Effects of body weight-support treadmill training on postural sway and gait independence in patients with chronic spinal cord injury.
CONCLUSION: While a BWSTT program can improve center-of-mass control in iSCI patients, no effects were recorded for gait independence. TRIAL REGISTRATION: National Clinical Trials, registry number NCT02703883. PMID: 29058553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury in childhood and adolescence in Galicia, Spain: report of the last 26-years.
Authors: Canosa-Hermida E, Mora-Boga R, Cabrera-Sarmiento JJ, Ferreiro-Velasco ME, Salvador-de la Barrera S, Rodríguez-Sotillo A, Montoto-Marqués A Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury in children of Galicia (Spain). DESIGN: Descriptive and retrospective study. METHODS: Data extracted from the internal registry of the Spinal Cord Injury Unit and the patient's medical records, between March 1988 and December 2014. INCLUSION CRITERIA: patients aged ≤ 17 years with a traumatic spinal cord injury. OUTCOME MEASURES: Total patients, percentage...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Spontaneous spinal epidural hemorrhage following disseminated intravascular coagulation resulting in paraplegia: a case report.
CONCLUSION: SSEH is a rare cause of paraplegia. Early radiological diagnosis is crucial for timely neurosurgical management and saving patient from permanent neurological deficit or a fatal outcome. PMID: 29047318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

The effect of level of injury and physical activity on heart rate variability following spinal cord injury.
CONCLUSION: In this cohort of subjects spectral parameters of HRV were associated with the level of the injury. Passive standing was associated with higher HRV values in subjects with paraplegia. PMID: 29052467 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Peer-led, transformative learning approaches increase classroom engagement in care self-management classes during inpatient rehabilitation of individuals with spinal cord injury.
CONCLUSION: Redesigning SCI inpatient rehabilitation care self-management classes to promote transformative learning increased patient engagement. Additional research is needed to examine longer term outcomes and replicability in other settings. PMID: 29037112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 20, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

SCI Facts and Figures.
Authors: PMID: 29034818 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Editors' Note.
Authors: Thomas FP, Murphy C, Hendrick R PMID: 29034819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

True North Strong and Free.
Authors: Craven BC, Popovic MR PMID: 29034820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Abstracts and Workshops 7th National Spinal Cord Injury Conference November 9 - 11, 2017 Fallsview Casino Resort Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
Authors: Shojaei MH, Alavinia M, Craven BC, Cheng CL, Plashkes T, Shen T, Fallah N, Humphreys S, O'Connell C, Linassi AG, Ho C, Short C, Ethans K, Charbonneau R, Paquet J, Noonan VK, Furlan JC, Fehlings MG, Craven BC, Likitlersuang J, Sumitro E, Kalsi-Ryan S, Zariffa J, Wolfe D, Cornell S, Gagliardi J, Marrocco S, Rivers CS, Fallah NN, Noonan VK, Whitehurst D, Schwartz C, Finkelstein J, Craven BC, Ethans K, O'Connell C, Truchon C, Ho C, Linassi AG, Short C, Tsai E, Drew B, Ahn H, Dvorak MF, Paquet J, Fehlings MG, Noreau L, Lenz K, Bailey KA, Allison D, Ditor D, Baron J, Tomasone J, Curran D, Miller T, Grimshaw J, Moineau B...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

A Look at Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury in Canada: Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Registry (RHSCIR).
Authors: PMID: 29034822 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Editorial Board Page.
Authors: PMID: 29034823 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Welcome to the 7(th) National Spinal Cord Injury Conference! Celebrating our history.
Authors: Marquez-Chin C, Mokry J PMID: 29034824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 17, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Non-infectious Fever After Acute Spinal Cord Injury in the Intensive Care Unit.
Authors: Ülger F, Pehlivanlar Küçük M, Öztürk ÇE, Aksoy İ, Küçük AO, Murat N Abstract Objective The aim of the present study is to evaluate the frequency, etiology, risk factors and clinical outcomes in acute traumatic SCI patients who develop fever and to evaluate the relationship between fever and mortality. Design Retrospective data were collected between January 2007 and August 2016 from patients diagnosed with persistent fever from SCI cases observed in the ICU. Participants Among 5370 intensive care patients, 435 SCI patients were evaluated for the pres...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 16, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Minimally invasive method to activate the expiratory muscles to restore cough.
CONCLUSION: SCS via wire leads, which can be implanted using minimally invasive techniques, may provide a new useful method to restore an effective cough and possibly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with respiratory tract infections in patients with SCI. PMID: 29017400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 13, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Intensive Gait Treatment Using a Robot Suit Hybrid Assistive Limb in Acute Spinal Cord Infarction: Report of Two Cases.
CONCLUSION: Gait treatment using HAL may be beneficial for paraplegic, non-ambulatory individuals with acute SCI. HAL may be useful for intensive gait treatment without increasing spasticity. PMID: 28990874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Associations between Vitamin D, Adiposity, and Respiratory Symptoms in Chronic Spinal Cord Injury.
Conclusion Increased body fat, but not vitamin D, was associated with wheeze in chronic SCI independent of a number of covariates. PMID: 28992807 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - October 11, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Management of obesity after spinal cord injury: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The greatest weight reduction and BMI correction was produced by bariatric surgery, followed by a combination of physical exercise and diet therapy. NMES and pharmacologic treatment did not reduce weight or TFM but increased in TLBM. PMID: 28929907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Development of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia in a Patient with Tetraplegia While in Inpatient Rehabilitation: a Case Report.
CONCLUSION: There is a wide differential for fever after a spinal cord injury. In this case report, the source of fever was APL. It is important as healthcare providers to not overlook fevers when otherwise common causes do not fit the clinical picture. Additionally, there has been no association found between traumatic spinal cord injury and the development of acute leukemia, however this is the first case report. Therefore, it is important to continue investigating to determine if an association exists. PMID: 28929913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Evaluating the efficacy of functional electrical stimulation therapy assisted walking after chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury: effects on bone biomarkers and bone strength.
Authors: Craven BC, Giangregorio LM, Alavinia SM, Blencowe LA, Desai N, Hitzig SL, Masani K, Popovic MR Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of functional electrical stimulation therapy assisted walking (FES-T) compared to a conventional aerobic and resistance training (CONV) with respect to bone biomarkers and lower extremity bone strength outcomes among adults with chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Parallel group randomized controlled trial ( www.clinicaltrials.gov - NCT0020196819). Site Tertiary academic rehabilitation centre in Canada. Methods Adults with chronic (≥18 months...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 21, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Reliability and minimal detectable change of a new treadmill-based progressive workload incremental test to measure cardiorespiratory fitness in manual wheelchair users.
Conclusion The WPTTreadmill is a reliable test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness among MWUs. TTE and number of increments could be used as reliable outcome measures when VO2 measurement is not possible. PMID: 28903627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 16, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Neuron-Type-Specific Utility in a Brain-Machine Interface: a Pilot Study.
Conclusion/Clinical Relevance The ability to select neurons with high utility will be important to minimize training times and maximize information yield in future clinical BMI applications. The highly contrasting utility observed between fast-spiking and bursting neurons versus regular-spiking neurons allows for the hypothesis to be advanced that intrinsic electrophysiological properties may be useful criteria that predict neuron utility in BMI implementation. PMID: 28899231 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Predicting rehabilitation length of stay in Canada: It's not just about impairment.
Authors: Catharine Craven B, Kurban D, Farahani F, Rivers CS, Ho C, Linassi AG, Gagnon DH, O'Connell C, Ethans K, Bouyer LJ, Noonan VK, RHSCIR Network Abstract INTRODUCTION: Current tertiary Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) rehabilitation funding and rehabilitation length of stay (R-LOS) in most North American jurisdictions are linked to an individual's impairment. Our objectives were to: 1) describe the impact of relevant demographic, impairment and medical complexity variables at rehabilitation admission on R-LOS among adult Canadians with traumatic SCI; and 2) identify factors which extend R-LOS. METHODS: Data from ...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Restless legs syndrome related to hemorrhage of a thoracic spinal cord cavernoma.
CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: We hypothesize a possible involvement of the diencephalospinal pathway in the patient's RLS pathophysiology. A systematic study of focal lesions associated with RLS may contribute to improving our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying this condition. The frequency of RLS associated with lesions of the spinal cord might be underestimated. Clinicians should be aware of spinal cord lesion-related RLS, especially as efficient treatments are available. PMID: 28899286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Creatine or vitamin D supplementation in individuals with a spinal cord injury undergoing resistance training: A double-blinded, randomized pilot trial.
Authors: Amorim S, Teixeira VH, Corredeira R, Cunha M, Maia B, Margalho P, Pires J Abstract Purpose Determine whether creatine or vitamin D supplementation improves muscle strength in individuals with spinal cord injury undergoing resistance training. Methods Thirteen male and one female with spinal cord injury, from two Portuguese rehabilitation centers, were randomized to creatine (3g daily), vitamin D (25000 IU each two weeks) or placebo group in a double-blind design. All participants performed progressive resistance training during eight weeks. The outcome measures, obtained at baseline and after intervention,...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Biomarkers of cardiometabolic health are associated with body composition characteristics but not physical activity in persons with spinal cord injury.
Authors: Nightingale TE, Walhin JP, Thompson D, Bilzon JL Abstract Objective To examine (i) the associations between physical activity dimensions, cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition and, (ii) the associations between physical activity dimensions, cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods A cross-sectional prospective cohort study with 7-day follow-up was conducted. Body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health were measured in thirty-three participants with SCI (> 1 year...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 14, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

The effects of semi-immersive virtual reality therapy on standing balance and upright mobility function in individuals with chronic incomplete spinal cord injury: a preliminary study.
Conclusion This study is the first to assess the effects of semi-immersive VR therapy for patients with chronic iSCI and limited functional abilities. These results indicated that semi-immersive VR therapy has a positive effect and is a useful intervention for standing balance and upright mobility function in patients with chronic iSCI. PMID: 28880130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Prediction of specific hand movements using electroencephalographic signals.
Conclusion The results suggest that it may be possible to predict specific hand movements from a small number of electroencephalographic electrodes. Further studies including members of the spinal cord injury community are necessary to verify the suitability of the proposed process. PMID: 28880131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Linking spinal cord injury rehabilitation between the World Wars: The R. Tait McKenzie legacy.
Authors: Ditunno JF Abstract Spinal cord injury (SCI) medicine emerged after World War II due to mass casualties, which required specialized treatment centers. This approach to categorical care, however, was first developed during World War I, led by pioneers R. Tait McKenzie and George Deaver, who demonstrated that soldiers disabled by paralysis could return to society through fitness/mobility, recreational and vocational training. McKenzie, a Canadian and the first professor of physical therapy in the US, influenced Deaver and military physicians in Britain, Canada, and the U.S. with his achievements and publicat...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Epidemiological Study of Spinal Cord Injury Individuals from Halfway Houses in Shanghai, China.
CONCLUSION: The middle or elder age groups at injury among SCI individuals increased continuously from 1970 to 2015. The principal causes of injury in Shanghai were traumatic injuries and disease-related injuries. Men had a higher prevalence of traumatic SCI in Shanghai. Preventive measures should focus on male and middle-aged adults. As a fast-aging society in Shanghai, more effective prevention, medical care, and rehabilitation schemes should be implemented for aging SCI individuals. PMID: 28880133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Enhancing quality practice for prevention and diagnosis of urinary tract infection during inpatient spinal cord rehabilitation.
Conclusions The concurrent presence of cloudy and foul smelling urine is predicted of UTI diagnosis inpatients tertiary setting. SCI inpatients are susceptible to UTI when learning CIC technique from nurses. PMID: 28872426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Community-based physical activity and wheelchair mobility programs for individuals with spinal cord injury in Canada: Current reflections and future directions.
CONCLUSION: Evidence-based mobility programs and community-based LTPA do exist, and the available research shows their promise. Despite the growing research for LTPA and mobility programs among adults with SCI, many gaps remain. Additional partnerships, community engagement practices, service program funding and health policy changes are needed to address the highlighted gaps to optimize community-based programs and enhance the lives of adults with SCI. PMID: 28872428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

The Health Economics of the spinal cord injury or disease among veterans of war: A systematic review.
Conclusions There is growing evidence for the economic burden of SCI/D and its determinants among veterans, whereas there is a paucity of comparative studies on interventions including cost-effectiveness analyses. Further investigations are needed to fulfill significant knowledge gaps on the economics of caring for veterans with SCI/D. PMID: 28874099 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Ertapenem-associated neurotoxicity in the Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) population: a case series.
Conclusion/Clinical Relevance The cases described highlight the importance of recognizing ertapenem-associated hallucinations in SCI patients. The population is particularly vulnerable due to risk factors for MDR infections necessitating ertapenem use, possible overestimation of renal function, and a high prevalence of hypoalbuminemia. PMID: 28874102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Measuring balance confidence after spinal cord injury: the reliability and validity of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale.
Authors: Shah G, Oates AR, Arora T, Lanovaz JL, Musselman KE Abstract Context/Objective The study objectives were to evaluate the test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and discriminative validity of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Design Prospective, cross-sectional study. Setting Laboratory. Participants Twenty-six community-dwelling individuals with chronic iSCI (20 males, 59.7 + 18.9 years old) and 26 age- and sex-matched able-bodied (AB) individuals participated. Interventions None. Outcome Measures Measures of balance and ...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Atypical caudal regression syndrome with agenesis of lumbar spine and presence of sacrum - case report and literature review.
Conclusion surgery in caudal regression syndrome is challenging and bears high risk of complications. PMID: 28875772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 7, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Effects of resistance-guided high intensity interval functional electrical stimulation cycling on an individual with paraplegia: A case report.
DISCUSSION: This case report suggests that RG-HIIT-FES cycling was an effective strategy to improve lean mass, and systemic vascular endothelial health in an individual with chronic SCI. PMID: 28868988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 6, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

The effects of whole body vibration on pulse wave velocity in men with chronic spinal cord injury.
Conclusion Forty weeks of PS-WBV in adults with SCI did not result in an observable change in arterial stiffness. PMID: 28868990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - September 6, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Personal identity narratives of therapeutic songwriting participants following Spinal Cord Injury: a case series analysis.
CONCLUSION: Identity-focused songwriting holds promise as a means of promoting healthy identity reintegration. Further research on benefits for those with less severe spinal injuries is warranted. PMID: 28835174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 25, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Presentation abstracts 1 - 37.
Authors: PMID: 28823244 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 22, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Editors' Note.
Authors: Thomas FP, Murphy C, Hendrick R, Cavanaugh S PMID: 28823245 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 22, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

SCI Facts and Figures.
Authors: PMID: 28823246 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 22, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Challenging questions regarding the International Standards.
Conclusion While the ISNCSCI can be challenging, this background and historical explanation may provide a greater understanding and the ability to critically analyze this classification system. PMID: 28820352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 19, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Higher Dietary Intake of Vitamin D May Influence Total Cholesterol and Carbohydrate Profile Independent of Body Composition in Men with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury.
Authors: Beal C, Gorgey A, Moore P, Wong N, Adler RA, Gater D Abstract STUDY DESIGN: A case-control design. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of dietary vitamin D intake on insulin sensitivity (Si), glucose effectiveness (Sg), and lipid profile in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: 20 male, paraplegic (T3-L1) with chronic (> one year) motor complete SCI (AIS A or B) were recruited. Three-day dietary records were analyzed for dietary vitamin D (calciferol), and participants were assigned to one of two groups, a high vitamin D intake group and a low vitamin D intake group based on the m...
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 18, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Exploring detailed characteristics of autonomic dysreflexia.
CONCLUSIONS: AD may commonly occur with relative tachycardia. While further investigation is needed on the effects of chronicity of SCI and pharmacologic management, this study raises multiple directions for future research to understand clinical signs and treatment variables of AD following SCI. PMID: 28784041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) Paired with massed practice training to promote adaptive plasticity and motor recovery in chronic incomplete tetraplegia: a pilot study.
Conclusion Overall, our results encourage the establishment of larger clinical trials to confirm the potential benefit of pairing tDCS with training to improve the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions for individuals with SCI. Trial Registration NCT01539109. PMID: 28784042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 10, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Complementary alternative medicine practices and beliefs in spinal cord injury and non-spinal cord injured individuals.
CONCLUSION: Patients with SCI as well as their friends and family, have significantly more experience with CAM and are more likely to recommend its use than HCP, suggesting that they are interested and find benefit in alternative healthcare. This warrants further investigation of the integration of CAM into general health practices for those with SCI. PMID: 28782431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 8, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Effects of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression on Leg Vascular Function in People with Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study.
Conclusion These preliminary findings suggests that IPC therapy may acutely increase leg shear stress within 15 mins, with a resultant moderate-large improvement in vascular endothelial function after 60 mins in people with SCI. PMID: 28770654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Body Composition changes with Testosterone Replacement Therapy following Spinal Cord Injury and Aging. A Mini Review.
Conclusion Further research is necessary to help develop clinical guidelines for the specific dose and duration of TRT in persons with SCI. Therefore, we call for more high-quality randomized controlled trials to examine the efficacy and safety of TRT in this population, which experiences an increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases as a result of deleterious body composition changes after injury. PMID: 28770686 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Using the theoretical domains framework to guide the development of a self-management program for individuals with spinal cord injury: Results from a national stakeholder advisory group.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study provides complementary results to our previous series of studies on the implementation considerations for the development of a targeted self-management program for individuals with SCI by emphasizing the health care professional/health policy perspective. It is anticipated that such a program could not only reduce secondary complications and subsequent inappropriate health care use but it may also improve the quality of life for individuals with SCI and their caregivers. PMID: 28758540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research

Inconsistencies with Screening for Traumatic Brain Injury in Spinal Cord Injury across the Continuum of Care.
CONCLUSIONS: Documentation showed variability between AC and IRF and among disciplines. Imaging and GCS were more consistently documented than LOC and PTA. It is necessary to standardize screening processes between AC and IRF to identify dual diagnosis. PMID: 28758543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine)
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - August 2, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research