South Africa: Sound the Alarm - We Are Failing to Meet Targets to Beat TB, but Khayelitsha's Care Model During Covid-19 Shows Exactly How It Should Be Done

[Daily Maverick] During the 52nd Union World Conference on Lung Health this week, Doctors Without Borders announced the results of TB-PRACTECAL. A total of 89% of patients on the new regimen (which is shorter and less toxic) were cured, compared with 52% in the standard of care group.
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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Yohei Sasakawa – WHO Goodwill Ambassador for Leprosy Elimination and Chairman of Sasakawa Health Foundation speaking at the 3rd of the “Don’t Forget Leprosy” webinar series organized by Sasakawa Health Foundation on Dec 2. Credit: Stella PaulBy Stella PaulHyderabad, Dec 3 2021 (IPS) As 2021 nears its end, public health systems worldwide remain severely strained by COVID 19, which is showing no sign of ending. But even as countries battle to control the deadly pandemic, they must also maintain the progress made against other diseases, including leprosy, global leprosy experts and advocates have urged...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: COVID-19 Editors' Choice Featured Global Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Inequity TerraViva United Nations #Sasakawa IPS UN Bureau leprosy Source Type: news
[MBC] The 2021 World Health Organisation Global Tuberculosis Report has revealed that for the first time in over a decade TB deaths have increased globally because of reduced access to TB diagnosis and treatment in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
We report two patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (OP) mimicking tuberculosis (TB). These cases highlight the rare presentation of OP and serves as a reminder that patients tested negative for TB, despite typical history and chest imaging findings, warrant further investigations as many diseases may mimic TB and vice versa. AbstractBefore the era of COVID-19 pandemic, organizing pneumonia (OP) is often underdiagnosed while tuberculosis (TB) is overdiagnosed especially in an endemic area. We report two patients with cryptogenic OP mimicking TB. First, a 56-year-old lady with right upper lobe air space opacity and...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
Enhancing tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care in a post-COVID-19-pandemic phase will be essential to ensure progress towards global TB elimination. In low-burden countries, asylum seekers constitute an impor...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Before COVID-19 two recent pandemics were notably associated with infectious and para-infectious neuromuscular sequelae, including associations between acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) and West Nile Virus, and Guillain Barr é Syndrome (GBS) and Zika virus (ZIKV). Yet, despite origins in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there is no evidence that these diseases, or other arboviruses for that matter, cause neurologic morbidity in the sub-continent. In the case of ZIKV, an argument has been made for newly acquired neurovirulence through viral evolution into African and Asian lineages, but weak healthcare systems and poor ability t...
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Background: In 2020, COVID-19 pandemic in Russia had 2 waves: from April to June (with lockdown) and from October to December (without lockdown).Objective: To evaluate impact of COVID-19 pandemic with and without lockdown on TB care.Materials: The coverage of active case finding (ACF) was evaluated monthly in the same periods of 2019 and 2020. The registration of new TB cases was evaluated in comparison with the expected value of this indicator calculated for each month by analyzing the five-year linear trends (R2>0.8 in all cases). The number of deaths due to tuberculosis was estimated graphically as a proportion of TB...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: COVID-19 pandemic seems to have had an impact in: decreased new cases of PTB; slight delay in treatment initiation; increased screening rate of positive contacts and household transmission.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: TB and COVID-19 are respiratory diseases that primarily affect the lungs, their mutual influence and long-term consequences of comorbidity need further study.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: According to the chest CT scan, the following results were reported: 2 months after COVID-19 - progression of TB disease (52%), 2-6 months after COVID-19 - residual changes s after viral pneumonia (71.4%). The persistence of respiratory complaints after 9 months was associated with COVID-19 sequela
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases Source Type: research
Background: The WHO estimated that the COVID-19 pandemic would lead to a disruption of Tuberculosis services resulting in treatment interruptions and impact on transmission rates. We reviewed TB cases diagnosed between 1st March and 31st July 2020 comparing them to TB controls from the same period in 2019 to assess whether COVID-19 impacted on TB services.Methods: All cases of TB diagnosed at our institution between 1st March and 31st July 2020 identified from the London TB Register (LTBR) were included. Demographic data extracted of TB cases in 2020 were compared to TB controls from the same period in 2019. Data analysis ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis and non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases Source Type: research
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