Biotechnological potential of the Carapa guianensis, Bertholletia excelsa and Copaifera spp. oils
The use of vegetable species for treatment or prevention of diseases is one of the most ancient medicine techniques in humanity. In Amazon rainforest, there are numerous of plant species that possess biotechnological potential, and due to this, this study aimed at carrying out a bibliographic review describing the biotechnological potential in Carapa guianensis, Bertholletia excels, and Copa... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - October 15, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antifungal efficacy of crude extracts of Azadirachta indica and Vernonia amygdalina against pathogenic Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404)
This research work was conducted to assess the potency of ethanolic and hot water extract of Azadirachta indica and Vernonia amygdalina against pathogenic Aspergillus niger (ATCC 16404). Potato Dextrose Agar was the medium under which the antimicrobial sensitivity test was carried out. Streptomycin solution was also added to the medium to selectively inhibit the growth of bacterial cell. The... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - October 3, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Chromatography and bioautography of endophytic fungi extracts of Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) DC with antibacterial activity
Endophytic fungi of different species have already proved their efficacy against a range of pathogenic bacteria. However, the separation of the compounds contained in these extracts that actually have an effective activity is not a constant, but it is essential for the scientific knowledge to formulate a new medication. Thus, this study aimed to separate compounds from two endophytic fungi e... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - October 3, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Hypoglycemic activity of Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng and Mollugo oppositifolia L. fresh and alcoholic extracts in the db/db diabetic mouse model
Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng and Mollugo oppositifolia L., also known as bignay and malagoso respectively, are commonly used medicinal plants in the Philippines to treat diabetes. However, the hypoglycemic effect of A. bunius (L.) Spreng and M. oppositifolia L. has not been reported to date. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate the hypoglycemic effects of the fresh and ethanol... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - October 3, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant and antiparasitic properties of the essential oils of three plants used in traditional medicine in Benin.
Sclerocarya birrea (Sb), Psidium guajava (Pg) and Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Ec) are widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases, some of which were related to oxidative stress and parasitic diseases. Their essential oils (EO) were analyzed by GC/MS and FID and tested in vitro for their antioxidant activities (DPPH), their anti-trypanosomal and anti-plasmodial activ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - September 19, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical studies of medicinal plants used in traditional treatment of malaria by some herbalists in Ghana
The objective of this study is to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria through ethno-botanical studies to facilitate the discovery of new sources of drugs. The study was carried out in 2018 at the Centre for Plant Me... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - September 14, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

DNA methylation as the most important content of epigenetics in traditional Chinese herbal medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine is commonly used in China and so many other Asian and western Countries. Epigenetics relates to heritable alternations in chromatin architecture that do not involve changes in the underlying DNA sequence but profoundly affect gene expression and impact cellular function. Epigenetic regulation is attained by specific mechanisms involving DNA methylation, histone p... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - September 14, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Comparative study of proximate, mineral and phytochemical analysis of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina and Moringa oleifera
The aim of this study is to make a comparative analysis of the proximate, mineral and phytochemical compositions of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum, Vernonia amygdalina and Moringa Oleifera plants found within our vicinity in Nigeria. The analyses were investigated in accordance with standard procedures and compared. Of the 3 plants, M. oleifera had highest (P0.05) crude fat, crude protein ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - August 20, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Modulatory effects of Momordica balsamina on Th1/Th2 cytokine profiles in immune-challenged rats
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of Momordica balsamina (MB) leaves extract in BCG-immunized rats. Thirty rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 6). MB extract was suspended in 1% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). Firstly, animals were challenged ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - August 20, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of cytotoxic activity of triterpenes from Clusia studartiana
Family Clusiaceae is spread throughout tropical as well as temperate zones, presenting many triterpenes, reported as selective antitumoral agents. The aim of this study is to isolate and identify triterpenes from Clusia studartiana C. M. Vieira Gomes da Silva and evaluate their cytotoxicity in melanoma (SKMEL 28) and myeloid leukemia (K562) cell lines. Thus, the hexanic extract was processe... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - August 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

DPPH radical scavenging activity of extracts from Rhamnus prinoides
Hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts from leaves and stem-bark of Rhamnus prinoides were evaluated for their antioxidant activity by DPPH radical scavenging assay. The leaves extracts showed scavenging activity ranging from 03.330.89 to 55.033.40 g mL-1 while the stem-bark extracts showed relatively strong scavenging activity ranging from 03.651.02 to 59.552.27 g mL-1. T... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - August 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of antidiabetic activity of the ethanol extract of Momordica charantia L. and the identification of charantine by gas chromatography coupled with Mass spectrometry
The aerial parts of Momordica charantia L. are very often used in traditional Congolese medicine for their multiple virtues. Our study focused on the identification of a well-known antidiabetic molecule: the charantine and also the antidiabetic properties of the ethanol extract of M. charantia L. After being treated with MSTFA (N-Methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl) trifluoroacetamide) and using gas ch... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - July 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Phytochemical screening, chromatographic profile and evaluation of antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of three species of the Cyperaceae Juss. Family
Some species of the family Cyperaceae have been studied extensively for presenting bioactive compounds of pharmacological interest. Thus, the present research aimed to investigate the antimicrobial, antioxidant and chemical constituents of Kyllinga odorata Vahl, Oxycaryum cubensis Poepp. Kunth and Rhynchospora nervosa Boeck. Hydroalcoholic extracts (1:1, v:v) of aerial and underground parts... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - July 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro antiproliferative potential of Annona senegalensis Pers. and Allophylus africanus P Beauv. plant extracts against selected cancer cell lines
The medicinal plants Annona senegalensis Pers. and Allophylus africanus P Beauv. are used in Tanzania traditional medicine for the treatment of cancer. However, there is no scientific documentation on their therapeutic effectiveness. The present study evaluated antiproliferative potential as an indicator of anticancer activity of A. senegalensis and A. africanus plant species from Tanzania. ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - July 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of acute toxicity and sub-acute toxicity of the methanolic extract of Aloe rabaiensis Rendle in BALB/c mice
This study was undertaken to evaluate preclinical acute and sub-acute toxicity of Aloe rabaiensis leaf methanolic extract (ARLME) on BALB/c mice following OECD guidelines 423 and 407, respectively. In an acute oral toxicity test, ARLME was administered to the mice by oral gavage at a single dose of 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 and 5000 mg/Kg body weight. The mice were observed for toxic signs for ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - July 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of active phytochemical constituents linked to the analgesic and anti-inflammatory property of Cassia singueana Del. root bark
This study aimed to investigate the phytochemical constituents of the plants root bark linked to the therapeutics claims of its analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. The plant material was obtained and identified, and its phytochemical fingerprint profile was established using GC-MS techniq... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - June 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Fungistatic activity of essential oils for the control of bipolaris leaf spot in maize
Research institutions have emphasized alternative disease control agents because they represent a great option with beneficial effects on human and animal health and ecosystem balance. Despite the studies already done on botanical fungicides, their effective use requires knowledge about the applicability of natural products to different production systems. The main objective of this study is... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - June 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of the in vivo antiplasmodial activity of ethanol leaf extract and fractions of Jatropha gossypifolia in Plasmodium berghei infected mice
The study evaluates the in vivo antiplasmodial activity of ethanol leaf extract and fractions of Jatropha gossypifolia in Plasmodium berghei infected mice. Phytochemical, physicochemical analyses, median lethal dose (LD50), effects on biochemical parameter were evaluated and the schizonticidal effects during early and established infections were investigated. The extract (50-200 mg/kg) was s... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - June 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Chemical fingerprint of Bacopa monnieri L. and Rosmarinus officinalis L. and their neuroprotective activity against Alzheimer's disease in rat model ’ s putative modulation via cholinergic and monoaminergic pathways
This study aims to characterize the metabolic profiles of the hydro-ethanolic extracts of Bacopa monnieri L. (BM) and Rosmarinus officinalis L. (RO) cultivated in Egypt via UPLCESI/MS analyses and reveal their possible mechanism of the prophylactic effect(s) on neuro-degeneration in rat model... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - June 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro evaluation of fruit extracts of Annona stenophylla diels and Flacourtia indica for incorporation into formulations for management of cancer
There are many reports which show a positive relationship between free radical damage and diseases such as cancer. Free radicals are formed when humans are exposed to ionizing radiation or during oxidation process in human beings can damage tissues and may potentially lead to development of cancers. Since radiation may be used in the management of cancer, there is need for the development of... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - June 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antihistaminic action of Melaleuca armillaris ointment
The objective is to develop a product based on Melaleuca armillaris to evaluate its antihistaminic action and to compare the antihistaminic effect and protective effect of M. armillaris oil and ointment. Pruritus intensity was assessed at sensitization points. Eighty volunteers, aged between 21 and 60 years (male and female) participated in the s... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) rhizome, callus and callus treated with some elicitors
This study evaluated the effect of ginger rhizome and its callus as well as callus elicited by yeast extract, glycine and salicylic acid on the production of pro-inflammatory (TNF-, IL-1 and IL-6) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10 and TGF-) cytokines in vitro. Petroleum ether (PE) and chloroform; methanol (1:1) (CM) extracts of rhizome and callus were shown to significantly (P 0.05) suppress in ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

A review of Ginseng species in different regions as a multipurpose herb in traditional Chinese medicine, modern herbology and pharmacological science
Ginseng is the most famous of the Chinese herbs throughout the world, and has been one of the most valued herb in China. Traditional Chinese medicine as an essential element of alternative and complementary medicine, advanced over thousands of years with its own distinctive arrangement of therapies, diagnostics theories and in Asian countries, particularly China. In most parts of the world, ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical survey and phytogeographical study of plants species from genus Acacia in B é nin
The genus Acacia, mainly distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions, has been used in traditional medicines for the treatment of microbial infections, malaria, diarrhea, oedema and inflammation. The present study aims to provide a comprehensive data on the distribution and medicinal use of Acacia species. Ethnobotanical survey and phytogeographical study were undertook using field i... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 13, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Cytotoxicity of selected Ethiopian medicinal plants used in traditional breast cancer treatment against breast-derived cell lines
Traditional medicine is widely practiced in Ethiopia. Here we investigate the toxicity of extracts of seven medicinal plants traditionally used to treat breast cancer in Ethiopia. These plants, Sideroxylon oxyacanthum, Zanthoxylum chalybeum, Clematis simensis, Clematis longicauda, Dovyalis abyssinica, Vernonia leopoldi, and Clerodendrum myricoides, were selected based on recommendations by t... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 13, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Aframomum citratum, Aframomum daniellii, Piper capense and Monodora myristica
This study was initiated to evaluate the chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oils from four Cameroonian spices and to determine the therapeutic effect of a cream based on essential oil from Aframomum citratum. Essential oils were extracted from seeds by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The broth mic... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - May 13, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Isolation and identification of compounds with dioxin-induced AhR transformation inhibitory activity from the leaves of Mallotus japonicus (Thunb.) Muell. Arg.
The solvent extracts of 368 plant parts from 191 different species cultivated in Tsukuba (Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan) were previously screened for aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transformation inhibitory activity. It was observed that the leaf extract of Mallotus japonicus had strong activity. To clarify the antidioxin phytochemical, a 70% acetone extraction from the leaves was fractionated ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - April 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Cytotoxic potential of 14 Passiflora species against cancer cells
This work aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic potential against cancer cells of Passiflora genus plant species cultivated in Brazil and identify the mechanism of cytotoxicity induced by the most promising extract. Ethanolic extracts from the leaves of 14 Passiflora species were obtained by accelerated solvent extraction and in vitro cytotoxicity evaluated against cancer cell lines using MTT assa... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - April 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Genus Etlingera - A review on chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils
Essential oil from plants belonging to several species has been extensively used as natural resources in the prevention and treatment of a large number of diseases. The medicinal and aromatic plants of genus Etlingera produces high percentages of essential oil from its every organ and is recommended for a variety of health problems by traditional systems of medicine in south-east Asia. Essen... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - April 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Bio-guided identification of antiglycative constituents from the leaves of Mangifera indica L.
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have been shown to be implicated in many degenerative disorders as well as diabetic pathology. Of interest, several natural compounds including phenolic constituents are capable of inhibiting the formation of AGEs. Bio-guided fractionation of a methanol extract from Mangifera indica leaves led to the characterization of six antiglycative constituents in... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - March 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Identification of annotated metabolites in the extract of Centella asiatica
Plants contribute to 75% of molecular medicines (MM) either directly or indirectly. Centella asiatica (CA) is being extensively used in experimental and clinical studies. However, its scientific approval is not forthcoming. It is well known that every plant contains useful as well as some harmful compounds. Subjecting whole plant extracts containing harmful compounds to modern pharmacologica... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - March 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Protective effects of Pleurotus ostreatus in ameliorating carbon tetrachloride (ccl4) induced liver injury in Wistar rats
Since oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of liver diseases, this study was carried out to evaluate the hepatoprotective, hematoprotective and hypolipidemic effects of Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster mushroom) in Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4) induced liver injury in wistar rats. Thirty rats were used for this study. The rats were divided into five groups of six rats per cage. Group ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - March 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Edraianthus pumilio (Schult.) A. DC.: Phytochemical and biological profile
Edraianthus pumilio is stenoendemic plant native to Dalmatia, Croatia. This paper deals with its phytochemical and biological profile. Phytochemical profile of volatile oil was performed by the gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC/MS), while total phenolic content of its aqueous extract was performed by Folin-Ciocalteu method. The phytochemical analysis showed that the main volatile oil c... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - March 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Determination of concentration of some essential and heavy metals in roots of Moringa stenopetala using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy
This study is aimed at determination of concentration of essential (Ca, K, Na and Mg) and heavy (Cd, Cr, Pb, Hg, Cu and Zn) metals using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS) of samples taken from fresh roots of Moringa stenopetala. A wet digestion method involving use of mixture of (HCl and HNO3, ratio 3:1) and 10 ml of 30% H2O2 at an optimum temperature and time duration was deployed... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - February 25, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Essential oil composition, antifungal activity and leaf anatomy of Lippia alba (Verbenaceae) from Brazilian Chaco
This study aims to determine the essential oil chemical composition of Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton P. Wilson collected in the Brazilian Chaco where plants grow in conditions of high temperatures in the summer, periodic flood, low temperatures and air humidity in the winter. We also evaluate the oil antifungal activity against the animal and plant pathogenic fungi Aspergillus flav... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - February 19, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of hormones on the seed germination of Bupleurum species
In Asia, Radix Bupleuri (Bupleurum spp. root) is an important medicine used for treating many diseases over the past 2000 years. However, its cultivation is difficult due to poor germination rates and loss of seedling viability shortly after seeding. In the present study, the effect of 6-benzyl aminopurine (6-BA), daminozide, gibberellin (GA3), paclobutrazol, uniconazole, and mepiquat chlori... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - February 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In vitro effect and scanning electron microscopic changes of Nigella sativa loaded chitosan nanoparticles on Schistosoma mansoni adult
Nanoparticles can act as drug carriers that can modulate pharmacokinetics, increase bioavailability and target release with minimal toxic effects. The present work aimed to assess the therapeutic effect and electron microscopic changes of Nigella sativa loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles (NSLCN) on adult Schistosoma mansoni in vitro. Adult worms were removed from the portal and mesenteric veins o... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - February 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Aristolochic acids in herbal medicine: Public health concerns for consumption and poor regulation of botanical products in Nigeria and West Africa
Aristolochic acids are naturally occurring biomolecules found in plants of the genus Aristolochia and Asarum belonging to the family Aristolochiaceae. They are reported to be carcinogenic and nephrotoxic; and are implicated in kidney diseases, aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) which may result in kidney failure, other health complications and possibly death. Aristolochic acids are highly g... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - February 1, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by indigenous people in Tenta District, South Wollo, Ethiopia
Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants was conducted in Tenta District, South Wollo, Ethiopia from December 2016 to May 2017. Data were collected using guided field walk, semi-structured interview, group discussion and direct field observation. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and response compared with chi-square test. The results documented 121 species of medicinal plants ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - January 23, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antibacterial potential of extracts of the roots of Zingiber officinale against bacterial strains commonly associated with nosocomial infections
This study aimed to determine the antimicrobial potential of ginger root extracts using the Kirby-Bayer agar diffusion method to compare the zones of inhibition of the extracts to those of synthetic antibiotics against five clinical bacterial pathogens (Escherichia... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - January 23, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Exploring the anticoagulant and antiplatelet effect of the extracts of the red marine alga Acanthophora spicifera
Cardiovascular diseases represent the major cause of death and morbidity in the world. An uncontrolled activation of the coagulation cascade and platelet aggregation may lead to the formation of thrombi. Antithrombotic drugs have limitations and may produce side effects, and consequently, alternative therapies have been extensively investigated. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate ant... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - January 23, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Utilization, cultivation practice and economic role of medicinal plants in Debre Markos Town, East Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Medicinal plants are useful for primary healthcare as a remedy for diseases and injury, while they are also used traditionally as food and beverages. Despite the wide role of medicinal plant, traditional utilization and management practices are not well documented in Debre Markos Town. Thus, this study was conducted to assess utilization and cultivation practice of the medicinal plants and t... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - January 8, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of Picralima nitida seed extracts
The study investigated the antioxidant potential as well as the inhibitory potential of the seed extracts of Picralima nitida on -amylase and -glucosidase enzymes. The methanolic, aqueous and coconut water extracts were obtained using 70% methanol, distilled water and coconut water, respectively. Antioxidant properties were studied in vitro using DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-pricrylhydrazyl) radica... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - January 8, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Protective potential of Avena sativa seed mucilaginous extract against hyperlipidemia indicated by improved biomarkers and histopathology
Hyperlipidemia is one of the major health concerns worldwide. The present study aimed at utilizing clinicopathological tools to investigate the possible improving effect of Avena sativa mucilaginous extract (ASE) on lipid metabolic and liver function profiles in albino rats. The rats were rendered hyperlipidemic by 6-week supplementation of high-fat diet ad libitum. The rats were grouped int... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - January 8, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Diversity and use of wild edible plants by migratory shepherds in the Himachal Pradesh of the Western Himalayas, India
The present study was carried out in Himachal Pradesh of the Western Himalayas, India to obtain information on the wild edible plants used by the migratory shepherds. The shepherds started their migration in July from Chitkul, Rakchham, Batseri, Sangla and Kamru of district Kinnaur (Himachal Pradesh). Questionnaire for the survey, personal field visits and participatory observations were use... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - December 25, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of cytotoxic and antitumor activity of perillaldehyde 1,2-epoxide
The study aimed to evaluate cytotoxicity and antitumor activity of perillaldehyde 1,2-epoxide (PE), a p-menthane monoterpene derivative against four human tumor cell lines ovarian cancer (OVCAR-8), colon carcinoma (HCT-116), glioblastoma (SF-295) and leukemia (HL-60) using the colorimetric MTT assay. PE showed a high degree of inhibition of cell proliferation (GI = 95.66 to 99.71%) and IC50 ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - December 20, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Medicinal plant use and conservation practices by communities in the Togo Plateau Forest Reserve, Ghana
The use of plants for medicine has constituted an important aspect of primary healthcare delivery system of people throughout the world for many centuries. Nonetheless, information on medicinal plants and their conservation are still lacking in some areas, including the Togo Plateau Forest Reserve in Ghana. This paper investigates the ethnobotany of the Togo Plateau Forest Reserve, Ghana, to... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - December 20, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from pyracantha fortuneana (Se-PFPs) augment docetaxel-induced tumor suppression in human ovarian cancer
Pyracantha fortuneana (Maxim.) contains many healthy ingredients, including selenium-enriched polysaccharides. Selenium-enriched polysaccharides from P. fortuneana (Se-PFPs) have anti-mutation and anti-oxidation activities, along with anti-tumor activity in ovarian cancer and breast cancer cells. Docetaxel (DTX) is widely applied in therapeutic treatment for ovarian cancer. However, its use ... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - December 10, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant, antibacterial and combinational effects of medicinal plants used by Bapedi traditional healers to prepare herbal mixtures
The aim of this study is to evaluate the biological activities of some plant species used in the preparation of herbal mixtures and determine the combinational effects. The plant materials were collected from traders who use them to prepare herbal mixtures claimed to be blood purifiers, pain-relievers, anti-diarrheal and aphrodisiac medicines. An aqueous decoction of each plant species was p... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - November 27, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Hepato-protective potentials of Sterculia setigera stem-bark extract on acetominophen induced hepato toxicity in Wistar albino rats
The study was set to investigate the potency of stem bark extract of Sterculia setigera as a hepato-protective agent against acute administration (overdose) of acetaminophen in experimental animals. Experimental animals were grouped into six treatments with each group containing five rats. Group 1 was the placebo, Group II was the standard treatment orally administered acetaminophen at a dos... (Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - November 27, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research