A community-based validation of the International Alliance for the Control of Scabies Consensus Criteria by expert and non-expert examiners in Liberia

ConclusionsThe IACS criteria proved a valid tool for scabies diagnosis. For the purposes of implementation papules and burrows represent truly ‘typical’ scabies lesions.Non-expert examiners are able to diagnose scabies with a high degree of accuracy, demonstrating they could form a key component in population-level control strategies.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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 Answer:Sarcoptes scabei, the'human itch mite 'As noted by Kosta, Patrik, and Anon, this is a larval mite, as evidenced by the presence of only 6 legs. Mites are arachnids and have 8 legs in their nymphal and adult stages. As noted by Old One in aprevious post,Sarcoptesare round to ovoid when viewed from the back; when viewed from the side they are ventrally flattened and dorsally rounded (similar to a turtle). They possess short stumpy legs, and have no internal or external respiration apparatus (stigmata or tracheae). The ventral surface contains a number of chitinized plates called apodemes, the dorsal su...
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs
AbstractIntroductionXerosis and pruritus are common manifestations of numerous dermatologic and systemic diseases. We evaluated the effectiveness of an emollient containing anAquaphilus dolomiae extract (ADE-G1) for the management of pruritus and xerosis in patients of all age with a range of dermatologic and systemic diseases.MethodsThis open-label, real-world study involved 5910 patients from 33 European, South American, Asian, and North and South African countries, who applied the product for 7  days twice daily to the face and body after the skin had been cleansed and dried. The physician assessed xerosis severity...
Source: Dermatology and Therapy - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Hima Gopinath, Kaliaperumal KarthikeyanIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS 2020 41(1):10-16The itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis has been a menace to humanity for ages. Diagnosing scabies can be a challenge in view of the varied presentations of the disease. The male genitalia are an important area of predilection of the mite. Examination of this often overlooked area is essential as it may reveal both characteristic and atypical manifestations of scabies. Genital involvement also attains special relevance in view of the possible sexual transmission of the mite. In addition to the morbidity caus...
Source: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Mite populations with reduced susceptibility to permethrin exist in Austria and necessitate the evaluation of alternative treatment regimens.Key MessagesHuman scabies is a rising major public health issue worldwide and has been designated as a neglected tropical disease by the World Health Organization.Resistance to permethrin, the most widely prescribed first-line therapy for scabies is to date underreported.At present, treatment recommendations remain controversially discussed as official guidelines do not address current development of resistances, and therefore their clinical applicability is limited. P...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
by Moonsuk Bae, Ji Yeun Kim, Jiwon Jung, Hye Hee Cha, Na-Young Jeon, Hyun-Jung Lee, Min Jae Kim, Sung Eun Chang, Sung-Han Kim Scabies is a highly contagious parasitic disease associated with long-term residence in nursing homes, and it is a public health burden worldwide. However, atypical skin manifestations are frequent and the widely used diagnostic test based on microscopic examinations has limited sensitivity. We ev aluated the diagnostic value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from skin scraping in patients with suspected scabies. Adult patients with suspected scabies, unrelated diseases or healthy volunteers were ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Scabies is a highly contagious, globally prevalent, parasitic skin infestation caused by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis, also known as the itch mite. There have been outbreaks not only in the developing world, but also in the developed world among refugees and asylum seekers. Once infested with scabies mites, symptomatic patients, as well as asymptomatic carriers, quickly spread the disease through direct skin-to-skin contact. Typically, symptoms of scabies are characterized by an erythematous, papular, pruritic rash associated with burrows. Treatment of scabies involves using topical or systemic scabicides and treating se...
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: The main etiologies of prurigo in the study participants were PS, prurigo of Besnier, scabiosis, and HCLM. It affected with predilection the limbs of children of less than 5 years. Prurigo was almost always itchy and often evolved in an acute or chronic mode. PMID: 31781184 [PubMed]
Source: Dermatology Research and Practice - Category: Dermatology Tags: Dermatol Res Pract Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundScabies is a skin infestation caused by the miteSarcoptes scabiei that causes a pruritic skin eruption. In Ethiopia, the disease is common especially during natural or manmade disasters such as flooding, drought, civil war and conflict, poor water supply and sanitation, and overcrowding living condition. Though scabies is becoming a major public health problem, especially in low resource settings, there has been no study that reported the prevalence of scabies in the study area. The aim of this study, therefore, was to assess the prevalence of scabies and associated factors among students in primary schoo...
Source: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
An older man was tormented by a rash that no one could diagnose — until he found a doctor who was known for unlocking difficult cases.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Itching Parasites Scabies Eczema common toxocariasis covert toxocariasis Albendazole Tests (Medical) Allergies Medicine and Health Source Type: news
Discussion Atopic dermatitis (AD) has a prevalence of 3-5% in the overall U.S. population but is increasing with an estimated 10-15% lifetime risk in childhood. It is even more common in children of color with a prevalence in African-American/black children of 17% and Hispanic children of 14%. Health care utilization data also appears to support more severe disease in children of color also. Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a common dermatological skin problem which characteristically is a pruritic, papular eruption with erythema. Like most papulosquamous eruptions it often occurs in intertrigenous areas in people with alle...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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