The opioid crisis in Canada: a national perspective.
CONCLUSION: This report identifies gaps in evidence and areas for further investigation to improve our understanding of the national opioid crisis. The Public Health Agency of Canada will continue to work closely with the provinces, territories and national partners to further refine and standardize national data collection, conduct special studies and expand information-sharing to improve the evidence needed to inform public health action and prevent opioid-related deaths and harms. PMID: 29911818 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Canadian trends in opioid-related mortality and disability from opioid use disorder from 1990 to 2014 through the lens of the Global Burden of Disease Study.
Authors: Orpana HM, Lang JJ, Baxi M, Halverson J, Kozloff N, Cahill L, Alam S, Patten S, Morrison H PMID: 29911819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Hospitalizations and emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning in Canada.
Authors: O'Connor S, Grywacheski V, Louie K Abstract The rise in opioid-related harms is an issue of increasing public health importance in Canada. This analysis used data from the Hospital Morbidity Database and the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System to determine the number of opioid poisoning hospitalizations and emergency department visits in Canada. Opioid poisoning hospitalizations have increased over the past 10 years, reaching 15.6 per 100 000 population in 2016/17. Emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning have also increased in Alberta and Ontario, the two provinces that collect emergency ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Impact of drug overdose-related deaths on life expectancy at birth in British Columbia.
Authors: Ye X, Sutherland J, Henry B, Tyndall M, Kendall PRW Abstract We quantified the contributions of leading causes of death and drug overdose to changes in life expectancy at birth over time and inequalities by sex and socioeconomic status in British Columbia. From 2014 to 2016, life expectancy at birth declined by 0.38 years and drug overdose deaths (mainly opioid-involved) contributed a loss of 0.12 years of the decrease. The analysis also demonstrated that the higher drug overdose mortality among males and among those in lower socioeconomic status communities contributed to a differential decrease in life e...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Lessons learned from launching the Manitoba Take-Home Naloxone Program.
Authors: Bozat-Emre S, Marshall SG, Zhong C, Reimer J Abstract The Government of Manitoba launched the provincial Take-Home Naloxone Program in January 2017. By the end of September 2017, there were over 60 sites operating in Manitoba. These sites distributed 765 kits to people at risk of opioid overdose, and 93 of these kits were replacement kits used in overdose events. Most of these events occurred among males (60.2%) and in a private residence (72.0%). Fentanyl and carfentanil were the most common substances reported during overdose events. Take-Home Naloxone Program data provide important information about the...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Evaluating the early impacts of delisting high-strength opioids on patterns of prescribing in Ontario.
Authors: Guan Q, Khuu W, Martins D, Tadrous M, Chiu M, Do MT, Gomes T Abstract INTRODUCTION: Ontario delisted high-strength fentanyl, hydromorphone and morphine from the public drug formulary for non-palliative care prescribers on 31 January, 2017. Our aim is to assess the early impact of this policy on prescribing patterns and to examine whether this impact varied by prescriber type, opioid type and opioid strength. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study on palliative and non-palliative care patients dispensed fentanyl, hydromorphone or morphine through the Ontario public drug program ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - What can social media tell us about the opioid crisis in Canada?
Authors: Tibebu S, Chang VC, Drouin CA, Thompson W, Do MT Abstract We explored social media as a potential data source for acquiring realtime information on opioid use and perceptions in Canada. Twitter messages were collected through a social media analytics platform between June 15, 2017, and July 13, 2017, and analyzed to identify recurring topics mentioned in the messages. Messages concerning the medical use of opioids as well as commentary on the Canadian government's current response efforts to the opioid crisis were common. The findings of this study may help to inform public health practice and community st...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Metrics to assess injury prevention programs for young workers in high-risk occupations: a scoping review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: Metrics specific to the evaluation of young worker injury prevention programs are needed, as current metrics are insufficient to predict reduced injuries following program implementation. One study, which the review brought to light, could be an appropriate model for future research to develop valid leading metrics specific to young workers, and then apply these metrics to injury prevention programs for youth. PMID: 29767619 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Quantile regression analysis of language and interpregnancy interval in Quebec, Canada.
Authors: Auger N, Lemieux L, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Barry AD, Costopoulos A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Short and long interpregnancy intervals are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes such as miscarriage and preterm delivery, but cultural differences in interpregnancy intervals are understudied. Identifying cultural inequality in interpregnancy intervals is necessary to improve maternal-child outcomes. We assessed interpregnancy intervals for Anglophones and Francophones in Quebec. METHODS: We obtained birth records for all infants born in Quebec, 1989-2011. We identified 571 461 women with at least two births,...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - The case for more comprehensive data on household food insecurity.
Authors: Tarasuk V, Li T, Mitchell A, Dachner N PMID: 29767621 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Perceptions of caffeinated drinks among youth and young adults in Canada.
Authors: Cormier B, Reid JL, Hammond D Abstract The current study assessed youth and young adults' perceptions and attitudes toward caffeine and energy drinks (EDs). An online survey was conducted with 2036 panelists aged 12-24, about caffeine and ED knowledge, caffeine perceptions, and perceptions of ED safety. Few respondents (2.1%) could state Health Canada's recommended limit for caffeine intake, although most participants (64.9%) correctly stated the maximum number of EDs that should be consumed per day. When shown four beverages, only 17.5% correctly identified the beverage with the most caffeine. Overall, yo...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - The Health and Social Dimensions of Adult Skills in Canada.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada PMID: 29767623 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - May 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Exploring the impact of the 'new' ParticipACTION: overview and introduction of the special issue.
Authors: Faulkner G, Yun L, Tremblay MS, Spence JC Abstract ParticipACTION is the Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization first launched in the fall of 1971 and then ceased operations in 2001. ParticipACTION was relaunched in 2007. Framed as a public health natural experiment, evidence was collected from a population-based survey of knowledge, awareness, understanding of physical activity, and physical activity levels among Canadians (individual level), and key informant surveys and interviews examining capacity, readiness and advocacy for physical activity promotion among physic...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

ParticipACTION after 5 years of relaunch: a quantitative survey of Canadian organizational awareness and capacity regarding physical activity initiatives.
CONCLUSION: Canadian organizations continue to report having good capacity to adopt, implement, and promote physical activity. There was no discernible change in capacity indicators five years after ParticipACTION's relaunch although its broader contribution to the physical activity sector was endorsed. PMID: 29671965 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Perceptions of organizational capacity to promote physical activity in Canada and ParticipACTION's influence five years after its relaunch: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: According to participants, organizational capacity to promote physical activity in Canada has increased since 2007 in subtle but important ways because of a strong climate for physical activity promotion, skilled employees, and information sharing technology. Organizational capacity changes were minimally attributed to ParticipACTION. PMID: 29671966 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Awareness of ParticipACTION among Canadian adults: a seven-year cross-sectional follow-up.
CONCLUSION: Levels of unprompted awareness of ParticipACTION are higher than previously reported and, in comparison to active Canadians, inactive Canadians are more likely to be aware of the organization. Given that it had primarily targeted parents of inactive children over the past seven years, it appears the organization has been partially effective in achieving its communication goals. PMID: 29671967 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Moving forward: ParticipACTION's strategic plan 2015-2020.
Authors: Janson K, LeBlanc AG, Vanderloo LM, Antunes E PMID: 29671968 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - April 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Childhood cancer incidence in Canada: demographic and geographic variation of temporal trends (1992-2010).
CONCLUSION: Increasing incidence trends for all cancers and selected malignancies are consistent with those reported in other developed countries, and may reflect the changes in demographics and etiological exposures, and artefacts of changes in cancer coding, diagnosis and reporting. Significant decreasing trend for astrocytoma in late childhood was observed for the first time. PMID: 29537768 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Equity reporting: a framework for putting knowledge mobilization and health equity at the core of population health status reporting.
This article introduces the Action Framework, describes the learning process, and then situates population health status reporting (PHSR) in the current work of the public health sector. This is followed by a discussion of the nature of evidence related to the social determinants of health as a key aspect of deciding what and how to report. Finally, the connection is made between data and implementation by exploring the concept of actionable information and detailing the Action Framework for equity-integrated population health status reporting. The article concludes with a discussion of the importance of putting knowledge ...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Addition of food group equivalents to the Canadian Diet History Questionnaire II for the estimation of the Canadian Healthy Eating Index-2005.
CONCLUSION: The ability to assess C-HEI using the C-DHQ II facilitates the study of diet quality and health outcomes in Canada. PMID: 29537770 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

The HANS KAI Project: a community-based approach to improving health and well-being through peer support.
CONCLUSION: The need to identify innovative ways to address chronic disease prevention and management has been the driver for implementing and evaluating HANS KAI. While further research will be required to validate the present findings, it appears that HANS KAI may be an effective approach to create environments that empower community members to support each other while promoting healthy lifestyle choices and detecting early changes in health status. PMID: 29537771 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Traumatic brain injury management in Canada: changing patterns of care.
We examined data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (years 2004, 2009, and 2014) among all respondents ages 12 years and older. TBI management characteristics examined included access to care within 48 hours of injury, point of care, hospital admission, and follow-up. RESULTS: We observed that many Canadians sought care within 48 hours of their injury, with no changes over time. We found a significant decline in the proportion of Canadians opting to visit an emergency department (p = 0.03, all ages), and a significant increase in youth opting to visit a doctor's office (p
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Erratum: Correction of author name and credentials and errors in text: Effectiveness of the CANRISK tool in the identification of dysglycemia in First Nations and M étis in Canada.
Erratum: Correction of author name and credentials and errors in text: Effectiveness of the CANRISK tool in the identification of dysglycemia in First Nations and Métis in Canada. Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can. 2018 Mar;38(2): Authors: PMID: 29509382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - March 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Youth self-report of child maltreatment in representative surveys: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: The extent to which efforts have been undertaken to measure the prevalence of child maltreatment reflects its perceived importance across the world. Data on child maltreatment can be effectively collected from youth, although our knowledge of best practices related to ethics and data quality is incomplete. PMID: 29443484 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the CANRISK tool in the identification of dysglycemia in First Nations and M étis in Canada.
CONCLUSION: CANRISK functioned well as a preliminary step for diabetes screening in a broad age range of First Nations and Métis in Canada, with an adjusted CANRISK cutoff point for individuals under 40, and with no incremental improvement from using alternative BMI/WC cut-off points. PMID: 29443485 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Effects on patients of variations in the implementation of a cardiometabolic risk intervention program in Montr éal.
CONCLUSION: The program produces effects on selected health indicators independent of variations in program implementation among the CSSSs taking part in the study. The results suggest that the effects of this type of program are more highly dependent on the delivery of interventions to patients than on the organizational aspects of its implementation. PMID: 29443486 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Editorial - Seeking a new 'normal' in the Canadian food environment.
Authors: Vanderlee L, Hobin EP PMID: 29323860 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - What about the mouth? Connecting oral health and food environments.
Authors: Office of the Chief Dental Officer of Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada PMID: 29323861 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Healthy food procurement and nutrition standards in public facilities: evidence synthesis and consensus policy recommendations.
CONCLUSION: Implementation of healthy food procurement policies can increase Canadians' access to healthier foods as part of a broader vision for food policy in Canada. PMID: 29323862 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - "A tough sell": findings from a qualitative analysis on the provision of healthy foods in recreation and sports settings.
At-a-glance - "A tough sell": findings from a qualitative analysis on the provision of healthy foods in recreation and sports settings. Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can. 2018 Jan;38(1):18-22 Authors: McIsaac JD, Jarvis SL, Spencer R, Kirk SF Abstract Recreation and sport settings (RSS) typically promote health in the form of physical activity, but the healthfulness of their food environment is often neglected. We explored stakeholder perspectives on barriers to healthy food provision in RSS through telephone interviews with ten representatives from RSS across Nova Scotia. Three key barriers...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Status report - FoodReach Toronto: lowering food costs for social agencies and community groups.
Authors: Coleman P, Gultig J, Emanuel B, Gee M, Orpana H Abstract Toronto has the largest absolute number of food insecure households for any metropolitan census area in Canada: of its 2.1 million households, roughly 252 000 households (or 12%) experience some level of food insecurity. Community organizations (including social agencies, school programs, and child care centres) serve millions of meals per year to the city's most vulnerable citizens, but often face challenges accessing fresh produce at affordable prices. Therefore in 2015, Toronto Public Health, in collaboration with public- and private-sector partne...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Building capacity through urban agriculture: report on the ask îy project.
CONCLUSION: Urban agriculture programs build capacity by providing skills beyond growing food. Such programs can increase local food production and improve food literacy skills, social relationships, physical activity and pride in community settings. PMID: 29323865 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - January 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Xpey' Relational Environments: an analytic framework for conceptualizing Indigenous health equity.
CONCLUSION: ELPH's application of Xpey' Relational Environments serves as an example of the analytic framework's utility for exploring and conceptualizing Indigenous health equity in BC's public health system. Future applications of the framework should be embedded in Indigenous research methodologies. PMID: 29236377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Urinary bisphenol A and obesity in adults: results from the Canadian Health Measures Survey.
CONCLUSION: Our study contributes to the growing body of evidence that BPA is positively associated with obesity. Prospective studies with repeated measures are needed to address temporality and improve exposure classification. PMID: 29236378 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Alcohol consumption and low-risk drinking guidelines among adults: a cross-sectional analysis from Alberta's Tomorrow Project.
CONCLUSION: Despite public health messages concerning the adverse impact of alcohol consumption, a sizeable proportion of Alberta's Tomorrow Project participants consumed alcohol in excess of cancer prevention recommendations. Continued strategies to promote low-risk drinking among those who choose to drink could impact future chronic disease risk in this population. PMID: 29236379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Adherence to the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines among 10- to 17-year-old Canadians.
CONCLUSION: A small minority (
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Binge drinking and academic performance, engagement, aspirations, and expectations: a longitudinal analysis among secondary school students in the COMPASS study.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest students who initiate binge drinking have poor school performance and engagement, which may interfere with achieving their future academic goals. This study reinforces the reasons substance use prevention should be considered an academic priority, as such efforts may also prove beneficial for educational achievement. PMID: 29119775 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Between worst and best: developing criteria to identify promising practices in health promotion and disease prevention for the Canadian Best Practices Portal.
CONCLUSION: While a number of complex challenges emerged in the development of these criteria, they were thoroughly discussed, debated and resolved. The Canadian Best Practices Portal's screening criteria allow one to screen for both best and promising practices in the fields of public health, health promotion, chronic disease prevention, and potentially beyond. PMID: 29119776 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Release notice - Cancer in Young People in Canada: a report from the Enhanced Childhood Cancer Surveillance System.
Authors: Public Health Agency of Canada PMID: 29119777 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - November 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Food environment and vulnerable populations: challenges and opportunities for policy.
Authors: Vanderlee L, Olstad DL PMID: 29043758 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

"Highly processed, highly packaged, very unhealthy. But they are low risk": exploring intersections between community food security and food safety.
CONCLUSION: Food security and food safety connect in several ways, with implications for characterizing and improving Canadian food environments. Collaboration across separated public health areas related to food is needed when designing new programs or policies aimed at changing the way Canadians eat. PMID: 29043759 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Retail food environments, shopping experiences, First Nations and the provincial Norths.
CONCLUSION: There is limited retail competition in the provincial Norths. In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Ontario, the NWC has no store competition in at least 70% of northern communities. Consumers living in northern Canada find it difficult to afford nutritious foods and would like access to a wider selection of perishable foods in good condition. PMID: 29043760 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Exploring sales data during a healthy corner store intervention in Toronto: the Food Retail Environments Shaping Health (FRESH) project.
CONCLUSION: Store sales data is an important store-level metric of food environment intervention success. Furthermore, data-driven decision making by retailers can be important for tailoring interventions. Future interventions and research should consider partnerships and additional success metrics for retail food environment interventions in diverse Canadian contexts. PMID: 29043761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Food deserts in Winnipeg, Canada: a novel method for measuring a complex and contested construct.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that food deserts affect a significant proportion of the Winnipeg population, and while concentrated in the urban core, exist in suburban neighbourhoods also. The methods utilized represent an accessible and transparent, reproducible process for identifying food deserts. These methods can be used for costeffective, periodic surveillance and meaningful engagement with communities, retailers and policy makers. PMID: 29043762 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Status report - Geographic retail food environment measures for use in public health.
This article provides a status report on the development of these food environment indicators. PMID: 29043763 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

At-a-glance - Sentinel surveillance of emergency department presentations for barbecue brush-related injuries: the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program, 2011 to 2017.
Authors: Rao DP, Do MT, Crain J, McFaull S, Stranberg R, Mersereau T, Thompson W Abstract A barbecue (BBQ) brush is a common household item designed for cleaning grills used for barbecuing. Data from the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program database were analysed to estimate the frequency of injuries related to BBQ brushes as a proportion of all injuries, as well as to describe characteristics associated with such injury events. Between April 1, 2011 and July 17, 2017, BBQ brush injuries were observed at a frequency of 1.5 cases per 100 000 eCHIRPP cases (N = 12). Findings suggest t...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - October 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Commentary - Food for thought on food environments in Canada.
Authors: Vanderlee L, L'Abbé M PMID: 28902475 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

The healthfulness and prominence of sugar in child-targeted breakfast cereals in Canada.
CONCLUSION: There is a need for regulations that restrict food marketing to children and youth under the age of 17 on packaging to reduce their appeal to this age group. Children's breakfast cereals also need to be reformulated through government-set targets, or through regulation should compliance be deemed unacceptable. PMID: 28902476 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Food marketing to children in Canada: a settings-based scoping review on exposure, power and impact.
CONCLUSION: The settings where children eat, buy or learn about food expose them to powerful, often unhealthy food marketing. The current evidence suggests that "place" may be an important marketing component to be included in public policy in order to broadly protect children from unhealthy food marketing. Organizations and communities can engage in settings-based health promotion interventions by developing their own marketing policies that address the promotion and place of unhealthy food and beverages. PMID: 28902477 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada)
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research

Development, reliability and use of a food environment assessment tool in supermarkets of four neighbourhoods in Montr éal, Canada.
This study aimed to develop a comprehensive food environment assessment tool for businesses and characterize the food environment of a low-tomedium income area of Montréal, Canada. METHODS: We developed a tool, Mesure de l'environnement alimentaire du consommateur dans les supermarchés (MEAC-S), and tested it for reliability. We used the MEAC-S to assess the consumer food environment of 17 supermarkets in four neighbourhoods of Montréal. We measured the shelf length, variety, price, display counts and in-store positions of fruits and vegetables (FV) and ultra-processed food products (UPFPs). We als...
Source: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada - September 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can Source Type: research