Particle sizes of infectious aerosols: implications for infection control,The Lancet Respiratory Medicine

The global pandemic of COVID-19, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2]) has been associated with infections and deaths among health-care workers. There have been conflicting recommendations from health authorities on the use of masks or respirators to protect health-care workers.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Erensoy S Abstract We have been introduced to "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)" disease with high mortality and transmission rate caused by a novel human coronavirus, in December 2019 and the microbiological diagnosis of the infection has been in the center of the focus to control the pandemic. It is necessary to understand the dynamics of the virus which was classified among the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) related coronaviruses and named as SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), to manage testing in the right strategy and for interpretation of the results. However, much remains unclea...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Rinaldi I, Muthalib A, Astowo P, Irawan B, Susanto N, Magdalena L, Maha IHRT, Wicaksono S Abstract Global widespread of current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has emerged huge predicament to healthcare systems globally. This disease caused by a new beta-type coronavirus, known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), may lead to systemic multiorgan dysfunction syndrome and subsequently cause death due to abundant angiotensin converting enzyme 2 as its functional receptors throughout body. Oncology patients even have a worse prognosis with greater infection susceptibili...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
This report describes the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, laboratory findings, and different clinical manifestation of a family cluster of COVID-19 case in Indonesia. COVID-19 was transmitted from asymptomatic person in the incubation period. PMID: 32778630 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
Little is known about the mental health consequences of severe COVID-19 illness because it is caused by a new coronavirus. Previous outbreaks caused by other coronaviruses (severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS, and Middle East respiratory syndrome, MERS) may provide insights into ongoing problems after recovery from severe illness. Researchers looked at reports of psychiatric problems during SARS and MERS outbreaks and compared this to early data from the COVID-19 pandemic. Delirium (sudden confusion) was common while patients were in hospital with any of the coronavirus infections (SARS, MERS or COVID-19). Later, once ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
It is a frightening time to live in the United States. COVID-19, a novel disease as ruthless as it is seemingly random, is picking us off by the thousands; even many of those who “recover” may never truly be the same again. The pandemic has exposed the gulf between what this country promises for its citizens and what it actually delivers. And as the U.S. barrels toward Election Day, the outbreak is sure to complicate the voting process, with potentially disastrous results. For a short time in the spring, it appeared the U.S. was getting a grip on its outbreak. Hard-hit states like New York successfully flattene...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 UnitedWeRise20Disaster Source Type: news
Authors: Smith LTAC, Hodges CDRJ, Pratt M, Porter LCDRIM Abstract A novel corona virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, found in Wuhan, China in December 2019 has since spread to multiple continents and has been implicated in thousands of deaths. This pandemic-causing virus has been initially described (corona virus disease 2019 [COVID-19]) with the presentation of fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The majority of studies published have been conducted on inpatient cases and a shortage of tests has encouraged screening only of patients with classic presentation. A positive COVID-19 case of a he...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Results indicate that spatter reduction was significantly better amongst the setups in which an additional high-volume evacuator (HVE) line was used. All setups were efficient at mitigating PM2.5 aerosols in comparison to the control. The conclusions of this study should be interpreted with caution, and additional mitigation techniques consistent with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations must be implemented in dental practices.
Source: Quintessence International - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) causes the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It quickly became pandemic, and so did a new concern about COVID-19 infections increasing the risk for cerebrovascular diseases. There is an association between COVID-19 illness in people and acute stroke. Several chemical, mechanical, and/or inflammatory central nervous system pathologies are proposed to explain how this viral infection might induce acute cerebrovascular disease. Timely available evaluation and/or intervention is imperative for patients with concerns about acute cerebrovascular issues.Neuroepidemiology
Source: Neuroepidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Authors: Xiong R, Zhang L, Li S, Sun Y, Ding M, Wang Y, Zhao Y, Wu Y, Shang W, Jiang X, Shan J, Shen Z, Tong Y, Xu L, Chen Y, Liu Y, Zou G, Lavillete D, Zhao Z, Wang R, Zhu L, Xiao G, Lan K, Li H, Xu K Abstract Emerging and re-emerging RNA viruses occasionally cause epidemics and pandemics worldwide, such as the on-going outbreak of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Herein, we identified two potent inhibitors of human DHODH, S312 and S416, with favorable drug-likeness and pharmacokinetic profiles, which all showed broad-spectrum antiviral effects against various RNA viruses, including influenza A virus, Zika virus,...
Source: Protein and Cell - Category: Cytology Tags: Protein Cell Source Type: research
AbstractCoronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has rapidly spread to a global pandemic in March 2020. This emergency condition has been putting a severe strain on healthcare systems worldwide, and a prompt, dynamic response is instrumental in its management. While a definite diagnosis is based on microbiological evidence, the relationship between lung ultrasound (LU) and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the diagnosis and management of COVID-19 is less clear. Lung ultrasound is a point-of-care imaging to...
Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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