Treating Psychological Symptoms After Brain Injury Using Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: A Meta-Analysis

Individuals with traumatic brain injury are highly susceptible to depression and anxiety post-injury, leading to a decreased recovery rate. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an evidence treatment for addressing anxiety and depression maintenance factors. However, its' efficacy among those with brain injury lacks a unifying review. Thus, the objective is to evaluate the efficacy of CBT on anxiety and depression among the brain injury population.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: SYSTEMATIC/META-ANALYTIC REVIEW POSTER 1710148 Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Depressive Symptoms;   Anxiety Symptoms Intervention:   Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Sponsors:   The University of Hong Kong;   Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust;   The Boys' and Girls' Clubs Association of Hong Kong;   Caritas Hong Kong, Hong Kong;   Hong Kong Federation of Youth's Group;   Hong Kong Playground Association;   Hong Kong Children and Youth  Services;   St James'&nbs...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Cogn Behav Ther. 2021 Oct 7:1-32. doi: 10.1080/16506073.2021.1966089. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly comorbid with depression. In the present meta-analysis, we conducted the first individual-level examination of the association between pre-treatment depression and improvement in social anxiety symptoms during treatment. We identified eligible studies on cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for SAD and contacted authors to obtain individual-level data. We obtained these data from 41 studies, including 46 treatment conditions (n = 4,381). Our results showed that individu...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: This iCBT program was perceived to be of benefit to healthcare workers, with program usage and effectiveness that was similar to what has been previously reported for unguided iCBT.
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
To evaluate the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy on anxiety and depression among the stroke population.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: SYSTEMATIC/META-ANALYTIC REVIEW POSTER 1710145 Source Type: research
Conclusions: Significant clinical benefit was associated with the introduction of an evidence-based digital sleep intervention alongside other mental health interventions for depression and anxiety. Widespread deployment was achieved with immediate availability, minimal additional clinical time or staff training. This approach provides a feasible and highly scalable model for improving mental health outcomes in clinical services. The Study in Context: The FDA clears Somryst, Pear’s digital therapeutic to treat chronic insomnia CVS Health: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) apps may help you more than sleeping pills...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Brain/ Mental Health Technology & Innovation anxiety app Behaviour Research and Therapy Big Health cognitive behavioural therapy depression digital CBT digital cognitive behavioural therapy digital health insomnia insomnia DTx me Source Type: blogs
DiscussionThe outcome of this trial will benefit health services in Canada, in terms of helping to reduce the burden of depression and anxiety and provide better care for South Asians. We expect the results to help guide the development of better services and tailor existing services to the needs of other vulnerable groups.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT04010890. Registered on July 8, 2019
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Group-based CBTm classes, whether delivered in person or via telepsychology, appear to be an effective avenue for improving mental well-being and service access among rural community members. Although encouraging, results also suggested a need for research  on predictors of and reducing antecedents to class dropout in this population.
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe intervention was feasible and highly acceptable to treatment completers. This suggests the intervention warrants investigation in a randomized-controlled trial.Practitioner points Young people with low self-esteem whom have been negatively affected by stigma may wish to access support and be willing to engage in psychological interventions. Cognitive behavioural therapy may be helpful for young people with low self-esteem who have experienced stigma, prejudice, or discrimination. Cognitive behavioural techniques such as self-compassionate thought records and behavioural experiments were considered accept...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group has produced many reviews of the effects on interventions for conditions such as anxiety and depression. They added to these in November 2020 with a substantially revised version of their review of the use of cognitive behavioural therapy for children and adolescents. We asked one of the authors, Tessa Reardon from the University of Oxford in the UK, to tell us about the importance of this review and what it found.
Source: Podcasts from The Cochrane Library - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: podcasts
ConclusionsBrief trauma-focused interventions are potentially effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety in police with CPTSD and PTSD. Further research is needed to establish whether additional CPTSD symptoms (affect dysregulation, self-perception and relational difficulties) are also reduced.
Source: Occupational Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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