Role of post-trauma stress symptoms in the development of chronic musculoskeletal pain and disability: a protocol for a systematic review - Jadhakhan F, Evans D, Falla D.

INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), pain and disability frequently co-occur following traumatic injuries. Although the coexistence of these symptoms is common, the relation between these symptoms and the impact on longer-term outcome remai...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe results underline the importance of taking the conceptualization and assessment of PTSD into consideration when investigating the impact of PTSD on pain rehabilitation.SignificanceThere is a high prevalence of probable PTSD in patients with chronic pain. However, different patients with probable PTSD are identified depending on the diagnostic system used. Although similar probable PTSD prevalence rates (about 16%) were found using DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD screening tools (PCL-5 and ITQ, respectively), the diagnostic agreement between the systems was only moderate (k  = 0.64). At the same time, only pr...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Introduction Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), pain and disability frequently co-occur following traumatic injuries. Although the coexistence of these symptoms is common, the relation between these symptoms and the impact on longer-term outcome remains poorly understood. This systematic review aims to determine the role of PTSS on the development of chronic pain and/or pain-related disability following musculoskeletal trauma. Methods/analysis This protocol is developed and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Protocol. The review will include studies that recruited...
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Rehabilitation medicine Source Type: research
Patient reports of moderate to severe pain are common across the spectrum of chronic kidney disease. The synergistic effects of comorbid depression and anxiety can lead to maladaptive coping responses to pain, namely pain catastrophizing and illness-related post-traumatic stress disorder. If underlying depression and anxiety and associated maladaptive coping responses are not treated, patients can experience an increased perception of pain, worsened disability, decreased quality of life, withdrawal from social activities, and increased morbidity and mortality.
Source: Seminars in Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that is the leading sources of chronic pain and disability in the United States and many other countries [1,2]. The knee joint accounts for over 80% of the total burden due to OA [2]. Further, post-traumatic knee OA that results from joint injury or trauma accounts for 13% of the OA prevalence in the United States [3]. OA is a disease that is characterized by deterioration of articular cartilage. Articular cartilage is composed mostly of water, collagen, proteoglycans and chondrocytes, and provides a smooth, low-friction surface between joints to allow for transmission of...
Source: The Knee - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Chronic pain affects 31 to 44 percent of active-duty service members and is a leading cause of disability and reduced readiness. And factors such as traumatic brain injury and PTSD can complicate treatment. Research can guide efforts to improve the quality of care for this population.
Source: RAND Research Health and Health Care - Category: Health Management Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic physical disorders are associated with suicidal ideation, either directly or indirectly through PTSS, depression, and functional disability. The findings underscore the importance of early identification and management of older patients with specific chronic disorders in primary care as they may be most at risk for suicidal ideation.PMID:33890523 | DOI:10.1080/13607863.2021.1913478
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: research
It was almost exactly a year ago when we first wrote about the rise of telemedicine amidst COVID-19. Similarly, it was almost a year ago we first brought up the issue of PTSD of medical personnel due to the virus. We did not expect the two to intertwine. At one point over the past twelve months, we all noticed an extreme level of tiredness after a full workday spent in front of a computer. But it wasn’t tiredness: it was fatigue. While tiredness can be easily cured with rest and sleep, fatigue is a whole different issue. It may lead to chronic diseases, burnout and ill mental and physical health, and its cure requ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Covid-19 Forecast Digital Health Research Future of Medicine Healthcare Policy Medical Education Telemedicine & Smartphones WHO cdc zoom fatigue online learning chronic diseases Bryan Vartabedian APA Edit Katona Source Type: blogs
In the United States (US), suicide is a leading cause of death, and most of these suicides involve firearms, highlighting the importance of lethal means safety in suicide prevention.(1, 2) US Veterans experience a suicide rate 1.5 times higher than US civilian adults and are more likely to use firearms as the means of suicide.(3) Risk factors for suicide within this population include demographic factors such as sex, age, race, and level of education, as well as health factors such as smoking status, psychiatric conditions (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, bipolar and anxiety disorders, schizophrenia...
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Major limb trauma sustained in the military results in significant long-term pain and PTSD. Overall, the results are consistent with the hypothesis that pain, depression, and PTSD are associated with disability in this population. Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The current study highlights a need to re-examine the leading theories about the mutual maintenance of these disorders in order to develop effective integrative treatment approaches. PTSD-related avoidance may have a relatively weaker role in co-occurring chronic pain than the other symptom clusters and may have a qualitatively different role than chronic pain-related avoidance. Future research should explore the relationship between the avoidance in PTSD and the avoidance in chronic pain as well as identify which chronic pain measurements are the most useful when examining the relationship between PTSD and chr...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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