Endoscopically applied biodegradable stent in a pediatric tracheomalacia model.
Conclusion: We successfully developed the PDO stent and its endoscopic guide placement system. The degradation time of the stent was around 10 weeks in normal rabbits, and this was accelerated in a tracheomalacia model. The mucosal changes associated with PDO stent placement were reversible. Placement of the PDO stent prolonged survival in tracheomalacia model rabbits. PMID: 33081438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - October 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Experience with the University Admission Process and Educational Support among Students with Cochlear Implants.
Conclusion: . To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the university admission process and university disability services available for students with CIs. The study results can be helpful for young CI recipients and their parents preparing for university entrance. PMID: 33081439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - October 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Survival benefits from surgery of stage IVa head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: A multi-institutional analysis of 1033 cases.
Conclusion: A survival benefit from surgery may be achieved even in patients with stage IVa HNSC, particularly those with oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. Surgery led to a reduction in the recurrence rate in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer. PMID: 33081440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - October 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Age difference in pet sensitization by pet ownership.
Authors: Won JY, Kwon JW, Hong SN, Lee WH Abstract Background: The association between pet sensitization and pet ownership remains unclear. We elucidated the association between pet sensitization and pet ownership by age. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 2883 patients who visited our allergy clinic for nasal symptoms from January 2003 to December 2014; 1957 patients with data on skin-prick tests and questionnaire responses were included, and divided into adult (age>19) and children (≤19) groups; the association between pet sensitization and pet ownership was evaluated in both groups. Results: Amon...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Alters Macrophages Polarization in HPV-Negative Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Larynx in Males.
In this study we compared macrophage polarization in LSCC of patients with and without coexisting LPR. Methods: A total of 63 patients with T1-2 LSCC without (the 1st group, 30 patients) and with coexisting LPR (the 2nd group, 33 patients) were enrolled in the study. Only HPV-negative cases of males were included in the study. Immunohistochemistry was performed to visualize CD68 and CD163 macrophages. The number of macrophages was counted at the central tumor clusters (TC), peritumor stroma (TS) and at the intact laryngeal mucosa (IM) taken from the tumor-negative edge. Results: Samples of the 2nd group patients wi...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Initial Experience with Robotic Modified Radical Neck Dissection Using the da Vinci Xi System through the Bilateral Axillary Breast Approach.
This study assessed outcomes in patients who underwent robotic MRND through BABA using the da Vinci Xi system. Methods: The medical records of 40 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy, bilateral central neck dissection and MRND from September 2018 to March 2020 were reviewed retrospectively, including 12 who underwent robotic surgery and 28 who underwent open surgery. All operations were performed by a single endocrine surgeon. Results: Operation time was significantly longer in the robotic than in the open group (277.08 ± 32.64 versus 191.43 ± 60.43 minutes, respectively, p
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Human Rhinovirus Infection Enhances the Th2 Environment in Allergic and Non-allergic Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis.
This study was conducted to determine whether patients with allergy might be more susceptible to human rhinovirus (HRV) infection and whether the effects of infection on the elicited immune responses are different in allergic and non-allergic patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Methods: Uncinate process tissues were obtained from 61 chronic rhinosinusitis patients (of which, 39 had allergy and 22 did not) who were infected with HRV16 using an air-liquid interface organ culture system. The expression levels of programmed cell death-ligand (PD-L)1, PD-L2, intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), IFN-γ, I...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Externally Monitored Versus Conventional Buried Flaps in Laryngopharyngeal Reconstruction.
Conclusion: The outcomes were comparable between the groups, indicating that externalization of the cutaneous component of a buried flap may be a straightforward and useful technique for monitoring a buried anterolateral thigh free flap in laryngopharyngeal reconstructions. The salvage and false-positive rates of compromised flaps should be compared in large subject groups in future studies to prove that the use of an external skin paddle improves flap monitoring. PMID: 32900154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 11, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Ear mold foreign bodies in the middle ear necessitating surgical removal: Why otology specialists should screen candidates for hearing aids.
Authors: Cho SD, Jang JH, Kim H, Cho YS, Kim Y, Koo JW, Song JJ PMID: 32882785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 7, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Crosstalk Between Mucosal Inflammation and Bone Metabolism in Chronic Rhinosinusitis.
Authors: Khalmuratova R, Shin HW Abstract Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial and highly heterogeneous upper airway disease that affects approximately 12% of the general population. There is increasing evidence supporting the impact of osteitis on the pathophysiology of CRS. Osteitis is frequently observed in patients with CRS, and is associated with severe sinonasal inflammation and recalcitrant cases. The overlying inflammatory sinonasal mucosa plays a critical role in the initiation of osteitis; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms and functional significance remain unclear. Increasingly man...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Guidelines for the Management of Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis From the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics.
Authors: Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics Guideline Task Force, Ryu CH, Kwon TK, Kim H, Kim HS, Park IS, Woo JH, Lee SH, Lee SW, Lim JY, Kim ST, Jin SM, Choi SH Abstract The Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics appointed a task force to establish clinical practice guidelines for the management of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). These guidelines cover a comprehensive range of management-related factors, including the diagnosis and treatment of UVFP, and provide in-depth information based on current, up-to-date knowledge. Detailed evidence profiles are provided fo...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - September 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Hypotensive Agents on Intraoperative Bleeding and Recovery Following General Anesthesia for Nasal Surgery: A Network Meta-Analysis.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the superiority of the systemic use of dexmedetomidine as a perioperative hypotensive agent compared with the other five tested agents. However, the other agents were also superior to placebo in improving operative time, intraoperative bleeding, and postoperative pain. PMID: 32847341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Effect of Rutin on Diabetic Auditory Neuropathy in an Experimental Rat Model.
In this study, we assessed the efficacy of rutin in treating diabetic auditory neuropathy in an experimental rat model. Methods: Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to the following groups: group 1, control; group 2, diabetic rats; and groups 3-5, rats treated with rutin (at doses of 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg, respectively). We used auditory brain stem response, stereology of the spiral ganglion, and measurements of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) to evaluate the effects of treatment. Results: Significant improvements in auditory neuropathy were observed in the rutin-treated groups in...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Prospects and Opportunities for Microsystems and Microfluidic Devices in the Field of Otorhinolaryngology.
Authors: Hwang SH, Gonzalez-Suarez AM, Stybayeva G, Revzin A Abstract Microfluidic systems can be used to control picoliter to microliter volumes in ways not possible with other methods of fluid handling. In recent years, the field of microfluidics has grown rapidly, with microfluidic devices offering possibilities to impact biology and medicine. Microfluidic devices populated with human cells have the potential to mimic the physiological functions of tissues and organs in a three-dimensional microenvironment and enable the study of mechanisms of human diseases, drug discovery and the practice of personalized medic...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Exploring the Neurodynamic Signals of the Deafened Brain: Factors Influencing Cochlear Implant Outcomes.
Authors: Sharma A, Kyong JS PMID: 32781822 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Subperiosteal Tunneling in Lateral Osteotomy: Truth Versus Mere Facts.
Authors: Jin HR PMID: 32781823 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Increased risk of psychopathological abnormalities in subjects with unilateral hearing loss: A cross-sectional study.
Authors: Song JJ, Ku EJ, Kim S, Kim E, Choi YS, Jung HJ Abstract Objective: Although unilateral hearing loss (UHL) has been proven to be associated with educational and behavioral problems, there are few studies on psychopathological abnormalities in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychopathological influence of UHL among Korean 19-year-old males. Methods: The authors retrospectively compared the objective personality test profiles of 602 subjects with UHL with those of 23,790 normal hearing peers. All participants in the current study were 19-year-old males who underwent physical ex...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

3D distribution of cochlear macrophages in the lateral wall of cleared cochlea.
Conclusion: Resident macrophages in spiral ligaments are scarce in areas adjacent to the stria vascularis. PMID: 32734741 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Pepsin and laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas.
Authors: Yin CY, Zhang SS, Zhong JT, Zhou SH Abstract Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinomas are common malignant tumors of the head and neck, which are both exhibiting increasing incidences. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx, and/or nasopharynx. There remains controversy regarding whether laryngopharyngeal reflux is a risk factor for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers. The refluxing substances mainly include hydrochloric acid, pepsin, and occasionally bile acids and bile salts, as well as bacteria that colonize the gastrointestinal tract. Loss of epi...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - August 1, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Guidelines for Tracheostomy From the Korean Bronchoesophagological Society.
Authors: Korean Bronchoesophagological Society Guideline Task Force, Nam IC, Shin YS, Jeong WJ, Park MW, Park SY, Song CM, Lee YC, Jeon JH, Lee J, Kang CH, Park IS, Kim K, Sun DI Abstract The Korean Bronchoesophagological Society appointed a task force to develop a clinical practice guideline for tracheostomy. The task force conducted a systematic search of the Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed databases to identify relevant articles, using search terms selected according to key questions. Evidence-based recommendations for practice were ranked according to the American College of Physicians grading s...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Maxillomandibular Advancement and Upper Airway Stimulation: Extrapharyngeal Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Authors: Yu MS, Ibrahim B, Riley RW, Liu SY Abstract There are many ways to categorize surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), one of which is to distinguish between intrapharyngeal and extrapharyngeal procedures. While the general otolaryngologist treating OSA is familiar with intrapharyngeal procedures, such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and tongue base reduction, extrapharyngeal sleep operations such as maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) and upper airway stimulation (UAS) have evolved rapidly in the recent decade and deserve a dedicated review. MMA and UAS have both shown predictable high success rates with l...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Development of a Korean Culture-Friendly Olfactory Function Test and Optimization of a Diagnostic Cutoff Value.
Authors: Ha JG, Kim J, Nam JS, Park JJ, Cho HJ, Yoon JH, Kim CH Abstract Objectives: Cultural familiarity and safety must be considered when assessing olfactory ability. The YSK olfactory function (YOF) test is a new olfactory function test using culturally familiar odorants to Koreans. Methods: The YOF test comprises three subtests for threshold (T), discrimination (D), and identification (I). The identification test included eight universal and four Korean culture-friendly odorants, which were selected considering eight major functional groups. Data were obtained from 1,127 subjects over 19 years old. Subject...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Application of Novel Intraoperative Neuromonitoring System Using an Endotracheal Tube With Pressure Sensor during Thyroid Surgery: A Porcine Model Study.
Conclusion: The change in amplitude due to stimulation of the pressure sensor showed a pattern similar to EMG. Pressure sensors can be feasibly and reliably used for RLN traction injury prediction, RLN identification, and preservation through the detection of laryngeal muscle twitching. Our novel IONM system that uses an ETT with an attached pressure sensor to measure the change of surface pressure can be an alternative to EMG in the future. PMID: 32668828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 18, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

MicroRNAs Related to Cognitive Impairment After Hearing Loss.
Conclusion: These results indicate that miR-376a-3p and miR-598-3p were related to cognitive impairment after hearing loss. PMID: 32646202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 12, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Single Center Experience in the Surgical Management of Primary Hyperparathyroidism.
Conclusion.: Preoperative imaging modalities is very important in parathyroidectomy surgery. Routine use of preoperative imaging modalities reduced the risk of complications in our clinic. PMID: 32646207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 12, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Efficacy of Music Training in Hearing Aid and Cochlear Implant Users: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of music training on the improvement of musical perception among hearing-impaired listeners using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Article search was conducted from five databases, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, and PubMed. A total of 186 participants from 10 studies investigating the music training effects on individuals fitted with hearing assistive devices and outcome measurements were included. The meta-analysis showed standardized mean difference as a measure of the effect size, in musical improvement between the preand post-training. Although the funne...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 12, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Korean Modification of Nasal Provocation Test with House Dust Mites Antigen following EAACI Guidelines.
Authors: Joo SH, Hyun KJ, Kim YH Abstract Objectives: We evaluated the usefulness of the standardized nasal provocation test (NPT) protocol published recently by the European Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (EAACI) and compared the utility of several parameters for diagnosing allergic rhinitis (AR) caused by house dust mite (HDM). Subjective parameters were nasal and ocular symptoms measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS), and objective parameters were peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF), minimal cross-sectional area (MCA), and total nasal volume (TNV). Methods: Before and after spraying Dermato...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Surgical Algorithm for Obstructive Sleep Apnea : An Update.
Authors: Liu SY, Riley RW, Yu MS Abstract Sleep surgery is part of a continuum of care for OSA that involves medical, pharmacologic, and behavioral therapy. Upper airway surgery for OSA can significantly improve stability by way of modulating the critical negative closing pressure. This is the same mechanism of action as PAP or oral appliance therapy (OAT). The updated surgical algorithm in this review adds precision in 3 areas: 1) patient selection, 2) identification of previously unaddressed anatomic phenotypes with associated treatment modality, and 3) improved techniques of previously established procedures. Wh...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Recent Advances in the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.
Conclusion: Machine and deep learning have been extensively applied in the field of otorhinolaryngology. However, performance varies and research challenges remain. PMID: 32631041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Application of an Intraoperative Neuromonitoring System Using a Surface Pressure Sensor in Parotid Surgery: A Rabbit Model Study.
Conclusion: The application of IONM using a surface pressure sensor during parotidectomy is noninvasive, reliable, and feasible. Therefore, the IONM system with a surface pressure sensor to measure facial muscle twitching may be an alternative to EMG for verifying the status of the facial nerve. PMID: 32623851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 8, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Cluster Analysis of Inhalant Allergens in South Korea: A Computational Model of Allergic Sensitization.
Authors: Kim DK, Park YS, Cha KJ, Jang D, Ryu S, Kim KR, Kim SH, Yoon HJ, Cho SH Abstract Objectives: Sensitization to specific inhalant allergens is a major risk factor for the development of atopic diseases, which impose a major socioeconomic burden and significantly diminish quality of life. However, patterns of inhalant allergic sensitization have yet to be precisely described. Therefore, to enhance the understanding of aeroallergens, we performed a cluster analysis of inhalant allergic sensitization using a computational model. Methods: Skin prick data were collected from 7,504 individuals. A positive skin...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - July 8, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Effects of Olfactory Training in Patients With Postinfectious Olfactory Dysfunction.
Conclusion: The effects of OT in patients with PIOD were demonstrated in this study. A meaningful contribution of this study is that Korean patients were tested using odors familiar to them in comparison with a control group. PMID: 32575977 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - June 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Usage and Diagnostic Yield of Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology and Core Needle Biopsy in Thyroid Nodules: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Literature Published by Korean Authors.
Conclusion: A reduced frequency of non-diagnostic Results may be a definite advantage of CNB over FNA. However, the increased frequency of diagnoses of architectural atypia and follicular neoplasm should be considered when selecting CNB as a diagnostic tool. PMID: 32550723 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - June 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Esthetic and Functional Outcomes of Extracorporeal Septoplasty for Rhinoplasty in Asian Patients.
This study evaluated the functional and esthetic outcomes of the ECS technique for rhinoplasty in Asian patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 64 patients who underwent rhinoplasty using ECS between January 2016 and March 2018. Subjective patient satisfaction was assessed and objective surgical outcomes were evaluated. Improvement in nasal obstruction was rated using a visual analog scale (VAS). Anthropometric changes were compared between preoperative and postoperative facial photographs. Complications and revisions were also analyzed. Results: The participants comprised 64 patients (48 males an...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - June 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Changes in Vestibular Symptoms and Function After Cochlear Implantation: Relevant Factors and Correlations With Residual Hearing.
Conclusion.: Vestibular function and residual hearing function should be afforded equal and simultaneous consideration in terms of preservation. PMID: 32526819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - June 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Ultrasonography-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation in Patients With Benign Thyroid Goiters With a History of Unilateral Lobectomy.
Authors: Kim HJ, Park KN, Lee SW PMID: 32492989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Efficacy of Transcartilaginous Electrodes for Intraoperative Neural Monitoring During Thyroid Surgery.
This study was conducted evaluate the efficacy of electromyography (EMG) using transcartilaginous (TC) electrodes through the thyroid cartilage and perichondrium. Methods.: We prospectively collected EMG data from intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of 54 nerves at risk in 38 patients during thyroidectomy. We followed standardized IONM procedures in all operations. EMG signals from both endotracheal tube (ET) electrodes and TC needle electrodes were recorded simultaneously. We compared the characteristics of the EMG signals and the efficacy of both methods. Results.: Significantly higher mean EMG amplitudes were ...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Does the Clinical Spectrum of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Show Regional Differences?
Authors: Kim SY, Kim DW PMID: 32434304 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Future Directions of Optical Coherence Tomography in Otology: A Morphological and Functional Approach.
Authors: Cho NH, Jang JH PMID: 32434305 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

The Era of Precision Medicine: Reshaping Usher Syndrome.
Authors: Jung J PMID: 32434306 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Unveiling the Diverse Spectrum of Fungal Rhinosinusitis.
Authors: Cho SH PMID: 32434307 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Recent Trends in the Surgical Treatment of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism.
Authors: Won HR, Koo BS PMID: 32434308 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Transoral Thyroidectomy: Is It a Real Game Changer?
Authors: Tae K PMID: 32434309 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

The Clinical Manifestations and Chest Computed Tomography Findings of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients in China: A Proportion Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Fever was found to be the most common symptom in COVID-19, and respiratory infection signs were also commonly present. Fever and dyspnea were less frequently observed in the patients diagnosed outside of Wuhan, which should be considered in COVID-19 screening programs. These results may be attributable to the earlier diagnosis of the disease and the younger age of patients outside of Wuhan although further analysis is needed. The role of chest CT in COVID-19 diagnosis is inconclusive based on this study. PMID: 32434310 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

The Effect of Prophylactic Central Neck Dissection During Hemithyroidectomy on Locoregional Recurrence in Patients With Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION: Prophylactic central neck dissection significantly reduced the risk of recurrence in the central compartment in patients undergoing hemithyroidectomy. PMID: 32434311 [PubMed] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Strain-Specific Differences in House Dust Mite (Dermatophagoides farinae)-Induced Mouse Models of Allergic Rhinitis.
In this study, we compared differences between two mouse strains and determined the optimal dose of Der f1 for allergic rhinitis mouse models. Methods: Forty-eight mice were assigned to the following six groups (n=8 per group): group A (control, BALB/c), group B (Der f1-sensitized BALB/c, 25 µg), group C (Der f1-sensitized BALB/c, 100 µg), group D (control, C57BL/6), group E (Der f1-sensitized C57BL/6, 25 µg), and group F (Der f1-sensitized C57BL/6, 100 µg). Allergic inflammation was induced with Der f1 and alum sensitization, followed by an intranasal challenge with Der f1. Rubbing and sneezing...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Estrogen Replacement Reduces Hearing Threshold Shifts and Cochlear Hair Cell Loss After Acoustic Overexposure in Ovariectomized Rats.
Conclusion: These Results suggest that estrogen replacement may reduce the vulnerability of hearing to noise exposure in menopausal women. PMID: 32407615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Navigation-Assisted Balloon Eustachian Tuboplasty for Eustachian Tube Dilatory Dysfunction.
This study aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility of this image-guided navigation balloon catheter system in patients with ETD. Methods: Twenty-nine patients (38 ears; nine bilateral; 21 right ears, and 17 left ears) diagnosed with ETD were assessed. All patients who showed no improvement despite medical therapy with topical steroids, anti-reflux medication, and the Valsalva maneuver for a minimum of 6 weeks received image-guided navigation-assisted BET. The 7-item Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) score and Valsalva maneuver were used to evaluate patients' symptoms preoperatively and at the posto...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Management of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux in Asia.
Conclusion: Significant differences exist between Western and Eastern Asian otolaryngologists in the diagnosis and treatment of LPR. Future consensus statements are needed to establish diagnostic criteria and therapeutic regimens. PMID: 32392640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Sneezing and Rubbing Counts in Allergic Rhinitis Mouse Models Are a Reliable Indicator of Type 2 Immune Response.
Authors: Ryu G, Bae JS, Kim JH, Kim EH, Chung YJ, Mo JH PMID: 32392641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - May 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research