Self-reported health impacts of caregiving by age and income among participants of the Canadian 2012 General Social Survey.
CONCLUSION: Providing care impacts health behaviours and mental health regardless of age and income. However, our findings suggest that older caregivers (who are most often women)-who provide the most hours of care and on reduced incomes relative to younger caregivers-appear less impacted in terms of health behaviours, perhaps as a result of fewer competing demands relative to younger caregivers. Taken together, these findings suggest that support systems must consider caregiver impacts that vary in complex ways across age, sex, and income. PMID: 31091060 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Dise...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Prostate cancer risk by occupation in the Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) in Ontario, Canada.
CONCLUSION: Associations observed in white collar, construction, transportation, and protective services occupations were consistent with previous Canadian studies. Findings emphasize the need to assess job-specific exposures, sedentary behaviour, psychological stress, and shift work. Understanding specific occupational risk factors can lead to better understanding of prostate cancer etiology and improve prevention strategies. PMID: 31091061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

A scoping review on the relations between urban form and health: a focus on Canadian quantitative evidence.
CONCLUSION: Within the Canadian context, the built environment is associated with a range of chronic health conditions and injury in adults, but the evidence to date has limitations. More research on the built environment and health incorporating rigorous study designs are needed to provide stronger causal evidence to inform policy and practice. PMID: 31091062 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Conceptualizing a framework for the surveillance of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep in Canada.
Authors: Butler GP, Roberts KC, Kropac E, Rao DP, Branchard B, Prince SA Abstract The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has modernized its approach to physical activity surveillance by broadening its scope to include sedentary behaviour and sleep. The first step was to develop a conceptual framework which covers the full spectrum of physical movement from moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and light intensity physical activity (LPA) to sedentary behaviour and sleep. The framework accounts for the environments in which these behaviours take place (home, work/school, transportation, and commu...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Editorial - Climate change and health: a grand challenge and grand opportunity for public health in Canada.
Authors: Cunsolo A, Harper SL PMID: 31021061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Climate change impacts on health and wellbeing in rural and remote regions across Canada: a synthesis of the literature.
This article provides a synthesis of the forthcoming first order draft of the Canadian Government's National Assessment on Climate Change 'Rural and Remote' chapter, highlighting key health concerns from the literature associated with climate change in rural and remote regions, as well as existing and future adaptation strategies. To support the health and wellbeing of those experiencing the negative effects of climate change, and utilizing systematic search processes, this synthesis article highlights the importance of considering the specific socio-cultural, economic, and geographic elements and existing expertise of ind...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - The Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program: Indigenous Climate Leaders' Championing Adaptation Effort.
Authors: Richards G, Frehs J, Myers E, Van Bibber M Abstract The Climate Change and Health Adaptation Program (CCHAP) is a program within the First Nations Inuit Health Branch of Indigenous Services Canada (which was previously under the responsibility of Health Canada). The CCHAP supports Inuit and First Nation communities in mitigating and adapting to the health impacts of climate change. The impacts of climate change on Indigenous health can be observed in multiple areas including, but not limited to, food security, cultural medicines, mental health and landbased practices. This program seeks to address the need...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Climate change, health and green space co-benefits.
This article explores how to maximize the co-benefits of green spaces through two examples of multi-sectoral collaborations. With these two examples, we have provided a model of collective collaboration that aims to address complex issues, such as climate change and chronic diseases, through the common intervention of green spaces. PMID: 31021064 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Pollens, climate and allergies: Quebec initiatives.
This article presents the scientific data underpinning the Strategy and initial successes of the action taken under the Strategy. PMID: 31021065 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Evidence synthesis - Evaluating risk communication during extreme weather and climate change: a scoping review.
CONCLUSION: To meet the OPHS 2018, public health practitioners need to engage in effective risk communication to motivate local actions that mitigate the effects of extreme weather and climate change. Based on the scoping review, risk communication efforts during short-term extreme weather events appear to be more effective than efforts to communicate risk around climate change. This distinction could highlight a unique opportunity for public health to adapt strategies commonly used for extreme weather to climate change. PMID: 31021066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

A narrative model for exploring climate change engagement among young community leaders.
CONCLUSION: A narrative model is useful for exploring climate change engagement and highlights opportunities for a population health approach to address the conditions that hinder meaningful mobilization. By framing climate change narratives with emotional and moral logic, population health framing could help young leaders overcome internal and external barriers to engagement. PMID: 31021067 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Evidence synthesis - Where are children and adults physically active and sedentary? - a rapid review of location-based studies.
CONCLUSION: Evidence suggests that the active transportation environment is a potentially important contributor of MVPA across an individual's lifespan. There is a need for future location-based studies to report on locations of all intensity of movement (including minutes and proportion) using a whole-day approach in larger representative samples. PMID: 30869472 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

The association between physical fitness and health in a nationally representative sample of Canadian children and youth aged 6 to 17 years.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that physical fitness, and especially CRF, is a significant indicator of physical health among Canadian children and youth aged 6-17 years. PMID: 30869473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Supervised Injection Services: a community-based response to the opioid crisis in the City of Ottawa, Canada.
Authors: DelVillano S, de Groh M, Morrison H, Do MT Abstract In response to the current opioid crisis in Canada, establishing safe injection services (SIS) in high risk communities has become more prevalent. In November 2017, The Trailer opened in Ottawa, Canada and tracks client use, overdose treatment and overdoses reversed. We analyzed data collected between November 2017 and August 2018. During peak hours, demand for services consistently exceeded The Trailer's capacity. Overdoses treated and reversed in this facility increased substantially during this period. Results suggest The Trailer provided an important ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - Collaborating to advance economics of noncommunicable diseases.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada, Pan American Journal of Public Health PMID: 30869475 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Area-based socioeconomic disparities in mortality due to unintentional injury and youth suicide in British Columbia, 2009-2013.
CONCLUSION: The significant differences in unintentional and intentional injury-related mortality outcomes between the sexes and by SES present opportunities for targeted prevention strategies that address the disparities. PMID: 30767853 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Assessing the content and comprehensiveness of provincial and territorial indoor tanning legislation in Canada.
CONCLUSION: All provinces and one territory have made progress in regulating the indoor tanning industry, particularly by prohibiting youth and using warning labels to communicate risk. Legislative gaps should be addressed in order to better protect Canadians from this avoidable skin cancer risk. PMID: 30767854 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - The impact of poisoning-related mortality on life expectancy at birth in Canada, 2000 to 2016.
Authors: Orpana HM, Lang JJ, George D, Halverson J Abstract Increases in opioid-related mortality have contributed to declines in life expectancy at birth in the United States and British Columbia. Canadian national mortality data from 2000 to 2016 were analyzed to determine the contribution of poisoning-related mortality to changes in life expectancy at birth by age group and sex. From 2000 to 2016, life expectancy at birth increased by almost three years; however, mortality due to unintentional poisonings, including those involving opioids, curbed this increase by 0.16 years. Although a national decrease in life ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor - Eulogy for the Canadian health-promoting hospitals movement.
Authors: Graham JR, Sibbald SL Abstract This letter is in preparation for the death of the Canadian HPH movement. PMID: 30767856 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Correction: At-a-glance - How Healthy are Canadians? A brief update.
Authors: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada editorial staff Abstract [This erratum is being published to correct a data error on page 389 of the following article: https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.38.10.05]. PMID: 30767857 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Correction: At-a-glance - Impact of drug overdose-related deaths on life expectancy at birth in British Columbia.
Authors: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada editorial staff Abstract [This erratum is being published to correct a reference error on page 248 of the following article: https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.38.6.05]. PMID: 30767858 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Evidence synthesis - A systematized literature review on the associations between neighbourhood built characteristics and walking among Canadian adults.
CONCLUSION: Our review findings suggest that the built environment is potentially important for supporting adult walking. Overall walkability, land use and proximity to destinations appear to be important given their association with transportation walking and walking for any purpose. PMID: 30652838 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Exploring and visualizing the small-area-level socioeconomic factors, alcohol availability and built environment influences of alcohol expenditure for the City of Toronto: a spatial analysis approach.
CONCLUSION: The associations identified between licensed premises alcohol expenditures and small-area-level characteristics highlight the potential importance of small-area-level factors in understanding alcohol use. Understanding the small-area-level characteristics of expenditures and geographic variation of alcohol expenditures may provide avenues for alcohol use reduction initiatives and policies. PMID: 30652839 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Validation of the Children's Intrinsic Needs Satisfaction Scale among Canadian youth: psychometric properties, criterion-related validity and multitrait multimethod confirmatory factor analysis.
CONCLUSION: The CINSS demonstrates good internal consistency, factorial validity and criterion-related validity in this sample of Canadian students. The measurement of positive mental health among Canadian youth is central to surveillance efforts which will help inform mental health promotion activities across Canada. PMID: 30652840 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Obesity and healthy aging: social, functional and mental well-being among older Canadians.
CONCLUSION: The odds of multimorbidity were higher among participants who were obese, relative to those who were not. Obese female participants tended to have a negative perception of whether they were aging healthily and had lower odds of involvement in social activities, while both sexes reported impairments in functional health. The associations we observed, independent of multimorbidity in older age, highlight areas where healthy aging initiatives may be merited. PMID: 30540410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Screening, prevention and management of osteoporosis among Canadian adults.
CONCLUSION: A large proportion of Canadians at risk for osteoporosis-those with a major fracture history-are not undergoing bone density testing nor are they engaging in lifestyle approaches known to help maintain healthy bones. This study provides the historical information required to evaluate whether the latest clinical practice guidelines have had an impact on osteoporosis care in Canada. PMID: 30540411 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Correction: At-a-glance - Bringing equity into the fold: a review of interventions to improve mental health.
Authors: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada editorial staff Abstract [This erratum is being published to correct a number of errors, including inaccurate references, on pages 380 and 383 of the following article: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/health-promotion-chronic-disease-prevention-canada-research-policy-practice/vol-38-no-10-2018/at-a-glance-bringing-equity-into-fold-interventions-improve-mental-health.html]. PMID: 30540412 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Development of a prenatal program for adults with personal histories of childhood abuse or neglect: a Delphi consensus consultation study.
CONCLUSION: The Delphi process helped to identify what should be the core of a prenatal intervention targeting adults who experienced childhood trauma, from the viewpoint of professionals who will ultimately deliver such a program. PMID: 30430814 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Factors associated with sleep duration across life stages: results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey.
CONCLUSION: Our population-based study identified a wide range of factors associated with short and long sleep at different life stages. This may have implications for interventions aimed at promoting healthy sleep duration. PMID: 30430815 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Promotion of physical activity in rural, remote and northern settings: a Canadian call to action.
CONCLUSION: Coordinated action across policy, practice and research domains will be essential to the success of the recommendations presented in this call to action. PMID: 30430816 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Barriers and facilitators to improving health care for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: what do staff tell us?
CONCLUSION: Providing effective care for small, complex groups, such as adults with IDD, is critical to improving long-term health outcomes but is challenging to achieve. At a systemic level, funding incentives, access to expertise and improved electronic record systems may enhance capacity. PMID: 30303655 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Breast cancer detection method, diagnostic interval and use of specialized diagnostic assessment units across Ontario, Canada.
CONCLUSION: The screening detection rate in age-eligible breast cancer patients was lower than published population-wide screening rates. Geographic mapping of the diagnostic interval and DAU use reveals regional variations in cancer diagnostic care that need to be addressed. PMID: 30303656 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

The association of school connectedness and bullying involvement with multiple screen-time behaviours among youth in two Canadian provinces: a COMPASS study.
CONCLUSION: With non-involvement in bullying showing a strong negative association with multiple screen-time behaviours, school policies to address bullying and screen time through school connectedness could offer a novel approach in minimizing these harmful behaviours. PMID: 30303657 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Bringing equity into the fold: a review of interventions to improve mental health.
This article describes work undertaken in 2015 to begin to address this evidence gap. PMID: 30303658 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - How Healthy are Canadians? A brief update.
Authors: Branchard B, Deb-Rinker P, Dubois A, Lapointe P, O'Donnell S, Pelletier L, Williams G PMID: 30303659 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - The Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program 2017 Results.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Paediatric Society PMID: 30303660 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Broadening our understanding of Canada's epidemics of pharmaceutical and contaminated street drug opioid-related overdoses.
Authors: Strang R PMID: 30226723 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Opioid surveillance: monitoring and responding to the evolving crisis.
This article highlights initiatives undertaken by federal partners to address the opioid crisis in Canada. The need for novel surveillance approaches that improve the collection and harmonization of drug-related data is also discussed. PMID: 30226724 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Sentinel surveillance of suspected opioid-related poisonings and injuries: trends and context derived from the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program, March 2011 to June 2017.
Authors: Do MT, Chang VC, Tibebu S, Thompson W, Ugnat AM Abstract INTRODUCTION: The opioid epidemic is currently a major public health problem in Canada. As such, knowledge of upstream risk factors associated with opioid use is needed to inform injury prevention, health promotion and harm reduction efforts. METHODS: We analyzed data extracted from 11 pediatric and 6 general hospital emergency departments (EDs) as part of the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP) from March 2011 to June 2017. We identified suspected opioid-related injuries using search strings and manual...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Patterns of health care utilization among people who overdosed from illegal drugs: a descriptive analysis using the BC Provincial Overdose Cohort.
CONCLUSION: People who overdosed frequently accessed the health care system in the year before the overdose event. In light of the high rates of health care use, there may be opportunities to identify at-risk individuals before they overdose and connect them with targeted programs and evidence-based interventions. Further work using the BC Provincial Overdose Cohort will focus on identifying risk factors for overdose events and death by overdose. PMID: 30226726 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Concurrent monitoring of opioid prescribing practices and opioid-related deaths: the context in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Authors: Schleihauf E, Crabtree K, Dohoo C, Fleming S, McPeake H, Bowes M Abstract Timely public health surveillance is required to understand trends in opioid use and harms. Here, opioid dispensing data from the Nova Scotia Prescription Monitoring Program are presented alongside fatality data from the Nova Scotia Medical Examiner Service. Concurrent monitoring of trends in these data sources is essential to detect population-level effects (whether intended or unintended) of interventions related to opioid prescribing. PMID: 30226727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - What can paramedic data tell us about the opioid crisis in Canada?
Authors: Do MT, Furlong G, Rietschlin M, Leyenaar M, Nolan M, Poirier P, Field B, Thompson W Abstract The nature of Canada's opioid crisis necessitates additional data sources that can provide a more comprehensive picture of the epidemic, in order to provide public health officials and decision-makers with a robust evidence base. Paramedic data provide a conduit into the community where overdoses occur. Prehospital events and circumstances surrounding opioid-related overdoses provide unique opportunities to collect evidence that can contribute to prevention, harm reduction and health promotion efforts. Using data e...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - The role of opioid toxicity in suicide deaths in Alberta, 2000 to 2016.
Authors: Chan EYL, McDonald BM, Brooks-Lim E, Jones GR, Klein KB, Svenson LW Abstract Given the current opioid crisis in Canada, there is interest in the role of opioid toxicity in suicide deaths, particularly in whether any observed patterns are similar to those of unintentional deaths. The present analysis examined characteristics of opioid-toxicity suicide, and its role in relation to other suicide methods, from 2000 to 2016 in Alberta. It does not appear that the opioid crisis has resulted in a disproportionately higher number of suicides in Alberta. Individuals who die from unintentional opioid toxicity and th...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Mental health indicators among pregnant Aboriginal women in Canada: results from the Maternity Experiences Survey.
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that common predictors of PPD including anxiety, experiencing stressful life events during pregnancy, having low levels of social support, and a previous history of depression were consistent among non-Aboriginal women. However, with the exception of the number of stressful events among First Nations offreserve, these were not associated with PPD among Aboriginal women. This information can be used to further increase awareness of mental health indicators among Aboriginal women. PMID: 30129714 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Indicators to guide health equity work in local public health agencies: a locally driven collaborative project in Ontario.
CONCLUSION: The process of evaluating health equity-related activity within LPHAs is still in its early stages. This project provides Ontario LPHAs with a tool to guide health equity work that may be adaptable to other Canadian jurisdictions. PMID: 30129715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the CANRISK tool in the identification of dysglycemia in a Canadian South Asian Population.
CONCLUSION: The existing CANRISK is an adequate risk assessment tool for dysglycemia in Canadian South Asians for those age 40 years and over; however, the tool does not work as well for individuals under 40. The lower cut-off of 21 points may be warranted for younger individuals to minimize false negatives. Ethno-specific BMI/WC cutoff points did not improve predictive ability of the CANRISK scoring algorithm as measured by AUC. PMID: 30129716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Individual, programmatic and systemic indicators of the quality of mental health care using a large health administrative database: an avenue for preventing suicide mortality.
This study describes the development of quality of care indicators at three levels and the corresponding statistical analysis strategies designed. We propose 13 quality of care indicators, including system-level and several population-level determinants, primary care treatment, specialist care, the balance between care sectors, emergency room utilization, and mental health and addiction budgets, that may be drawn from a chronic disease surveillance system. PMID: 30129717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - Strengthening the evidence base on health inequalities in Canada.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada PMID: 30129718 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - Canadian Cancer Statistics.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Cancer Society PMID: 30129719 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - August 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Building the evidence base for sustained public health response to the opioid epidemic in Canada.
Authors: Tam T PMID: 29911817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research