neural myelin sheaths after compressed spinal cord injury by inhibiting oligodendrocyte apoptosis through regulation of ER-mitochondrial interactions
CONCLUSIONS: Honokiol may improve locomotor function and protect neural myelin sheat from demyelination via prevention oligodendrocytes (OLs) apoptosis through mediate endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria pathway after CSCI.PMID:33830903 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890878 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yong Tan Haijun Yu Shanquan Sun Shengwei Gan Rui Gong Ke-Jie Mou Jun Xue Shiye Xu Jiangfeng Wu Lan Ma Source Type: research

Significance of the neurological level of injury as a prognostic predictor for motor complete cervical spinal cord injury patients
CONCLUSION: The presence of differences between the presumptive primary injured segment and the NLI might be a poor improving prognostic predictor for motor complete CSCI. The NLI may be useful for predicting the recovery potential of patients with motor complete CSCI when combined with the MRI findings.PMID:33830904 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1903139 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Osamu Kawano Takeshi Maeda Hiroaki Sakai Muneaki Masuda Yuichiro Morishita Tetsuo Hayashi Kensuke Kubota Kazu Kobayakawa Kazuya Yokota Hironari Kaneyama Source Type: research

Lower extremity fracture prevention and management in persons with spinal cord injuries and disorders: The patient perspective
CONCLUSION(S): Our results indicate that persons with SCI/D report lacking substantive knowledge about bone health and/or fracture prevention, and following fracture, feel unable and/or hesitant to resume pre-fracture participation. In addition, our findings indicate that individuals with SCI/D may not feel as engaged as they would like to be in establishing fracture treatment plans. As such, persons with SCI/D may benefit from ongoing discussions with providers about risks and benefits of fracture treatment options and consideration of subsequent function and participation, to ensure patients preferences are considered.PM...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Bella Etingen Laura D Carbone Marylou Guihan Cara Ray Hamad Aslam Rachel Elam Frances M Weaver Source Type: research

The state of aquatic therapy use for clients with spinal cord injury or disorder: Knowledge and current practice
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Apr 8:1-9. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1896274. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCONTEXT/OBJECTIVES: Aquatic therapy (AT) has been reported to be beneficial for individuals with spinal cord injury or disorder (SCI/D); however, AT has also been reported to be underutilized in SCI/D rehabilitation. We aimed to understand the knowledge and current practice of AT for clients with SCI/D by physiotherapists, physiotherapy assistants and kinesiologists across Canada.DESIGN/METHOD: A survey with closed- and open-ended questions was distributed (July-October 2019) to professionals through letters sent by profess...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Andresa R Marinho-Buzelli Cindy Gauthier Katherine Chan Alison M Bonnyman Avril Mansfield Kristin E Musselman Source Type: research

A pilot study to evaluate micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection under ultrasound guidance for the treatment of refractory rotator cuff disease in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury
CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant adverse events throughout the study period. WUSPI, NRS, and BPI-I7 scores were significantly lower 6 and 12 months post-procedure (P
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Nathan Hogaboom Gerard Malanga Chris Cherian Trevor Dyson-Hudson Source Type: research

Synergistic neuroprotective effects of hyperbaric oxygen and methylprednisolone following contusive spinal cord injury in rat
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that combined therapy with MP and HBO has synergistic effects on SCI treatment.PMID:33830902 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1896275 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Fahimeh Ahmadi Mehryar Zargari Davood Nasiry Ali Reza Khalatbary Source Type: research

Honokiol exerts protective effects on neural myelin sheaths after compressed spinal cord injury by inhibiting oligodendrocyte apoptosis through regulation of ER-mitochondrial interactions
CONCLUSIONS: Honokiol may improve locomotor function and protect neural myelin sheat from demyelination via prevention oligodendrocytes (OLs) apoptosis through mediate endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria pathway after CSCI.PMID:33830903 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890878 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yong Tan Haijun Yu Shanquan Sun Shengwei Gan Rui Gong Ke-Jie Mou Jun Xue Shiye Xu Jiangfeng Wu Lan Ma Source Type: research

Significance of the neurological level of injury as a prognostic predictor for motor complete cervical spinal cord injury patients
CONCLUSION: The presence of differences between the presumptive primary injured segment and the NLI might be a poor improving prognostic predictor for motor complete CSCI. The NLI may be useful for predicting the recovery potential of patients with motor complete CSCI when combined with the MRI findings.PMID:33830904 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1903139 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 8, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Osamu Kawano Takeshi Maeda Hiroaki Sakai Muneaki Masuda Yuichiro Morishita Tetsuo Hayashi Kensuke Kubota Kazu Kobayakawa Kazuya Yokota Hironari Kaneyama Source Type: research

The influence of conventional T < sub > 2 < /sub > MRI indices in predicting who will walk outside one year after spinal cord injury
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Apr 2:1-7. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1907676. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indices of spinal cord damage are predictive of future motor function after spinal cord injury (SCI): hyperintensity length, midsagittal tissue bridges, and Brain and Spinal Injury Center (BASIC) scores. Whether these indices are predictive of outdoor walking after SCI is unknown. The primary purpose was to see if these MRI indices predict the ability to walk outdoors one-year after SCI. The secondary purpose was to determine if MRI indices provide additional predictive va...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - April 2, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jeffrey C Berliner Denise R O'Dell Stephanie R Albin David Dungan Mitch Sevigny James M Elliott Kenneth A Weber Daniel R Abdie Jack S Anderson Alison A Rich Carly A Seib Hannah G S Sagan Andrew C Smith Source Type: research

Position-dependent arm dyskinesia due to severe craniocervical malformation
CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A newly described form of position-dependent arm dyskinesia can be associated with severe craniocervical malformation.PMID:33705252 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1878341 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim Jos é Arnaldo Mota Arruda David Nunes de Lima Junior Florian P Thomas Source Type: research

User-centered design and development of a trunk control device for persons with spinal cord injury: A pilot study
Conclusion: This pilot study successfully elicited desired features for a trunk control device from stakeholders and successfully developed and tested a first-generation trunk control prototype.PMID:33705266 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2020.1863897 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: John M Looft Robert Sjoholm Andrew H Hansen Stuart Fairhurst Greg Voss Clifford A Dellamano Jason Egginton Christine Olney Gary Goldish Source Type: research

Spinal cord involvement in COVID-19: A review
CONCLUSIONS: A variety of COVID-19-related spinal cord manifestations, such as acute transverse myelitis, acute necrotizing myelitis, SARS-CoV-2 myelitis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, hypoxic myelopathy, MOG antibody-associated myelitis, spinal cord infarction, and spinal epidural abscess, have been reported. The possible mechanisms of this involvement being direct invasion, cytokine storm, coagulopathy, and an autoimmune response. However, response to treatment has been generally unsatisfactory, with many patients having residual weakness necessitating long-term rehabilitat...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg Vimal Kumar Paliwal Ankit Gupta Source Type: research

Clinical utility during inpatient rehabilitation of a clinical prediction rule for ambulation prognosis following spinal cord injury
CONCLUSION: The CPR was not predictive of inpatient rehabilitation outcomes, in fact outcomes varied widely for individuals with similar probabilities emphasizing the importance of clinical judgement and continued need to identify individual factors that affect ambulation. However, greater utility in establishing prognosis and goal setting was noted for clinicians with less experience and for individuals with non-traumatic SCI/D.PMID:33705271 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1888024 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joseph Everhart Martha Somers Rachel Hibbs Lynn A Worobey Source Type: research

Body composition and metabolic parameters in men with chronic traumatic paraplegia - A pilot study from India
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Mar 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1888021. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To study body composition, measures of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in Indian men with paraplegia as compared to age and body mass index (BMI) matched able-bodied men.DESIGN: Cross sectional study.SETTING: Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Endocrinology.PARTICIPANTS: Males aged 18-45 years with chronic traumatic paraplegia versus age and BMI-matched able-bodied men.INTERVENTIONS: None.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of body composition such as total body fat, lean mass, regional adip...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kalyani Sridharan Shipra Rachna Singh Kripa Elizabeth Cherian Nitin Kapoor Jane Elizabeth Judy Ann John Nihal Thomas Thomas V Paul Source Type: research

Physical and occupational therapist rehabilitation of lower extremity fractures in veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders
CONCLUSION: PTs and OTs are critical in rehabilitating LE fractures in persons with SCI/D and LE fractures, bringing expertise in patient function, ambulatory status, transfer strategies, mobility equipment, spasticity, lifestyle, and home and caregiver support. Involving them early in the rehabilitation process, along with orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists and other SCI clinicians can address the multiple and often unique issues that occur in managing fractures in this population.PMID:33705274 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890680 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Marylou Guihan Kayla Roddick Tomas Cervinka Cara Ray Christopher Sutton Laura Carbone Frances M Weaver Source Type: research

Relationship of patient characteristics and inpatient rehabilitation services to 5-year outcomes following spinal cord injury: A follow up of the SCIRehab project
CONCLUSION: Various outcomes 5-years post-injury were primarily explained by pre-and post-injury characteristics, with little additional variance offered by the quantity of treatment received during inpatient rehabilitation.PMID:33705276 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1881875 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kimberley R Monden Julie Hidden C B Eagye Flora M Hammond Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner Gale G Whiteneck Source Type: research

Position-dependent arm dyskinesia due to severe craniocervical malformation
CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A newly described form of position-dependent arm dyskinesia can be associated with severe craniocervical malformation.PMID:33705252 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1878341 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim Jos é Arnaldo Mota Arruda David Nunes de Lima Junior Florian P Thomas Source Type: research

User-centered design and development of a trunk control device for persons with spinal cord injury: A pilot study
Conclusion: This pilot study successfully elicited desired features for a trunk control device from stakeholders and successfully developed and tested a first-generation trunk control prototype.PMID:33705266 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2020.1863897 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: John M Looft Robert Sjoholm Andrew H Hansen Stuart Fairhurst Greg Voss Clifford A Dellamano Jason Egginton Christine Olney Gary Goldish Source Type: research

Spinal cord involvement in COVID-19: A review
CONCLUSIONS: A variety of COVID-19-related spinal cord manifestations, such as acute transverse myelitis, acute necrotizing myelitis, SARS-CoV-2 myelitis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, hypoxic myelopathy, MOG antibody-associated myelitis, spinal cord infarction, and spinal epidural abscess, have been reported. The possible mechanisms of this involvement being direct invasion, cytokine storm, coagulopathy, and an autoimmune response. However, response to treatment has been generally unsatisfactory, with many patients having residual weakness necessitating long-term rehabilitat...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg Vimal Kumar Paliwal Ankit Gupta Source Type: research

Clinical utility during inpatient rehabilitation of a clinical prediction rule for ambulation prognosis following spinal cord injury
CONCLUSION: The CPR was not predictive of inpatient rehabilitation outcomes, in fact outcomes varied widely for individuals with similar probabilities emphasizing the importance of clinical judgement and continued need to identify individual factors that affect ambulation. However, greater utility in establishing prognosis and goal setting was noted for clinicians with less experience and for individuals with non-traumatic SCI/D.PMID:33705271 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1888024 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joseph Everhart Martha Somers Rachel Hibbs Lynn A Worobey Source Type: research

Body composition and metabolic parameters in men with chronic traumatic paraplegia - A pilot study from India
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Mar 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1888021. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To study body composition, measures of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in Indian men with paraplegia as compared to age and body mass index (BMI) matched able-bodied men.DESIGN: Cross sectional study.SETTING: Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Endocrinology.PARTICIPANTS: Males aged 18-45 years with chronic traumatic paraplegia versus age and BMI-matched able-bodied men.INTERVENTIONS: None.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of body composition such as total body fat, lean mass, regional adip...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kalyani Sridharan Shipra Rachna Singh Kripa Elizabeth Cherian Nitin Kapoor Jane Elizabeth Judy Ann John Nihal Thomas Thomas V Paul Source Type: research

Physical and occupational therapist rehabilitation of lower extremity fractures in veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders
CONCLUSION: PTs and OTs are critical in rehabilitating LE fractures in persons with SCI/D and LE fractures, bringing expertise in patient function, ambulatory status, transfer strategies, mobility equipment, spasticity, lifestyle, and home and caregiver support. Involving them early in the rehabilitation process, along with orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists and other SCI clinicians can address the multiple and often unique issues that occur in managing fractures in this population.PMID:33705274 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890680 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Marylou Guihan Kayla Roddick Tomas Cervinka Cara Ray Christopher Sutton Laura Carbone Frances M Weaver Source Type: research

Relationship of patient characteristics and inpatient rehabilitation services to 5-year outcomes following spinal cord injury: A follow up of the SCIRehab project
CONCLUSION: Various outcomes 5-years post-injury were primarily explained by pre-and post-injury characteristics, with little additional variance offered by the quantity of treatment received during inpatient rehabilitation.PMID:33705276 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1881875 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kimberley R Monden Julie Hidden C B Eagye Flora M Hammond Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner Gale G Whiteneck Source Type: research

Position-dependent arm dyskinesia due to severe craniocervical malformation
CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A newly described form of position-dependent arm dyskinesia can be associated with severe craniocervical malformation.PMID:33705252 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1878341 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim Jos é Arnaldo Mota Arruda David Nunes de Lima Junior Florian P Thomas Source Type: research

User-centered design and development of a trunk control device for persons with spinal cord injury: A pilot study
Conclusion: This pilot study successfully elicited desired features for a trunk control device from stakeholders and successfully developed and tested a first-generation trunk control prototype.PMID:33705266 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2020.1863897 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: John M Looft Robert Sjoholm Andrew H Hansen Stuart Fairhurst Greg Voss Clifford A Dellamano Jason Egginton Christine Olney Gary Goldish Source Type: research

Spinal cord involvement in COVID-19: A review
CONCLUSIONS: A variety of COVID-19-related spinal cord manifestations, such as acute transverse myelitis, acute necrotizing myelitis, SARS-CoV-2 myelitis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, hypoxic myelopathy, MOG antibody-associated myelitis, spinal cord infarction, and spinal epidural abscess, have been reported. The possible mechanisms of this involvement being direct invasion, cytokine storm, coagulopathy, and an autoimmune response. However, response to treatment has been generally unsatisfactory, with many patients having residual weakness necessitating long-term rehabilitat...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg Vimal Kumar Paliwal Ankit Gupta Source Type: research

Clinical utility during inpatient rehabilitation of a clinical prediction rule for ambulation prognosis following spinal cord injury
CONCLUSION: The CPR was not predictive of inpatient rehabilitation outcomes, in fact outcomes varied widely for individuals with similar probabilities emphasizing the importance of clinical judgement and continued need to identify individual factors that affect ambulation. However, greater utility in establishing prognosis and goal setting was noted for clinicians with less experience and for individuals with non-traumatic SCI/D.PMID:33705271 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1888024 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joseph Everhart Martha Somers Rachel Hibbs Lynn A Worobey Source Type: research

Body composition and metabolic parameters in men with chronic traumatic paraplegia - A pilot study from India
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Mar 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1888021. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To study body composition, measures of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in Indian men with paraplegia as compared to age and body mass index (BMI) matched able-bodied men.DESIGN: Cross sectional study.SETTING: Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Endocrinology.PARTICIPANTS: Males aged 18-45 years with chronic traumatic paraplegia versus age and BMI-matched able-bodied men.INTERVENTIONS: None.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of body composition such as total body fat, lean mass, regional adip...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kalyani Sridharan Shipra Rachna Singh Kripa Elizabeth Cherian Nitin Kapoor Jane Elizabeth Judy Ann John Nihal Thomas Thomas V Paul Source Type: research

Physical and occupational therapist rehabilitation of lower extremity fractures in veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders
CONCLUSION: PTs and OTs are critical in rehabilitating LE fractures in persons with SCI/D and LE fractures, bringing expertise in patient function, ambulatory status, transfer strategies, mobility equipment, spasticity, lifestyle, and home and caregiver support. Involving them early in the rehabilitation process, along with orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists and other SCI clinicians can address the multiple and often unique issues that occur in managing fractures in this population.PMID:33705274 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890680 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Marylou Guihan Kayla Roddick Tomas Cervinka Cara Ray Christopher Sutton Laura Carbone Frances M Weaver Source Type: research

Relationship of patient characteristics and inpatient rehabilitation services to 5-year outcomes following spinal cord injury: A follow up of the SCIRehab project
CONCLUSION: Various outcomes 5-years post-injury were primarily explained by pre-and post-injury characteristics, with little additional variance offered by the quantity of treatment received during inpatient rehabilitation.PMID:33705276 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1881875 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kimberley R Monden Julie Hidden C B Eagye Flora M Hammond Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner Gale G Whiteneck Source Type: research

Position-dependent arm dyskinesia due to severe craniocervical malformation
CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A newly described form of position-dependent arm dyskinesia can be associated with severe craniocervical malformation.PMID:33705252 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1878341 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim Jos é Arnaldo Mota Arruda David Nunes de Lima Junior Florian P Thomas Source Type: research

User-centered design and development of a trunk control device for persons with spinal cord injury: A pilot study
Conclusion: This pilot study successfully elicited desired features for a trunk control device from stakeholders and successfully developed and tested a first-generation trunk control prototype.PMID:33705266 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2020.1863897 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: John M Looft Robert Sjoholm Andrew H Hansen Stuart Fairhurst Greg Voss Clifford A Dellamano Jason Egginton Christine Olney Gary Goldish Source Type: research

Spinal cord involvement in COVID-19: A review
CONCLUSIONS: A variety of COVID-19-related spinal cord manifestations, such as acute transverse myelitis, acute necrotizing myelitis, SARS-CoV-2 myelitis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, hypoxic myelopathy, MOG antibody-associated myelitis, spinal cord infarction, and spinal epidural abscess, have been reported. The possible mechanisms of this involvement being direct invasion, cytokine storm, coagulopathy, and an autoimmune response. However, response to treatment has been generally unsatisfactory, with many patients having residual weakness necessitating long-term rehabilitat...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ravindra Kumar Garg Vimal Kumar Paliwal Ankit Gupta Source Type: research

Clinical utility during inpatient rehabilitation of a clinical prediction rule for ambulation prognosis following spinal cord injury
CONCLUSION: The CPR was not predictive of inpatient rehabilitation outcomes, in fact outcomes varied widely for individuals with similar probabilities emphasizing the importance of clinical judgement and continued need to identify individual factors that affect ambulation. However, greater utility in establishing prognosis and goal setting was noted for clinicians with less experience and for individuals with non-traumatic SCI/D.PMID:33705271 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1888024 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joseph Everhart Martha Somers Rachel Hibbs Lynn A Worobey Source Type: research

Body composition and metabolic parameters in men with chronic traumatic paraplegia - A pilot study from India
J Spinal Cord Med. 2021 Mar 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/10790268.2021.1888021. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To study body composition, measures of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia in Indian men with paraplegia as compared to age and body mass index (BMI) matched able-bodied men.DESIGN: Cross sectional study.SETTING: Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Endocrinology.PARTICIPANTS: Males aged 18-45 years with chronic traumatic paraplegia versus age and BMI-matched able-bodied men.INTERVENTIONS: None.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Measures of body composition such as total body fat, lean mass, regional adip...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kalyani Sridharan Shipra Rachna Singh Kripa Elizabeth Cherian Nitin Kapoor Jane Elizabeth Judy Ann John Nihal Thomas Thomas V Paul Source Type: research

Physical and occupational therapist rehabilitation of lower extremity fractures in veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders
CONCLUSION: PTs and OTs are critical in rehabilitating LE fractures in persons with SCI/D and LE fractures, bringing expertise in patient function, ambulatory status, transfer strategies, mobility equipment, spasticity, lifestyle, and home and caregiver support. Involving them early in the rehabilitation process, along with orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists and other SCI clinicians can address the multiple and often unique issues that occur in managing fractures in this population.PMID:33705274 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1890680 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Marylou Guihan Kayla Roddick Tomas Cervinka Cara Ray Christopher Sutton Laura Carbone Frances M Weaver Source Type: research

Relationship of patient characteristics and inpatient rehabilitation services to 5-year outcomes following spinal cord injury: A follow up of the SCIRehab project
CONCLUSION: Various outcomes 5-years post-injury were primarily explained by pre-and post-injury characteristics, with little additional variance offered by the quantity of treatment received during inpatient rehabilitation.PMID:33705276 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1881875 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kimberley R Monden Julie Hidden C B Eagye Flora M Hammond Stephanie A Kolakowsky-Hayner Gale G Whiteneck Source Type: research

Position-dependent arm dyskinesia due to severe craniocervical malformation
CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A newly described form of position-dependent arm dyskinesia can be associated with severe craniocervical malformation.PMID:33705252 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2021.1878341 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Francisco de Assis Aquino Gondim Jos é Arnaldo Mota Arruda David Nunes de Lima Junior Florian P Thomas Source Type: research

User-centered design and development of a trunk control device for persons with spinal cord injury: A pilot study
Conclusion: This pilot study successfully elicited desired features for a trunk control device from stakeholders and successfully developed and tested a first-generation trunk control prototype.PMID:33705266 | DOI:10.1080/10790268.2020.1863897 (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - March 11, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: John M Looft Robert Sjoholm Andrew H Hansen Stuart Fairhurst Greg Voss Clifford A Dellamano Jason Egginton Christine Olney Gary Goldish Source Type: research