Re; Seniaray N, Verma R, Khanna S, Belho E, Pruthi A, Mahajan H. Localization and restaging of carcinoma prostate by 68Gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography computed tomography in patients with biochemical recurrence. Indian J Urol 2020;36:191-9
Abhishek Pandey, Swarnendu Mandal, Manoj K Das, Prasant NayakIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):337-338 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhishek Pandey Swarnendu Mandal Manoj K Das Prasant Nayak Source Type: research

Author Reply Re: Elbaset MA, Ezzat O, Elgamal M, Sharaf MA, Elmeniar AM, Abdelhamid A et al. Supernormal differential renal function in adults with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: Does it really exist ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:205-11
MA Elbaset, Yasser OsmanIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):335-337 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: MA Elbaset Yasser Osman Source Type: research

Re: Elbaset MA, Ezzat O, Elgamal M, Sharaf MA, Elmeniar AM, Abdelhamid A et al. Supernormal differential renal function in adults with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: Does it really exist ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:205-11
Pankaj N Maheshwari, Gyanendra R SharmaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):334-335 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pankaj N Maheshwari Gyanendra R Sharma Source Type: research

Author reply Re: Singh S, Patil S, Tamhankar AS, Ahluwalia P, Gautam G. Low-risk prostate cancer in India: Is active surveillance a valid treatment option ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:184-90
Shanky Singh, Saurabh Patil, Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar, Puneet Ahluwalia, Gagan GautamIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):333-334 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shanky Singh Saurabh Patil Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar Puneet Ahluwalia Gagan Gautam Source Type: research

Re; Singh S, Patil S, Tamhankar AS, Ahluwalia P, Gautam G. Low-risk prostate cancer in India: Is active surveillance a valid treatment option ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:184-90
Abhishek Pandey, Swarnendu Mandal, Manoj K Das, Prasant NayakIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):332-333 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhishek Pandey Swarnendu Mandal Manoj K Das Prasant Nayak Source Type: research

Re; Singh S, Patil S, Tamhankar AS, Ahluwalia P, Gautam G. Low-risk prostate cancer in India: Is active surveillance a valid treatment option ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:184-90
Aditya P Sharma, Kapil Chaudhary, Sudheer K DevanaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):331-332 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aditya P Sharma Kapil Chaudhary Sudheer K Devana Source Type: research

Benefit of cabazitaxel in previously treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; CARD trial
Ankit MishraIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):329-330 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ankit Mishra Source Type: research

Relugolix & #8211; The novel oral androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
Rahul JenaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):327-328 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rahul Jena Source Type: research

POUT trial: Perioperative chemotherapy in upper tract urothelial carcinoma & #8211; A standard of care ?
Satish Kumar RanjanIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):324-326 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Satish Kumar Ranjan Source Type: research

Coexistence of malacoplakia and mullerianosis in the urinary bladder: An uncommon pathology
We present a unique case of coexistence of malacoplakia and mullerianosis in the urinary bladder, reported for the first time in the literature. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhay Dinkar Mahajan Sumeeta Abhay Mahajan Dinesh Kulkarni Source Type: research

Immunoglobulin G4-related renal disease masquerading as renal pelvic tumor
We present a 64-year-old male with lower urinary tract symptoms, who, on evaluation had a right renal pelvic tumor on imaging and ureteroscopy. The patient underwent laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy on clinical suspicion of upper tract urothelial carcinoma. The final histopathology revealed IgG4-related disease. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Prashant Singh Brusabhanu Nayak Prabhjot Singh Seema Kaushal Sridhar Panaiyadiyan Source Type: research

Prolonged natural history of a cystic renal cell carcinoma: A case report
We describe the successful management of a 50-year male who presented with gradually progressive abdominal swelling for over 20 years. The highlights of the case are giant renal mass occupying the whole abdomen and the absence of metastasis despite a long history. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mukesh Kumar Gupta Pawan Kaundal Girdhar S Bora Ujjwal Gorsi Ravimohan S Mavuduru Source Type: research

Xanthogranulomatous cystitis masquerading as bladder tumor in a child
We report probably the third pediatric case, who presented with symptoms of urinary tract infection and urinary retention and was initially suspected as bladder tumor on imaging. The diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology, and the child responded well to aggressive antibiotic therapy alone. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Santosh Kumar Mahalik Mukund Namdev Sable Kanishka Das Source Type: research

Acute limb ischemia following iatrogenic femoral artery injury during orchiopexy
In this report, we describe a case where injury to the right femoral artery leading to acute limb ischemia occurred while performing orchiopexy. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Akash Bihari Pati Siddhartha Sathia Santosh Kumar Mahalik Source Type: research

Interventional radiology in the management of renal vascular injury: A prospective study
Conclusion: Endovascular management is an effective and safe alternative to surgical management of both iatrogenic and accidental renal vascular injuries. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Puneet Garg Charu Paruthi Krishna Bhardwaj Venkatram Krishnan Sunil Kumar Bajaj Ritu Nair Misra Source Type: research

Incidence of adenocarcinoma bladder in patients with cystitis cystica et glandularis: A retrospective study
Conclusions: At a median of 5 years and 5 months of follow up, CCG (including the IM-type) did not show any increase in the risk of malignancy. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amit Agrawal Deepak Kumar Aditya A Jha Puneet Aggarwal Source Type: research

Editorial comment
Mohammed Said ElSheemyIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):294-296 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohammed Said ElSheemy Source Type: research

Postnatal management of bilateral Grade 3 & #8211;4 ureteropelvic junction obstruction
Conclusions: In neonates with bilateral UPJO, the worse affected kidney is operated first, as it still has the potential to recover. The contralateral milder UPJO unit is known to recover spontaneously following unilateral pyeloplasty. In those with bilateral Grade 4 UPJO and mass, bilateral pyeloplasty is feasible. Alternatively, unilateral pyeloplasty + contralateral cystoscopic retrograde stenting may prevent rupture or functional deterioration in the opposite kidney. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ramesh Babu Ashay Rajnikant Suryawanshi Utsav Shailesh Shah Ashitha K Unny Source Type: research

Comparison of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy and retrograde intrarenal surgery in the treatment of renal pelvic and proximal ureteral stones & #8804;2 cm in children
Conclusions: Both SWL and RIRS have similar success, complication, and auxiliary treatment rates. RIRS was superior in terms of total procedure and anesthesia durations, while SWL was superior in terms of numbers of anesthesia sessions and active procedure sessions. As both have similar success rates, the more minimally invasive SWL should be chosen for pediatric upper urinary system stones of less than 2 cm size. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yavuz Guler Akif Erbin Source Type: research

Long-term follow-up and outcomes of percutaneous nephron-sparing surgery for upper tract urothelial carcinoma
Conclusion: PCNSS for UTUC is a feasible approach to consider in carefully selected patients who agree to intensive follow-up, even for higher grade tumors. Where recurrent UTUC occurs, further management options still exist for disease treatment. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Piyush Bhargav Sarmah Syed Ali Ehsanullah Bhupendra Dev Sarmah Source Type: research

Development and implementation of competency-based assessment for urological ultrasound training using SonoSim: A preliminary evaluation
Conclusions: Through pilot testing, we propose that a competency-based assessment used with the SonoSim LiveScan could guide the resident's education through the acquisition of U/S skills and warrants testing in a larger cohort. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Keri Jinju Rowley Karen M Wheeler Deepak K Pruthi Ahmed M Mansour Dharam Kaushik Joseph W Basler Michael A Liss Source Type: research

Current update and future directions on gut microbiome and nephrolithiasis
Ajay P Sharma, Jeremy Burton, Guido Filler, Sumit DaveIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):262-269 The incidence of nephrolithiasis is increasing worldwide. Understanding how gut microbiome influences oxalate homeostasis has the potential to offer new strategies to prevent nephrolithiasis. The literature was reviewed to gather the evidence on the association between gut microbiome, hyperoxaluria and nephrolithiasis, and to identify the therapeutic interventions focused on the gut microbiome that could decrease hyperoxaluria and prevent nephrolithiasis. Gut microbiome is constituted by a plethora of microbiota including Ox...
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ajay P Sharma Jeremy Burton Guido Filler Sumit Dave Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant therapy in high-risk prostate cancer
Akbar N Ashrafi, Wesley Yip, Monish AronIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):251-261 High-risk prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with higher rates of biochemical recurrence, clinical recurrence, metastasis, and PCa-specific death, compared to low-and intermediate-risk disease. Herein, we review the various definitions of high-risk PCa, describe the rationale for neoadjuvant therapy prior to radical prostatectomy, and summarize the contemporary data on neoadjuvant therapies. Since the 1990s, several randomized trials of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) have consistently demonstrated improved pathological pa...
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Akbar N Ashrafi Wesley Yip Monish Aron Source Type: research

Round up
Arabind PandaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):248-250 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Arabind Panda Source Type: research

What & #39;s inside
Santosh KumarIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):246-247 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Santosh Kumar Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on urology residency in India & #8211; Results of a nationwide survey
Abhilash Cheriyan, Santosh KumarIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):243-245 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhilash Cheriyan Santosh Kumar Source Type: research

Re; Seniaray N, Verma R, Khanna S, Belho E, Pruthi A, Mahajan H. Localization and restaging of carcinoma prostate by 68Gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography computed tomography in patients with biochemical recurrence. Indian J Urol 2020;36:191-9
Abhishek Pandey, Swarnendu Mandal, Manoj K Das, Prasant NayakIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):337-338 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhishek Pandey Swarnendu Mandal Manoj K Das Prasant Nayak Source Type: research

Author Reply Re: Elbaset MA, Ezzat O, Elgamal M, Sharaf MA, Elmeniar AM, Abdelhamid A et al. Supernormal differential renal function in adults with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: Does it really exist ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:205-11
MA Elbaset, Yasser OsmanIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):335-337 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: MA Elbaset Yasser Osman Source Type: research

Re: Elbaset MA, Ezzat O, Elgamal M, Sharaf MA, Elmeniar AM, Abdelhamid A et al. Supernormal differential renal function in adults with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: Does it really exist ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:205-11
Pankaj N Maheshwari, Gyanendra R SharmaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):334-335 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Pankaj N Maheshwari Gyanendra R Sharma Source Type: research

Author reply Re: Singh S, Patil S, Tamhankar AS, Ahluwalia P, Gautam G. Low-risk prostate cancer in India: Is active surveillance a valid treatment option ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:184-90
Shanky Singh, Saurabh Patil, Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar, Puneet Ahluwalia, Gagan GautamIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):333-334 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shanky Singh Saurabh Patil Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar Puneet Ahluwalia Gagan Gautam Source Type: research

Re; Singh S, Patil S, Tamhankar AS, Ahluwalia P, Gautam G. Low-risk prostate cancer in India: Is active surveillance a valid treatment option ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:184-90
Abhishek Pandey, Swarnendu Mandal, Manoj K Das, Prasant NayakIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):332-333 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhishek Pandey Swarnendu Mandal Manoj K Das Prasant Nayak Source Type: research

Re; Singh S, Patil S, Tamhankar AS, Ahluwalia P, Gautam G. Low-risk prostate cancer in India: Is active surveillance a valid treatment option ? Indian J Urol 2020;36:184-90
Aditya P Sharma, Kapil Chaudhary, Sudheer K DevanaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):331-332 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Aditya P Sharma Kapil Chaudhary Sudheer K Devana Source Type: research

Benefit of cabazitaxel in previously treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer; CARD trial
Ankit MishraIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):329-330 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ankit Mishra Source Type: research

Relugolix & #8211; The novel oral androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer
Rahul JenaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):327-328 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rahul Jena Source Type: research

POUT trial: Perioperative chemotherapy in upper tract urothelial carcinoma & #8211; A standard of care ?
Satish Kumar RanjanIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):324-326 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Satish Kumar Ranjan Source Type: research

Coexistence of malacoplakia and mullerianosis in the urinary bladder: An uncommon pathology
We present a unique case of coexistence of malacoplakia and mullerianosis in the urinary bladder, reported for the first time in the literature. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Abhay Dinkar Mahajan Sumeeta Abhay Mahajan Dinesh Kulkarni Source Type: research

Immunoglobulin G4-related renal disease masquerading as renal pelvic tumor
We present a 64-year-old male with lower urinary tract symptoms, who, on evaluation had a right renal pelvic tumor on imaging and ureteroscopy. The patient underwent laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy on clinical suspicion of upper tract urothelial carcinoma. The final histopathology revealed IgG4-related disease. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Prashant Singh Brusabhanu Nayak Prabhjot Singh Seema Kaushal Sridhar Panaiyadiyan Source Type: research

Prolonged natural history of a cystic renal cell carcinoma: A case report
We describe the successful management of a 50-year male who presented with gradually progressive abdominal swelling for over 20 years. The highlights of the case are giant renal mass occupying the whole abdomen and the absence of metastasis despite a long history. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mukesh Kumar Gupta Pawan Kaundal Girdhar S Bora Ujjwal Gorsi Ravimohan S Mavuduru Source Type: research

Xanthogranulomatous cystitis masquerading as bladder tumor in a child
We report probably the third pediatric case, who presented with symptoms of urinary tract infection and urinary retention and was initially suspected as bladder tumor on imaging. The diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology, and the child responded well to aggressive antibiotic therapy alone. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Santosh Kumar Mahalik Mukund Namdev Sable Kanishka Das Source Type: research

Acute limb ischemia following iatrogenic femoral artery injury during orchiopexy
In this report, we describe a case where injury to the right femoral artery leading to acute limb ischemia occurred while performing orchiopexy. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Akash Bihari Pati Siddhartha Sathia Santosh Kumar Mahalik Source Type: research

Interventional radiology in the management of renal vascular injury: A prospective study
Conclusion: Endovascular management is an effective and safe alternative to surgical management of both iatrogenic and accidental renal vascular injuries. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Puneet Garg Charu Paruthi Krishna Bhardwaj Venkatram Krishnan Sunil Kumar Bajaj Ritu Nair Misra Source Type: research

Incidence of adenocarcinoma bladder in patients with cystitis cystica et glandularis: A retrospective study
Conclusions: At a median of 5 years and 5 months of follow up, CCG (including the IM-type) did not show any increase in the risk of malignancy. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amit Agrawal Deepak Kumar Aditya A Jha Puneet Aggarwal Source Type: research

Editorial comment
Mohammed Said ElSheemyIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):294-296 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohammed Said ElSheemy Source Type: research

Postnatal management of bilateral Grade 3 & #8211;4 ureteropelvic junction obstruction
Conclusions: In neonates with bilateral UPJO, the worse affected kidney is operated first, as it still has the potential to recover. The contralateral milder UPJO unit is known to recover spontaneously following unilateral pyeloplasty. In those with bilateral Grade 4 UPJO and mass, bilateral pyeloplasty is feasible. Alternatively, unilateral pyeloplasty + contralateral cystoscopic retrograde stenting may prevent rupture or functional deterioration in the opposite kidney. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ramesh Babu Ashay Rajnikant Suryawanshi Utsav Shailesh Shah Ashitha K Unny Source Type: research

Comparison of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy and retrograde intrarenal surgery in the treatment of renal pelvic and proximal ureteral stones & #8804;2 cm in children
Conclusions: Both SWL and RIRS have similar success, complication, and auxiliary treatment rates. RIRS was superior in terms of total procedure and anesthesia durations, while SWL was superior in terms of numbers of anesthesia sessions and active procedure sessions. As both have similar success rates, the more minimally invasive SWL should be chosen for pediatric upper urinary system stones of less than 2 cm size. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yavuz Guler Akif Erbin Source Type: research

Long-term follow-up and outcomes of percutaneous nephron-sparing surgery for upper tract urothelial carcinoma
Conclusion: PCNSS for UTUC is a feasible approach to consider in carefully selected patients who agree to intensive follow-up, even for higher grade tumors. Where recurrent UTUC occurs, further management options still exist for disease treatment. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Piyush Bhargav Sarmah Syed Ali Ehsanullah Bhupendra Dev Sarmah Source Type: research

Development and implementation of competency-based assessment for urological ultrasound training using SonoSim: A preliminary evaluation
Conclusions: Through pilot testing, we propose that a competency-based assessment used with the SonoSim LiveScan could guide the resident's education through the acquisition of U/S skills and warrants testing in a larger cohort. (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Keri Jinju Rowley Karen M Wheeler Deepak K Pruthi Ahmed M Mansour Dharam Kaushik Joseph W Basler Michael A Liss Source Type: research

Current update and future directions on gut microbiome and nephrolithiasis
Ajay P Sharma, Jeremy Burton, Guido Filler, Sumit DaveIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):262-269 The incidence of nephrolithiasis is increasing worldwide. Understanding how gut microbiome influences oxalate homeostasis has the potential to offer new strategies to prevent nephrolithiasis. The literature was reviewed to gather the evidence on the association between gut microbiome, hyperoxaluria and nephrolithiasis, and to identify the therapeutic interventions focused on the gut microbiome that could decrease hyperoxaluria and prevent nephrolithiasis. Gut microbiome is constituted by a plethora of microbiota including Ox...
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ajay P Sharma Jeremy Burton Guido Filler Sumit Dave Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant therapy in high-risk prostate cancer
Akbar N Ashrafi, Wesley Yip, Monish AronIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):251-261 High-risk prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with higher rates of biochemical recurrence, clinical recurrence, metastasis, and PCa-specific death, compared to low-and intermediate-risk disease. Herein, we review the various definitions of high-risk PCa, describe the rationale for neoadjuvant therapy prior to radical prostatectomy, and summarize the contemporary data on neoadjuvant therapies. Since the 1990s, several randomized trials of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) have consistently demonstrated improved pathological pa...
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Akbar N Ashrafi Wesley Yip Monish Aron Source Type: research

Round up
Arabind PandaIndian Journal of Urology 2020 36(4):248-250 (Source: Indian Journal of Urology)
Source: Indian Journal of Urology - October 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Arabind Panda Source Type: research