Recent trends in cholecystectomy in US veterans

This study utilizes the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to examine the status and outcome of cholecystectomy.MethodsA retrospective review of veterans who underwent cholecystectomy between 2008 and 2015 was performed. Data analysis included patient demographics, operations, and postoperative outcomes. Cochran-Armitage trend analysis was used to assess significant changes in outcome over the study period.p ≤ 0.05 was considered significant.ResultsA total of 40,722 patients (average age of 61  years) were included in the study (males 85.6%). LC was performed in the majority of patients (86.4%). Patients in the OC group (13.6%) were more likely to have advanced age (≥ 65 years) (47.6% vs 32.0%, p 
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Authors: Alzahrani SM, Ko CS, Yoo MW Abstract Purpose: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) risk calculator is useful in predicting postoperative adverse events. However, its accuracy in specific disorders is unclear. We validated the ACS NSQIP risk calculator in patients with gastric cancer undergoing curative laparoscopic surgery. Materials and Methods: We included 207 consecutive early gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy between January 2018 and January 2019. The preoperative characteristics and risks of the patients were review...
Source: Journal of Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Gastric Cancer Source Type: research
AbstractAntiplatelet agents may increase the risk of infections via suppressing platelet-mediated immune response. Here we assessed the contribution of clopidogrel versus aspirin to the development of pneumonia during an acute ischemic stroke admission. A retrospective cohort study was conducted of acute ischemic stroke patients who were admitted to our hospital from 2015 to 2018. Included patients received uninterrupted clopidogrel or aspirin therapy and did not take other antiplatelet agents throughout their stay. The interest outcome was development of pneumonia after stroke. Conditional logistic regression model after ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Frail older surgical patients face more than a two-fold increase in postoperative complications, including myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, ileus, and others. Many of...
Source: BMC Geriatrics - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
The ventilation bundle has been used in adult intensive care units to decrease harm and improve quality of care for mechanically ventilated patients. The ventilation bundle focuses on prevention of specific complications of mechanical ventilation; ventilator-associated pneumonia, sepsis, barotrauma, pulmonary oedema, pulmonary embolism and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement ventilation bundle consists of five structured evidence-based interventions: head of the bed elevation 30 to 45 degrees, daily sedation interruptions and assessment of readiness to extubate, peptic ulcer prophy...
Source: Australian Critical Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research paper Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To describe rates of short-term morbidity following transcervical surgical treatment of hypopharyngeal diverticulum (HD) and analyze predictors of adverse events. METHODS: The 2005 to 2017 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried to identify patients diagnosed with HD undergoing open transcervical diverticulectomy. RESULTS: A total of 597 patients with a mean age of 71.4 ± 12.3 years were included. Thirty-day adverse events were experienced by 63 (10.6%) subjects, including 6.5% unplanned reoperations, 4.2% surgical complications, ...
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research
This review of current literature provides background to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as an examination of potential pathophysiologic mechanisms behind development of thrombosis and ischemic stroke related to COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 infection is well-documented to cause severe pneumonia, however, thrombosis and thrombotic complications, such as ischemic stroke, have also been documented in a variety of patient demographics. SARS-CoV-2 infection is known to cause a significant inflammatory response, as well as invasion of vascular endothelial cells, resulting in endothelial dysfunction.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This review of current literature provides background to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as an examination of potential pathophysiologic mechanisms behind development of thrombosis and ischemic stroke related to COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2 infection is well-documented to cause severe pneumonia, however, thrombosis and thrombotic complications, such as ischemic stroke, have also been documented in a variety of patient demographics. SARS-CoV-2 infection is known to cause a significant inflammatory response, as well as invasion of vascular endothelial cells, resulting in endothelial dysfunction.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 September 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Xavier Jimenez-Guiu, Malka Huici-Sánchez, Antonio Romera-Villegas, Alexandre Izquierdo-Miranda, Ana Sancho-Cerro, Ramon Vila-Coll
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Asreported by the World Health Organization, a novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was identified as the causative virus of new viral pneumonia of unknown etiology by Chinese authorities on 7 January 2020. The virus was named COVID-19 and because of its ability to cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (i.e., SARS) this infection has also been defined as SARS-CoV2.Furthermore, an association between COVID-19 infection and venous thromboembolism has been reported in several series around the world.For this reason, methods used to improve diagnostic tools, pharmacological thromboprophylaxis and type of anticoagul...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2020Source: Journal of Critical CareAuthor(s): Yasser Sakr, Manuela Giovini, Marc Leone, Giacinto Pizzilli, Andreas Kortgen, Michael Bauer, Tommaso Tonetti, Gary Duclos, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Samuel Buschbeck, V. Marco Ranieri, Elio Antonucci
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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