The effects of lower extremity cross-training on gait and balance in stroke patients: a double-blinded randomised controlled trial.

This study aimed to investigate the effects of cross-training on gait and balance in hemiplegic patients when applied to the affected and unaffected lower extremities. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: In-patients attending the rehabilitation treatment room of a single centre. POPULATION: Fifty-two stroke patients were randomly allocated to a control group (n=19), affected side cross-training group (n=15), and unaffected side cross-training group (n=18). METHODS: Patients were administered general neurological physiotherapy for 30 mins, twice daily, 5 days/week for 4 weeks. The two intervention groups underwent 30 mins of cross-training instead of general neurological physiotherapy once daily, 3 days/week for 4 weeks (post-intervention). For data analysis, one-way ANOVA for between-group comparisons and paired t-tests were performed for within-group comparisons between pre- and post-intervention groups (significance level of .05). RESULTS: In the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), comparing pre- and post-intervention, the control group showed no significant change (p>.05), while the affected side and unaffected side cross-training groups showed significant improvements in function (p.05), while the affected side and unaffected side cross-training groups showed significant increases in speed (p
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that AOT plus BCI-FES can enhance motor function of upper extremity and cortical activation in patients with stroke. This training method may be feasible and suitable for individuals with stroke. PMID: 33026895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Conclusions: Carotid endarterectomy continues to prove its safety in carotid artery stenosis patients. Continuous cerebral oxygenation monitoring is indispensable for carotid surgery. Despite discrepancies in surgical techniques, we believe that "one fits all strategy: general anesthesia, conventional endarterectomy without patch plasty, never shunter and always NIRS monitorization" may be used safely in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. PMID: 33014089 [PubMed]
Source: Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: NFI-Stroke has high test-retest reliability, and high internal consistency with neither floor nor ceiling effects for persons with stroke. The questionnaire may be useful both in general rehabilitation in institutions as well as in the municipal health services. PMID: 32967537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Condition:   Stroke Interventions:   Device: Virtual Reality;   Device: Action Observation Therapy;   Device: Landscape video;   Other: Standard treatment Sponsor:   Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi Onlus Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions This work has presented a novel integration and implementation of graphite-based flex sensors with a soft robotic glove for stroke rehabilitation. The relationship between the signal voltage and the MCP joint angle varies greatly with anatomical differences between each individual, and with sensor placement. However, based on the experimental results, a linear mapping calibration algorithm for the graphite-based flex sensors was implemented, which also complements its robustness for the potential application on stroke rehabilitation. The effectiveness of the calibration algorithm is also thus demonstrated via...
Source: JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES Source Type: research
Wearable powered exoskeletons are a new and emerging technology developed to provide sensory-guided motorized lower limb assistance enabling intensive task specific locomotor training utilizing typical lower l...
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
h;rgensen V Abstract BACKGROUND: Reports on the implementation of exoskeletons for gait rehabilitation in clinical settings are limited. OBJECTIVES: How feasible is the introduction of exoskeleton gait training for patients with subacute stroke in a specialized rehabilitation hospital? What are the functional benefits and the patient experiences with training in the Ekso GTTM exoskeleton? DESIGN: Explorative study. METHODS: During an 18 months inclusion period, 255 in-patients were screened for eligibility. Inclusion criteria were; walking difficulties, able to stand 10 min in a standi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Background: Post-stroke mental disorders (PSMDs) and post-stroke sleep disorders (PSSDs) are quite common condition in stroke's patients. Qigong has been widely applied as a replaced and useful treatment for PSMDs and PSSDs. However, the exact effects and safety of Qigong have yet be systematically investigated. Our study focused on summary of efficacy and safety of Qigong for the treatment of advanced PSMDs and PSSDs through the systematic analysis and meta-analysis, in order to provide scientific reference for the clinical. Methods: The protocol followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analy...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
Source: European Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Foot-drop is a common impairment after stroke, which reduces walking ability.
Source: Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Systematic review Source Type: research
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