Cannabis cessation among youth: rates, patterns and academic outcomes in a large prospective cohort of Canadian high school students.
CONCLUSION: Increased academic rigour may underlie any improvements seen in academic performance after cannabis cessation. High school students who use cannabis likely need targeted support to facilitate reduction or cessation and subsequent academic recovery. This indicates that a school-based focus on cannabis harm reduction is justified. PMID: 32270667 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Physical activity and social connectedness interventions in outdoor spaces among children and youth: a rapid review.
CONCLUSION: The incorporation of natural and play-focussed elements into outdoor spaces may be effective ways to improve physical activity and social connectedness. There is a considerable need for more Canadian-specific research. Novel methods, such as incorporating smartphone technology into the design and evaluation of these interventions, warrant consideration. PMID: 32270668 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Preferred modalities for delivering continuing education to the public health workforce: a scoping review.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that there is no single preferred training modality. We identified three elements that influence modality preference: design, delivery and organizational support. Modality should be determined by participants' location, needs and previous experiences to ensure the content is relevant and delivered in a way that equips learners to apply the knowledge gained. PMID: 32270669 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Injuries and poisonings associated with methamphetamine use: sentinel surveillance, the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP), 2011-2019.
Authors: McFaull SR, Champagne A, Thompson W, Bang F Abstract Information from emergency department (ED) visits for methamphetamine-related injuries and poisonings between 1 April 2011 and 9 August 2019 were captured from 19 sentinel sites across Canada for all ages. Overall, 1093 cases (97.6/100 000 eCHIRPP cases) were identified (59.4% male), with female patients experiencing more poisonings (71% vs 57.4% for males). Unintentional injuries and poisoning accounted for 14.8% of ED presentations. Self-harm (while or as a result of consuming methamphetamine) accounted for 11.4% of cases. The circumstances surrounding...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Trends in emergency department visits for acetaminophen-related poisonings: 2011-2019.
We examined trends in emergency department (ED) presentation rates for acetaminophenrelated poisonings across Canada. A total of 27123 cases of poisoning were seen in the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP) sentinel sites between April 2011 and February 2019; of these, 13.7% were related to acetaminophen use. A significant decreasing trend for both sexes was observed for unintentional poisonings (males: -10.3%; females: -8.0%). For intentional poisonings, there was a significant decrease among females only (-5.9%). Females have consistently displayed higher rates of ED presentati...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Micro-level factors associated with alcohol use and binge drinking among youth in the COMPASS study (2012/13 to 2017/18).
CONCLUSION: Higher disposable incomes, smoking of tobacco products and use of cannabis were associated with current alcohol use and binge drinking among youth. Findings may inform design of polysubstance use prevention efforts in high schools. PMID: 32162508 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Tobacco smoke exposure and sleep: estimating the association of urinary cotinine with sleep quality.
The objective of this study was to investigate associations between urinary cotinine, a biological marker of tobacco smoke exposure, and sleep quality measures, including sleep duration, sleep continuity or efficiency, sleep satisfaction and alertness during normal waking hours. METHODS: Using data on a national sample of 10 806 adults (aged 18-79 years) from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007-2013), we performed binary logistic regression analyses to estimate associations between urinary cotinine concentrations and sleep quality measures, while controlling for potential confounders. Additionally, we performed o...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

An update on positive mental health among youth in Canada.
This study explored the relationship between sociodemographic factors and psychological and social well-being among youth in Canada using data from the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey 2016-2017. Grade and province were significantly associated with psychological and social well-being. PMID: 32162510 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

An update on positive mental health among adults in Canada.
Authors: Varin M, Palladino E, Lary T, Baker M Abstract This At-a-glance presents updated estimates for the Positive Mental Health Surveillance Indicator Framework for adults aged 18 years and older. Using data from the 2015 and 2017 Canadian Community Health Survey, we calculated the prevalence of positive mental health and associated determinants. Estimates for positive mental health outcomes for adults ranged from 68.1% to 87.1%. We also explored the associations between sociodemographic factors and positive mental health among adults in Canada. Our findings suggest sociodemographic differences in odds of self-r...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Cerebral palsy in Canada, 2011-2031: results of a microsimulation modelling study of epidemiological and cost impacts.
CONCLUSION: Individuals with cerebral palsy will continue to face challenges related to an ongoing need for specialized medical care and a rising need for supportive services. Our study offers important insights into future costs and impacts associated with cerebral palsy and provides valuable information that could be used to develop targeted health programs and strategies for Canadians living with this condition. PMID: 32049464 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Mandatory HIV screening, migration and HIV stigma in Canada: exploring the experiences of sub-Saharan African immigrants living with HIV in western Canada.
CONCLUSION: Findings from this pilot study cannot be generalized to the broader population of immigrants living with HIV in Canada. However, we found that the experiences of internalized HIV stigma and enacted stigma during the IME potentially influence the long-term engagement in the HIV care cascade during the process of migration and settlement in Canada. Further study in this population is recommended to examine the intersections of current mandatory HIV screening process during the Canadian immigration process, migration, settlement, culture, stigma and engagement in the HIV care cascade. PMID: 32049465 [PubMed - ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Using the intervention ladder to examine policy influencer and general public support for potential tobacco control policies in Alberta and Quebec.
CONCLUSION: Overall, policy influencers and the general public strongly supported more restrictive tobacco control policies. This study further highlights policies where support among both population groups was unanimous (potential "quick wins" for health advocates). It also highlights areas where additional advocacy work is required to communicate the population-health benefit of tobacco control policies. PMID: 32049466 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - The Child Maltreatment Surveillance Indicator Framework.
Authors: Campeau A, Qadri S, Barakat F, Williams G, Hovdestad W, Shahid M, Lary T Abstract The federal health portfolio has conducted surveillance on child maltreatment as a public health issue since the 1990s. The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) is now releasing the Child Maltreatment Indicator Framework, to take its place alongside other PHAC frameworks, such as the Suicide Surveillance Indicator Framework. Based on a scoping review of existing reviews and meta-analyses, this Framework, along with the online interactive data tool, presents child maltreatment outcome indicators and risk and protective factor...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Beyond BMI: a feasibility study implementing NutriSTEP in primary care practices using electronic medical records (EMRs).
CONCLUSION: Integration of NutriSTEP as a standardized EMR form is feasible in primary care practices, although implementation varied in our study. The application of EMR-integrated NutriSTEP screening as part of a comprehensive childhood healthy weights surveillance system warrants further exploration. PMID: 31939632 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Adoption of municipal bylaw legislating mandatory helmet use for cyclists under the age of 18: impact on cycling and helmet use.
CONCLUSION: After the bylaw was adopted, bicycle use among youth aged 12 to 17 years in the Sherbrooke area remained stable and helmet used increased, though not significantly. PMID: 31939633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Living arrangements and health status of seniors in the 2018 Canadian Community Health Survey.
Authors: Srugo SA, Jiang Y, de Groh M Abstract Currently, 1 in 3 Canadian seniors meet the criteria for successful aging, which include low probability of disease and disability, high cognitive and physical ability and active engagement in life. The sociodemographic characteristic of living alone can identify high-risk seniors, due to its association with lower social support and interactions, thus increasing susceptibility to negative health outcomes in older age. However, limited data exists on the living arrangements of Canadian seniors. In this analysis, we present sociodemographic characteristics and measures ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

The rural-urban gap: differences in injury characteristics.
CONCLUSION: The nature of injuries in rural settings differ from those in urban settings. This suggests a need to evaluate current injury prevention efforts in rural settings with the aim to close the gap between rural and urban injury rates. PMID: 31825784 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Validation of a brief version of the Social Provisions Scale using Canadian national survey data.
CONCLUSION: The new SPS-5 demonstrated adequate measurement properties, and functioned in a similar manner to the SPS-10, supporting a reduced version of the Scale. The SPS-5 is a feasible and valid alternative to the SPS-10 that could be used to reduce respondent burden on national health surveys. PMID: 31825785 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - The local response to the Canadian opioid epidemic in the Kingston, Frontenac, and Lennox and Addington communities.
This article provides a description of recent activities to address the local opioid crisis, a rationale for their adoption and the context in which they are being undertaken. PMID: 31825786 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Determining the accuracy of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program for the representation of the rates of mild traumatic brain injuries in Quebec.
CONCLUSION: CHIRPP in Montréal proved a valid tool for estimating the variations in rates of mTBI in the population. This suggests that CHIRPP could also be used to estimate population-based rates of other types of injuries. PMID: 31729311 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Age at first alcohol use predicts current alcohol use, binge drinking and mixing of alcohol with energy drinks among Ontario Grade 12 students in the COMPASS study.
CONCLUSION: Starting to drink alcohol in the early teen years predicted current alcohol use, current binge drinking and mixing of alcohol with energy drinks when students were in Grade 12. Findings indicate a need for development of novel alcohol prevention efforts. PMID: 31729312 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Twenty years of diabetes surveillance using the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System.
Authors: LeBlanc AG, Jun Gao Y, McRae L, Pelletier C Abstract In 1999, the Government of Canada, along with the provinces and territories, established the National Diabetes Surveillance System (NDSS) to track rates of diabetes in Canada. The NDSS used a novel method to systematically collect and report national diabetes data using linked administrative health databases. The NDSS has since evolved to become the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) and provides information on over 20 chronic conditions. This At-a-glance report provides the most up-to-date CCDSS information on diabetes rates in Canada....
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Cancer trends in Canada, 1984 to 2015.
Authors: Demers AA, Brenner DR, Smith L, Shaw A Abstract Examining incidence trends of all cancers combined in order to understand cancer trends can be misleading, as patterns can vary across individual cancer types. This paper highlights findings on trends over time from Canadian Cancer Statistics 2019, as measured by the annual percent change (APC) of age-standardized incidence rates. Among the results were a recent increase in thyroid cancer in males (APC: 6.4%, 1997-2015), as well as decreases in prostate cancer (APC: -9.1%, 2011-2015) and cervical cancer (APC: -3.3%, 2010-2015). PMID: 31729314 [PubMed - in...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Neighbourhood retail food outlet access, diet and body mass index in Canada: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: There was limited evidence of a relationship between the food environment and diet quality, but stronger evidence of a relationship between the food environment and BMI for Canadians. Studies with broad geographic scope that adopt innovative methods to measure diet and health outcomes and use relative measures of the food environment derived in geographic information systems are warranted. Consensus on a gold standard food environment database and approaches to its validation would also advance the field. PMID: 31600040 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators, 2019 - Updating the data and taking into account mental health.
Authors: Varin M, Baker M, Palladino E, Lary T Abstract The 2019 edition of the Canadian Chronic Disease Indicators (CCDI) provides recent estimates of the burden of chronic conditions and measures of general health and associated determinants in Canada. Using data from the CCDI and 2017 Canadian Community Health Survey, we explored the relationship between sociodemographic factors and selfreported mental health. Our findings suggest that sex (males vs females: adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.22); age (65-79 vs 35-49 year age group: aOR = 1.48); education (postsecondary graduate vs less than high school: aOR = 1.68);...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Analysis of the geographical accessibility of vape shops in the vicinity of Quebec's secondary and college educational institutions.
CONCLUSION: This study is a step in developing an understanding of the location of vaping product shops and their geographical accessibility to young people. Important to consider is the geographical accessibility of young people to non-specialized shops that also sell e-cigarettes and then any potential connections between geographical accessibility to such non-specialized shops and the use of vaping products by young people. PMID: 31517466 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Identifying trajectories of alcohol use in a sample of secondary school students in Ontario and Alberta: longitudinal evidence from the COMPASS study.
CONCLUSION: There are four distinct youth alcohol-use patterns. The high probability of transitioning to drinking during the secondary school years suggests the need for preventive interventions in earlier stages of use, before drinking becomes habitual. PMID: 31517467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - The Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program 2018 Results.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Paediatric Society PMID: 31517468 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - Canadian Cancer Statistics 2019.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada, Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Society, provincial/territorial cancer registries PMID: 31517469 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Corrigendum: Obesity and healthy aging: social, functional and mental wellbeing among older Canadians.
Authors: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada editorial staff Abstract This corrigendum is being published to correct a number of errors and imprecisions, on pages 437-442, of the following article:Rao DP, Patel P, Roberts KC, Thompson W. Obesity and healthy aging: social, functional and mental well-being among older Canadians. Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can. 2018;38(12):437-44. doi: 10.24095/hpcdp.38.12.01. PMID: 31517470 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Tobacco, alcohol and marijuana use among Indigenous youth attending off-reserve schools in Canada: cross-sectional results from the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey.
CONCLUSION: Additional policies and programs are required to help Indigenous youth be successful in their attempts to quit smoking, and to address high rates of alcohol and marijuana use. PMID: 31210046 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Trends in chronic disease incidence rates from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System.
CONCLUSION: Chronic disease incidence estimates based on CCDSS data are decreasing over time, but not at a constant rate. Further investigations are needed to assess if this decrease is associated with changes in health status, data quality, or physician practices. As well, population characteristics that may influence changing incidence trends also require exploration. PMID: 31210047 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - 2015 injury deaths in Canada.
Authors: Yao X, Skinner R, McFaull S, Thompson W Abstract Injuries continue to be a public health concern in Canada. National injury death data are essential for understanding the magnitude and pattern of injuries. This paper used the Vital Statistics - Death database to examine deaths associated with injuries in 2015. Injuries were ranked against causes of death, and more in-depth analysis of injury categories was conducted by sex and age. Unintentional injuries were the 6th leading causes of death overall, with different ranking by sex. Among unintentional injury deaths, leading causes included falls, poisonings,...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Self-reported health impacts of caregiving by age and income among participants of the Canadian 2012 General Social Survey.
CONCLUSION: Providing care impacts health behaviours and mental health regardless of age and income. However, our findings suggest that older caregivers (who are most often women)-who provide the most hours of care and on reduced incomes relative to younger caregivers-appear less impacted in terms of health behaviours, perhaps as a result of fewer competing demands relative to younger caregivers. Taken together, these findings suggest that support systems must consider caregiver impacts that vary in complex ways across age, sex, and income. PMID: 31091060 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Dise...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Prostate cancer risk by occupation in the Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) in Ontario, Canada.
CONCLUSION: Associations observed in white collar, construction, transportation, and protective services occupations were consistent with previous Canadian studies. Findings emphasize the need to assess job-specific exposures, sedentary behaviour, psychological stress, and shift work. Understanding specific occupational risk factors can lead to better understanding of prostate cancer etiology and improve prevention strategies. PMID: 31091061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

A scoping review on the relations between urban form and health: a focus on Canadian quantitative evidence.
CONCLUSION: Within the Canadian context, the built environment is associated with a range of chronic health conditions and injury in adults, but the evidence to date has limitations. More research on the built environment and health incorporating rigorous study designs are needed to provide stronger causal evidence to inform policy and practice. PMID: 31091062 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Conceptualizing a framework for the surveillance of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in Canada.
Authors: Butler GP, Roberts KC, Kropac E, Rao DP, Branchard B, Prince SA Abstract The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has modernized its approach to physical activity surveillance by broadening its scope to include sedentary behaviour and sleep. The first step was to develop a conceptual framework which covers the full spectrum of physical movement from moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and light intensity physical activity (LPA) to sedentary behaviour and sleep. The framework accounts for the environments in which these behaviours take place (home, work/school, transportation, and commu...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Editorial - Climate change and health: a grand challenge and grand opportunity for public health in Canada.
Authors: Cunsolo A, Harper SL PMID: 31021061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Climate change impacts on health and wellbeing in rural and remote regions across Canada: a synthesis of the literature.
This article provides a synthesis of the forthcoming first order draft of the Canadian Government's National Assessment on Climate Change 'Rural and Remote' chapter, highlighting key health concerns from the literature associated with climate change in rural and remote regions, as well as existing and future adaptation strategies. To support the health and wellbeing of those experiencing the negative effects of climate change, and utilizing systematic search processes, this synthesis article highlights the importance of considering the specific socio-cultural, economic, and geographic elements and existing expertise of ind...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - The Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program: Indigenous Climate Leaders' Championing Adaptation Effort.
Authors: Richards G, Frehs J, Myers E, Van Bibber M Abstract The Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program (CCHAP) is a program within the First Nations Inuit Health Branch of Indigenous Services Canada (which was previously under the responsibility of Health Canada). The CCHAP supports Inuit and First Nation communities in mitigating and adapting to the health impacts of climate change. The impacts of climate change on Indigenous health can be observed in multiple areas including, but not limited to, food security, cultural medicines, mental health and landbased practices. This program seeks to address the need...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Climate change, health and green space co-benefits.
This article explores how to maximize the co-benefits of green spaces through two examples of multi-sectoral collaborations. With these two examples, we have provided a model of collective collaboration that aims to address complex issues, such as climate change and chronic diseases, through the common intervention of green spaces. PMID: 31021064 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Pollens, climate and allergies: Quebec initiatives.
This article presents the scientific data underpinning the Strategy and initial successes of the action taken under the Strategy. PMID: 31021065 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Evidence synthesis - Evaluating risk communication during extreme weather and climate change: a scoping review.
CONCLUSION: To meet the OPHS 2018, public health practitioners need to engage in effective risk communication to motivate local actions that mitigate the effects of extreme weather and climate change. Based on the scoping review, risk communication efforts during short-term extreme weather events appear to be more effective than efforts to communicate risk around climate change. This distinction could highlight a unique opportunity for public health to adapt strategies commonly used for extreme weather to climate change. PMID: 31021066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

A narrative model for exploring climate change engagement among young community leaders.
CONCLUSION: A narrative model is useful for exploring climate change engagement and highlights opportunities for a population health approach to address the conditions that hinder meaningful mobilization. By framing climate change narratives with emotional and moral logic, population health framing could help young leaders overcome internal and external barriers to engagement. PMID: 31021067 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Evidence synthesis - Where are children and adults physically active and sedentary? - a rapid review of location-based studies.
CONCLUSION: Evidence suggests that the active transportation environment is a potentially important contributor of MVPA across an individual's lifespan. There is a need for future location-based studies to report on locations of all intensity of movement (including minutes and proportion) using a whole-day approach in larger representative samples. PMID: 30869472 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

The association between physical fitness and health in a nationally representative sample of Canadian children and youth aged 6 to 17 years.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that physical fitness, and especially CRF, is a significant indicator of physical health among Canadian children and youth aged 6-17 years. PMID: 30869473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Supervised Injection Services: a community-based response to the opioid crisis in the City of Ottawa, Canada.
Authors: DelVillano S, de Groh M, Morrison H, Do MT Abstract In response to the current opioid crisis in Canada, establishing safe injection services (SIS) in high risk communities has become more prevalent. In November 2017, The Trailer opened in Ottawa, Canada and tracks client use, overdose treatment and overdoses reversed. We analyzed data collected between November 2017 and August 2018. During peak hours, demand for services consistently exceeded The Trailer's capacity. Overdoses treated and reversed in this facility increased substantially during this period. Results suggest The Trailer provided an important ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - Collaborating to advance economics of noncommunicable diseases.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada, Pan American Journal of Public Health PMID: 30869475 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Area-based socioeconomic disparities in mortality due to unintentional injury and youth suicide in British Columbia, 2009-2013.
CONCLUSION: The significant differences in unintentional and intentional injury-related mortality outcomes between the sexes and by SES present opportunities for targeted prevention strategies that address the disparities. PMID: 30767853 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Assessing the content and comprehensiveness of provincial and territorial indoor tanning legislation in Canada.
CONCLUSION: All provinces and one territory have made progress in regulating the indoor tanning industry, particularly by prohibiting youth and using warning labels to communicate risk. Legislative gaps should be addressed in order to better protect Canadians from this avoidable skin cancer risk. PMID: 30767854 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research