International Meetings and Symposia
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

ASPS/PSF Sponsored Symposia and Workshops
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Announcements Source Type: research

Coaching as a Tool for Fostering Future Plastic Surgery Trainees
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Viewpoints Source Type: research

Ten Years’ Follow-Up after Microsurgical Reconstruction of the Lip Using Forearm Flap Combined with Gracilis Muscle Transfer
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Viewpoints Source Type: research

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Mastectomy Flap Ischemia following Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy and Immediate Breast Reconstruction
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Viewpoints Source Type: research

Comparison of Outcomes between Side-to-End and End-to-End Lymphovenous Anastomoses for Early-Grade Extremity Lymphedema
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: In the Eye of the Beholder: Changes in Perceived Emotion Expression after Smile Reanimation
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

In the Eye of the Beholder: Changes in Perceived Emotion Expression after Smile Reanimation
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: Autogenous Bone Cranioplasty: Review of a 42-Year Experience by a Single Surgeon
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Autogenous Bone Cranioplasty: Review of a 42-Year Experience by a Single Surgeon
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: Extracellular Vesicles from Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for the Improvement of Angiogenesis and Fat-Grafting Application
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Extracellular Vesicles from Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for the Improvement of Angiogenesis and Fat-Grafting Application
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin in Treating Asian Indian Patients with Masseter Hypertrophy: A 4-Year Follow-Up Study
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin in Treating Asian Indian Patients with Masseter Hypertrophy: A 4-Year Follow-Up Study
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: Where Do We Look? Assessing Gaze Patterns in Cosmetic Face-Lift Surgery with Eye Tracking Technology
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Where Do We Look? Assessing Gaze Patterns in Cosmetic Face-Lift Surgery with Eye Tracking Technology
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: The Long-Term Static and Dynamic Effects of Surgical Release of the Tear Trough Ligament and Origins of the Orbicularis Oculi in Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

The Long-Term Static and Dynamic Effects of Surgical Release of the Tear Trough Ligament and Origins of the Orbicularis Oculi in Lower Eyelid Blepharoplasty
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: Sensory Recovery of the Breast following Innervated and Noninnervated DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Sensory Recovery of the Breast following Innervated and Noninnervated DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Reply: A Simplified Cost-Utility Analysis of Inpatient Flap Monitoring after Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction and Implications for Hospital Length of Stay
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

A Simplified Cost-Utility Analysis of Inpatient Flap Monitoring after Microsurgical Breast Reconstruction and Implications for Hospital Length of Stay
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Letters Source Type: research

PRP and Microneedling in Aesthetic Medicine
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Book and Media Reviews Source Type: research

Advances in Cosmetic Surgery, Volume 1
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Book and Media Reviews Source Type: research

Quality Improvement Perspective: What Is Quality in Plastic Surgery?
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Do We Publish What We Present? A Critical Analysis of Abstracts Presented at Three Plastic Surgery Meetings
Conclusions: Almost two-thirds of abstracts presented at AAPS, ASPS, and PSRC meetings successfully converted into full-text publications. Plastic surgery departments/divisions should follow unpublished work in their institutions to benefit both patients and the scientific community. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Plastic Surgery Focus: Special Topics Source Type: research

Single-Payer Health Care in the United States: Implications for Plastic Surgery
Summary: Health care reform continues to be a topic of debate among lawmakers, politicians, physicians, and citizens of the United States. In recent years, proposed changes to the health care industry have grown in both granularity and popularity, with the possibility of adapting a single-payer health insurance system reaching an all-time high. The implications of such a policy are far-reaching and can be challenging to conceptualize, especially in isolation. The purpose of this article is to review some of the anticipated changes under this new system, specifically as they pertain to the field of plastic surgery. (Sourc...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Plastic Surgery Focus: Special Topics Source Type: research

Discussion: The Economic Burdon of Out-of-Pocket Expenses for Plastic Surgery Procedures
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Plastic Surgery Focus: Special Topics Source Type: research

The Economic Burden of Out-of-Pocket Expenses for Plastic Surgery Procedures
Conclusions: For outpatient plastic surgery procedures, out-of-pocket expenses are increasing at a faster rate than total costs, which may have implications for access to care and timing of surgery. Providers should realize the increasing burden of out-of-pocket expenses and the effect of surgical location on patients’ costs when possible. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Plastic Surgery Focus: Special Topics Source Type: research

Thirty Years Later: What Has Craniofacial Distraction Osteogenesis Surgery Replaced?
This article provides a review of comparative studies and expert opinion on the current state of craniofacial distraction compared with traditional operations. Through this critical evaluation, the reader will be able to identify when distraction techniques are appropriate, when traditional techniques are more favorable, and what the future of distraction osteogenesis is. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: CME Source Type: research

Volumetric Differences in the Suprafascial and Subfascial Compartments of Patients with Secondary Unilateral Lower Limb Lymphedema
This study investigated the volumetric differences between the suprafascial and subfascial compartments of patients with unilateral lower extremity lymphedema. Methods: Thirty-two female patients with unilateral lower extremity lymphedema were enrolled, with eight patients in each of Cheng lymphedema grades I to IV. The volumes of the suprafascial and subfascial compartments were calculated after manually drawing the region of interest on computed tomographic images. The volumetric differences and their ratios in the suprafascial and subfascial compartments between each patient’s bilateral limbs were compared. Re...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Lower Extremity: Original Articles Source Type: research

Who, What, Where: Demographics, Severity of Presentation, and Location of Treatment Drive Delivery of Diabetic Limb Reconstructive Services within the National Inpatient Sample
This study seeks to determine the role of patient- and hospital-level characteristics that affect use. Methods: Admissions for diabetic lower extremity complications were identified in the 2012 to 2014 National Inpatient Sample using International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes. The study cohort consisted of admitted patients receiving amputations, limb salvage without flap techniques, or advanced limb salvage with flap techniques. Multinomial regression analysis accounting for the complex survey design of the National Inpatient Sample was used to determine the independ...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Lower Extremity: Original Articles Source Type: research

Use of a Split Pedicled Gracilis Muscle Flap in Robotically Assisted Vaginectomy and Urethral Lengthening for Phalloplasty: A Novel Technique for Female-to-Male Genital Reconstruction
Summary: The authors describe the technique of robotic vaginectomy, anterior vaginal flap urethroplasty, and use of a longitudinally split pedicled gracilis muscle flap to recreate the bulbar urethra and help fill the vaginal defect in female-to-male gender-affirming phalloplasty. Vaginectomy is performed by means of the robotically assisted laparoscopic transabdominal approach. Concurrently, gracilis muscle is harvested and passed through a tunnel between the groin and the vaginal cavity. It is then split longitudinally, and the inferior half is passed into the vaginal cavity; it is inset into the vaginal cavity. Follow...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Trunk: Ideas and Innovations Source Type: research

Discussion: Prospective Quality-of-Life Outcomes after Facial Feminization Surgery: An International Multicenter Study
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Head and Neck: Original Articles Source Type: research

Prospective Quality-of-Life Outcomes after Facial Feminization Surgery: An International Multicenter Study
This study set out to determine the effects of facial feminization surgery on quality-of-life outcomes for gender-diverse patients. Methods: A prospective, international, multicenter, cohort study with adult gender-diverse patients with gender dysphoria was undertaken. Facial feminization outcome score was calculated preoperatively and postoperatively (1-week to 1-month and>6 months). Photogrammetric cephalometries were measured at the same time points. Self-perceived preoperative masculinity and femininity were recorded. Externally rated gender appearance (scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being most feminine) and general aes...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive: Head and Neck: Original Articles Source Type: research

Simultaneous Midface Advancement and Orthognathic Surgery: A Powerful Technique for Managing Midface Hypoplasia and Malocclusion
Conclusions: The authors’ experience reaffirms the relative safety of simultaneous Le Fort III/I advancement. This technique should be considered in select patients with global midface retrusion and class III malocclusion. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Ideas and Innovations Source Type: research

Discussion: Syndrome of the Trephined: Quantitative Functional Improvement after Large Cranial Vault Reconstruction
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research

Syndrome of the Trephined: Quantitative Functional Improvement after Large Cranial Vault Reconstruction
Conclusions: Syndrome of the trephined occurs more frequently than previously described in posttraumatic patients with large cranial vault defects. Cranial vault reconstruction leads to significant, quantifiable functional improvement in a large number of patients. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research

Nasolabial Revisions in Unilateral Incomplete Cleft Lip: One Surgeon’s 28-Year Experience
Conclusions: Nasal revision rates are low in unilateral incomplete cleft lip compared to complete forms in previously published data by the senior author (J.B.M.). In contrast, labial revisions of the free margin are more common. The reason is that the surgeon became more cognizant of vermilion-mucosal deficiency on the noncleft side and more likely to offer a submucosal flap or dermis-fat graft to level the lip for normal upper incisor show. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Pediatric/Craniofacial: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Wrist and Radius Injury Surgical Trial: 12-Month Outcomes from a Multicenter International Randomized Clinical Trial
Background: Optimal treatment for distal radius fractures in older adults remains uncertain. No randomized trials comparing the most frequently used treatments in this population have been conducted. Surgical treatment rates vary widely, and the sustained benefits of surgery are uncertain. Methods: The Wrist and Radius Injury Surgical Trial, a randomized, multicenter trial, enrolled 304 adults aged 60 years and older with isolated, unstable distal radius fractures at 24 institutions. Patients who wanted surgery (n = 187) were randomized to internal fixation, external fixation, or percutaneous pinning; patients who pre...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand/Peripheral Nerve: Original Articles Source Type: research

Comparison of Treatment Outcomes after Collagenase Injection and Percutaneous Needle Fasciotomy for Dupuytren’s Contracture: Objective and Subjective Comparisons with a 3-Year Follow-Up
Conclusions: The collagenase clostridium histolyticum and percutaneous needle fasciotomy groups had similar outcomes for Dupuytren’s contracture with 3 years’ follow-up. Recurrences were frequent among patients with stage II proximal interphalangeal joint contractures. The Unité Rhumatologique des Affections de la Main scale and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire score decreased significantly for both groups at final follow-up. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, II. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand/Peripheral Nerve: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Effect of Surgical Video on Resident Performance of Carpal Tunnel Release: A Cadaveric Simulation-Based, Prospective, Randomized, Blinded Pilot Study
Conclusion: Watching an educational surgical video to prepare for a cadaveric procedure significantly reduced operative errors and improved confidence among junior trainees performing a carpal tunnel release. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand/Peripheral Nerve: Original Articles Source Type: research

Discussion: Functional Outcome after Reconstruction of a Long Nerve Gap in Rabbits Using Optimized Decellularized Nerve Allografts
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research

Functional Outcome after Reconstruction of a Long Nerve Gap in Rabbits Using Optimized Decellularized Nerve Allografts
This study evaluated motor recovery after reconstruction of a long nerve gap using a processed nerve allograft and the influence of storage techniques. Methods: Nerve allografts were decellularized using elastase and detergents and stored at either 4° or −80°C. In 36 New Zealand White rabbits, a 3-cm peroneal nerve gap was repaired with either an autograft (group 1, control) or a cold-stored (group 2) or frozen-stored (group 3) processed nerve allograft. Nerve recovery was evaluated using longitudinal ultrasound measurements, electrophysiology (compound muscle action potentials), isometric tetanic force, w...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research

Discussion: High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation Combined with Electrical Passive Exercise for Fast Removal of Body Fat
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research

High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation Combined with Electrical Passive Exercise for Fast Removal of Body Fat
Conclusion: HIFU plus electrical stimulation can induce a substantial reduction in the waist circumference of pigs. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research

Rhinoplasty Refinements: Revision Rhinoplasty Using Fresh Frozen Costal Cartilage Allograft
Summary: A crooked nose is challenging for a surgeon and needs to be treated using a systematic approach. Correction of nasal deformities such as a retracted columella in a revision rhinoplasty may need additional cartilage to correct the framework. Fresh frozen cartilage graft has been used as an extended spreader graft and a columellar strut graft to correct this problem. This option prevents donor-site morbidity associated with harvesting autologous cartilage. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Video Source Type: research

The SPF-SPLF Graft: Building the Ideal Dorsum in Revision Rhinoplasty
Summary: Achieving a natural appearing dorsum in secondary rhinoplasty remains an elusive goal. An inherent contradiction exists between the two most usually used techniques: solid rib segment and diced cartilage fascia constructs. The former will often cause edge visibility, in addition to potential warping and distortion; the latter prevents from both but may generate obtuse, ill-defined borders with poor shape control, possible contour asymmetries, and often a tubular appearance. A solution to the equation can be found in an innovative technique that combines three elements: perichondrium, rectus fascia, and a rib lam...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Video Source Type: research

Discussion: Practical Classification of Upper Lateral Cartilage in Middle Vault Asymmetry
No abstract available (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Original Articles Source Type: research

Practical Classification of Upper Lateral Cartilage in Middle Vault Asymmetry
Conclusions: Upper lateral cartilage asymmetry is a common occurrence in rhinoplasty, and the upper lateral cartilage itself may be the source of nasal deviation. The middle vault requires special attention, and establishment of a classification system could enable surgeons to devise an effective plan for correction and prevention of retained postoperative nasal deviation. (Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery)
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - May 28, 2020 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Original Articles Source Type: research