The Effects of Differing Invitation Models on the Uptake of Immunological Fecal Occult Blood Testing.
Authors: Gruner LF, Hoffmeister M, Ludwig L, Meny S, Brenner H Abstract BACKGROUND: Participation rates in colorectal cancer screening in Germany are low. We therefore investigated the effectiveness of different invitation models for immunological stool blood tests (fecal immunological tests, FITs). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial in 50- to 54-year-old clients of the health insurance provider AOK Baden-Wuerttemberg. A total of 17 532 insured persons were randomized to receive: (A) an invitation letter including a FIT (n = 5850); (B) an invitation letter including an option to request a FIT (n = 5844); or...
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Pediatric Multisystemic Inflammatory Syndrome Associated With SARS-CoV-2 Infection.
Authors: Schneider DT, Pütz-Dolderer J, Berrang J PMID: 32885781 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Age Dependence in COVID-19 Mortality in Germany.
Authors: Kremer HJ, Thurner W PMID: 32885782 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Treatment of Mild and Moderate Asthma in Adults.
CONCLUSION: The treatment of asthma in adults should be individually tailored, with anti-inflammatory treatment as its main component. PMID: 32885783 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Medical Emergencies During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
CONCLUSION: In Germany, the COVID-19 pandemic led to a significant drop in medical emergencies of all kinds presenting to the nation's emergency departments. A recovery effect began to be seen as early as calendar week 15, but the levels seen in 2019 were not yet reached overall by calendar week 22; only the prevalence of myocardial infarction had renormalized by then. The reasons for this require further investigation. PMID: 32865489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Pathology of Severe COVID-19-Related Lung Damage.
CONCLUSION: Autopsies are crucial for the systematic assessment of new diseases such as COVID-19: they provide a basis for further investigations of disease mechanisms and for the devising of potentially effective modes of treatment. The autopsy findings suggest that focal damage of the microvascular pulmonary circulation is a main mechanism of lethal lung disease due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus. It may also be a cause of persistent lung damage in patients who recover from severe COVID-19. PMID: 32865490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Leg Length Discrepancy- Treatment Indications and Strategies.
CONCLUSION: It must be discussed with each patient individually whether the treatment should be conservative or surgical. The extent of the discrepancy is not the sole determining factor for the mode of treatment. The decision to treat is always elective. PMID: 32865491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: The evidence-based diagnosis and treatment of persons with schizophrenia should be carried out in a multiprofessional process, with close involvement of the affected persons and the people closest to them. PMID: 32865492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

B Symptoms and Gastric Pain.
Authors: Hudowenz O, Müller-Ladner U, Klemm P PMID: 32865493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Obligatory Follow-Up Necessary.
Authors: Wenderlein MJ PMID: 32865494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Gestational Diabetes as a Maternal Risk Factor.
Authors: Bals-Pratsch M, Eder A, Gutknecht D PMID: 32865495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

In Reply.
Authors: von Wolff M, Haaf T PMID: 32865496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - September 1, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Vaccine-Preventable Infections in Childcare Workers.
CONCLUSION: Childcare workers have a higher occupational risk of infection but do not always receive the appropriate vaccinations. In particular, women of child-bearing age working in day-care centers should be made more aware of the need for vaccination. PMID: 32843135 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Immediate Surgical Treatment of the Rhinogenic Focus of Infection Is Required.
Authors: Baier G, Ott I PMID: 32843136 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

In Reply.
Authors: Höck A PMID: 32843137 [PubMed] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Treatment of Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction.
CONCLUSION: The treatment of chronic systolic heart failure as recommended in the relevant guidelines, with drugs and implanted devices if indicated, can significantly improve the clinical outcome. PMID: 32843138 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Role of CT in the Diagnosis of COVID-19-a State of Constant Flux.
Authors: Kauczor HU, Welte T PMID: 32762832 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Radiopaque Coproliths in the Pelvis Minor.
Authors: Werner C, Ritter C, Busch M PMID: 32762833 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Low-Dose Chest CT for the Diagnosis of COVID-19.
CONCLUSION: In patients with symptoms compatible with COVID-19, LDCT can esablish the diagnosis of COVID-19 with comparable sensitivity to RT-PCR testing. In addition, it offers a high specificity for distinguishing COVID-19 from other diseases associated with the same or similar clinical symptoms. We propose the systematic use of LDCT in addition to RT-PCR testing because it helps correct false-negative RT-PCR results, because its results are available much faster than those of RT-PCRtesting, and because it provides additional diagnostic information useful for treatment planning regardless of the type of the infectious ag...
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Lipedema-Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options.
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of lipedema remains a challenge because of the hetero - geneous presentation of the condition and the current lack of objective measuring instruments to characterize it. This review provides a guide to its diagnosis and treatment in an interdisciplinary setting. Research in this area should focus on the elucidation of the pathophysiology of lipedema and the development of a specific biomarker for it. PMID: 32762835 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Cardiac Pacemaker-Apparently Disconnected.
Authors: Ohlow MA PMID: 32762836 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - August 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by Children.
CONCLUSION: A generalizable pediatric evidence base is urgently needed to inform policy making now, later when facing potential subsequent waves, and extending through a future in which endemicity alongside vaccination may become the enduring reality. PMID: 32705983 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Effects of Stalking.
CONCLUSION: Stalking remains a major problem that must be taken seriously. Physicians and psychologists should be well informed about it in order to help affected persons who turn to them for medical and psychological assistance. PMID: 32657747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Neurofibromatoses.
CONCLUSION: Patients with neurofibromatoses need individualized care. They should be treated in centers of expertise where interdisciplinary consultation is available and new types of pharmacotherapy can be provided. PMID: 32657748 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Conclusions Are Speculative.
Authors: Mroczkowski P PMID: 32657749 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Indications for Surgery Need to Be Assessed in a Differentiated Way.
Authors: Ronellenfitsch U, Damirov F, Grilli M, Prechal D PMID: 32657750 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Causes Need to Be Examined More Closely.
Authors: Holzheimer R PMID: 32657751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Inaccuracies.
Authors: Nimptsch U, Krautz C PMID: 32657752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

In Reply.
Authors: Baum P, Wiegering A PMID: 32657753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic--A Complicated Case of Appendicitis.
Authors: Schreckenbach T, Lahrsow M, Fritsch N PMID: 32657754 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 15, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Lung Ultrasound findings in COVID-19 Pneumonia.
Authors: Schmid M PMID: 32616145 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Deutsches Ă„rzteblatt Devotes More Space to Original Research and CME.
Deutsches Ärzteblatt Devotes More Space to Original Research and CME. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2020 May 08;117(19):343 Authors: Baethge C PMID: 32616146 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Van Neck-Odelberg Disease.
Authors: Schneider KN, Gosheger G, Andreou D PMID: 32616147 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Pseudo-Quantified Data.
Authors: Selig C PMID: 32616148 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

In Reply.
Authors: Rohrmann S PMID: 32616149 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Bleeding During Oral Anticoagulation.
Authors: Pötzsch B PMID: 32605707 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Severe Hemorrhage Associated With Oral Anticoagulants.
CONCLUSION: The in-hospital mortality was higher among patients treated with VKA than among patients treated with DOAC, although the difference failed to reach statistical significance. PMID: 32605708 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Coronary Stent Thrombosis- Predictors and Prevention.
Authors: Ullrich H, Münzel T, Gori T Abstract BACKGROUND: Stent thrombosis (ST) is a dreaded complication after stent implantation and is associated with a mortality between 5% and 45%. The mechanisms by which ST arises are complex. Because of the seriousness of this situation, all phy - sicians should have at least basic knowledge of it. In this article, we present the risk factors for ST and discuss some innovative approaches to its treatment. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, and on current international guidelines and expert recommendations. ...
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Additional Comment Is Necessary.
Authors: Gerleve H PMID: 32605710 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

In Reply.
Authors: Kloth C PMID: 32605711 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Parosmia as an Early Symptom of Acute SARS-CoV-2 Infection.
Authors: Brelie LF, Becker C, Brelie CV PMID: 32605712 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - July 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Estimated Use of Intensive Care Beds Due to COVID-19 in Germany Over Time.
CONCLUSION: Our results give no rise for concern that triage of COVID-19 patients may become necessary in Germany. However, the occupancy of ICU beds should be managed centrally to ensure optimal use of bed capacity. If, contrary to expectations, an exponential increase in case numbers should occur after all, our results will become invalid. PMID: 32527378 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Epidemiological Measures in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic.
CONCLUSION: Various indicators of the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic at population level are used in daily communication. Considering the relevance of the pandemic and the importance of relevant communications, however, the strengths and the limitations of each parameter must be considered carefully. PMID: 32527379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 in the Employees of a Large University Hospital.
Authors: Schwierzeck V, Correa-Martinez CL, Schneider KN, Mellmann A, Hennies MT, Hafezi W, Czeschinski P, Kampmeier S PMID: 32527380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

The Effects of Intensive Versus Routine Treatment in Patients with Acute Kidney Injury.
CONCLUSION: Specialized consultations supported by an early warning system for AKI seem to be beneficial for patients. The findings of this pilot trial should be verified in larger-scale randomized controlled trials. PMID: 32530412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Pulmonary Artery Embolism in COVID-19 Despite Thrombosis Prophylaxis.
Authors: Geerdes-Fenge HF, Reisinger EC, Arndt H PMID: 32530413 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Not a Smoking Cessation Aid.
Authors: Cüppers R PMID: 32530414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Lack of Authoritative Measures to Support Abstinence From Nicotine.
Authors: Noll-Hussong M PMID: 32530415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

In Reply.
Authors: Kotz D, Batra A, Kastaun S PMID: 32530416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Vestibular Disorders.
CONCLUSION: The diagnostic assessment of vestibular syndromes is much easier for clinicians now that it has been internationally standardized. There is still a lack of randomized, controlled trials on the treatment of, for example, Menière's disease, vestibular migraine, and "cerebellar vertigo." PMID: 32530417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International)
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - June 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research