The impact of therapeutic-dose induced intestinal enrofloxacin concentrations in healthy pigs on fecal Escherichia coli populations

This study descri...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Publication date: December 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 23Author(s): Michael S.M. Brouwer, Richard N. Goodman, Arie Kant, Dik Mevius, Enas Newire, Adam P. Roberts, Kees T. Veldman
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractHospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is a significant nosocomial infection; data on the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profiles of HAP in China are limited. We included 2827 adult patients with HAP from the Chinese Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections network admitted in 15 Chinese teaching hospitals between 2007 and 2016. Clinical data and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolated pathogens were obtained from the medical records and central laboratory, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine the risk factors for mortality and multidrug resistance ...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Sasaki Y, Iwata T, Uema M, Asakura H Abstract Campylobacter is one of the most important causes of food-borne infectious diseases. Antibiotics are rarely needed to treat campylobacteriosis, but occasionally used in severe or prolonged cases. Consumption of contaminated bovine liver is a source of campylobacteriosis. Bovine liver can be contaminated with Campylobacter on the surface and inside by the bile at slaughterhouses. Therefore, we investigated the current prevalence and characteristics of Campylobacter in bovine bile at a slaughterhouse. Campylobacter was isolated from 35.7% (55/154) of bile samples...
Source: Shokuhin eiseigaku zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan - Category: Food Science Tags: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi Source Type: research
Authors: Teshome A, Alemayehu T, Deriba W, Ayele Y Abstract World Health Organizations launched a global action plan on antimicrobial resistance since 2015. Along with other objectives, the plan was aimed to strengthen knowledge of the spread of antimicrobial resistance through surveillance and research. Given their high bacterial densities and that they receive antibiotics, metals, and other selective agents, wastewater systems are a logical hotspot for antibiotic resistance surveillance. The current study reports on the result of antibiotic resistance surveillance conducted in selected wastewater systems of Easte...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research
Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.
Source: Microbial Drug Resistance - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our data has uncovered a prolonged clonal outbreak of ESBL S. sonnei that was likely first introduced by returned travellers and has subsequently been circulating locally in Australia. The emergence of a local outbreak of ESBL S. sonnei, with a multidrug-resistant profile, including reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, represents a significant public health threat. PMID: 33020158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Rhiannon L. Wallace, Dieter Bulach, Mary Valcanis, Benjamin G. Polkinghorne, Nevada Pingault, Anastasia Stylianopoulos, Rodney C. Givney, Kathryn Glass, Martyn D. Kirk
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first study to report that short-term triclosan exposure in vitro increases triclosan resistance in susceptibleE. coli isolates. After acquiring resistance, these strains may present MDR or cross-resistance phenotypes. Moreover, triclosan resistance mainly involves the overexpression offabI and efflux pumps inE. coli isolates.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ińska The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of markers specific to Bacteroides fragilis group (BFG) bacteria as indicators of anthropogenic pollution of surface waters. In addition, the impact of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) on the spread of genes specific to fecal indicator bacteria and genes encoding antimicrobial resistance in water bodies was also determined. Samples of hospital wastewater (HWW), untreated wastewater (UWW), and treated wastewater (TWW) evacuated from a WWTP were collected, and samples of river water were taken upstream (URW) and downstream (DRW) from the wastewater dischar...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Allel K, García P, Labarca J, Munita JM, Rendic M, Grupo Colaborativo de Resistencia Bacteriana, Undurraga EA Abstract Objective: To identify socioeconomic factors associated with antimicrobial resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli in Chilean hospitals (2008-2017). Methods: We reviewed the scientific literature on socioeconomic factors associated with the emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance. Using multivariate regression, we tested findings from the literature drawing from a longitudinal dataset on antimicrobial resistance from 41 m...
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
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