We're more likely to cheat when we're anxious

When we’re stressed out and feeling threatened, our priority becomes self-preservation. According to new research, this defensive mode even affects our morality, making us more likely to cheat and excuse our own unethical behaviour.Maryam Kouchaki and Sreedhari Desai demonstrated this through six experiments. In the clearest example, 63 student participants spent three minutes listening to either calm music, or in the anxiety condition, to Bernard Herrmann's Psycho score. Those freaked out by Hermann's definitive ode to unease declared they were more anxious at the end of the study, and they had threat on their mind (this was confirmed through a word matching task - the Psycho group more often selected words with connotations of threat).Anxious? Check. Threatened? Check. Unethical? Kouchaki and Desai went hunting for cheaters. Their participants next completed a simple computer task for money, for which there was an obvious way to cheat. The non-anxious students made an average of 19 "clear cheats", whereas the anxious ramped this up to 24. The more threatened the anxious felt, the more they cheated.The researchers think this probably happened because threat provokes us to grab resources, status ... anything to buffer the self. An alternative explanation is that anxiety somehow frazzles our apparatus for moral judgment in general. The researchers showed this wasn’t the case in a further experiment where an unethical act - secretly copying a password that...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatrists and Psychologists Authors: Source Type: blogs

Related Links:

ConclusionNo medical cause was found to explain the disability. Findings support that the condition is a form of IEI and belongs to functional somatic syndromes (FSS). Instead of endless avoidance, rehabilitation approaches of FSS are applicable.
Source: Safety and Health at Work - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study provides first insights into the efficacy of one single session of excitatory tDCS over the left DLPFC in attenuating autonomic and neuroendocrine effects of psychosocial stress exposure. These findings might be indicative of the important role of the left DLPFC, which is a cortical target for noninvasive brain stimulation treatment of depression, for successful coping with stressful stimuli. PMID: 31177885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
This study aimed to clarify the psychological benefits of brief walks through forest areas. In addition, we aimed to examine the associations between psychological responses and trait anxiety levels. Five-hundred-and-eighty-five participants (mean age, 21.7 ± 1.6 years) were instructed to walk predetermined courses through forest (test) and city (control) areas for 15 min. The Profile of Mood State (POMS) questionnaire and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were used to assess participants’ psychological responses and trait anxiety levels, respectively. The results revealed that walking through forest areas decreas...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Peak Performance brief walks forest therapy forests general health individual difference mental health profile of mood state psychological relaxation shinrin-yoku trait anxiety Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): James E. Hassell, James H. Fox, Mathew R. Arnold, Philip H. Siebler, Margaret W. Lieb, Dominic Schmidt, Emma J. Spratt, Tessa M. Smith, Kadi T. Nguyen, Chloé A. Gates, Kaley S. Holmes, K'loni S. Schnabel, Kelsey M. Loupy, Maike Erber, Christopher A. LowryAbstractThe hygiene hypothesis or “Old Friends” hypothesis proposes that inflammatory diseases are increasing in modern urban societies, due in part to reduced exposure to microorganisms that drive immunoregulatory circuits and a failure to terminate inappropria...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract The hygiene hypothesis or "Old Friends" hypothesis proposes that inflammatory diseases are increasing in modern urban societies, due in part to reduced exposure to microorganisms that drive immunoregulatory circuits and a failure to terminate inappropriate inflammatory responses. Inappropriate inflammation is also emerging as a risk factor for anxiety disorders, affective disorders, and trauma-and stressor-related disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized as persistent re-experiencing of the trauma after a traumatic experience. Traumatic experiences can le...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research
Conclusions The gaming system maximized opportunities for orosensory desensitization of tactile input, resulting in increased comfort and endurance during therapy sessions, leading to more opportunities to practice the swallow. A novelty effect was observed as motivation and interest in the gaming system appeared greatest at the onset of the study. Generalized fatigue and anxiety continue to serve as barriers to more significant progress. PMID: 31136237 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Lea Boecker, Paul PauliAbstractStartle reflex potentiation versus startle attenuation to unpleasant versus pleasant stimuli likely reflect priming of the defensive versus appetitive motivational systems, respectively. This review summarizes and systemizes the literature on affective startle modulation related to psychopathologies with the aim to reveal underlying mechanisms across psychopathologies. We found evidence for psychopathologies characterized by increased startle potentiation to unpleasant stimuli (anxiety diso...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
You're reading How to Deal with Anxiety in Just 3 Breaths, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. Anxiety is a common daily struggle for many. With constant work stress along with competition and comparison fueled by social media, anxiety has become somewhat of a social “norm” in our modern society. In the United States alone, anxiety affects approximately 40 million adults between the ages of 18 to 54, mostly in stressful work and school environments. Many turn to medicine and doctors, which might ...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured health and fitness self improvement anxiety breath mental health pickthebrain Source Type: blogs
This study examined the role of trait anxiety in emotion regulation strategy selection and the effectiveness of the chosen strategy in regulating momentary anxiety. In anticipation of a stressful speech task, 97 undergraduates chose one of three emotion regulation strategies—reappraisal, distraction, and venting—to regulate their anxiety. Changes in anxiety from pre- to post-regulation were assessed via self-report and psychophysiological responses including markers of both sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity. Results revealed that lower levels of trait anxiety wer...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe VEMPs and vHIT tests demonstrated that there is no evidence of hypofunction of the semicircular canals in the high-frequency spectrum of VOR functioning. Nor are there any indications of impairment of the otolith system in patients with PD, regardless of their subjective vestibular sensations. The findings of the current study confirm the proposed link between anxiety, panic symptoms and postural instability in PD patients.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Computers | Nicotine | Psychiatrists and Psychologists | Psychology | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy | Students | Study | Universities & Medical Training