Complete genome sequence of the first  chrysovirus from the phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria solani on potato in China

AbstractThe complete genome sequence of a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) mycovirus that was isolated fromAlternaria solani strain DT-10 causing potato foliar disease was determined. The virus, designated as"Alternaria solani chrysovirus 1" (AsCV1), has four dsRNA segments (dsRNA 1-4) with a length of 3600 bp, 3128 bp, 2996 bp, and 2714 bp, respectively. The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp, 1084 amino acids [aa]), putative capsid protein (905 aa), alphachryso-P3 (835 aa), and alphachryso-P4 (729 aa) were encoded by dsRNA1, dsRNA2, dsRNA3, and dsRNA4, respectively, which had the highest sequence identity of 41.77%-72.38% to their counterparts in Helminthosporium victoriae virus 145S (HvV145S) of the genusAlphachrysovirus, familyChrysoviridae. Moreover, the 5 ′-untranslated regions (UTRs) of AsCV1 dsRNA 1-4, which contained several unique inserts (3-37 bp) and deletions (5-64 bp), shared 51.65%-68.01% identity with those of HvV145S. Phylogenetic analysis based on RdRp sequences showed that AsCV1 clustered the most closely with HvV145S. Considering its distinct host specificity, the low sequence similarity of its encoded proteins to those of other viruses, the unusual features of the 5′-UTRs of its dsRNA 1-4, and the phylogenetic position of its RdRp gene, AsCV1 should be considered a member of a new species in the genusAlphachrysovirus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first alphachrysovirus identified from phytopathogenicA. solani.
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research

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Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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