Comparison of Persistence and Adherence Between Adults Diagnosed with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood and Adulthood

Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research

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Child and adolescent survivors of cancer —particularly those experiencing cognitive problems—may be at higher risk of suicidal thoughts than other youth their age, suggests areport inPsycho-Oncology.“Survivors of pediatric cancer are at elevated risk for both neurocognitive and psychological difficulties following cancer treatment,” wrote Christina M. Sharkey, Ph.D., of Children’s National Hospital in Washington, D.C., and colleagues. Studies of adult cancer survivors suggest there may be a link between neurocognitive deficits and suicidal ideation, but little is known of whether such deficits...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: adolescents behavioral regulation children cognitive problems inattention IQ parents pediatric cancer processing speed psycho-oncology suicidal ideation teachers working memory Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Intervention:   Other: No intervention Sponsor:   Takeda Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Cognitive control provides us with the ability to inter alia, regulate the locus of attention and ignore environmental distractions in accordance with our goals. Auditory distraction is a frequently cited symptom in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (aADHD)–yet few task-based fMRI studies have explored whether deficits in cognitive control (associated with the disorder) impedes on the ability to suppress/compensate for exogenously evoked cortical responses to noise in this population. In the current study, we explored the effects of auditory distraction as function of working memory (WM) load. Part...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: Having a PPMH was associated with children's receipt of ADHD medications alone, but not behavioral treatments. Our findings suggest that medical homes may need further improvement to ensure that children with ADHD receive treatments as recommended by clinical guidelines.
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
This is an NIH Director's Lecture. Speaker Damien Fair: " My research focuses on mechanisms and principles that underlie the developing brain. The majority of this work uses functional MRI and resting state functional connectivity MRI to assess typical and atypical populations. A second focus has become testing the feasibility of using various functional and structural MRI techniques in translational studies of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders (e.g., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and autism). I am exploring ways to better characterize individual patients with these psychopathologies to help guide f...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
ScientificWorldJournal. 2021 Nov 16;2021:6615836. doi: 10.1155/2021/6615836. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTPrevious studies suggest that parasympathetic functions support sensory behaviours. However, the relationship between sensory behaviours and parasympathetic functions remain inconclusive and inconsistent among children with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This research aims to examine the sensory behaviours and resting parasympathetic functions among children with and without ADHD. We compared sensory behaviours and baseline parasympathetic functions of 64 participants, with 42 typically develo...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - Category: Science Authors: Source Type: research
Perinatal stroke affects ∼1 in 1000 births and concomitant cognitive impairments such as Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and executive dysfunction can be disabling. We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate whether stroke-related differences in frontal white matter (WM) relate to cognitive impa irments. WM metrics correlated with parental ratings of ADHD and executive function suggesting that underlying microstructure of frontal white matter quantified via tractography may provide a relevant biomarker associated with cognition and behavior in children with perinatal stroke. AbstractPerinatal...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions: Individuals with increased ADHD symptoms appear to recruit the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex more strongly to perform the same task than those with fewer symptoms. In clinical settings, individuals with severe symptoms are often observed to perform more difficultly when performing the tasks which individuals with mild symptoms can perform easily. The atomoxetine-responder group was unable to properly activate the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex when necessary, and the oral administration of atomoxetine enabled these patients to activate this region. In brain imaging studies of heterogeneous syndrom...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn children aged 4 –5 years with ADHD, following multiple once-daily administrations of SHP465 MAS 6.25 mg, the pharmacokinetic profile of plasmad-amphetamine andl-amphetamine was generally consistent among participants. Between-individual variability of plasmad-amphetamine andl-amphetamine steady-state exposure was low to moderate. SHP465 MAS was generally well tolerated in this study.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03327402 (31 October, 2017).
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Nervenarzt. 2021 Nov 24. doi: 10.1007/s00115-021-01233-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe notion that the adult form of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not a construct of modern psychiatry is increasingly prevailing. Looking into the history of psychiatry can make an enlightening contribution here. Guided by this aim and specifically following literature referred to by Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), we analyzed the content of one study each by Gustav Specht (1860-1940) and the later Nazi psychiatrist Hermann Paul Nitsche (1876-1948) from 1905 and 1910, respectively, on the topic of chronic mania. Our inve...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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