Public Awareness, Individual Prevention Practice, and Psychological Effect at the Beginning of the COVID-19 Outbreak in China.
CONCLUSIONS: The public had high awareness on knowledge of COVID-19 outbreak, and a high proportion of people practiced good hand hygiene behavior. Many people claimed anxiety, especially in heavily affected areas during pandemic, suggesting the importance of closing the gap between risk awareness and good practice and conduct psychological counseling to public and patients. PMID: 32830167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 26, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Impact of rotavirus vaccines on gastroenteritis hospitalisations in Western Australia: a time-series analysis.
Authors: Fathima P, Jones MA, Moore HC, Blyth CC, Gibbs RA, Snelling TL Abstract BackgroundRotavirus vaccination was introduced into the Australian National Immunisation Program in mid-2007. We aimed to assess the impact of the rotavirus vaccination program on the burden of hospitalisations associated with all-cause acute gastroenteritis (including rotavirus gastroenteritis and non-rotavirus gastroenteritis) in the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal population in Western Australia.MethodsWe identified all hospital records, between July 2004 and June 2012, with a discharge diagnosis code for all-cause gastroenteritis. Ag...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Overweight and Hypertension in Relation to Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Among Community-Dwelling Adults: The Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS).
CONCLUSIONS: As hypertension may attenuate the association between overweight and CLBP, we should consider hypertension status for proper management of CLBP among overweight individuals. PMID: 32801279 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Night Work, Rotating Shift Work and the Risk of Cancer in Japanese Men and Women: the JACC Study.
CONCLUSION: Rotating shift work might contribute to the increased risk of esophageal cancer and prostate cancer and the decreased risk of liver cancer among Japanese men. PMID: 32801280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Relative effects of demographic, psychological, behavioral, and social factors on the initiation and maintenance of leisure-time physical activity: Results from a confirmatory path analysis in a longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that there were initiation- or maintenance-specific determinants of leisure-time physical activity according to sex. PMID: 32779627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Association between social isolation and smoking in Japan and England.
CONCLUSIONS: Older people who were less socially isolated were more likely to quit smoking in England than in Japan, possibly explained by the strict tobacco control policies in England. PMID: 32779628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Are Japanese women less physically active than men? Findings from the DOSANCO Health Study.
ConclusionsIn contrast with previous studies, our findings suggest that Japanese women are more physically active than men when all intensities of activities are considered. Given the health benefits of LPA, evaluating only MVPA may disproportionately underestimate the level of physical activity of women. PMID: 32779629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Prevalence and associated factors of pathological Internet use and online risky behaviors among Japanese elementary school children.
CONCLUSIONS: PIU and risky behaviors were not rare among the elementary school children. Besides unhealthy lifestyles, social and family environments were associated with PIU. Having child-parent interaction and helping children develop close friendships in real life are effective deterrents to PIU. PMID: 32779630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Covid-19: Social irresponsibility of teenagers towards the second wave in Spain.
Authors: Murillo-Llorente MT, Perez-Bermejo M PMID: 32779631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Overall and cause-specific mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: Population-based cohort study in Taiwan between 1998 and 2014.
CONCLUSIONS: Type 1 diabetes in both genders and all ages was associated with significantly elevated SMRs for all-cause and mostly for diabetes per se and renal disease. PMID: 32741854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - August 4, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Loss of working life years due to mortality, sickness absence, or ill-health retirement: A comprehensive approach to estimating disease burden in the workplace.
CONCLUSIONS: Our approach is in contrast to those in previous studies that focused exclusively on mortality or morbidity. PMID: 32713929 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The clustering of health-related behaviours in the adult Japanese population.
ConclusionDetecting distinct clusters of HRBs in a Japanese population-based survey provides a person-centred understanding of Japanese lifestyles. This approach can assist policy makers in Japan, and overseas, to identify new strategies for targeting behavioural risk factors and make health promotion policies more effective, in their respective countries. PMID: 32713930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Mumps-related Disease Burden in Japan: Analysis of JMDC Health Insurance Reimbursement Data for 2005-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the disease burden due to mumps and its complications in Japan during 2005-2017. These data suggest the need for mumps-prevention measures in adolescents and adults, as well as in children. PMID: 32684528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 21, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Understanding marginal structural models for time-varying exposures: pitfalls and tips.
Authors: Shinozaki T, Suzuki E Abstract Epidemiologists are increasingly encountering complex longitudinal data, in which exposures and their confounders vary during follow-up. When a prior exposure affects the confounders of the subsequent exposures, estimating the effects of the time-varying exposures requires special statistical techniques, possibly with structural (i.e., counterfactual) models for targeted effects, even if all confounders are accurately measured. Among the methods used to estimate such effects, which can be cast as a marginal structural model in a straightforward way, one popular approach is in...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 21, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Skipping breakfast and subsequent overweight/obesity in children: A nationwide prospective study of 2.5 to 13- year olds in Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: Skipping breakfast in early childhood increased overweight/obesity in later childhood, but there may be gender differences in the association. PMID: 32655088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 14, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Changes in drug utilization after publication of clinical trials and drug-related scandals in Japan: an interrupted time series analysis, 2005-2017.
ConclusionsThe scandals were associated with decrease in the use of first-generation ARBs, and that decrease was greater than the increase associated with the publication of "successful" clinical trials, making the net effect not zero but negative. PMID: 32624520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Professional commitment to ethical discussions needed from epidemiologists in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Authors: Matsui K, Yamamoto K, Inoue Y PMID: 32624521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Trends in Energy Imbalance Gap and Body Weight Status in the Japanese Adult Population: A System Dynamics Approach.
Authors: Fallah-Fini S, Ikeda N, Nishi N Abstract BACKGROUND: The double burden of malnutrition is a growing public health problem in Japan. We estimated the dynamics of the energy imbalance gap (EIG) (average daily difference between energy intake and expenditure) to explain trends in the prevalence of underweight, overweight, and obese Japanese adults. METHODS: We used individual-level data on body height and weight from the National Health and Nutrition Surveys from 1975 to 2015. We calibrated a validated system dynamics model to estimate the EIG for Japanese adults aged 20 to 74 years by survey year, sex, a...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Widening socioeconomic inequalities in smoking in Japan, 2001-2016.
CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic inequalities in smoking widened between 2001 and 2016 in Japan, which indicates that health inequalities will continue to exist in near future. PMID: 32595181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study (KPOS): Study Design and Participants.
CONCLUSIONS: We designed KPOS to identify the determinants of pregnancy-related outcomes, and it may provide effective strategies for the prevention of pregnancy complications in Korean pregnant women. PMID: 32595182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Incidence and mortality of dementia-related missing and their associated factors: An ecological study in Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: Identified associated factors may be useful for managing or predicting dementia-related missing persons cases and associated deaths. PMID: 32595183 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Association between Traffic Count and Cardiovascular Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to truck exhaust or gasoline-powered cars is positively associated with CVD mortality, and air pollution may play a role in this association. PMID: 32565497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

COVID-19 stigma induced by press releases in Japan: It's time to reconsider risk communication learned from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster.
Authors: Yoshioka T, Maeda Y PMID: 32565498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Increase in body weight following residential displacement. Five year follow-up after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.
Authors: Takahashi S, Yonekura Y, Tanno K, Shimoda H, Sakata K, Ogawa A, Kobayashi S Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have linked residential displacement as a result of the 2011 East Japan Earthquake to increases in body weight. However, no study has examined longer-term trajectories of body weight among displaced survivors. We compared body weight change between survivors relocated to temporary housing (TH) group versus other types of accommodation for up to 5 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: Longitudinal follow-up was conducted from 2011 to 2015 in a cohort of 9,909 residents of 42,...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Epidemiology of food choking deaths in Japan: Time trends and regional variations.
CONCLUSIONS: There are temporal and regional variations of food choking deaths in Japan, possibly due to the consumption of Japanese rice cake (mochi), particularly over the New Year's holiday. PMID: 32536639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Older adults' daily step counts and time in sedentary behavior and different intensities of physical activity.
Authors: Amagasa S, Fukushima N, Kikuchi H, Oka K, Chastin S, Tudor-Locke C, Owen N, Inoue S Abstract BACKGROUND: Daily step count is the most simple measure of physical activity. However, little is known about how daily step count related to time spent in different intensities of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB). METHODS: These cross-sectional data were derived from 450 older Japanese adults (56.7% men, mean age 74.3 years) who were randomly selected from three communities and responded a survey. Daily step count and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), light-intensity PA (LPA), and ...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 18, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Prevalence and mortality of sarcopenia in a community-dwelling older Japanese population: the Hisayama Study.
Authors: Nakamura K, Yoshida D, Honda T, Hata J, Shibata M, Hirakawa Y, Furuta Y, Kishimoto H, Ohara T, Kitazono T, Nakashima Y, Ninomiya T Abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sarcopenia defined by the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) definition in Asian communities has not been fully addressed. Moreover, few studies have addressed the influence of sarcopenia on mortality. METHODS: A total of 1,371 and 1,597 residents aged 65 years or older participated in health surveys in 2012 and 2017. Sarcopenia was determined by the AWGS definition. Factors associated with the presence of sarcopenia were assess...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 10, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

COVID-19 Epidemic: Possibility of Artificial Intelligence in Infection Control and Prevention.
Authors: Qi ZY, Zhao PY, Geng SH, Yi HM, Yang LP PMID: 32507776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 10, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Higher participation rate for specific health checkups concerning simultaneous ophthalmic checkups.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that additional simultaneous ophthalmic checkups as specific health checkups could increase the specific health checkup participation rate. PMID: 32475883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Early SNS-based monitoring system for the COVID-19 outbreak in Japan: a population-level observational study.
ConclusionsCOOPERA is the first real-time system being used to monitor trends in COVID-19 in Japan, and provides useful insights to assist political decisions to tackle the epidemic. PMID: 32475884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - June 3, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Economic evaluations of gestational diabetes mellitus screening: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Most studies found GDM screening to be cost-effective, though uncertainties remain due to many factors. The quality assessment identified weaknesses in the economic evaluations in terms of integrating existing data, measuring costs and consequences, analyzing perspectives, and adjusting for uncertainties. PMID: 32448822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 26, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

What factors affect the evolution of the wife's mental health after the husband's retirement? Evidence from a population-based nationwide survey in Japan.
CONCLUSION: The results suggest the limited relevance of the "retired husband syndrome" among middle-aged Japanese couples. The effects of a husband's retirement on the wife's mental health depended heavily on her prior behavior. PMID: 32448823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 26, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Associations of education with overall diet quality are explained by different food groups in middle-aged and old Japanese women.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that positive associations between education and diet quality are explained by different food groups in middle-aged and older Japanese women, which are independent of lifestyle and neighborhood variables. PMID: 32418938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Physical fitness and dyslipidemia among Japanese: a cohort study from the Niigata Wellness Study.
We examined the association of grip strength and other physical fitness markers with the incidence of dyslipidemia among Japanese adults. METHODS: A total of 16,149 Japanese (6208 women) individuals aged 20-92 years who underwent a physical fitness test between April 2001 and March 2002 were included in this cohort study. Grip strength, vertical jump, single-leg balance with eyes closed, forward bending, and whole-body reaction time were evaluated at baseline. Dyslipidemia was annually determined based on fasting serum lipid profiles and self-reported dyslipidemia from April 2001 to March 2008. RESULTS: During the ...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Does laughter predict onset of functional disability and mortality among older Japanese adults? the JAGES prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Low frequency of laughter is associated with increased risks of functional disability. Laughter may be an early predictor of functional disability later on in life. PMID: 32418940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 19, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The effect of smoking and sex on the association between long-term alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older population.
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking status and sex strongly affects the association between long-term alcohol consumption and MetS and its components by the amount of alcohol consumed. PMID: 32378517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 9, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Population attributable fractions of modifiable risk factors for nonsyndromic orofacial clefts: a prospective cohort study from the Japan Environment and Children's Study.
This study aimed to estimate population attributable fractions (PAFs) of modifiable risk factors for nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) and cleft palate only (CP) in Japan. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study, which recruited pregnant women from 2011 to 2014. We estimated the PAFs of maternal alcohol consumption, psychological distress, maternal active and passive smoking, abnormal body mass index (BMI) (
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Association of eating alone with depression among older adults living alone: Role of poor social networks.
CONCLUSIONS: Poor social network size, and not eating alone, was associated with greater depression symptoms among older adults living alone, whereas both factors may increase depression symptoms among older adults living with others. Poor social network size may show a stronger influence on depression than eating alone in older adults living alone; thus, social network size is an important health indicator. PMID: 32307350 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Role of social support in the relationship between financial strain and frequency of exercise among older Japanese: A 19-year longitudinal study.
CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that financial strain is negatively correlated with frequency of exercise among older females. In addition, instrumental support is negatively correlated with frequency of exercise among females under financial strain. PMID: 32307351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Disparities in bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by a family member and a non-family member.
CONCLUSIONS: In this community-based observational study, we found that a witnessing family member is less likely to perform BCPR than a witnessing non-family member. PMID: 32307352 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Determinant factors on differences in survival for gastric cancer between the US and Japan using nationwide databases.
ConclusionAlthough the wide differences in GC survival between Japan and US can be largely explained by differences in the stage at diagnosis, the number of LNs examined may also help to explain the gaps between two countries, which is related to stage migration. PMID: 32281553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 15, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Intakes of specific categories of vegetables and fruits are inversely associated with depressive symptoms among adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Intakes of tomatoes and tomato mixtures, dark-green, other vegetables, berries, dried fruits, total vegetables, and total fruits were inversely related to depressive symptoms among adults. PMID: 32281554 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 15, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The fast territorial expansion of the Covid-19 in Spain.
Authors: Perez-Bermejo M, Murillo-Llorente MT PMID: 32281555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 15, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Impact of methylmercury and other heavy metals exposure on neurocognitive function in children of 7 years old: study protocol of the follow-up.
DiscussionThis protocol extends to the first years of schooling age the evaluation of the neurotoxicant effect of Mercury and of the other heavy metals on children's neurodevelopment, adjusting for the potential confounders such as the lifestyles and the social economic status of children's families. Longitudinal analysis of neurodevelopment, assessed in different ages (18, 40 months and 7 years), are performed. PMID: 32249266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Who smokes in Europe? Data from 12 European countries in the TackSHS survey (2017-2018).
Authors: Gallus S, Lugo A, Liu X, Behrakis P, Boffi R, Bosetti C, Carreras G, Chatenoud L, Clancy L, Continente X, Dobson R, Effertz T, Filippidis FT, Fu M, Geshanova G, Gorini G, Keogan S, Ivanov H, Lopez MJ, Lopez-Nicolas A, Precioso J, Przewozniak K, Radu-Loghin C, Ruprecht A, Semple S, Soriano JB, Starchenko P, Trapero-Bertran M, Tigova O, Tzortzi AS, Vardavas C, Vyzikidou VK, Colombo P, Fernandez E, TackSHS Project Investigators Abstract BACKGROUND: Population data on tobacco use and its determinants require continuous monitoring and careful inter-country comparison. We aimed to provide the most up-to-date est...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Clinical trajectories of suicide attempts and self-harm in patients admitted to acute-care hospitals in Japan: a nationwide inpatient database study.
CONCLUSION: We found that half of acute-care hospitals did not provide any hospital-based psychiatric care for patients with suicide attempts or self-harm. PMID: 32249268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Association between area-level risk of job instability and workers' health: a multi-level analysis using population-based survey data from Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: The area-level risk of precarious employment matters for male workers' health independently from their job status, underscoring the importance of policy measures aimed to reduce the adverse impacts of precarious employment on workers' health. PMID: 32249269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

The impact of hypertension definition based on two-visit strategy on estimate of hypertension burden: Results from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 1989-2011.
CONCLUSION: The hypertension burden would decrease from 244.5 million persons to 127.5-182.3 million persons in China if the two-visit strategy was applied. PMID: 32224596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Heated Tobacco Products Have Reached Younger or More Affluent People in Japan.
This study examined the sociodemographic characteristics of HTPs users in Japan, which were first launched. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from an online survey conducted in 2017. A total of 4,926 participants, aged 20-69 years, were included. The dependent variable was the type of tobacco products used. The independent variables were age and equivalent income. Two analyses estimated the odds ratios (ORs) for 1) being smokers compared to "non-smokers", and 2) being "HTP smokers" compared to "only combustible cigarette smokers." Analyses were stratified by sex. Educational at...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

Adherence to the Japanese physical activity guideline during early childhood among rural preschoolers: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Two-thirds of preschoolers met the Japanese PA guideline, while adherence to PA recommendations differed between genders. Moreover, there were distinct variations of adherence to PA guideline among preschools. Possible determinants that cause the differences in adherence to the PA guideline at the individual and preschool-levels should be further evaluated. PMID: 32224598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - April 2, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research