Impact of the Fascia Iliaca Block on Pain, Opioid Consumption, and Ambulation for Patients With Hip Fractures: A Prospective, Randomized Study

Conclusions: A single perioperative FIB for patients with hip fractures undergoing surgery may decrease opioid consumption and increase the likelihood that a patient is discharged home. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Background: Chronic Monteggia lesions in children may cause pain, deformity, decreased range of motion, and neurological symptoms. Numerous surgical techniques have been advocated to reconstruct long-standing Monteggia injures in efforts to maximize long-term upper limb function. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the clinical and radiographic results of a modified surgical technique for missed Monteggia fracture-dislocations. Methods: A retrospective evaluation of 52 patients who underwent surgical reconstruction of missed Monteggia fracture-dislocations at a tertiary pediatric hospital was performed. Th...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Upper Extremity Source Type: research
Radiographic parameters are commonly used to determine the need for surgical supracondylar humeral (SCH) fracture reduction and the postoperative quality of reduction. We studied whether such parameters are correlated with mid-term patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores in pediatric patients. We retrospectively reviewed data from 213 patients (104 girls) treated surgically for Gartland type-II (n = 84) or type-III (n = 129) SCH fractures from 2008–2016. Mean (± standard deviation) age at surgery was 5.1 ± 2.1 years. Mean time from initial treatment to outcome survey completion was 5.0 &plu...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the most appropriate distal fusion level in terms of clinical results and radiological changes in Lenke 3C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Between June 2010 and May 2014, a total of 90 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for Lenke 3C AIS were divided into three groups as L2, L3, and L4 according to the fusion levels and compared in terms of functional and radiological outcomes. Patients were evaluated with Scoliosis Research Society 22 (SRS 22) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) at the final follow-up. Preoperative standard posteroanterior and late...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Spine Source Type: research
“Misdiagnosed Lisfranc injuries can be as high as 50%, leading to chronic pain, functional impairment, and posttraumatic arthritis. Subtle or incomplete lesions are the most problematic group for an adequate diagnosis. Conventional non–weight-bearing radiographs can overlook up to 30% of unstabl e cases. Abduction stress radiographs and anteroposterior monopodial comparative weight-bearing radiographic views are very useful to identify instability. Computed tomography gives detailed information about fracture patterns and comminution. MRI can predict instability but it is expensive and not readily available in ...
Source: Foot and Ankle Clinics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, a novel 3-dimensional (3D) printed integral customized acetabular prosthesis for anatomical rotation restoration in THA for DDH Crowe type III was developed using patient-specific Computer-aided design and additive manufacturing (AM) methods. Patient concerns: A 69-year-old female patient had developed left hip joint pain and restricted movement for 40 years; the symptoms had increased in the past 5 months. Pain, limited motion of the left hip joint, and lower limb length discrepancy were noted during physical examination. Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with left hip end-stage osteoarthritis seco...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionTreatment of pseudarthrosis in superficial bones with radial shock waves is effective and safe.
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pedicle screws placed with 3DP drill guides may result in shorter operative time, less blood loss, and a greater probability of excellent screw placement as compared with those placed with freehand techniques. We conclude that 3DP guides may potentially develop into an efficient and accurate option for pedicle screw placement. However, more prospective, randomized controlled trials are needed to strengthen the confidence of these conclusions. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement is often silent in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Untreated, it can cause pain, growth disturbances, malocclusion, and skeletal deformities. Currently, combined clinical examination and radiographic imaging (i.e., magnetic resonance imaging, MRI) are necessary for diagnosis and treatment. However, imaging is not always feasible due to its high cost, access, occasional need for sedation and potential contraindications.1 Acoustic emissions (AEs) are the sounds produced from articulation in a joint.2 To measure the AEs of the TMJ, we built a custom headset with 2 uniaxial Dytran...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
(Reuters Health)—Patients with a degenerative meniscus tear who get arthroscopic partial meniscectomy have similar five-year outcomes and increased risk of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) as without surgery, a small study suggests. Researchers in Finland randomly assigned 146 adults with degenerative meniscus tear confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to receive either arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM)... [Read More]
Source: The Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Conditions Osteoarthritis knee Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) meniscal tear meniscectomy Pain Source Type: research
To investigate the frequency of pain among subjects with advanced radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) defined as Kellgren –Lawrence (KL) grade 4 and clinical features associated with pain.
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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