The Functional Anatomy of the Ophthalmic Angiosome and Its Implications in Blindness as a Complication of Cosmetic Facial Filler Procedures

Conclusion: The authors’ study has shown potential arterial and venous pathways for filler embolus to cause blindness or visual field defects, and is supported clinically by a review of the case literature of blindness following facial filler injection.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is an expansile bone disorder that involves the anterior cranial base and may encase the optic canal. Surgeons have assumed that radiographic encasement results in optic canal constriction with blindness and recommend prophylactic optic nerve decompression despite risks. Our previous cross-sectional analysis showed no correlation between canal constriction and visual disturbances. However, the long-term sequalae of optic nerve FD encasement is unknown. Aim: to correlate the long-term vision and optic canal caliber in patients with FD.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Plastic and Maxillofacial Source Type: research
A 41-year-old female with steroid-dependent rheumatoid arthritis and a recent (four months prior) cerebellar stroke presented with complaints of constant headache and right eye blindness of one day.  At the time of the cerebellar stroke, she had presented with persistent headaches, dizziness and gait instability. That workup, including hypercoagulability evaluation, was unremarkable apart from the radiographic abnormalities diagnosing her left medial cerebellar hemisphere infarct. She was disc harged with a plan for outpatient loop recorder placement and aspirin for secondary stroke prevention.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Diagnostic Dilemma Source Type: research
Discussion According to the World Health Organization, about 1.3 billion people have some form of visual impairment. Most people with visual impairments are>50 years old, more are female than male, and more live in resource-limited areas than resource-rich areas. Most visual impairments are avoidable (80%) in all age groups with the leading causes globally and across ages being uncorrected refractive errors and cataracts. The most common causes of blindness are: Refractive errors, uncorrected Cataract Age-related macular degeneration Glaucoma Diabetic retinopathy Corneal opacity Trachoma The exact numbers vary by regi...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 007 When you think tropical medicine, malaria has to be near the top. It can be fairly complex and fortunately treatment has become a lot simpler. This post is designed to walk you through the basic principals with links to more in depth teaching if your niche is travel medicine, laboratory diagnostics or management of severe or cerebral malaria. If you stubbled on this post while drinking a cup of tea or sitting on the throne and want a fe...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine malaria Plasmodium plasmodium falciparum plasmodium knowles plasmodium malariae plasmodium ovale plasmodium vivax Source Type: blogs
Rationale: The conception that multiple sclerosis may be challenging to distinguish from demyelinating manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) was introduced more than 30 years ago. However, it is now recognized that the neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) may occur more frequently in SS as opposed to multiple sclerosis. Characteristic NMOSD features can include severe attacks of optic neuritis, myelitis which is frequently longitudinally-extensive (spanning at least three vertebral segments on magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), and an association with anti-aquaporin-4 antibodies. In addition, whereas NMO...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: SOVT is a rare entity. There are no guidelines, just recommendations for disease management. Based on our experience, broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotic, anticoagulation, and steroid therapy should be promptly introduced and if needed surgical intervention. SOVT can lead to devastating complications which include permanent loss of vision and in some cases a fatal outcome. PMID: 28537459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: EDATA with zygomatic osteotomy ensures sufficient mobility of the internal carotid artery, and provides a good lateral and look up operative view. Hence, it can be used effectively for radical resection of craniopharyngiomas through the opticocarotid space and retrocarotid space. PMID: 28194297 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Abstract A 12-year-old female dog with a 3-month history of poor response to diabetes treatment had an acute worsening of symptoms, including weakness and blindness. The dog had elevated blood glucose, alkaline phosphatase and urea concentration, hyposthenuria, glycosuria, hematuria, and pyuria. Escherichia coli was isolated from the urine. Radiographs and ultrasound examination showed that the dog had unilateral emphysematous pyelitis and concurrent cystitis associated with vesicoureteral reflux. PMID: 27041755 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research
Conclusion Proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody may be a valuable diagnostic marker in patients with atypical symptoms of granulomatosis with polyangiitis or in the presence of probable tuberculosis. Retinal vascular angiopathy needs to be diagnosed and treated early to prevent the development of complete blindness. Concomitant cytotoxic and anti-tuberculous treatments may be safe and effective in patients with simultaneous refractory disease with probable tuberculosis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
We present the case of a 4-month-old infant from the Foster Care Center, with severe psychomotor retardation, blindness, and associated cardiac malformation, who was admitted to the Pediatrics Clinic of the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania, presenting aspiration pneumonia and moderate respiratory insufficiency. Under sustained, early instituted treatment, the evolution was towards death. The chest radiography and histopathological examination of the pulmonary tissue confirmed the diagnosis. The neurological impairment was not only a favoring factor for aspiration, through the deglutition disorders, but it was ...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
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