Evaluation of Access to Care Barriers and Their Effect on General Health Status Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults
This study utilized the 2014 Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander National Health Interview Survey (NHPI NHIS) data to evaluate access to care barriers among NHPI population and their effect on general health status. Access to care barriers were categorized as financial barrier (affordability) and non-financial barriers (availability, accommodation, acceptability, and accessibility). Overall, 13.7% reported of the fair/poor general health and over 30% reported at least one access to care barrier. Logistic regression model was used to evaluate how financial and non-financial barriers affect general health status, adjusting for socio-demographic variables such as age, poverty threshold, and marital status and health-related variables such as smoking status and chronic health conditions. Those who reported financial barrier (21.2%) were more likely to be in fair/poor general health (odds ratio 2.25, 95% confidence interval 1.43–3.56). Non-financial barrier, reported by 20.0% of the study population, was found to be not associated with general health status after adjusting for socio-demographic and health-related variables. Improving access to care among NHPI community could be achieved by ident ifying and addressing the barriers, which in turn could lead to improvement in the general health status among NHPI community.